tv [untitled] October 26, 2011 3:31am-4:01am EDT
was employed by american forces in a taurus a battle from the jetsons and a. well next debate shapes people of el asks his guests what kind of country libya will become post gadhafi following that they too. wealthy british style. markets why not scandal. find out what's really happening to the global economy in the kinds of reports on our t.v. . if you. follow you know welcome to cross talk i'm peter lavelle in auspicious beginnings
libya's national transitional council has announced the country's liberation from the gadhafi dictatorship what kind of country libya will now become is anything but clear will it be ruled under islamic law and will the rule of law prevail in the wake of gadhafi is killing and is national unity an illusion with so many factions vying for power. and. crosstalk libya's future i'm joined by daniel serwer in washington he's a professor lecturer at johns hopkins school of advanced international studies also in washington we have paul coring he is a foreign correspondent for the globe and mail and in new york we go to ted rall he is a journalist political cartoonist and author of the anti-american manifesto all right gentlemen this is cross talk that means you can jump in anytime you want to know very much encourage it but first what are libya's prospects moving forward well you know as you mentioned in the beginning there. head of libya is anything but clear
and i dare say it is all because of deployed city diplo city which has a company at the death of moammar gadhafi as well as the entirely been campaign as the media continues to chew over the ghoulish details of the deposed leader steph we're taking back to the history of libya's ties with the west which revealed the democracy and humanitarianism were really on the agenda from a time when gadhafi was branded the mad dog of the middle east to a period when his relations with the west warmed and all of the alleged sins were absolved by pricey defense and oil deals this is what senator mccain had to say about libya only two years ago times between the united states. to. turn in recent years and not long after libya had established partnerships with a whole slew of western leaders the libyans rose in defiance of gadhafi israel and the west flashed the responsibility to protect card and launched a major mention in support of that uprising seven months later the mission is complete the manhunt for gadhafi drawing to
a close by these very very balls that the west has helped to arm we came we saw died there now there is much talk about the future that faces libya whether i'll be able to preserve its domestic unity elect a government that can show itself to be different from the barbarity which has marked the rebels' recent actions and finally avoid being doled out to foreign stakeholders there are very many competing on the minds of the t.n.c. a different political philosophies i hope those of played out in the democratic way otherwise the alternative is some go off screen descent into war many say it was the hate for qaddafi which coalesced libya's fractious forces perhaps it is for the fear of seeing the country apart but then to see a real promise on sunday to unite libya under the law of sharia and we'll just have to see how conducive to democracy well let's talk about democracy first i'd like to go to ted ted what kind of democracy could you possibly make in libya that is just so for the civil war like this it hardly has any state institutions whatsoever.
well obviously anybody who claims to be able to predict the future of this new regime would just be make telling lies and making up stories but that said you know this is going to be a for medical challenge we're not even really sure if democracy is what the t.n.c. has in mind now that they've taken power and certainly they're precut off the origins suggest that it's not necessarily in the cards but certainly even if they do they are serious about forming a coalition of all the various factions and tribes and political factions that predated the and existed during the forty two year reign of market there's no telling where this is going to go it is just so hard to cobble together such of vast country and i think a lot of people are unaware of exactly how big libya is and how fractured it is it's not going to be an exact parallel to iraq but i think we can see certain
parallels ok paula how does a country like libya that really doesn't have really many state functions i mean it's it was all based on one man and his family for forty two years i mean don't they have to work on state building before they start building democracy or can you build a democracy without us you know. no i don't think you can and i think perhaps there's a tendency in. the media and outside observers kind of see democracy is something that gets installed or built almost overnight you know societies in transition even a twenty first century that's a slow difficult arduous process and at this stage libya needs sort of civic civil society peace. the beginnings of economic renaissance democracy maybe a peace and it may be a slowly growing peace that starts early but that there's no likelihood of an immediate democracy any more than there's
