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tv   [untitled]    June 30, 2011 1:31pm-2:01pm EDT

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twenty years ago in the largest country in the world to suitcases of. what had been more children. each began a journey. for where did it take them. welcome
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back here's a look at the top stories we're covering for you today on our team greeks are massing up in front of the parliament building and they're angry with the vote that detailed plans to implement the second wave of radical astaire the measures the decision opens the doors for athens to receive crucial european bailout funds but also means higher taxes and fewer jobs for ordinary people. the u.k. braces itself for mass disruption as hundreds of thousands of public sector workers prepare for twenty four hours of industrial action they're responding to one of the changes to pay and pensions thousands of teachers civil servants and border control official officers say the plans mean more work for a reduced pension. moscow points to double standards at the u.n.
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over the organization's position on syria saying the crisis warrants a peaceful solution foreign minister sergei lavrov says the security council should not be calling for action while ignoring what he describes as the civil war in yemen. a war world news in around thirty minutes but before that we look at how life in georgia has changed two decades after it gained independence from the soviet union that's up next on our. nine hundred ninety one georgia achieved independence from the u.s.s.r. . before a violent standoff with the rapidly disintegrating soviet empire. we did get independence but it resulted in much blood in the struction. the civil war broke out in georgia to susie came sovereignty to this day the nation has been unable to overcome its aftermath the country's infrastructure is in ruins tens of thousands
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of people have fled the country in the time of the soviet union was one of the wealthiest republics today one third of the population lives below the poverty line twenty years have passed but people here enjoy less freedom than i did during the soviet period. back in one thousand nine hundred eight. really was just a student he joined a mass trying to strike outside government headquarters at that time the country was still cooled the georgian soviet socialist republic. that hunger strike which lasted eight or nine days. liberation i often sat on the steps with my friends. the number of protesters good day by day. then a young historian lend his support to that cool. independence was my watchword
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at that time i didn't miss a single public action all right. in a nation celss of people gathered in tbilisi for an open ended rally outside government headquarters they wanted independence for the republican georgia viet gamsakhurdia leader of a nationalist movement with the speaker who made the most extremist remarks in an intensely dramatic speech. in the early hours of april ninth the soviet government dispatched vehicles and soldiers against peaceful demonstrators sixteen people died and hundreds were injured. a mathematician and would be magnet of georgia was lucky enough to evade even injury. we were in too much of a hurry we were trying to study history to help move it forward what happened then
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had to happen but of course the thought the georgia might become independent is nine hundred ninety one never crossed my mind back in the late one nine hundred eighty s. . for the became the first president of a sovereign georgia in april nine hundred ninety one after an election campaign where independence was the catch phrase but as soon as he came to power he didn't expect that independence multo georgian autonomous regions. would take into ethnic conflicts began. georgia responded by sending troops to south says here. people are once neighbors became bitter enemies thousands of refugees fled to georgia. as far as i know years ago this building was meant to be a hospital. but there is no hospital and now. the building is
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used as a shelter for refugees. thousands of the georgians who have left since the early one nine hundred ninety s. still live in makeshift shelters they have lost everything homes jobs and even the hope to return to their home country georgians alike have gone through a lot of suffering such as the horrors of war and loss of loved ones and yet they don't blame one another for that conflict. well you know there's no bullet decisions have toned the people apart there was no enemy to between individuals my neighbor said to me what am i supposed to do one of my sons in law isn't a pansy and that means my grandsons are peasants aren't they. and other daughter is married to a georgian so her children are georgians do i need to tell my grandsons apart what am i supposed to do in this situation. bitter fighting between georgia standing army in abkhazia and insurgents cost thousands of lives on both sides.
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tomorrow is not because young woman four of her five sons died in the war the youngest was seventeen when he volunteered to fight his grave is close to his father's. you have an opinion that i would do like to have the word war confined to the history books. i want nobody to ever arteries again i wanted to be forgotten altogether radio. tomorrow and the husband wanted the new house to have enough room for all that children and their future families but now it's almost uninhabited one of the rooms houses a memorial museum to the family it features the son's medals they received and the letters they sent from the front line to more especially treasures objects made by
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her children i already know this is the root of a pine tree they made a heart out of it. my second son enjoyed making such things she died in the battle on the same day as my youngest son. len many georgian opposition parties and even spearhead gamsakhurdia as former associates demonstrated that discontent with the rule georgian intellectuals sent numerous letters to the president asking him to come to his senses. responded by imposing censorship. all of them and it was a nine hundred ninety one law even denied registration for all political parties it was indorsed by people who had served terms and soviet prisons and campaigned for georgia's freedom and independence. those people did while they themselves had been opposed to.
