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tv   [untitled]    October 30, 2011 5:30am-6:00am EDT

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this week's top stories herron r.t. nato has officially announced the end to its military campaign in libya even that country's security in the hands of a new government there are concerns about the heavily armed population that's being left behind. e.u. leaders signed off a massive deal to avert greece's debt crisis and save the euro zone critics say the move is a mistake it's just to make an inevitable catastrophe. for america's anti corporate protesters suffer snowstorms and police pressure that one activist critically
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injured squads are sweeping through occupy wall street camps are being tense restive those who refuse to give up. and russia's legendary bolshoi theater reopened after a six year no expense bad renovation brand colonizers attended by russia's credibility wells announced on front office. next technology update over the latest on this month's quietening innovations. hello and welcome just as the leaves here are starting to change color we on technology are changing things around as well in this episode will be highlighting some of the biggest developments in russian science and technology from just the
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past few weeks. our first stop this month takes us to the annual forum hosted by reuss nano russia's leading nanotechnology company and many of its partners are showing off all their latest developments both big and small i just gathering in moscow at the end of october there are new products ranging from a nano printer that can create images on water to the newest innovations in nano medicine and cutting edge energy production there's even a friendly robot to answer all the participants questions as well as the so-called futurist or who equipped with. bring us one step closer to a world free from long checkout lines there's plenty to please the eye here at the roof nanotech for a while for us the star of the show is this much hyped plastic logic one hundred company execs hope that this winter device will eventually replace traditional school textbooks this sixteen ounce device can replace the huge stacks of text as
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well as these higher libraries worth of books several regional governments have already started trials in schools around russia. as in the. start of this project. originally the company will. transfer through. together with. a new project the russian. regions. suitable for this. this will be the largest transfer in the world. because he was a reader. and also suggest production of other voices based on what's going to france but until that plant has been running the new devices will be built
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here at plastic the largest existing production facility certainly the most important breakthrough of this electronic reader is a breakable plastic backplane traditionally electronic books and tablets are fitted with a glass back screen which are prone to breaking relatively easily the first generation of the interval displays have been made from stainless steel oil companies so-called plastic paper technology this electronic book is lighter and more durable than ever. and one of the possibilities for using this in the classroom has some benefits to paper books for example you come. from content through. the whole set of books or you can buy them or you know in the home library if you knew this particular there was books for six and so on straight so this is a clear advantage other advantages that. of course there has been some criticism that a black and white display may not be the best to use for school textbooks you know
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for something like the history of art they were black and white as in the past and what do you think about that question of course is not the best option and think it's on some subjects like biology or brain and it would be. released in the book and this is different though. and so on the question of the sophistication that we understood the just going is both because in this case the screen comes complete paper books which means a much easier to read and so much more safer though as for. your poor this device the roost nano isn't the only russian company coming out with an innovative new digital meter. given the fact of the country is home to one of the most literate avid reading populations the market for more traditional electronic books is certainly an attractive one on the moscow metro you're sure to find one of your fellow passengers putting open his or her trusty reader and in russia there's
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a good chance that one of them was made by wexler on a company offers traditional readers with cheaper but breakable glass backstreet is about to launch its own a fully legal but the latest plastic backlit technology and considering where the consumer markets heading this little reader could make a big splash what's the future of the e-books market in your opinion. first of all it's a growing market it's the fastest growing segments in the arts industry with a hundred percent annual increase over the last three years and this year alone we expect more than a million e-book devices to be sold in russia and sims of trends flexibilities definitely the one and we will continue to produce flexible displays that. will be used in educational institutions and therefore the displays launch not compact because it needs to comply with standards. and we are all for
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a genuinely compact three journey which has a flexible body as well as display corp with our target audience is a broad one any kind of consumer can use it that it will be for sale for everyone. that's. going to. the market seems to have spoken regarding general the readers there's no shortage of different approaches to integrating digital technology in the classroom the latest trend here seems to be high tech tablets which range from the expensive name brands to the remarkably cheap. in recent weeks there's been one piece of news in the world of science that has the potential to change how we understand just about everything around us from our. leaders faster than light could this be the biggest development in physics since
