tv [untitled] September 29, 2010 8:30pm-9:00pm EDT
the chick fil a. is situated two hundred kilometers from prague fifty years ago it was called the german name. of the germans were forced out from here after world war two and the czechs moved into their home shortly afterwards. and his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to of its. was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he breached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict
over these who doesn't and that in effect triggered war to. the division of czechoslovakia has been a floated which went on behind the scenes of these talks and was played the decisive role in the people in various countries including russia still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventy years on are directly related to the events of those times. may take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the varian sausages all served on such occasions. here the so. suggests. just part of their actual launch in general traditions
are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he has gone away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially valuable to him. the family who was among the three million germans for specific tips from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banish in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. speaker. always said here is our police seize it. but he did. and i tell you if suit check. would come to. me. people would cry.
do you know the opec is the director of the archive for the headquarters if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off students and journalists is in munich. oh there is an archivist she was one of those who may. be seeing so for here. one interesting scene. so you wish cooking book that is
written in germany. it's the same trouble. each time she looks at the fate of graphs plane out back it recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. program you or. your nineteen years old. not knowing where we go and that was. we didn't know the best thing is there's a reason and the germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and literally wish or belongs to us. just laugh a farmer both this house ten years ago like most of the properties in the suggestion region his house belonged to the suggestion germans the czechs settled down in this
area in the late one nine hundred forty is after the germans were to put it on a mass scale but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own it . his neighbor says few most chicks agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. that so happened historically did cherrix took possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia is the ethnic minority but in fact the germans were the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumbered the slovaks the germans living as he doesn't learned how to schools universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia
emerged as a state. more amenable topical with ammonia conflicts flared up right after the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to it and. the czech historian young namecheck is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the siddhis region to germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parkes national museum. local or in the signatures later of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still a billionaire of germany hitler and a leader of italy. for a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television
plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty. if you month schools have seen disenchantments meeson had cooties for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public lecture on history to remember the younger days of mine. this is all used as the sickest three of. the politicians. hundreds of books explain why these c.d.'s and germans will eat it's
a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information. in german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one reason for that they are seeing. the chickens saying it is the transition mutiny in the siege as a reason instead to see thirty eight certainly used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days mason says phone was to call for an intimate genocide of the german people. or aperol quire might happen like in your ira right through and mr trimble and ira preferred here no one really. couldn't draw money no further
territorial problem in europe we want no. she does a chance to make sure that the citizen region was the ceded to germany historians are still trying to understand what. stood behind the defense. one of. the german. had a conference concerning the munich agreements of the ship. so once the answer to an important question. of czechoslovakia had been prevented and could to have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one european countries including france and england where we were the prospect of launched. what worried france on the deal of most of all could be done
in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the nineteenth thirty eight the british prime minister who never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him to stall to war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain the suggestion lesion. on his part fearful of the prospect of the speech of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new film if the czechs decided to go to war be taken benish was ready to surrender everything else healthy facility it's appropriate that the chicks free. to pack their government s. just. needless to say and italy the czech government was categorically against
ceding mr dayton regional to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories. all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near . the russian historian valentin fine who is in the hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet him to see at the time and supplied stone a bit on the elliptical loops in fails that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. is there any. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to
of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cough says despite france's refusal to help. was ready to help its part now under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontlines of issuance and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to help build up until the bomb was when hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david forney journalist working israel has written a book about the likud greene and one of the most important parts this president spanish is a trend check radio station on the day when he decided to see the c.d.'s and reach into germany. and here i got on all our cities and czechs
and slovaks jarman's and my drums. distinction of fact we all have their same. me all can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to a political party. i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries met in munich to sign the agreement ceding the su dissonant to germany. the german historian you're going so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over meetings seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners all fittler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for
a baby is situated in the street. building where the many conferences or full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it was waiting for them inside this building for the mission he does train over there on the second floor. the last of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study of it so it was here in one thousand nine hundred
eighty eight. chamberlain. selenium. had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. we will leave the conference was told to in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea debt an issue the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the fact that czechoslovakia's destiny has been decided without its representatives. more no you're not that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation. lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last from midday until three in the morning break
finance the text of the munich agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. people stood in the other side of the road. everybody realized it's where the war would break out in europe depended on reality chromosphere split secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there were no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. often and parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and. would wear.
the chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german it turned. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum. under the terms of the agreement signed by leni chamberlain and. the czechs words leave the citizen and within nine days ago for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on november the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive. sued us in germany is just over
a year old place or his mother often told him that the citizen germans hailed this days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted because of the troops but. because germans that was an oldish. eighteen. the small town of home it off situated a hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war with the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india spitta had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war
years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. has spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the chicks school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect picturing the wall the chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion german. german soldiers once sent hedrick who was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. into an iron my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted i threw stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying. but our.
after the year of the sioux disciplined was returned to czechoslovakia. president. returned from london after hiding. his first degree deported from the country of the citizenship and confiscated their property that a politician was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these seduced and returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but true. to be all civility was destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from houses not trees africa trees and this is the
only thing you can recognise here was once the reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only one year. this is the region where the germans lived. and is the representative. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans but only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here wants german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special
conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system the only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here the love this land and the no check lifestyles but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has if he leeson to see himself as someone who. he is a suggestion german in a cordon. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position.
the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. a historian from the czech republic and. a historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago mrs duration in nineteen thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. it was the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests. to dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish declassified documents compiled by intelligence
agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. global the main lesson to be drawn from munich fits into very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor you must be countered by ensuring to your friends the difference to your system of collective security in nineteen thirty eight feel that you know what the problem has a good deal of relevance twenty serious. political ambitions of the powers that be and the terms to decide everything but the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first
polities top stories this hour a one hundred thousand people have participated in a wave of strikes across europe as national governments impose all proposals there were two measures to pay off my dad's summer not by the bonds. children most specific whole just a day off some day you reduce calls sampling with construction projects halted and gays getting their wives to ronnie and so they homophobic former city chiefs current downs and demos and while the ousted man says he won't take legal action against his sacking it will stay put it was. a waste of stability over yet another round of violence there just aren't doing enough about. four months of political turmoil an ethnic clashes the ballots with over two dozen pauses taking part comes after
a referendum which brought parliamentary democracy to the country. coming up next and forgot to debase and. his guests discuss what the end of ational the north korean leader's youngest son will mean for the country that's up next. and if you. still. want to eat. alone to me welcome to france stop crying peter lavelle there next to kim north korea's long expected leadership transition process has begun dear leader's youngest son has been made into a four star general in the army are slated and impoverished north korea is badly in need of change how will this happen and who will ultimately benefit. if. students.