tv [untitled] October 13, 2011 10:31pm-11:01pm EDT
saying that they will tidy it up themselves but will not be fooled fooled into leaving. and ukraine's former prime minister and opposition leader yulia tymoshenko faces a new criminal charges just two days after she was sent to jail for seven years for abusing power while in office over a gas deal with russia the verdict has sparked public outrage and harsh international criticism from moscow the e.u. and america. that's a look at your headlines up next peter lavelle and his guests discuss if the euro will survive the ongoing economic crisis cross-talk is next right here on r.t. .
welcome to cross talk i'm peter lavelle the euro crisis it is a high noon moment for a eurozone looking to stave off another recession while juggling indebted sovereigns flimsy banks and the specter of economic crisis in the mediterranean this has many seeing the worst does this currency have a future. cross-talk euro jitters i'm joined by john gaunt in london he is chief executive of vote u.k. out of e.u. also in london we have andrew he is director and principal of europe economics and in dublin we go to jeff madrick he is senior fellow at the roosevelt institute and author of age of greed the triumph of finance and the decline of america in one nine hundred seventy s.
to the present all right gentlemen this is cross-eyed that means you can jump in anytime you want and i very much encourage it but first tell us about this ongoing almost endless crisis that being quite a few meetings but not much progress the global economy is emerging from one of the roughest squares yet with intense market volatility if you will by the fear that policymakers cannot contain the spreading crisis and that this europe remains mired in that song debt due to the absence of political will power to avert euro zone's and disintegration this is the most serious financial crisis we've seen at least since the one nine hundred thirty s. if not ever now we're having to deal with very unusual circumstances devising a rescue plan that would pull the. monetary union at of the meltdown has so far been met with gridlock and resulted in political stalemate among the governments of europe the need for unanimity has significantly slowed the process with countries that odds over the need to recapitalize the banks and the source of the funds to make it happen germany is ready to recapitalize the banks and we need a unitary criteria we are under the pressure of time and we need to take
a decision quickly but so far germany and france have been unable to find common ground over how to recapitalize with the latter insisting on the use of the four hundred forty billion hero european financial stability facility and recently opposition from arguably less prominent players like finland and slovakia has threatened to throw any progress made on the issue into reverse all those has time and again highlighted the key issue behind the squabbles in my personal view we need to make significant progress towards political unity within the executive branch of parliament with us leaders now saying that here as our own risk as the biggest single impediment to an economic rebound the alarm bells will ring louder until the plan is unveiled and the upcoming weeks after kicking the can down the road for nearly two years the next could blow up in the face of the global financial system perhaps we'll see more in the upcoming days thank you very much
for that russia and i to go to andrew first in london here we had sort of cause the meeting not too many not too long ago and they said they're going to come up with a solution by the end of this month here what solution can they possibly come up with after i've been talking about it for two years watching this. currency crisis just continue to spiral out of control. one of the problems we have here is that almost every solution proposed over the past few months has been a variance of the same basic theme which is that somehow germany should become responsible for all of the debts of the eurozone and in particular they should become responsible for the debts of its early and portugal and greece and other countries within the euro zone now that just seems to me to be a silly idea or a nonstarter on this any reason why the german should feel that they should have responsibility particularly for italian debts that were accumulated from long before the euro even existed all of the schemes were posed the balance on this theme so the idea of having a huge stability fund of two trillion euros or leveraging the existing much smaller
funds up to two trillion or maybe printing loads and loads of new money your robot or all of those four kinds of ideas are variants of the same debt sharing theme so they are a nonstarter the way that you should be going here is first of all to be seeking to address some of the fundamental problems in the euro zone banking sector by imposing losses on the lenders for the banks the people who lent money to the banks particularly in spain and in ireland and then dealing with the problems in portugal and italy by having a system of transfers over time an extension of an existing system called the e.u. structural funds which would allow you to send money off each year just to raise the growth rates of those countries a little bit and finally accepting that greece really doesn't have a future in the euro zone so grateful to be out there i mean cyprus leaves you bring up a very good point here and if i go to john here i mean the whole world except for a few leaders in the e.u.