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einstein's day well it's all relative. here in dubai russian scientists are doing their part to find out if that little particle actually does go as fast as it appears what these tiny particles lack in size they make up for with their potential to explain the yet unknown. exclusion of neutrinos play a crucial role in the theory of the evolution of the universe. because. certain stages this particle could become the main vehicle for transporting energy from an object. now there is still not completely understood but much of what we do know about neutrinos comes from this research center here the laboratory for nuclear problems back in the mid one nine hundred fifty s. italian. moved to do the research neutrinos during his life he was responsible for
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some of the biggest theoretical breakthroughs in the field of neutrino physics as a result and this matter has remained at the center of the discipline to this very day. our laboratory takes part in many international experiments that involve studying neutrino oscillations and the work on discovering and measuring new yes no known characteristics. one of the operators . operates heavy lifting is done at institutes in russia in france none of their work would be possible without the european organization for nuclear research on the facilities underground here billions and billions of particles are created several times a day using the super proton synchrotron the accelerated protons are sent along a tunnel where many turn into muonic neutrinos the pint sized particles are then focussed into a beam that sends them through the earth directed at
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a detector seven hundred thirty kilometers away to thirteen hundred tons a texture in italy is made up of one hundred fifty thousand bricks of a motion film plates the unexpected discovery about neutrinos speed may have grabbed the headlines but it's actually just a side experiment under most circumstances and one neutrinos travel in a straight line and when they break down we witness an observable move one lepton and a few other particles the crucial thing here is that the wanted lepton breaks off straight from the path of the neutrino in two thousand and ten however they finally saw what they were looking for they found what's called a decay kink at. to say that i'm the one left town appears not directly from the path of the one of the tree know that little gap or keep the physicists at opera believe show that a movie like neutrinos oscillated into a towel on that one which then gave rise to a towel lepton that vindicates into the moon one of lepton among other things this is important for understanding of the fundamental basis of our existence as fairly
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mysterious that the universe has evolved in this way because i mean the reason mass and almost no x. in the neutrino physics could give us a clue and help to explain this fact so long as the neutrino remains so important and so mysterious physicists like those here and to keep toiling away trying to peel back our ignorance live reply sliver for the time being these scientists have more than enough on their plate whether it be trying to find further evidence of neutrino oscillation or checking and double checking the surprising result from grand sasso if these neutrinos are found to be able to break the universal speed limit it could lead to a major rethinking of many aspects of modern physics. dependent experiments proving that neutrinos speed is faster than the speed of light. is our conception of the world after now that everything was based on this sumption that the speed of light is the top the last and see that nature has devised to
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communicate a signal and it's difficult to predict how signs will change. but the main thing to do now is to make sure the initial results have been correct. but leaving all that high minded particle physics stuff behind for now we've come back down to earth. and are focusing on an innovative russian solution to the problem of pesticide related pollution. or they're more closely associated with industrial agriculture in big barley pesticides are just as much of a threat in cities and that's what a group of russian environmentalists got together to highlight here in gorky park in the middle of september. right here in russia these green advocates hope to breathe new life into the ground in more ways than one. among so they fact the
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substance cuts the level of toxic elements in the soil and at the same time plant growth it can be used to seize treatment but shoots emerging much earlier it produces a general wholesome effect that balances out the soil when we conduct our cleanup operations we take samples to identify contaminants and concentration levels and then take the right dose and application right. behind this product didn't appear overnight biologists ten years the right bacteria strain that would attack a wide range of harmful pesticides same time remaining against. the effort to come up with the right spirit here at moscow state university those responsible for this breakthrough product. have received. the powder with water activated the destructor bacteria and. immediately attacks the remaining effects of harmful pesticides in
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a matter of weeks ninety eight percent of the killing poisons are gone. quite complicated. is surprisingly simple. and now we're sprinkling a special solution over the contaminated plot of land it's a biological substance consisting of activated cells of strains of bacteria structures it's been designed to destroy pesticides this pesticide type is now on the u.n. list of toxic contaminants that are banned from use. this year russia ratified the u.n. sponsored stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants under the treaty there's a list of twenty substances that are considered hazardous and now a genocide kills about eight hundred nine thousand. in russia some two hundred thousand tons of justice eyes are still stored especially refuse dumps almost the same amount is buried under the ground in many russian regions the roaster friesian out time region moscow region and of our own national region. but there are people