a likelihood of an immediately functioning economy this is going to take a long. long time progress is going to be slow it will be fitful there will be set backs the nightmare scenarios exist as well ok well that doesn't sound very optimistic daniel if i can go to you what do you think about building a democratic state with respecting the rights of all with this alleged that looks very clear from the video that it's being on has been put on you tube and elsewhere of the murder of qaddafi i mean this is the national transition council getting off to a good footing there. i'm much more hopeful than my colleagues are i've been in libya i've talked with the libyans they're not going to accept another dictator. i don't think there's any reason why they should accept another dictator it is a long hard arduous road to democracy but they've laid out a road map in their constitutional framework document it's much clearer than what had been laid out in tunisia which just successfully held its first elections it's
much clearer than what has been laid out in egypt the current leadership has made it clear that it will not run for future office and frankly libya has vast resources not only the oil and gas in the ground but the money in western banks khadafi is going to finance the next regime in libya so there are no guarantees here let me be clear this is a long and arduous road but i think there's a good chance that libya can go down that road it should do it carefully it should do it slowly it shouldn't rush anything but you know the killing of to their fee from westernised was extremely brutal and murderous and legal as well probably a drain traditional law by you want to jump in there law it is all you want to understand illegal is well i don't think that you can i don't think you can hold
your transitional council responsible for what was brutal. murder and may in fact be a war crime but i mean let's let's be clear here this is this is the end of a conflict and it's pretty clear that. that lots of the fighting factions were only barely within a chain of command so i mean i think to focus on without defending what. seems to be a murder and a war crime but the taint the entire transitional effort with that it's unfortunate it's terrible. the murder of. also is probably quite convenient isn't it if i go to you ted i mean i guess we won't hear a lot about lockerbie we won't hear a lot about rendition and we won't hear about other things that the bush administration and obama administration had to do with the war on terror with the passage of it's apples and oranges it mainly is going to go to this is going to say
it's ok it's not forget the role of the united states in this in what essentially was the murder of after all this was a drug american drone plane that attacked his convoy alongside a french wall warplane and these two so really this was a joint french nato u.s. murder khadafi the fact that he was technically alive as he got out he scrambled out of his convoy hardly negates the role of the united states in his murder he would not have been murdered had that airstrike not occurred so this is this is a this goes part and parcel to the assassination of osama bin laden in pakistan you know the obama administration's enemies have a way of just being disappeared and dumped into anonymous graves and obviously you can't help but ask yourself if there are not a bunch of inconvenient questions that would be asked at a war crimes trial at the hague that perhaps the big powers would rather not see
asked what do you think about that you could probably. just trial ok paul first and then you call the first and then you were tara cleo you one you posed that sort of thing rhetorical all you want you could say you know could actually it still be in power if there hadn't been a united nations security council mandate i mean but but what you're trying to do through what you're trying to do is hang on what you're trying to do is so. the entire process by stringing together a bunch of things and saying you know error go. ministration is somehow responsible for the deaths of all these people and you can make that argument but you're not going to find any support for going on it again you know you want to jump in there i mean a drone plane is not a so i think i think this argument about this calling of the killing of khadafi the. the military action against his convoy is murder is just
nonsense it's not murder in any body's terms i be glad to see you don't but don't drone or some such things are designed you know drones are designed to kill the nation there was no to clear are designed to limit people and they are military was not at war with libya. and we can assassinate the u.s. and it's going to foreign aid who could have been captured alive. if you want to respond to that and you. i beg to differ i'll beg to differ on that subject i just don't think there's any sign that there's a war crime involved here i don't think it's murder i think it's it's part of an ugly process that we call war the murder was in the ambulance so far as i can tell by a young libyan and you know maybe he should be he should be held responsible for that but i just don't think that the attack on the convoy of the selfish never the
big i am and i i don't believe anybody will ever prosecuted that way. all right gentlemen we're going to go to a short break and after that short break we'll continue our discussion on libya stay with r.t. . if you. want. but i. was struck with the idea possibly i do want to be out of new zealand not really going to see the film on screens yeah if you want to have sex go and have sex.