and some greek politicians have a long ago agreed the greece will default on its debts and we still keep kicking the can down the road here i mean why isn't it why is it we just they just take a huge haircut and just move on ok because after two years of this continue down the road everyone just has to pay more and more and more go ahead. well it's not the end prisoners clean new clothes isn't it someone's going to shout out the emperor is naked somebody is going to shout out greece is already in default it is absolute nonsense as you say that they continue to kick the can down the road greece is bust it's time for greece to leave the euro zone it's time for greece to be able to take back the track and devalue itself will you know to use a cliche go on holiday there again and help them rebuild their economy but i mean as you say every man cat dog and woman knows full well that greece is already finished greece has got to go they've already defaulted haven't they in effect why
are leaders because i have to just don't grow some and realize that in my case and let's just get on a move all right jeff in london dublin you want to jump in there you know i'm always stunned by the utter insensitivity of these kinds of comments just let them go so if we're not talking about real people as if we didn't set up a situation in which it was a very easy for greece to borrow it in which we did not set up a situation in which or germany indeed benefited from that the anger on the part of your two guests that's quite is quite sharp and stunning to me and the lack of a sense of obligation to greece which indeed was absolutely made me here are saying obvious and shut off and i would kill myself to hold on a second he wasn't agreed the british people who went into this he was certain guilty man who took his into this folly we stand outside the euro zone anyway
because we've not got the euro but let's let's understand this this pain here in the u.k. as well we're not responsible for greece is problems that mature yeah well i'm not so i'm not i'm never really learned you seriously man and you have a voice whether we wanted to show you how you know you have your city so i need to try greece's economy to the economy of germany there. the guilty man not do another citizens of all great country all right jeff you want to reply and i'm going to just the fact is sir and i'm i'm not going to use that kind of the kind of language this man uses i mean he's entitled to say whatever he likes on whatever channel a light side like to have a somewhat more civilized discussion out of a country such as civilised as soon as britain i'm not a big fan of britain's current was staring economic side there but the idea that you can talk with such. such insensitivity about a nation and its people just stuns me the idea that you're
a jew would you do that paul even more money. should i just go ahead jeff please finish what. i would love to hear my ideal of your moderator to i'm trying to master go ahead jeff the idea that you can talk yeah yeah i hear you the idea that you can talk in these terms and with no sense of moral obligation and with no memory no historical memory of the difficult periods especially after world war two and which europe found itself and so little historical memory about the value of the common market and the idea of throwing nations out when try when things get rough is it difficult to save greece yeah you bet it's difficult to save greece and maintain it in the eurozone can greece take a substantial haircut yeah do do we need a substantial maybe even fifty percent haircut yeah can greece develop have a primary surplus next year the numbers suggest they can of course the debt load is
very big and has to be cut. out radically but the idea of saying that they're going to cut their currency by fifty percent or two thirds and somehow they'll just bounce back because you guys are going to go visit them and spend money there is just. it's as hard for my to have them jeff i appreciate. regimes are sensitive and kind but i did end of anger and i did andrew on this i mean there's there's the moral hazard issue here i mean nobody wants to see the great people suffer i mean i think we all agree on that there but there is the moral hazard issue of you continue to throw money into greece to try to save an economy that most people leave is already bankrupt then you have the other pigs lining up and say we'll do the same for us i'm not trying to be insensitive here so i just say you does the system work or not and i guess you go ahead and jump in let me just add and i do if you haven't said much in the program go ahead. yes it's not it's not the germans the germans didn't force the greeks to borrow money so the greeks chose to borrow
these these monies themselves and it's turned out they were unable to pay and of course there were french and german and other banks have lent money to greece and they'd be the participants that would actually lose out when the greeks defaulted i am not suggesting that actually the greeks were particularly benefit by default and i just think it's inevitable that they will do so that they will default and they will exit from the euro at this stage i think things have gone beyond the point of helping them if the if the euro zone or thora t's has made more sensible decisions a couple of years ago i think it would have been possible to have a haircut for the greeks and then for the rest of the eurozone to have lent the money to keep them in the euro i just think that that's not really a possibility anymore i think it's also important to understand what the difficulty is on coming up with some alternative solutions at this stage because you have to appreciate two things first is that the euro zone or thora t's are terrified of the possibility of an unraveling of the whole euro zone project because if you go back to nine hundred ninety two and then there were you have found that there was
a thing called the exchange rate mechanism a kind of fixed exchange rate regime in europe and as countries gradually started to drop out so the italians drop down and the british and others eventually the whole thing came to bits so that even countries like france in the end which had been thought to be absolutely core and inviolable members in the end came under pressure they fear that you'd find that the whole euro zone unraveled if you started to let people leave the other thing about this is that the reason why they didn't have a greek default back in two thousand and nine was because really most of the sovereign debt by a louse was just banking sector banks by another name and so once they start accepting that you get a default by the greeks and then you'll get a cascade of losses of various banks around europe we've already had some banks go bust earlier this week for example quite a large banking in belgium called dexia which has actually foreign currency foreign currency obligations much larger even than the state of greece so. this is all you want highlights from here john here we are going to a short break and after that charles will continue our discussion on the hero stay