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aware of the risks of using pesticides. we see that people are not indifferent that they want to make a difference and i believe it will soon become more popular as interest in a greener planet grows by old russia will be there to help foster such beliefs at their office in moscow they're trying to raise awareness actually using social networking sites even crazier comic to bring their message to a wider younger audience in this miniature graphic novel little movie greek is one of the dangers of pesticides which leads her to a life of science to try and break their hold on the earth of course her efforts run up against powerful forces determined to stop her and all her green activists dreaming of a planet free from dangerous pesticides right krycek philosophy is based on very simple things that every person can understand so only a challenge at it will help us restore the environmental balance on the planet thanks to bio russia and phenolics places such as gorky park and moscow state
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universities but tentacle gardens are becoming cleaner and cleaner green awareness is on the rise in russia but lately there's been something else on a lot of people's minds. the talk of the tell me here in moscow has been that of the bolshoi theater is grand reopening the russian engineers responsible for this massive undertaking have lain on the latest technology to make this world renowned performance all bigger and better than ever. after six long years of waiting russia's most famous theater is opening its doors to the public again at the end of october despite some early setbacks both engineers and r. does it have been working around the clock to get moscow's iconic theatre ready in time for its much anticipated reopening crystal chandelier or glistening again the
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interior is more respondent than it's ever been when visitors come in for their first look they're sure to be amazed by all the work that's gone into the renovation and those concerns the biggest of tasks down to the smallest detail those behind all the changes are certain that thanks to both ancient methods and new technology seeing a show at the new bolshoi will be like nothing you've ever experienced before the acoustics have been vastly improved and noble innovations in theater technology will allow directors to do things only dreamed of until now sure this place upgrade is what everyone's talking about now but it certainly hasn't been the bolshoi's first facelift the original theatre called the bolshoi imperial burned down in eighteen zero five twenty years later the bolshoi patrol skit was built in its place the theater got its distinctive main facade and named after rid of ations ahead of a coronation of alexander the second the current restoration work is to correct
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damage done over the previous eighty years. were underway back in two thousand and five well the project was ambitious enough to start with nobody had any idea just how big of a job ahead once they got down to business it was discovered that the damage the theater was much greater than previously thought. cracks were discovered in the walls and the buildings foundation had been reduced to mere rubble engineers say the building was seventy five percent unstable to. the beginning none of the builders or restorers had idea of the amount of work that eventually needed to be done just because they got the opportunity to assess the state of the walls in the foundation only in two thousand and five after the theater had been closed the walls were about to collapse and it was decided to put the building on the thousand piles of steel pillars that held it up in the air the builders have to remove the remaining foundation blocks piece by piece the cell structure wasn't capable of holding the building anymore it was in such a critical condition that the theater would have easily collapsed the replacement
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of the substructure took three years it was then apparent that the problems could have been solved by implementing complex engineering projects. in two thousand and nine suman group became the largest shareholder in the firm responsible for the massive project soon as the main task was to sort through all the problems that had arisen and get work back on schedule based on the progress from the past few years it's clear the company was more than up to the task aging statues have been restored to their original chlorine the famous apollo's quadriga that adorns the entrance was repaired for the first time in over one hundred years but fears historic bills were given new luster thirty five of them including one t.d. back to the early sixteen hundreds were hoisted back up to the theaters unparalleled belltower. massive amounts of gold was put in place by skilled russian artisans specially trained experts were brought in from all over the country to apply over three thousand square feet of gold in the interior
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a certain shimmer zero but last decades ago the gilding was late using a particularly russian tactic dating back to medieval times involving a white clay and get this via the bolshoi it was made over from head to toe with nothing left untouched a final project to lend it tons of metal stone rebar and concrete to put the whole building back on firm footing. but the renovations were just concrete and steel. after years of neglect beautiful fabrics that were once the pride of the bolshoi had to be replaced the size the glimmering gold leaf through out the most noticeable update is the redone plush interior here in the renamed coral hall embroidered cloth panels have been badly damaged over the years a major work was needed to give these textiles a new lease on life. however sound. to be completely remade from scratch for the biggest of these jobs looked about four hundred miles southeast of
