tv [untitled] June 22, 2011 2:31am-3:01am EDT
some people he regarded as racially inferior and when he announced operation that he told his staff that it was a war of annihilation didn't he he he thort in terms of a war of survival. it was going to be the survival of the fittest and it didn't take and starting to realize the consequences of. that there would be horrific losses. and that was indeed what happened how unexpected it was the invasion i mean hitler and stalin had signs the molotov pact making them allies on easy allies of course but allies nonetheless they were allies and the soviet union was caught by surprise and this was stalin's great. stalin was not naive but he thought that germany would not attack in nine hundred forty one he thought the attack would come late and he believed that he could use this pact to develop the soviet union's and sphere of influence and at the same time. the radhasoami and transfer industry
was beyond your own mountains but in fact he got it very very badly wrong and of course the red army was caught deeply unprepared in nine hundred forty one your book is about the sort of human story behind the how did it develop militarily. it's only at the beginning in one nine hundred forty one the red army was hunted. by the autumn of one thousand nine hundred he wanted to last between two and three million tons of killed in this thing and captured i think few are in the world could do sustain that level of punishment and still carried on fighting and it was not madness for him and his high come on to believe at that point the soviet union would cave and what was it that kept the red army fighting that's the sixty four thousand dollar question an extraordinary mix of. brutal leadership tough leadership from stalin. but it was necessary to be tough and new which of nineteen
forty one installed in result most would be defended and they would keep fighting but it was a. profound truth to see that the red army recovered from the initial crisis realized it was a battle for the survival and what was at stake was not just the communist system but russia as a country in the soviet union i was in the boardroom so it's not really did become a part of it will it was unusual time in the red army did develop quite so low during a time of. what do you think explains the mox difference in its effectiveness from say nine hundred forty one it to for example the battle of stalingrad in which it secured a stunning victory one of course the technical reasons that the red army in the midst of war is retraining. that's the worst possible time to do it but they are doing it and to give them credit this begins to make
a difference they transfer their industry as they get them up and running and certainly by the end astounding that better trained and better equipped but the germans still from the do both and i believe there was just the science or the technical side germany could very well have won it either in one nine hundred forty one nine hundred forty two but it was the love of the model and it was this extraordinary determination to carry on fighting the underestimated hitler wanted a short sharp shock and quick campaign was crucial but it didn't work out like that's a toll that he thought it would all be over and he was not alone off to the will of the german generals just nonsense we were against it but at the time many of them agreed with hitler they thought the world could be a very quickly in three months and of course we won't make the same mistake because napoleon we won't have a win to war because we'll want to buy the will they were carried away by their own successes their previous six. blitzkrieg lightning war and they believe that if
they hammered the route on the front to do. that they underestimated the red army and they underestimated the soviet union and was that a turning point or was it just onset of the winter when the weather they just weren't prepared for well the germans blame the weather. again and you could just pop seen that one coming but they were caught by surprise and they said the weather rolled them but in fact i think the weather was part of the story and the other part that was much harder for them to acknowledge was that an army that seemed defeated demoralized and lost in a matter of weeks and days turned itself around and started fighting and resisting with stupendous power and the first turning point was outside moscow the germans expected to take the capital they were later than they thought but they still thought that would end the war and it was the strength and determination of
resistance that caught me by surprise ahead of the campaign hit was repeatedly advised taking western russia would in fact be more of a drain on germany's economic resources than it would be beneficial why did he go ahead with the campaign anyway. was motivated by his own son of leadership he believed he had a mission almost divine mission a very dogged event at sea. to lead his people to great success and it was this mission that he was going to follow on on a fundamental level he was never really going to listen to advice that he perceived that the soviet union was the enemy and he also believed its resources could be plundered and used for a great to germany at the end of the day he was going to follow it up. and what were the consequences of the ultimate failure of operation. well it destroyed. the
german army had destroyed it throughout the war the majority of its resources were concentrated on the eastern front and even after d.-day more three quarters. divisions military divisions were fighting on the eastern front so it was where the biggest battles took place the biggest casualties took place under. the road system and more casualties than the city could also replace the casualties. so it became a war of attrition and ultimately it was going to be germany that would lose that war and it was this dreaded phrase a war on two fronts wasn't it well believed that a war on two fronts could work if you won the war against the soviet union quickly and of course if it had been one quickly that could have well been the case but once the war started dragging on into nine hundred forty two nine hundred forty three germany was lost and that mocked which had behaved with
a deal of decorum on the western front behaved in a completely different way in the east didn't it what do you put that down to well after the war the german claimed it was fighting a clean war and it was. the units behind the army and it was the us that were doing all the on pleasant stuff that was not true that some soldiers on the eastern front would decently and behave decently but many were infected by the race proper conduct towards the smallest towards the cheaters and the german army i the participated in atrocities special such as against the jews against the russian civilian population or certainly knew they were going on and justified i mean the justification was we were fighting a brutal war of survival. bit but war with darker than any other war. in
the twentieth century indeed possibly in human history the role played by the union defeating hitler is vastly under appreciated in the west why is that. when in part it's the legacy of the cold war surprisingly history is normally written they say by the victors is that view of this part of our history is very strongly determined by the germans because the german new became incorporated into the historical fact thinking in the in with the cold war so there was an underestimation or an unwillingness to recognize what the soviet union fully and i think the cold war in part was the reason for that but i think the other reason is the scale is so i mean we're talking about twenty seven million and the civilian and military casualties and i think the other reason is simply it's so big the people who
struggle to really comprehend it and one of the things i wanted to do in my book is to make that story comprehensible to give it a human voice so that people can relate and that just being a mass of rather overwhelming statistics that's michael james thank you very much thank you. for the full story we've got it for. the biggest issues get a human voice face to face with the news makers. culture is that so much you know there's a huge decision on the market from spring just the uprisings in at least states are fast becoming vicious civil wars.