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train to become a mathematician in the early one nine hundred ninety s. he left university and went into business his elder brother chose the career of an actor today he is very popular in georgia i his soul's in short films have an uncanny bearing on the country's present day situation. i had no desire to get involved in the war in a cause here in such a war where brothers were killing brothers so i decided to stay away from georgia for a time there were. those who were displeased with the first president gathered to openly demand his resignation the nine hundred ninety two standoff between
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protesters and the regime erupt into street fighting involving all tillery and tanks. gamsakhurdia had to for. the country. does it with george's second president the experience political heavyweight. perestroika soon after he took office he lifted the opposition political parties and allowed independent media. after i went into business in one nine hundred ninety three i launched a project called. over ten years i turned a small studio in the provincial town of into a leading national broadcaster. to t.v. channel rushed at the country's new leaders including president eduard shevardnadze and was focused on runaway corruption. corruption in the economic sphere was
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enormous off the shevardnadze came to power but on the other hand businessmen learned new skills in tune with modern times and a real market economy took shape true there was pervasive corruption from top to bottom but there was also freedom of speech and individual liberty the sort of quagmire that we have now it didn't exist then. independent t.v. channel two became a so-called platform for the opposition and had great political weight but president shevardnadze who declared freedom of speech as a principle made no attempt to sway the channels editorial policy. to t.v. channel and other georgian media pave the way for radical political transformations november two thousand and three saw a bloodless coup in georgia dubbed the rose revolution. really a young and ambitious person came to power. as were both when i attended my
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resignation of my own free will to prevent bloodshed when they burst into the house of parliament i went out into the street to meet my followers. any order coming from me is the law for the army no doubt the army would have defeated them only after a bloodbath i make no distinction between the two sons all of them and georgian citizens. believe had promised to beat corruption and lead the nation to prosperity however it was the press that was the first victim of his more and order. the man.
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i was just thinking about my future before the foreign companies came i dreamed of owning a can cabin factory. but we have less garbage now. some visitors who come here make fun of me. regular garbage boy i'm not bad like people think. i'm
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a good person. it's just the people don't see me. but i feel it was time people like me. i feel people will start to appreciate us. as soon as second really took power he attempted to take control of the editorial policy of the country's leading independent t.v. channel. to its own skits mellish really realized that his window of opportunity was quite narrow. the authorities ambition to take control of the channel goes back to two thousand and four the new system of government seemed to be weak we thought we needed to build a viable state first and then take care of the rest of us because of our book as it
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turned out the regime's aim was to take control of the channels i think the blame for what i did because i gave away restudy to i didn't want to rock the boat. as about the same time george's media was going out of its way to report on mikhail saakashvili as police reforms on face value the changes look quite impressive petty crime had been stamped out people now felt more secure on the streets of the towns of to. traffic patrols that stopped taking bribes. to just exist through the country's traffic police are totally free from corruption. but you can get your license within a day after pain right through official channels instead of flying in somebody's spark it's. for many years nino burjanadze was speaker of the country's parliament and one of my. closest associates in two thousand and eight she resigned
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from the post of parliamentary speaker and founded an opposition party. there is. very serious problem it's corruption in the elite it has grown even launch a compared to what it was like in the last years of shevardnadze is through when everybody was talking about corruption in georgia's government. there. was always an opposition moderate to saakashvili as the owner of a major medical insurance company he knows all too well the meaning of so-called elite corruption saka through as soon as second villian his inner circle came to power they set about collecting taxes and so-called dirty money which was that they sent very many people to prison they were businessmen as well as former officials among them people realize they had better pay off as much as they were expected to pay they sold the property they ceded their shares in businesses to members of
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saakashvili as party the prosecutor's office and the interior ministry kept a close eye on the deals that. can top discontent funny erupted into a mass rally in november two thousand and seven according to various estimates fifty to one hundred thousand opposition supporters came to the house of parliament in tbilisi. for several days they kept around the top vigil on november seventh police barlinnie dispersed the peaceful rally hundreds of demonstrators were injured please take us i police beat up people lying on the ground with battens. the only remaining independent t.v. channel showed these events in tbilisi to a nationwide audience it was late shutdown while it was on the air with a regular news bulletin. did the madam of the demon by closing the channel the government is violating the constitution this means that this is
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a dictatorship regime ots misdemeanors coming into the studio i want to say thank you i hear shouts in the control room overture and i hope our employees won't be injured or our guests. the independent journalist of a coma he'd say became popular in georgia in the mid ninety's ninety's he enjoys also king unpleasant questions no matter who is in power he says now in hiding in switzerland his latest piece of investigative journalism concerns the conflict between georgia and south the city in two thousand and eight. on this one the one i know of no journalist who would not have wanted to go to scandal to get the facts . but all the state media summed up my work there is high treason to the self-proclaimed republic of south hasn't been under georgia's direct rule since nine hundred ninety two. really repeated many times the republic had to return to
