tv [untitled] September 29, 2010 7:30pm-8:00pm EDT
can the german name. of the germans were forced out from here after world war two and the chicks moved into their home shortly afterwards. that his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to have its. citizen on cd was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe was he breached not a year later. according to many researches it was the conflict over these who doesn't and that in effect triggered war to. the
division of czechoslovakia have been a floated which went on behind the scenes of these tools and was played the decisive role in the people in various countries including russia still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventeen years on directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest funny take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the variance sausages all served on such occasions. here the sausages. just put a better country laws in general traditions are respected in this family they know the. back is
a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia and now that he has cower away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially valuable to him. the family was among the three million germans forcibly evicted from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banish in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. speaker. germans always said here is our police seizing. but he didn't get the answer and i tell you is sick czech prime minister would come to. me. people would cry.
do you know the opec is the director of the archive for the headquarters if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off c.d.'s and germans is in munich. is an archivist she was one of those who make. a moral through seeing so for a year. one interesting thing is the huge cooking book that is written in germany. it's the same.
each time he looks at the feta graphs plain out back it recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. eighty or ninety years old. not knowing. that was. his answer to this on a new germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally wish or belongs to us. just love a farmer both this house ten years ago like most of the properties in the suggestion region his house belonged to these two dozen germans the czechs settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty s. after the germans were to put it on a mass scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own
it might take his neighbor says few most czechs agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. so happened historically did cherrix took possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia as the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumbered the slovaks the germans living you see doesn't learned how. universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question over almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as the states. more amenable to. becoming an adopted conflicts
split up right off the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to it. the czech historian young nema chad is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the siddhis region to germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at approx national museum. of the signatures leader of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still litter of germany hitler a leader italy muslim and. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
if schools have sued disenchantments meese if they had cooties for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a concert in the public lecture on history to remember the younger days of class of mine. this is all used as the city history of. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why these two deaths and germans were each it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information.
in the german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one reason that they are seeing. the chicken suit is to france to mutiny in the suit as a reason instead to then see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against and he a few days mason childress his phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. are probably require my apple make in europe i don't word for word mr trimble and are a printer here no one really. ordinary money no foreign or territorial problem in europe we want no. she does a has to make sure the fisa doesn't reach and was the ceded to germany historians
are still trying to understand what stood behind this events. one of them is your concern to ski the german. concerning the. so. important question could. have been prevented and could have been a. reason to believe that this could have been done. with france. the world war one european countries including france and england where we re of the prospect of launched. war and france on the most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the one nine hundred thirty eight the
british prime minister who never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him not to stall the war in central europe because this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain the suggestion region. on his part fearful of the prospect of space if the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new film if the czechs decided to go to war to take out then issue is ready to surrender healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks free. to plan their government s. just. needless to say and italy the czech government was categorically against ceding the sudeten region to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france that sent waves of anger with
the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain the border territories all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historian valentin fine was in the moon hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone and bit on the elliptical loops feels that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe . news there. generals germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle all go such top level state. received
intelligence reports from. culture is that so much of it is really making a lot of the area but look at the next to kill isolated and impoverished north korea is badly in need of change how will this happen and who will. use such colorful russian historian and a former officer with the foreign intelligence service has been working with archives in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications
of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cough says despite france's refusal to help. was ready to help its partner under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontlines of visions and also warplanes bombers fighters already to help build up until the bomb was when hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david for niche analyst working israel has written a book about the whole you can print one of the most important parts as well as president spanish as a trend check radio station on the day when he decided to see theses decimation to germany. and hear. all our citizen czechs and
slovaks germans and my drawers. distinction on the back. we all have the same view this. can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty nine thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries. to sign the agreement ceding this who doesn't want to germany. to german history in the early going so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over the meeting seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners off hitler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for
a baby is situated in the streets of. the building where the many conferences full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it was waiting for them inside this building for the mission industry over there on the second floor. near. the roofs of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study so it was here in one thousand nine hundred eighty
eight. chamberlain. selenium. had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. who believe the conference was told in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions all sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it was stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea detonation you knew the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last from midday until three in the morning without
a break financial the takes just a munich agreement has translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. in the other side of the road to. everybody real oist that's where the war would break out in europe depended on riyadh chromosphere split secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation most wanted to become crater but there were no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. often and parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and could very well. could well.
imagine. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter where a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum. under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler mussolini chamberlain and. the czechs words leave the citizen and within nine days ago for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on november the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive. of suitors from germany was just over
a year old place or his mother often told him that the citizen germans hailed this days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer we waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted because of the troops but. because germans that was an oldish. eighteen. the small town of hama tough situated a hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war with the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india spitta had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war
years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the chicks school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect butchering the wall chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion german. german soldiers ones sent hedrick she was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones that get. into a line my brother came to the school. classmates pelted i threw stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but.
after the year of the su dessen land was returned to czechoslovakia the czech president. returned from london after. his first degree deported from the country deprived them of their citizenship and confiscated their property. and was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these seduced and returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing the truth. to be all incivility was destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from. trees after trees and this is the
only thing you can recognise here was once the reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only this one year. we know this is the region where the germans lived. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here works german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special
conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system. only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here do you love this land and the no check lifestyles but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has a free lease and to see himself as someone of soon. he is a suggestion german in a cordon. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position.
the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. the historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. law of the change their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago in a situation in one nine hundred thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish the classified documents compiled by intelligence
agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main lesson to be drawn from prison to very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor must be countered by ensuring the efforts the efforts to stabilize your system of collective security in ninety three fields but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything but the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary
aussie's top stories this hour one over one hundred thousand people have participated in a wave of strikes for coke europe as a nation and governments impose proposals tell us the measures to pay off massive debts run out by big banks. city hall just a day after a made you reduce cold suffocating with construction projects for days getting the rights to run only after they probably will be limited to troops current towns and demos meanwhile the allison says he won't take legal action against his son but state politics. such de long awaited stability oh yes or no bond of bond it's biggest turn is gearing up a parliamentary elections following months of political turmoil and ethnic clashes the ballots with over two dozen punches taken from want comes after the referendum
which pulled parliamentary democracy to the country. as the headlines now find out why it was learns finance minister how to nation in stitches and wants some buildings in china demolished before their companies have no law so that in because a report coming up in just a moment here with us. john now once again for the times or a bar with me my spies or stacy herbert markets finance scandals oh we got all the scandals there are so many scandals stay.