on this beach which of course is a very most appropriate city signification a symbol of everything that's wrong with our goddamn government allowing not only garbage but to accumulate where so many guys died. a new battle is going on. the history be protected. return to terra what julian cooper story on our t.v. . down the official on t.v. application to on the phone i pod touch from the. switch all teach life on the go. see video on demand on t.v.'s minefield costs and feeds now with the palm of you want.
kome. a ten year old victim of a russian plane crash has died in hospital bringing the number of those killed in the incident to forty the news comes as aviation experts examine recorders from the passenger jet that exploded into flames in public or prevented. the greek government survives a critical vote of confidence and it's all stirred dried furious protests that the people is being ignored parliament must now decide whether to impose austerity measures with billions of euros to secure a second bailout. and former soviet republics and more of the twenty seven million victims killed in the fight against at the troops on this day seventy years ago the scene base of the sacred me and the east conflict in the region's history of hate and great to. fix all day to
sports these are. the one of the biggest jobs in football has not been filled yet yeah we should be just hours away from finding chelsea how we got the story all not in just a second carry plus the rest. it was great to have you with us this is sports today i mean these are some of the stories we're covering. off to a flier maria sharapova makes it look easy in her opening clash at wimbledon rushing fellow russian czech petards a. full schedule a busy round of russian premier league football gets underway a little later and ultimate rondell fixtures before a month long summer break. on foot to the floor
former ones most decorated seem for rory to part in the historic drive around the kremlin. intriguing stuff but let's start with tennis where maria sharapova is off the mark the third grand slam of the year the russian won wimbledon as a seventeen year old in two thousand and four on is aiming for more success in london after dumping i compile a check for todd say in round one no worries for the side period native on center court sharapova dropping just three games on row two a six two six one straight sets win the fifth seed meets the winner of the laura robson kerberos. played again against an opponent that's been the top ten before hasn't had the best results this year but i. don't quite know what to expect because she. had nothing to lose and i thought she could . good match. there's been an emotional comeback to wimbledon for serina
williams the defending champion bursting into tears following a hard fought victory over frenchwoman all of a resigned. recently returned from a year long layoff from the coast guard taking it six three three six six one joy and relief all in one for the thirteenth time round slam winner. elsewhere world number one carline was in the act he didn't mess around against spain's aren't. yet but ten seats a month or so those are big in the biggest casualty to date crushing greece melinda zink a player ranked the top. ok over in the men's side of action roger federer and novak djokovic has suffered few difficulties on routes to the second stage federer for a record tying seventh all in crowd not pushing himself too hard against mikhail
pushkin the swiss the wall the winning at seven six six four six. one joining the swiss maestro in the next drawing is novak djokovic the serbian simply devastating form against france is germany shared a six four six one six one time wrapped up joker has never reached out with them for. the bank who is a man on his way home the russian seen off by extremely intense. bernard tomic show on the road too much of the time for germany on the back while a number russian the country's highest ranked player in london as mikhail youzhny lasted one minako following a tough old fight so. let's leave tennis behind with the football on the russian premier league where the games are coming thick and fast these days another park schedule a little later on wed and stay the ultimate run for a month long summer break with all the. keeping things interesting leaving c.
