Skip to main content

tv   [untitled]    October 29, 2011 2:30am-3:00am EDT

2:30 am
here we go to the headlines for you now american protest is after a battle the upcoming winter without power supplies after authorities confiscated their generators and fuel over their anal notes their ranks of most to run the marines national guard. germany's nationalist party see support for its anti immigrant stance a growing in the country the critics say the trend is giving rise to crime and could cause even deeper social divisions. around the man who robbed millions of people out of their life savings or nine hundred ninety s. is back he's once again promising there are still plenty of people ready to invest in his class in the enterprise. both repairing the iconic couple so i think it's a for yesterday's grand reopening was naming feet and engineering budgets and patience all proved to the limit not technology update share reveals how they did
2:31 am
it alongside the rest of this month's other eye opening of the nation's. history. hello and welcome just as the leaves here are starting to change color we on technology are changing things around as well and this episode will be highlighting some of the biggest developments in russian science and technology from just the past few weeks. our first stop this month takes us to the annual forum hosted by rusinow no less is leading nano technology company and many of its partners are showing off all the latest developments both big and small i just gathering in moscow at the end of october there are new products ranging from
2:32 am
a nano printer that can create images on water to the newest innovations in nano medicine and cutting edge energy production there's even a friendly robot to answer all the participants questions as well as the so-called futurist or who equipped with. bring us one step closer to a world free from long checkout lines there's plenty to please the eye here at the roof nanotech forum but for us the star of the show is this much hyped plastic logic one hundred company execs hope that this winter device will eventually replace traditional school textbooks this sixteen ounce device can replace i think stacks of text higher libraries where the books several regional governments have already started trials in schools around russia. as in the. original of the company was from cambridge. from.
2:33 am
france for three m. and. together with. the russian. regions. suitable for this. this will be the largest transfer from the world. because there was this reader. also suggest production of. the voice is based on personal experience but until that plant has now been running the new devices will be built here at plastic the largest existing production facility certainly the most important breakthrough in this electronic reader and breakable plastic backplane traditionally electronic tablets are fitted with a glass back screen which are prone to breaking relatively easily the first generation of bendable displays have been made from stainless steel oil the
2:34 am
company's so-called plastic paper technology this electronic book is lighter and more durable than ever. and one of the possibilities for using this in the classroom has some benefits for paper books for example you can. be from the more. you know in the home library if you knew this particular doris those books for six and so it's great so this is a clear advantage another advantage is that. of course there has been some criticism that a black and white display may not be the best to use for school textbooks you know for something like the history of art they were black and white isn't it that's and what do you think about that question of course work and was criticism of the best option and this on some subjects like biology or brain it would be the who of course princeton the can work but this is different. and so on the question of
2:35 am
their education we understood that there were just prints both because in this case it's true come complete people books which means a much easier to read and so much more so for the first. boy or a school your poor with this device the roost nano isn't the only russian company coming out with an innovative new digital reader. given the fact that the country is home to one of the most literate added leading populations the market for more traditional it tronic books is certainly an attractive one on the moscow metro you're sure to find one of your fellow passengers putting open his or her trusty reader and in russia there's a good chance that one of them was made by wexler on a company offers traditional readers with cheaper but breakable class backstreet is about to launch its own fully legal but the latest plastic backplate technology considering where the consumer markets heading this little reader could make
2:36 am
a big splash what's the future of the e-books market in your opinion. first of all it's a growing market but it's the fastest growing segment in the arts industry with a hundred percent annual increase over the last three years and this year alone we expect more than a million e-book devices to be sold in russia and terms of trends flexibility is definitely the one and we will continue to produce flexible displays that. will be used in educational institutions there for the displays launch not compact because it needs to comply with standards. of compact them we are all for a genuinely compact return which has a flexible body as well as display. our target audience is a broad one any kind of consumer can use it but this will be for sale for everyone . but. could hear. what the market seems to have spoken
2:37 am