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georgia and he promised to settle the situation through diplomacy. to disarm we don't need a war and their pals in an ascension people don't need one either there is a force that wants the defeat of the georgian and up has in a city and people are i promise they won't let it happen. but in the early hours of august the altering repeated and showed symbolic from georgian territory in the morning troops were sent into the republic. it was the start of a military operation described by saakashvili of the introduction of constitutional order in the turret tree south to set. it up i was woken up by a loud noise everything was for. that shaking women outside was screaming and crying it was as if all of us had landed in hell after
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a volcanic eruption and everybody stayed awake throughout the night the noise never died down not even for a second. color man. lives in an old house on the outskirts of the village of galle cooler fifteen kilometers from the border with south of setia he is not interested in politics and doesn't know the first thing about international relations but artists from around the world flocked to his home to display their works one of the projects was called liquid it was to have been implemented jointly with russian artists in late september two thousand and eight. the georgian word for this place is near it is in places like this that georgians traditionally make wine artists of different nationalities are going to contribute to georgian traditions
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they will get in to press grapes with their feet just as it was done in the old days a year later we will get a jointly made product a wine brand called liquid aunt. in the spring of two thousand and eight karen man began building a pavilion for the exhibition he was still constructing it in august when another war broke out between south to set here in georgia. i went on building the pavilion during the war fighting was going on right behind the mountain fifteen kilometers from here i saw the flashes and heard the bombings i also saw helicopters up in the air. hostilities came to an end nine days later when russia sent troops into south to
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separate the warring parties georgia subsequently broke off diplomatic relations with russia. when invest ten kemah he was working on a film about the georgian city and conflict he made arrangements for an interview with european human rights campaigners to be held in geneva shortly before he was due to go the journalist received a tip off that he had better stay in switzerland. all sorts of problems cropped up after my return from senegal because i won't talk about them because my words might get in the way of the investigation. i can only tell you that i received open threats and heard something so humiliating that i contributed. no comma he'd say lives in a swiss hostel for political refugees friends keep him abreast of events by phone. i hear you going to switzerland. or i'm going to tell you that's right in october
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by that time you must complete all formalities concerning immigration chances are i myself will return home by then that there is a regime change. did you say regime change yes why not that's a possibility. we hope so. vegetating and so is us who body have been friends ever since they went to school together when parliament appointed to the post of he gave his friend a job in his office when his first term of office came to an end the noid him a second term now the journalist is in hiding in a foreign country the ex is unemployed. if i praise the authorities i would have been elected second term they would even have changed the law to let me for ten terms. in the last presidential election. was officially the runner up his party's headquarters supplied the oh
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a c e commission with evidence documenting scores a regularities some of them made public in the commission's conclusions but the final report ultimately described the election as valid. is a famous georgian musician in protest against the regime he decided to barricade himself in a television studio made up to look like a prison cell for several months he stayed in the room with four t.v. cameras tracking his every move. today georgia means prison all of georgia is a prison but the georgian people made a mistake by electing what i call an illegitimate person. politician sportsman and
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visit his cell to support the musician. heads the leading opposition party he visited his brother three times during his self-imposed imprisonment. how are you so so what are you i get loads of letters to castles are full of them already the guy's a nuts they've made the same town to me. is one man prison show began as eleven pm and last until morning the following day the whole country would discuss what had been said during the night after two months of self confinement you only get such a lot they took time out for a public appearance at the b.b.c. stadium t.v. a cage in the midst of a show was a strikingly symbolic act the people who had filled the stadium and j.c. rhodes turned. to show into what amounted to a protest rally. and they pulled
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month two thousand and nine leaders of all opposition parties as their followers to take to the streets in tbilisi. just felt get out second street get out saakashvili get down gets out move you know it all position has never said saakashvili is our president we call him a de facto rather than a president. today the former participants in the rallies for georgia's independence. into a party. that our aim is to create a party that is without parallel and georgian history it should be a party based on genuine national values shared by most people in our country. the lead of the new party is live and get. a former magnets in the wine industry he has the support of. really the architect of the country's leading television company and george's last ambassador to russia the party's third leader is
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a historian who has won the nation's affection as an honest man. georges rulers in recent years have been so different the one. would be hard put to say which of them is fully to blame for the present day situation there are no independent courts of law democratic institutions are not allowed to develop and the country's people are intimidated in the autumn of two thousand and eight a group of friends met in old warehouses turned into studios in moscow they were who are keen to participate in an international project that was to take place in the home of. the bull this is a remarkably exquisite european style project but i think we need to make slight changes to emphasize a note of sorrow in it merrymaking is out of place after what happened you don't do that at a funeral the funeral still goes on. the russian artists
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didn't visit their georgian friends in either two thousand and eight or later they have decided against going to georgia for the time being for they do not believe in politics they believe that in their beautiful country of long traditions funerals will give way to weddings and the street protests else did by projects concerts and theatre festivals. hungry for the full story we've got it first hand the biggest issues get a human voice face to face with the news makers on.
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