eskimo school b. if one five all their lost half a dozen games the welcome locomotive another all couple encounter. in what will be the visitors' first game with a surrogate sealskin shard she informs in neat currently books the top stories in the league entertain. travel to design the face twice former champions league group being the second from bottom welcome high flying. car they'll be favorites to claim maximum points of the expense of rock bottom spark technology. correct for company while left. with the rest. staying with football where it looks as if chelsea on the verge of unveiling their new monitor porto once they have received their twenty million dollars in compensation for the watch who quit us trainer of the portuguese champions yesterday blues club statements will it read we hope to reach
agreement with mr bosch on personal terms a further announcement in the near future the thirty three year old want to travel with porto last season lifting the domestic league title in cup as well as securing the europa league draw on chelsea sacked their previous manager last month if he gets the nod borsch would become the youngest manager ever stamford bridge. meanwhile martin yall have signed a two year deal to take over them on a jury a range of full i'm the dutchman stating he is delighted to be back in london in work after taking a year long break. i don't so. same story every day. everybody knew that i would like to come back to england to the show that when i live. right here on our shores today i will be back so. i am better. now russia may be busy preparing for their maiden appearance up the rugby world cup in new zealand in
september but another form of the sport rugby sevens will be hitting moscow this very weekend there are capital once again hosting the second of the four stages of the european run priest series rushes that fit the role after the season opening run in leon last week while in and are leading the way ahead of spain twelve teams in all are taking part in making for a pox kegel of matches on saturday sunday a win on home turf for the young russians is what they'll be aiming for but the ultimate going further in the future. you know there's. a lot is now being done we've worked on to program for the russian national team as they prepare for the twenty sixth the summer olympics in rio these are the first games to feature rugby sevens tournament but our main goal now is to in the thirteen when most schools teach the world cup and we hope russia will go into these events in top form and produce the best possible result. that brings us all
into formula one where team ferrari have been revving up in the russian capital for the first ever time the modern yellow outfit taking part in the annual moscow city racing event set to the backdrop of red square it's the fourth straight year of the high octane asian has wowed the local firms three formula one
teams and all in fact making an appearance mcclaren is former world champion jenson button sitting behind the wheel in the second straight time while ricardo tech sirrah car and shunt off with the representatives from lotus but to the delights of motor sport or is it was ferrari's drive but really he did things up thirty. eight year old gene probably physicality doing the honors for f one is what successful squalled that is because perforations fernando alonso and for the last say are taking a break out of july's business. we believe that these event pisano put you need to make the no religion and the culture of our sport from want to learn
to grow. new countries. meet. the support of the more understandable and more close to the fans which is the fundamental thing for a one on one.
let's finish things off by getting a reminder of each and every strike that flew in this past weekend in the russian premier league sixteen efforts in all finding their way past the line ending in c.s.k. moscow staying top all of the title charge so why not sit back relax its goals go for. klu.
commission free accreditation free transport charges free. range months free risk free studio types free. download free blog can plug in video for your media projects a free media oh don the r t dot com. we'll. bring you the latest in science and technology from around russia. we've got the future covered.
aviation experts examine the black book says one russian plane that exploded into flames after a crash in the republic of korea. one of the eight survivors of the fatal crash in that. ten year old boy had died of his injuries in hospital bringing the total number of those killed to forty five join me for all the details in a few moments. the greek government survives a critical vote of confidence and it's all stirred to drive and furious protests that with people being neglected. and page in history. the public's mourn the millions killed in the second world war seventeen years after the nazi troops invaded the city of new. business bulletin despite the global . easing worries about the situation in greece russia's investors are heaven. with
such an opening mixed forum that. you must. be around the world and around the clock this is our table straight talk top story now a ten year old child pulled from the wreckage of the passenger plane crash in northwestern russia has died in hospital bringing the death toll to forty five doctors spent two days fighting to save the boy's life and his injuries were too serious to reports from the site of the tragedy. the ten year old boy who was in the hospital here. succumbed to his injuries and he died in the hospital that there were initially three of them who were left at local. hospitals because they were too fragile to condition to critical for them to be flown. flown as for the families of the
victims as well as the survivors of some of them will be making their way to the site to the hospitals and the morgue today and there's a bit of a delay it's been it happened on monday it's because a lot of the family members don't actually live in moscow so they've been gathering here today to be flown here and also has to be said that there were actually three ukrainians that were killed. announcement of. what's happening at the site locals are still coming in bringing a flowers to this side to giving their condolences. candles and flowers on the ground here at the houses surrounding the road here where the plane actually crashed the witnesses still recovering from their own experience they were in fact first on the scene. screaming.