at my to go back to jeff in dublin there's a lot of talk about the european financial stability facility and possibly pumping it up to two to three trillion euros now what is the logic of going into so much debt to pay off debts i mean at what point does it become viable because and also can ask the same can i can ask the same question about austerity i mean how can i stared bring prosperity go ahead. yeah well i agree that austerity in the in the cases of the countries for the most part with one or two exceptions who are following it is not going to bring prosperity but debt following debt is a long standing idea i mean you've got guys like badgett of the economists you've got our charles can goldberger who are probably the best history of busts you've got you can interpret cannes in minsky this way always they say when things begin to unravel there comes
a point where you have to say you have to throw debt overwhelming force to stop the bleeding now what's happened in europe and i think you're to the two other gentlemen agree with this is they just drag this on and on for structural reasons for. e.u. structural reasons but also because they just didn't want to face the facts and also i think it was alexander who said the private lenders have to take a hit well they've been trying to avoid that obviously in france and other places they have not gotten their private lenders to take a hit now we face this in the u.s. as you all know under the bush administration with paulson and geithner and so forth and we have our tarp we had our f.d.i.c guaranteeing all kinds of debt we had our federal reserve dramatically expanding its balance sheet now that stopped the crisis i don't think it was implemented and all that well because it did not get
the banks lending again it did not change management it did not and serious conflicts of interest we have in america but there you have a pretty darn good example of some people who don't i don't always admire coming together and i think people forget it's so easy to forget history what a risky step they took and how many people like you just now ask how are we going to solve this problem by throwing debt after debt and in fact they did they did solve the problem well i mean i will lot of people would say the problem isn't solved at all. it is a very courageous case actually a hot political potato and the debt ceiling john if i can go to you if i could let me finish this well no i'm sorry if i go to john in london i mean i agree i agree with jeff in principle i mean it's keynesian economics ok but i mean who pays for this debt if it goes back to what we were saying earlier in the program i mean why should germans have to pay for the mistakes of the greeks i think that's what a lot of people are asking that question on point zero zero zero zero zero american friend in dublin was talking about the united states of america hand how they try
to solve their country's problem now i agree the preacher they haven't really solved i have that because of the present problems that the states are suffering but that was one country we never asked to be in the united states of europe i mean here in britain all of the united kingdom will still eurozone crisis got to do with us but we're still bailing out these paid countries and then when you look at germany for example why should germany be bailing out greece you know grew in greece first joined you know did they tell the whole truth about their balance sheet twenty percent and i just get it either stay here you where you could ask that same question and he has it while your money is spent if well you know honestly i am forced to these nations ok germany's economy is going to fit in enormously by x. exports to these nations can i just finish this point apparently you gentlemen don't understand american history or history very well we have had time and again conflicts in trying to unite this country going way back maybe the history precedes
you both the fact is that there are quiet because you are you you have. this is still here listen i'm in a trice just they tried to ask the story and the forests in the union if you are as i do know my history is moderately to stop to stop to stop the crisis at that moment that they didn't proceed as i said if you would listen to me that they didn't proceed well enough along that they didn't adopt adequate keynesian stimulus that. as for the issue but they did succeed in stanching that crisis and that moment give them credit for that right now we're going to now and really want to understand how the problem is you're. going to enjoy. your time going and you have the floor go ahead it's not it's not keynesian economics for the germans it's not keynesian economics for the germans to take on italian debts i think i think we need to get this discussion beyond greece because the reality is that greece is going to i mean greece has already agreed to default greece is going to have
a full scale default within within weeks certainly by march so that's not even the issue anymore the issue that markets are interested in is how the how and whether they're going to keep italy in the euro whether they're going to keep the whole euro together and so did the greek thing needs to be off the table so the real issue here is how do you get enough growth in italy for italy itself to service its own debts or if you can't do that do you have to have the germans take on the italian debts or have the italians default i think it's just a ridiculous idea that germany should accept trillions of euros of debts that arose before the euro zone even existed and that's nothing to do with keynesian economics that's like some other country taking on some of body else entirely taking on responsibility for their beds the way of getting back growth within italy is of course partly to do with structural reforms and so on it's also though i think there have to be some transfers some monies will have to be sent from germany to the european union and the european union will then spend those monies in italy