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moscow a historic russian company was tasked with the gargantuan feat of totally recreating one of the most prized possessions. textile in the region skilled workers put their know how and you need machinery to the test might not employ the absolute latest technology moves here and their ability to produce large scale high quality. one hundred fifty years of experience were needed to totally reconstruct one of the objects of the. could deliver on. for it but initially the bush i think it is said the following requirements the pretention contract the fabric had to be twenty metres wide and should not contain any scenes when we first took part in a tent there was also a german company noncompetitive who offered
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a fabric made of two pieces but stitched together by some hidden in conspicuous theme. the bolshoi theater flatly refused saying it had to be a single fabric of top notch quality without any seams the other reasoning on the tent was that this is a unique type of flu it was six of the night in the world and only two is still up and running one here in stores and the other in the us. thanks to the know how and machinery here and source the fifteen hundred pound dollar current proudly welcomed spectators to the theater for the first time since eighty ninety six the original curtain which depicts the triumphant arrival of medieval military leaders comedians and had to be taken down over a century ago due to wear and tear artisans remaking the epic curtain nothing more than two surviving documents of the original should go off one was an archival photograph the other hand painted edging dating back to the eighteenth of july but
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the artist labors on the curtain was only possible because of the skilled textile workers. have to be works by hand even the slightest mistake means that machines have to be shut down and work has to be done to correct the error of this beautifully redone curtain is one improvement that will be apparent to everyone in the audience while it may not be evident straight away out here on the back side of the theater is actually an integral part of what is easily the bolshoi's biggest new technological improvement the innovation starts out on the streets of the northern façade of the theatre from here a specially designed trucks can bring all the necessary. stage equipment including scene decorations lifts are able to move the heavy loads back and forth between storage and and backstage area individually neck and eye sections of the floor these at every part of the stage can be adjusted to fit the director's needs movable force easily get the props and prepared sets to the front with the need to
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be and the orchestra pit can also be adapted to allow for new pieces like those from wagner to be performed for the very first time new lighting and apparatus have been installed bringing the bolshoi to the forefront of theater production in terms of both technology and size. suddenly become a lot of contemporary architecture standards suggest to theaters production space must be four times larger than the audience space and there are makeup and storage rooms and other backstage facilities such proportions are required for a theater to be able to stage twenty first century performances to stay at the cutting edge of theater related technology so it was in fact before the bolshoi theater closed in two thousand and five this proportion had been one to one which is now the reconstructed theatre will boast a one to four proportion which made this possible first and foremost it's due to
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the unique engineering bethell the theatre expanded square now when walking across the square you should always keep in mind that you are treading on the roof of a six story building has twenty point five meters deep under your feet an orchestra is having a rehearsal for a chamber concert is underway through. this hidden gym is literally right under the noses of people on the square in front of the theater the now named beethoven hall this completely new space begins the bolshoi's performers not only an additional place to rehearse but a totally new stage to host concerts thanks to new innovations and powerful motor driven jacks there's no limit to what this hall can allow. some of the chain of the draw consists of linked plates it's a so-called leaf chain connected by axles. each plate is linked to the other by two axles the third axle well you can have a look from this angle functions as the log for the plates. and
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when tossing through the gear unit the leaf chain can change its position from vertical to horizontal there's a metal unit inside where it can collapse insert safe line. this is a great tool to be used for tiny spaces and you don't need to drill any holes. the platforms work starts actually here you turn the engines on the first one behind me and the second in front over there they start to work similar tenuously and through a system of gear boxes and dr shah through the transfer the torque to all the chains which begin to go up all at the same time. in this unique space those deers in chains will power five separate four segments which in each be raised and lowered is needed this newfound flexibility allows the bolshoi to accommodate a large orchestra of full ampitheater full numerous rows of seats masterfully
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combining beauty and utility now with everything in place this and all the other stages are ready to host any number of events like never before the bolshoi has the ability to change things around to fit the exact requirements of each performance and that would give even the most seasoned theater fans a new reason to head to a show so we'll see you next time and it's till then enjoy the ride.
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and it. can do those who are fascinated with history. to those who have a sweet tooth. to those who can't live without discomfort. and of course to the nature lovers this magnificent land offers its treasures. between earth and the sky. on our.


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