with arms right now is this a major concern for you as we see some kind of civil society state building going on because you know it's a lot easier to pick up a gun than let it go and plus with being so much to so many people disenfranchised for so many decades they have power right now and they power in numbers and weapons this is going to take a long time to disarm this country if it's ever going to happen at all yeah you know i think that's very true and i think there's two elements to. this sort of fact that everybody in libya is armed. the first one is as you say there's a you know unless people are are satisfied quickly and that's hard to do then it's very easy to bring dissatisfaction people put up with you know shortages of food and water and electricity and all the rest of it in the middle of the uprising in the rebellion but very very quickly there will be demands for normality and in the absence of normality in the absence of power in the absence of salaries in the absence of that sort of thing it will be very very easy to have sort of armed
factions taking on each other and trying to see saying that that's aspect one and that's dangerous and up the second one is a far more difficult. danger to. measure and that is. arsenals included some very modern very sophisticated weaponry in particular thousands maybe as many as twenty thousand surface to air shoulder fired missiles and that of course is the is the. weapon of choice for any radical group anywhere any terrorist organization the ability to take down civilian airliners and or military aircraft with these shoulder fired weapons is very dangerous. and nobody knows where they are all right would you want to jump in there daniel. yes i did
a i think it's very important to look at the record here and the record of the national transitional council is that it successfully made arms disappear from benghazi within a couple of months of the revolution there and the way it did that was to was to ensure people security i was in tripoli last month there were a lot of guns on the street but there were also some policeman and the situation was really settling down and went to a big celebration of martyrs square lots of women and children out in the evening for that celebration the way you get rid of the guns in the hands of the public is to ensure security and i think the m.t.c. has a good record on that the question of this going my history was there and using much daniels right on that all right ted i want to jump in there just because we saw the same exact situation in afghan. we saw the same exact situation in afghanistan
where. everybody has weaponry certainly it's possible to build a civil society out of a heavily armed society the united states has eight guns for every man woman and child in it and yet you know the streets are not are not running with blood so clearly it's possible but that said we are talking about it the the basic need for law and order is job one for the new libyan government and if they can provide that then they're going to be able to move on to the next step which is rebuilding the economy and really building up a political civil society and maybe some form of representative democracy later comes later but you know afghanistan people are still waiting for law and order ten years after the invasion that's the kind of thing that they don't want to see in libya paul what do you think nato still has a role here i mean as a result of the united nations security council nine hundred seventy three it chose a side in the civil war the national transitional council do you think that if the national transition council in its current form gets in trouble that nato will
continue to support it against that say factions that could rise up in the next two weeks or months in libya because like we've all agreed this country is awash with weapons and there's a lot to fight for and one of them is oil. well you know i don't think so i don't actually think there's a nato role there and i think it'd be a mistake of nato thought there was one but i do think there's a role for libya's neighbors and for nations in the area libya is going to need a lots of help there's no question that this country is rich and it has the resources to provide. excellent living in a fine economy for its people but that's not going to happen overnight and it's going to be fundamentally important for other arab nations and european nations and america frankly to be there and be able to provide the kind of everything from technical support as you get oil fields running again to. to perhaps aid in
setting up. in civil society well you know there well you know women for houses and you know the safety and trying to build nations around the world and can you give me one example where it works why would it work in libya well you know there are places where it works and i'm not just talking about. if you look at places like east timor where frankly the australians took the lead it's slow it takes a long time people need to sort of dig in for a generation they need not to be seen is interfering they need to help you need to not do the kind of things like we've seen in haiti where i outside countries bail out every five years and leave another mass and i agree there if there was nobody there to be there there would be no twenty rigs and it word doesn't work there are plenty of examples where it doesn't work but there's no point being just sort of miserably pessimistic either you can look at the place i mean as work i should be pessimistic there's so much oil there go ahead ted i mean it's worth fighting what