regarding general the readers there's no shortage of different approaches to integrating digital technology in the classroom the latest craze here seems to be high tech tablets which range from the expensive name brands to the remarkably cheap. in recent weeks there's been one piece of news in the world of science that has the potential to change how we understand just about everything around us it seems from our. train goes a little faster than light could this be the biggest development in physics since einstein's day well it's all relative. here in two russian scientists are doing their part to find out if that little particle actually does go as fast as it appears what these tiny particles lack in size they make up for with their potential to explain things yet unknown. neutrinos play
2:38 am
a crucial role in the theory of the evolution of the universe sunni only because. certain stages this particle could become the main vehicle for transporting energy from an object. now there is still not completely understood but much of what we do know about neutrinos comes from this research center here of laboratory for nuclear problems back in the mid one nine hundred fifty s. i tell you. to research neutrinos during his life he was responsible for some of the biggest theoretical breakthroughs in the field of neutrino physics as a result and this matter has remained at the center of the discipline to this very day. our live oratory takes part in many international experiments that involve studying neutrino oscillations and work on
2:39 am
discovering and measuring new yet unknown characteristics. one of the. experimental. offer as heavy lifting is done at institutes in russia in france none of their work would be possible without the european organization for nuclear research on the facilities underground here billions and billions of particles are created several times a day using the super power. the accelerator protons are sent along a tunnel where many turn into muonic neutrinos the pint sized particles are then focussed into a beam that since them through the earth directed at the detector seven hundred thirty kilometers away to thirteen hundred tonnes a texture in italy is made up of one hundred fifty thousand bricks of a motion film plates the unexpected discovery about neutrinos speed may have grabbed the headlines but it's actually just a side experiment under most circumstances move neutrinos travel in
2:40 am
a straight line and when they break down we witness an observable move lepton and a few other particles and crucial thing here is that the moon wanted lepton breaks off straight from the path of the neutrino in two thousand and ten however they finally saw what they were looking for what's called a decay kink at. to say that i'm the one to leptons appears not directly from the path of the want to katrina that little gap or kid the physicist that opera believe show that a movie like neutrino oscillated into a towel on that one which then gave rise to a towel lepton then decayed into the moon lepton among other things this is important for understanding of the fundamental basis of our existence as fairly mysterious that the universe has evolved in this way because i mean the reason mass and almost no answer neutrino physics could give us a clue and help to explain this fact so long as the neutrino remains so important and so mysterious physicists like those here in june will keep twinkling trying to
2:41 am
peel back our ignorance sliver by sliver for the time being these scientists have more than enough on their plate whether it be trying to find further evidence of neutrino oscillation or checking and double checking the surprising result from band sasso if these neutrinos are found to be able to break the universal speed limit it could lead to a major rethinking of many aspects of modern physics. independent experiments proving that neutrinos speed is faster than the speed of light. is our conception of the world after now that everything was based on this sumption that the speed of light is the top the laws and see that nature has devised to communicate a signal perhaps it's difficult to predict how science will change. but the main thing to do now is to make sure initial results have been correct.
2:42 am
believing all that high minded particle physics stuff behind for now we've come back down to earth. and we're focusing on an innovative russian solution to the problem of pesticide related pollution. often closely associated with industrial agriculture intake this is are just as much of a threat in cities and that's what a group of russian environmentalist got together to highlight here in gorky park in the middle of september. right here in russia these green advocates hope to breathe new life into the ground in more ways than one. among so they faxed the substance cuts the level of toxic elements in the soil and at the same time plant growth it can be used for seeds treatment but the shoots emerging much earlier it produces a general wholesome the fact that balances out the soil when we conduct our cleanup operations we take samples to identify contaminants and concentration levels and
2:43 am
then take the right dose and application right. science behind this product didn't appear overnight russian biologists ten years the right bacteria strain that would attack a wide range of harmful pesticides sametime remain affective against. the effort to come up with the right spirit here at moscow state university those responsible for this breakthrough product. have received multiple awards. in the powder with water activated the destructor bacteria. immediately attacks the remaining effects of harmful pesticides in a matter of weeks eight percent of killing poisons are gone. quite complicated. surprisingly simple. now where sprinkling a special solution over the contaminated plot of land it's a biological substance consisting of activated cells of strains of bacteria to
2:44 am
