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tv   [untitled]    October 30, 2011 9:30pm-10:00pm EDT

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this magnificent land offers its treasures. between the earth and the sky. and looking back through a watch or to run as it was take a look at your parents. in an interview with russian television syrian president bashar al assad one question leaders are not to meddle in his country's domestic affairs claiming that weapons were being smuggled from protesters from abroad his words come as international pressure mounts on damascus with the arab league calling for an end to the violence against anti-abortion protesters. and. nato ready to depart libya but concerns rise over new problems former rebels fight for power and arms control and he may have gone but his most influential son saif al
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islam threatens to spill the beans on western leaders and backroom deals he gets his day in court. israeli airstrikes on gaza leave at least ten palestinians dead as opposition grows against the government's excessive military spending thousands of israelis took to the streets of tel aviv this week to demand authorities put welfare before war. and the denver round up u.s. cities authorities lose patience with occupy wall street protesters containing dozens imposing a curfew and seizing belongings. next technology update with all of that the latest on this month's eye opening innovations. if.
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hello and welcome just as the leaves here are starting to change color we on technology are changing things around as well in this episode will be highlighting some of the biggest developments and russian science and technology from just the past few weeks. our first stop this month takes us to the annual forum posted by reuss nano russia's leading nanotechnology company and many of its partners are showing off all the latest developments both big and small at this gathering in moscow at the end of october there are new products ranging from a nano printer that can create images on water to the newest innovations in nano medicine and cutting edge energy production there's even a friendly robot to answer all the participants questions as well as the so-called futurist or who equipped with id bring us one step closer to world free from long checkout lines there's plenty to please the eye here at the roof nanotech forum for
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us the star of the show is this much hyped reader the plastic logic one hundred company execs hope that this winter device will eventually replace traditional school textbooks this sixteen ounce device can replace the huge stack of texts as will soon tire libraries worth of books several regional governments have already started trials in schools around russia. as in the. original the company was going to. building the. koreans for and. give the company a new project in russia the purpose for which was to create. one of the regions. suitable for this. this will be the largest transfer
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in the world. yes there was this reader. will also suggest progression with other voices. but until that plan just had a run in the new devices will be built here at plastic the largest existing production facility certainly the most important breakthrough this electronic reader is it's under breakable plastic backplane traditionally electronic books and tablets are fitted with a glass back screen which approach a breakthrough relatively easily the first generation of interval displays have been made from stainless steel oil or the company's so-called plastic paper technology this electronic book is lighter and more durable than ever. but what are the possibilities for using this in the classroom. when if it's. paper for example you come. in from. the whole set of books or you can bundle you know
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in the home library if you knew this but you could do worse because books for six and so on is great so this is the clear advantage other advantages that you come and of course there has been some criticism that a black and white display may not be the best to use for school textbooks you know for something like the history of art maybe black and white isn't all bad but what do you think about that question of course work and was criticism of the best option and in the case of some subjects like biology or brain it would be too careful of screen standards looking widescreen but this is different. and so on the question of ok sophistication we understand the trends both because in this case it's complete. which means a much easier to read them it's much more safe for. your poor it is the west the roots nano isn't the only russian company coming out
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with an innovative new digital meter. given the fact of the country is home to one of the most literate and have it leading populations the market for more traditional like trolley books is certainly an attractive one on the moscow metro if you're sure to find one of your fellow passengers ripping open kids or her trusty reader and in russia there's a good chance that one of them was made by wexler from the company offers traditional readers with cheaper breakable glass backstreet is about to launch its over the full effects of the little but the latest plastic bag clean technology and considering where the consumer markets heading this little reader could make a big splash what's the future of the e-books market in your opinion. first of all it's a growing market it's the fastest growing segments in the i.t. industry with a hundred percent annual increase over the last three years and this year alone expects more than a million e-book devices to be sold in russia in terms of trends flexibility is
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definitely the one and will continue to produce flexible displays. reason there will be used in educational institutions there for the displays large not compact because it needs to comply with standards when you've got them we're all for a genuinely compact reader which has a flexible body as well as these play. our target audience is a broad one any kind of consumer can use it. as will be for sale for everyone. but just to congressional career going to. the market seems to have spoken regarding gen the readers there's no shortage of different approaches to integrating digital technology in the classroom the latest trend here seems to be high tech tablets was a raise from the expensive name brands to the remarkably cheap.