italy fundamental situation isn't that bad it's not that heavily indebted country in the aggregate it has a bit of government debt obviously but in fact even by the middle of the twenty ten's even italian government debt is projected to be lower than that in the united states so the united states situation is in many ways actually worse than that of it because the united states not only has quite high government debt but it has enormous levels of household indebtedness and the americans haven't in any way address that problem through the top it all that they did was that they retired to the moment of having to make a decision about these things. what you do when you when the governments intervene in these ways is at best they puts off the problem until later at worse they go the way of ireland and they find that the government then takes on so much that itself that the government goes broke and the reality for a number of countries within the within the european union is that they face that danger with in your opinion perhaps the most egregious examples are spain and ireland and the united kingdom but places like belgium and to me in from the u.k. as well so we know what we need to have is
a solution that deals with the banking sector crisis on the one side deals with the gross growth and competitiveness. and you i think what you're getting at here we're getting at here is actually finding a solution and not something to stop jeff if i go to you what are some of the structural issues they need to address if they really want to fix this currency because if you don't have a fiscal side in the monetary side we've seen what's happened ok enormous amount of irresponsibility going on entirely do go ahead. i don't entirely disagree with alexander i am a little taken aback however by this idea that it's not some have it's not fair to germany to take over we're not talking about fairness and we're trying to stop a major crisis where's try and we're talking about practicality we're talking about where that has to be done even at a cost but let me let me say something about the american economy because because i'm a little disturbed by that this idea that somehow if you'll cut debt america has to cut its debt and therefore it will solve its problems the obama administration did
expect to grow faster and debt did not was not going to rise at this level according to their forecast they got it wrong what are they trying to do now well keep in mind we have a lot of taxing ability in america as you guys well know we're almost the lowest tax country in the world if we get the economy back on track we can begin to raise taxes and cover that and in fact you may not know this but the obama plan which i don't like because it was mostly tax saving cut government cuts not revenue increases down the road but it will get dad down to the level around the level of stabilized at around the level of seventy to seventy five percent two thousand and thirty two thousand and twenty five that's when we have begin to have big health care problems and believe me a lot of us are talking about that so this is casting americans in the same light as these other problems is pretty whacky on the other hand i do agree with alexander's analysis of italy he is talking about
a united fiscal policy in the u.a.e. e.u. which i do believe is necessary the idea of throwing greece to the dogs i find i frankly find. pretty obnoxious going to let it fall for a major haircut one way or the other people are going to take a loss john if i go to you if we want to talk about having a greater fiscal side to the. the euro then you're going to have a lot more political control centralized with someone in brussels in frankfurt in some place because that control spending and spending has a political price tag attached to it go ahead. well well of course but that control isn't actually going to be in brussels it's going to be frank for because it's the germans are going to be paying for it it's a bit like when island were bailed out normally when one goes into an election and you go into the booth it's the old story you know it's the economy stupid well if you're in your country and your own politicians are actually controlling your economy what is the point in voting it actually did huge people their democratic rights and actually that's the way we're heading isn't it because the germans will
dominate this because they are the ones who are going to bail out because they're the ones who haven't had this rapid expansion and reliance on credit than the rest of the eurozone nations of have and that's where it comes to play and it's all right for our friend in dublin to talk about the united states but look at the level of debt mess let's look at the fact that they could well do for themselves or so they look like they might have been just a few weeks ago so we can already take lessons from them but they obviously. states over foreclose on your way here we're not there you know you're on your own who was really doing and we waitin proudly i want to show you here i want to hear the last word on this program go ahead ender. i think there's any there's all that distinction in the world between an arrangement in which either the germans accept that they have responsibility for italian debts and then the italians get to spend as they like or the italian the germans lend money to the town and then tally italians what they have to sell and so on and of those arrangements is a nonstarter the only way that this can work is if the germans send money to europe
and europe then collectively on the parts of the eurozone which is going to have to be its own country will then spend money in italy and other places so it's not a matter of germany dominating anything it's a matter of a new country called europe coming into existence ok. general you know if you want to worry with that but the responsibility will be yeah i generally agree with that lead to remember that the responsibility will be germany's as the strongman of the modern era and we've all of the time here thank you very much gentlemen a lot more is going to share many thanks to my guest today in london and in dublin and thanks to our viewers for watching us here r.t. see you next time and remember rostock rules. and.
tension and crisis intensifies in syria as human rights groups say nineteen have died during clashes between government forces and army dissidents the split in the country is underlined by huge crowds rallying in the capital damascus to support president assad despite increasing international pressure against him. and to wall street protesters are bringing their campaign you know right to the doorsteps of american billionaires as demonstrations against washington's loyalty to big business sweeps nationwide meanwhile new york's mayor michael bloomberg has been given the brush off by demonstrators after demanding that they vacate their camp in a park so it can be clean saying that they will tidy it up themselves but it won't be fooled into leaving. and ukraine's the former prime minister and opposition leader yulia tymoshenko faces.
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