structures it's been designed to destroy. decides this pesticide type is not on the un list of toxic contaminants that are banned from use. this year russia great to find the u.n. sponsors stuck on convention and persistent organic pollutants under the treaty there's a list of twenty substances that are considered hazardous and now genocide kills about eight hundred nine thousand of them in russia some two hundred thousand tons of pesticides i still stored especially refuse dumps almost the same amount is buried under the ground in many russian regions the raw stuff region out time region moscow region and of our own history can. but the most are people aware of the risks of using pesticides it's good to see that people are not indifferent that they want to make a difference and i believe it will soon become more popular as interest in a greener planet grows by old russia will be there to help foster such beliefs at their office in moscow they're trying to raise awareness actually using social
2:45 am
networking sites t.v. craze a comic to bring their message to a wider younger audience and this miniature graphic novel little league greek is warned of the dangers of pesticides which leads her to a life of science to try and break their hold on earth of course her efforts run up against powerful forces determined to stop her and all her green activists dreaming of a planet free from dangerous pesticides right the project philosophy was based on very simple things that every person can understand it's only a joint effort to help us restore the environmental balance on the planet thanks to bio russia and phenolics places such as gorky park and moscow state universities but tentacle gardens are becoming cleaner and cleaner green awareness is on the rise in russia but lately there's been something else on a lot of people's minds. the talk of the town lately here in moscow has been that of the bolshoi theater is
2:46 am
grand reopening the russian engineers responsible for this massive undertaking of lean on the latest technology to make this world renowned performance help bigger and better than ever. after six long years of waiting russia's most famous theater is opening its doors to the public again at the end of october despite some early setbacks both engineers and r. does it have been working around the clock to get moscow's iconic theatre ready in time for its much anticipated reopening crystal chandelier zur glistening again the interior is more resplendent than it's ever been when visitors come in for their first look they're sure to be amazed by all the work that's gone into the renovation and those concerns the biggest of tasks don't have the smallest detail those behind all the changes are certain that they suppose ancient methods and new technology seeing the show at the new bolshoi would be like nothing you've ever
2:47 am
experienced before the acoustics have been vastly improved and noble innovations in theatre technology will allow directors to do things only dreamed of until now sure this place up great is what everyone's talking about now but it certainly hasn't been the bolshoi's first facelift the original theatre called the bolshoi imperial burned down in eighteen zero five twenty years later the bolshoi patrol was built in its place the theater got its distinctive main facade and named after rid of ations ahead of a coronation of alexander the second the current restoration work is to correct damage done over the previous eighty years. were underway back in two thousand and five all the project was ambitious enough to start with nobody had any idea just how big of a job ahead once they got down to business it was discovered that the damage the theater was much greater than previously thought cracks were discovered in the
2:48 am
walls and the buildings foundation had been reduced to mere rubble engineers say the building was seventy five percent unstable. course it's the beginning none of the builders or restorers had an idea of the amount of work that eventually needed to be done that's because they got the opportunity to assess the state of the walls in the foundation only in two thousand and five after the theatre had been closed the walls were about to collapse and it was decided to put the building on a thousand piles of steel pillars that held it up in the air the builders had to remove the remaining foundation blocks piece by piece the cell structure wasn't capable of holding the building anymore it was in such a critical condition that the theater would have easily collapsed the replacement of the substructure took three years it was then apparent that the problems could have been solved only by implementing complex engineering projects. in two thousand and nine suman group became the largest shareholder in the firm responsible for the massive project to his main task was to sort through all the problems that had
2:49 am
arisen and get work back on schedule based on the progress from the past few years it's clear the company was more than up to the task changing statues have been restored to their original chlorine the famous a polished quadriga that adorns the entrance was repaired for the first time in over one hundred years fifty years historic those were given new luster thirty five of them including one t.d. back to the early sixteen hundreds were posted back up to the theaters unparalleled belltower. massive amounts of gold was put in place by skilled russian artisans specially trained experts were brought in from all over the country to apply over three thousand square feet of gold in the interior of a certain shimmer oh but last decades ago the gilding was late using a particularly russian tactic dating back to medieval times involving a white clay and get this vodka the bolshoi it was made over from head to toe with nothing left untouched the final project to lend it tons of metal stone rebar and
2:50 am
concrete to put the whole building back on firm footing. but the renovations were just concrete and steel. after years of neglect. that were once the pride of the bolshoi had to be replaced the size the glimmering gold leaf through out the most noticeable update is the redone plush interior here in the renamed coral hall embroidered cloth panels have been badly damaged over the years a major work was needed to give these textiles a new lease on life. however some fabric items had to be completely remade from scratch for the biggest of these jobs the bolshoi looked about four hundred miles southeast of moscow a historic russian textile company was tasked with the gargantuan feat of totally recreating one of the bolshoi's most prized possessions. textile mill in the pins a region skilled workers but their know how and you need machinery to the test they
