tv [untitled] September 29, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT
it was called a german name. of the germans were forced out from here after world war two and the czechs moved into their home shortly afterwards. his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to of its. germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he preached not a year later. according to many researches it was the conflict over these who doesn't and that's in effect triggered to. the
division of czechoslovakia have been referred to which went on behind the scenes of these tools and was played the decisive role in them people in various countries including russia are still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventy years on directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest family take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the very insulted on such occasions. here the sausages. just put it that i should watch in general traditions are respected in this family. they know the back is
a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he is far away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially found able to him. family who was among the three million germans forcibly evicted from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banished in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. the speaker. always said here is our police seize it but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to. me. people would cry.
do you know the opec is the director of the archive for the headquarters if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off suit as an germans is in munich. is an archivist she was one of those who made. a moral through seeing so for a year. one interesting seeing is a huge cooking book that is written in german the. same.
each time he looks at the fate of graft plane out back it recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. program we all. eighty or ninety years old. not knowing where we go and that was. we know the best. reasons arizonan the germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day . we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house unless really wish or it belongs to us. just love a foam or both this house ten years ago like most of the prophecies in the suggestion region his house belonged to the citizen germans the czechs settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty s. to the germans were to put it on
a mass scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own it. his neighbor shares this view most czechs agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. that sort of happened historically did cherubs took possession of these lands just well so be you equal nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia as the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living in this who doesn't have the. universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as a state in more amenable topical with ammonia conflicts flared up right after
the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to. the czech historian young amateur that is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the citizen regency germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. rocha or in the signatures litter of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still leader of germany hitler and the leader of italy muslim. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
if schools have seen dissention and little had cooties for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public nature and history to remember the younger days the class of minor. this is old news there's a city street all. the politicians. hundreds of books explain why these c.d.'s and germans will eat it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information.
in german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one reason that they are seeing. the chicken suit is to transfer to mutiny in the siege as a reason instead to see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days mason he addressed his phone was to call for an intimate genocide of the german people. would have brought her a perennial choir might happen make him your i heard her and mr trimble and i are a printer here no one really. ordinary money no more of our territorial problem in europe we want no. she does a place to make sure the season doesn't reach and the ceded to germany historians
are still trying to understand what's. stood behind the events. one of them is. a german. we had a conference concerning the munich agreements of the ship. so once they answer to an important question the dismemberment of czechoslovakia had been prevented and could world war two have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one ripping countries including france and england where weary of the prospect of launch still has to choose what worried france on the dillard year most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the
one nine hundred thirty eight the british prime minister has never changed and held several meetings with him in a bid to persuade him not to start a war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two deaths are legion. on his part chilling fearful at the prospect of the speech of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new shampoo if the czechs decided to go to war to take out benish was ready to surrender everything else healthy facility it's appalling that the chicks were. to plant their government s. just. needless to say initially the czech government was categorically against ceding on the same date in the region to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies and from that sent waves of anger
with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historians. was in berlin hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone and bit on the elliptical lutes feels that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle although such top level state. received
now. classified. says despite france's refusal to help. him and it is true though that. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontlines of visions and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to help pull up a deal with. a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david. has written a book about. one of the most important parts president. czech radio station on the day when he decided to see things into germany.
and. all our cities and czechs and slovaks. distinction or. i have the same view this. can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries. to sign the agreement ceding the suit to germany. the german historian you're going so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over the meeting seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners all fittler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for
a baby is situated in this street. the building where the many conferences are full powers were seldom between june ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it was waiting for them inside this building and there's an industry over there on the second floor it's over. the roof of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study of it so it was here in one nine hundred thirty eight.
chamberlain. selenium. had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. who really conference was told to in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea debt an issue only the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the fact that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more though you're not there in that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last from midday until three in the morning without
a break financial the text of the unique agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. in the other side of the road. everybody realized that's where the war would break out in europe depended on realities come of this particular conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there would be no war in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. government parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and. with.
the chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter where a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum. under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler mussolini chamberlain and. the czechs words leave the citizen and within nine days go for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops are moving to the tenth when german troops and to czechoslovakia plain old earl begged the director of the archive fifty three days from germany was just over
a year old place or his mother often told him that the citizen germans hailed this days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer we waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted because of the troops but. because germans that was an oldish. eighteen. the small town of hama tough situated a hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india. had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war
years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the chicks school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect in the wall the chicks to change their attitude to the germans. german soldiers once sent hedrick use a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. so snugly. into a line my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying is high oh thirty or. fifty heil. after the earth is soo disciplined was returned to
czechoslovakia. president. returned from london after hiding. his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their property. and was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these seduced and returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing the truth. is to be all incivility lost destroyed and if you go over you will find some traces stones from houses not trees africa trees and this is the
only thing you can recognise here was once the reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think two hundred houses. they all have gone only this one is here. we know this is the region where the germans lived. in is the representative. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here works every german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or
special conditions for a return to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system. only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here the love this land and the no check lifestyle but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has a few leeson to see himself as someone of. he is a suggestion german in a cordon. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position.
the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. a historian from the czech republic and. a historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. change their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago in a situation in nineteen thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. it was the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests. to dangerous situation. if that curve historian is going to publish declassified documents compiled by
intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. global the main lesson to be drawn from munich fits into very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor must be countered by ensuring to their friends the difference to step licious system of collective security in nine hundred thirty eight field but the problem has a good deal of relevance twenty serious. political ambitions of the powers that be and the attempts to decide everything at the stroke of a pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties tragedies and twisted lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place.
the headlines from all over nine hundred thousand people across the face of an a wave of strikes across europe as national governments impose all proposals targeted measures to pale must have done some right now by big bands. trying to most specific hold just a day out to may you were english called starting with construction projects halted gays getting the right to rally their probe unfold before my situation started down the demos meanwhile the ousted man says he won't take legal action against you for something that will stay in politics. long awaited stability over yet another round of violence could this time is gearing up for parliamentary elections following months of political turmoil and made clashes the ballots without the two dozen causes taking polls comes out to
a referendum which brought parliamentary democracy to the country. coming up next full blooded debate and cross talk and which also has pieces of either his gas discuss what the elevation of the north korean leader's young son will mean for the country that's interesting. and. difficult to do to let me. alone to me welcome to france talk i'm peter lavelle the next to kim north korea's long expected leadership transition process has begun dear leader's youngest son.
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