tv [untitled] September 29, 2010 9:30pm-10:00pm EDT
the chick fil a. is situated two hundred kilometers from kronk fifty years ago it was called persia can a german name. the germans were forced out from here after world war two and the czechs moved into their home shortly afterwards. his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to of its. the citizen and c.d.c.
germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he preached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict over these two dozen and that in effect triggered war two. could be deficient of czechoslovakia have been deferred to much went on behind the scenes of these talks and was played the decisive role in them people in various countries including russia are still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventy years on directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest funny take lunch seriously only day off. towards noon all of the family
gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the variance sausages are served on such occasions. here in the sausages. just part of their actual watch in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he is cower away from his homeland anything reminded him of his first home is especially valuable to him. the family was among the three million germans forcibly evicted from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banished in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. speaker. always said here is our police seize it. but
he. and i tell you if check. would come to. me. people would cry. reynaldo peck is the director of the archive for the headquarters if he suggests india's spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off students and germans is in munich. is an art. she was one of those who made.
a moral through saying so for a year. one interesting thing is a huge cooking book that is written in germany. it's the same trouble. each time she looks at the fate of grass. back recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. eighty or ninety years old. not knowing where we go and that was. we know the best. reasons are based on a new germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally wish or belongs to us. the
foam of both this house ten years ago. like most of the property is in the system region his house belonged to the suggestion germans the czechs settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty is the germans were to put it on a must scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own it might take his neighbor says few most czechs agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. so happened historically did cherubs took possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these suggestion germans were considered to be czechoslovakia is the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber
the slovaks the germans living used to decimal and had their own schools universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as the states. more amenable to god with ammonia they got their conflicts flared up right off the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to. the czech historian young man which is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the citizen regency germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. local or in the signatures litter of great britain chamberlain the leader of from
still leader of germany hitler a leader of italy muslim. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television is leaves no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty. if you month schools have seen disenchantments meece a little had cooties for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public nature and history to remember the younger days of the past of mine.
this is how often used as the sickest three of. the politicians. hundreds of books explain why the sioux desson germans would eat it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information. in the german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one reason for that they are. to chicken suit is to transition the city in the seat as a reason instead to then see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days later he addresses phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. are probably require might happen like in your i don't word for word
mr campbell and are a printer here no one really. ordinary money no bernard kerik tauriel problem in europe we want no. she does a place to make sure the fisa doesn't reach and the ceded to germany historians are still trying to understand what stood behind this events. one of them is your concern to ski the german. concerning the. so. important question could. have been prevented and could have been a. reason to believe that this could have been done. with france. the world war one ripping countries including
france and england where we read the prospect of launch still has to choose what war and france on the dollar deal most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the nineteenth thirty eight the british prime minister has never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him to stalls a war in central europe because this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two deaths are legion. on his part fearful of the prospect of the speech of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new film if the czechs decided to go to the cape town benish was ready to surrender the downscale scheme for soviet support that the chicks were. to plant their government
s. just. needless to say initially the czech government was categorically against ceding on the same date in the region to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain the border territories. all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historian valentin shannon was in berlin in hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone a bit on the elliptical lutes feels that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. is there any. generally in sendai germany and the soviet union
should be put on a collision course so that it would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough when we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle although such top level statements. received intelligence reports from all of human.
for the full story we've got it for us the biggest issues get the human voice face to face with the news makers. russian historian. the foreign intelligence service has been working with archives in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications of salvias agents now the documents have been declassified such cough says despite france's refusal to help. to help its partner under that agreement it is true though that. port. troops on the western borders
and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontlines of missions and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to help the well up until the point was when hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david for niche analyst working israel has written a book about the only could print one of the most important parts president spanish is a tryst on the czech radio station on the day when he decided to see thesea decimation to germany. and here i thought on all our cities and czechs and slovaks and germans and my drawers. distinction off back to me all i have to say and this oil can make a great contribution. peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to
organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries miti munich to sign the agreement ceding the su disinclined to germany. to german history in the early going so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over the meeting seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners off hitler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for a day is situated in the streets of. the building where the many conferences are full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight when he. was selina. powers leaders true along the streets of. it was waiting for them inside this building for the mission industry
over there on the second floor. the last of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study of it so it will go here in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight he said of all the chamberlain. selenium. had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. who believe the conference was held in
a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict distressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea detonation you knew the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the fact that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not there conference was a rare occasion when a country's feet was decided without its participation. had not even been invited to. the conference last day until three in the morning without a break financial the text of the unique agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. people stood in the other side of the road. everybody real oist that's where the
war would break out in europe depended on riyadh chromosphere spit secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there were no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. government parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and here it could very well. read well. we've never had a real man. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear early a few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich
agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries hoped to be able to sign a peace memorandum under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler and mussolini chamberlain under the czechs words leave the citizen and within nine days ago for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on november the tenth when german troops entered czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive. of suitors in germany was just over a year old place or his mother often told him that the suggestion germans hailed their stays as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted and not because of the troops but they were delighted because in
germans that was an oldish zunes and eighteen. the small town of home it off situated one hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war as the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india. had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the czech school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect butchering the wall chicks to change their
attitude to the suggestion german. german soldiers once sent hedrick use a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. so snarly. into a nine my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but our fifty highly. after the earth the su disciplined was returned to czechoslovakia. president anish returned from london after hiding the cheering the hostilities his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated all if their property that a politician was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of
students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these suggest and return to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but. to be all civility lost destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from all sorts not trees after trees and this is the only thing you can recognise here was once you reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only this one is here.
we know this is the region where the germans lived. in is the representative. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here works german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system the only thing that could be discussed is the similarities in mentality. here the loveliest land
and the no check lifestyle but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has a free lease and to see himself as someone of. he is a suggestion german in a cordon. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position. the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their
views on the subject. lot of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place seventy years ago in a situation in one nine hundred thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined then tom it was the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish the classified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main lesson to be drawn from fits into
a very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor must be countered by ensuring there for its efforts to establish a system of collective security in ninety three fields but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything with the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place. on a tissue and seemed to find it difficult to take to heart these apparently obvious conclusions in the twenty first century is wild.
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a one hundred thousand people have to take a page in a way that strikes across europe as national governments imposed forty magister pay off massive debts from. moscow's depots the mayor denies reports in the media he was planning to challenge his sacking in court at the same time utils called promises to stay in politics. and also today long awaited the minutes we'll hear from another learned of violence when they kept coming all mention actions in kurdistan right brain. conscious and.
international news life for most this is all tea with me thanks for joining us it's been a day of angry protests across europe with over one hundred thousand running against government policy in the number of crisis hit countries demonstrators expressed fury of a jobs wages and pensions the trade unions say they're being ignored by their governments claiming them more interested in helping banks lower and that brings us the latest update on the situation across here and we've seen mainly peaceful protests but some small eruptions of violence brussels the unions have announced that it was indeed the biggest march that brussels has seen since two thousand and one they say that one hundred thousand people have come from all over europe arriving on trains planes automobiles germany poland british groups unions took part in that march the police barricaded banks and shops in preparation for the march and they also threw a ring of steel rice around.