are the. it's it's well it's hard to go run being pessimistic you're usually right when you are so it's worked out for me for a long time. unfortunately you know i think that you know going back to the original question i think that the nato coalition would not hold together for that for a mission that would involve siding with one faction in a civil war it's one thing to to do what they did at this point to try to see to let the t.n.c. seize power essentially replaying what happened in the fall of two thousand and one in afghanistan when the when the nato essentially served as the de facto air force for the northern alliance which allowed the northern alliance to seize kabul and take over the country this is exactly what they did in two in two thousand and eleven in libya but we're not going to see it that seems easy that's linear that's something that the french and the and the italians and the americans can get behind but once the spoil for the oil starts it's going to be a whole different matter ok let's bring up another issue that
a lot of people talk about is not. actually you can answer that i want to talk about the islamic card that everyone likes to bring up. in connection to al qaeda and except maybe you'll go ahead. i think the interesting thing about the state building process in libya is that it's being led by libyans who haven't asked for nato help who have will accept some help from the europeans store american countries from the united states but they are the ones designing is they're pushing the program and to me this makes an enormous difference it seems to me with libyans in the lead you have a much better chance for success than if this were an external intervention ok i mean ted well how do you feel about their members i mean how long will that last economically ok well i was i'd like to look at really the the transition council itself because i mean there's still a lot of really murky figures there i mean people there don't have very good
attitudes towards the american cia because of rendition i mean ties alleged ties to al qaeda and what you know what will be the flavoring of islam in the country it moves forward i mean we heard on sunday they know there's going to be a lot of peppering of that maybe that's just to keep people on board when i mean is this building a democracy or you know these people going to be elected i mean where is the vetting process here i mean khadafi is gone fine but where do we go from here ted what do you think about that. the vetting process is called the elections in a revolution you don't want the valley to be gunning. in a revolution in a revolution there is no dare is no election whoever strongest and manage to kills their opponent is the de facto leader so whether if these people are ruffins or not worst the libyan people are stuck with them the real question is going to happen in the next stage economically you know libya is a rich country if and when it can extract its high valued crude oil out but if it
doesn't have the capital to do it themselves which it doesn't seem like they will they are going to need to rely on foreign oil concerns of the french and the italians who have most of the concessions and got involved is actually as a quid pro quo in this conflict so that's where the comp where the problem of its foreign exploitation and influence come into comes into play as we saw in iraq going back to the one nine hundred twenty s. and that if the thing is that as long as libyans are in charge things might be ok but libyans aren't going to be in charge if they can't control their own resources what would you put so far do. you know i mean. you know so far the libyan people with plenty of mistakes in plenty of difficulties to a very long summer is this sort of a ragtag bunch of fighters got themselves organized and got themselves together and you're quite correct with a lot of data to support right exe well as well apt absolute absolutely and
and just as the american revolution had a lot of outside support to you can try and smear the libyan air first before it gets underway but the reality. of the libyan effort. so far the libyan people have handled this very well i think they've got an even chance of continuing to handle it well. it's premature to prejudge the i think i think history is a very i think that i think this history shows a lot of reason to be worried i mean you can't really take over another country with foreign assistance and then claim that you have full power a look at the northern alliance in afghanistan they to dominated factions took over but they've never been able to close the deal the same thing happened now with she had dominated iraq installed by the united states you know history shows that
really in civil war you have to let the factions the the indigenous factions fight things out to a conclusion and that did not happen here there was a lot of foreign interference and so we don't know if the benghazi based rebels can govern this country and bring in and form some form of coalition that will be able to govern it gentlemen we've run out of here there's little you know just started many thanks my guest today in washington and in new york and thanks to our viewers for watching us here r.t. so you next time remember crosstalk rules.
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a. summit costing the prospects of a solution being found in the deepening debt crisis. and a new international study says the us secret you brain based weapons in iraq causing high levels of cancer defects. in the author of the report. comment twenty four hours a day. libya's new rulers are increasingly being accused of the kinds of abuses they were rebelling against when they overthrew colonel gadhafi in search of a number of people and edge of the executed has risen to three hundred comes on top of criticism that gadhafi is body was put on public display inside a meat market fridge for five days and he said no way to.