2:51 am
might not employ the absolute latest technology moves here are matchless in their ability to produce large scale high quality bricks one hundred fifty years of the mills experience were needed to totally reconstruct one of the grandest objects of the theater because roy does a college curtain and that was a task only source project liver on. the everyone was initially the bush i see it and said the following requirements that we can show contract is the fabric can't be twenty two meters why not contain any scenes we need best to pass in the tent there was also a german company among the competitors who offered a fabric made of two pieces that stitched together by some hidden in conspicuous stained go show theater that he refused saying it had to be a single fabric of top notch quality without any scenes the other reason he won the tender was that this is a unique type of luna every six of them made in the world and only two is still up
2:52 am
and running one here in swords and the other in the us. thanks to the know how and machinery here in sourced the fifteen hundred pound guy. well i give it proudly wilson spectators to the theater for the first time since eighty ninety six. which depicts the triumphant arrival of medieval military leaders and has had to be taken down over a century ago to where its hair ours is remaking the f a curtain and nothing more than two surviving documents of the original to go off one was an archive photograph the other hand painted etching dating back to the. artist's labors on the current only possible because of the skill textile workers. have to be works by hand even the slightest mistake means that machines have to be shut down and work has to be done to correct the error of this beautifully redone curtain is one improvement that will be apparent to everyone in the audience while it may not be
2:53 am
evident straight away out here on the back side of the theater is actually an interrupt part of what is easily the bolshoi's the biggest new technological improvement. the innovation starts out on the streets of the northern facade of the theater from here specially designed trucks can bring all the necessary stage equipment including scene decorations lifts are able to move the heavy loads of back and forth between storage and of backstage area individually mechanize sections of the fourth visit every part of the stage can be adjusted to fit the director's needs movable force easily get the props and prepared sets in the front with the need to be and the orchestra pit can also be adapted to allow for new pieces like those from wagner to be performed for the very first time new lighting and curtain apparatus have been installed bringing the bolshoi to the forefront of theater production in terms of both technology and size.
2:54 am
contemporary architecture standards it's just a theater production space must be four times larger than the space. i mean there are makeup and storage rooms and other box stage facilities such proportions are required for a theater to be able to stage twenty first century performances to stay at the cutting edge of the is a related technology so in fact before the bolshoi theater closed in two thousand and five this proportion had been one to one which is now the reconstructed theatre will boast a one to four proportion of what made this possible first and foremost it's due to the unique engineering that's all the theatre expand the detail around the square now when walking across to the square you should always keep in mind that you are treading on the roof of a six story building that's twenty point five meters deep under your feet an orchestra is having a rehearsal or a chamber concert is under way. this hidden gym is a literally right under the noses of people on the square in front of the theatre
2:55 am
the now named beethoven hall is completely new space begins the bolshoi's performers not only an additional place to rehearse but a totally new states to host concerts thanks to new innovations and powerful motor driven jacks there's no limit to what this hall can allow. some of the chain of the draw consists of linked plates it's a so-called leaf chain connected by axles. each plate is linked. to axles the third axle well you can have a look from this angle functions as a log for the plates. and when passing through the gear unit the leaf chain can change its position from vertical to horizontal there's a metal unit and side where it can collapse inserts a floor and. this is a great tool to be used for tiny spaces and you don't need to drill any holes. the
2:56 am
platforms work starts actually here you turn the engines on the first one behind me and the second in front of their. they start some work small tenuously and through a system of gear boxes and drive shafts they transferred the torque to all the chains which begin to go up all at the same time. in this unique space those deers and change the power of five separate four segments which in each be raised and lowered is needed this newfound flexibility allows the bolshoi to accommodate a large orchestra of cold ampitheater or numerous rows of seats masterfully combining beauty and utility now with everything in place this and all the other stages are ready to host any number of events like never before the bolshoi has the ability to change things around to fit the exact requirements of each performance and that would give even the most seasoned theater fans a new reason to head to
2:57 am
a show so see you next time and it's still there and enjoy the ride.
2:58 am
2:59 am
but i do. strive for somalia australia i do want. to send them love with monkey see the film on. if you want to have sex go and have sex. in the. movie.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on