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in recent weeks there's been one piece of news in the world of science that has the potential to change how we understand just about everything around us it seems from our measurement that goes a little faster than light could this be the biggest development in physics since einstein's day well it's all relative. if you're into russian scientists are doing their part to find out if that little particle actually does go as fast as it appears but these tiny particles lack in size they make up for it with their potential to explain things yet unknown. neutrinos play a crucial role in the theory of the evolution of the universe. because. certain stages of this particle could become the main vehicle for transporting energy from an object. now there are still not completely understood much of what we do know about
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neutrinos from this research center here laboratory for nuclear problems. italian. move to do the research neutrinos during his life he was responsible for some of the biggest theoretical breakthroughs in the field of neutrino physics as a result. has remained at the center of the discipline to this very day. our laboratory takes part in many international experiments that involve study. and work on discovering and measuring new yet known characteristics. of the operate. heavy lifting is done at institutes in russia and france none of their work would be possible without organization for nuclear research from the facilities underground here billions and
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billions of particles are created several times a day using this super proton synchrotron the accelerator protons are sent along a tunnel where many turn into neutrinos the pint sized particles are then focussed into a beam that since them from the earth directed at the detector seven hundred thirty kilometers away the thirteen hundred ton detector. is made up of one hundred fifty thousand motion film plates to discover about neutrino speed may have grabbed the headlines but it's actually just a side experiment under most circumstances neutrinos travel in a straight line when they break down and observable. and a few other particles and crucial thing here is that the wanted breaks off straight from the path of the neutrino in two thousand and ten however they finally saw what they were looking for. a decay king that. to say that i'm the one left appears not directly from the path of the one of the tree no that little gap or keep the
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physicist at opera believe children a move on the neutrino oscillated into a towel on the one which then gave rise to a towel lepton vindicate into the moon lepton among other things this is important for understanding of the fundamental basis of our existence as fairly mysterious that the universe is a fault in this way you know what i mean the reason mass and almost no answer you treat of physics could give us a clue and help to explain this fact so long as the neutrino remains so important and so mysterious business is like those here and do you keep twinning away trying to peel back our ignorant sliver ply sliver for the time being these scientists have more than enough on their plate or their be trying to find further evidence of neutrino oscillation or checking and double checking the surprising results of the grand sasso if these neutrinos are found to be able to break the universal speed limit it could lead to a major rethinking a linear aspect of modern physics. dependent experiments proving that
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neutrinos speed is faster than the speed of light for us just. as our conception of the world absent now everything was based on this with the speed of light is the talk you lost it see that nature has devised to communicate a signal that it's difficult to predict how science will change. but the main thing to do now is to make sure initial results have been correct. but leaving all that high minded particle physics stuff behind for now we've come back down to earth. and are focusing on an innovative russian solution to the problem of pesticide related pollution. or they're more closely associated with industrial agriculture in big farming pesticides are just as much of a threat in cities and that's what the russian environmentalists got together to highlight
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here in gorky park in the middle of september the new soil is a product developed right here in russia these green advocates hope to breathe new life into the ground in more ways than one. among so they faxed the substance that's the level of toxic elements in the soil and at the same time plant growth it can be used for seize treatment with shoots emerging much earlier it produces a general wholesome effect balances out the soil when we conduct our cleanup operations we take samples to identify contaminants and concentration levels and then pick the right dose and application right the science behind this product didn't appear overnight biologists ten years the right bacteria that would attack a wide range of harmful pesticides same time affective against. the effort to come up with the right science spearheaded here at university those responsible for this
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breakthrough product called have received multiple awards and they see the powder with water activates the destructor bacteria and. immediately attacks the remaining effects of harmful pesticides in a matter of weeks eight percent of the remnants of poisons are gone. quite complicated. is surprisingly simple just now we're sprinkling a special solution over the contaminated plot of land it's a biological substance consisting of activated cells of strains of bacteria to structures it's been designed to destroy granite chloride and pesticides this pesticide type is not on the un list of toxic contaminants that are banned from use . this year russia right to find the u.n. sponsors the concord mentions and persistent organic pollutants under the treaty there's a list of twenty substances that are considered hazardous and now a genocide kills about eight hundred one thousand of them in russia some two
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hundred thousand tons of pesticides are still stored especially refuse dumps almost the same amount is buried under the ground in many russian regions the roster for region out-i region moscow region and of our own issue region. are people aware of the risks of using pesticides we see that people are not indifferent that they want to make a difference and i believe it will soon become more popular as interest in a greener planet grows by all russia will be there to help foster such beliefs at their office in moscow they're trying to raise awareness actually using social networking sites maybe even craze a comic to bring their message to a wider younger audience and this miniature graphic novel little league greek is warned of the dangers of pesticides which leads her to a life of science to try and break their hold on earth of course her efforts run up against powerful forces determined to stop her and all her green activists dreaming of a planet free from dangerous pesticides wreck
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a project philosophy is based on very simple things that every person can understand so only a joint effort would help us restore the environmental balance on the planet thanks to bio russia and phenolics places such as gorky park and moscow state universities but tentacle gardens are becoming cleaner and cleaner green awareness is on the rise in russia but lately there's been something else on a lot of people's minds. the talk of the town lately here in moscow has been about of the bolshoi theater is grand reopening the russian engineers responsible for this massive undertaking have leaned on the latest technology to make this world renowned performance help bigger and better than ever. after six long years of waiting russia's most famous theater is opening its doors to the public again at the end of october despite some early setbacks both
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engineers and r. does it have been working around the clock to get moscow's iconic theatre ready in time for its much anticipated reopening crystal chandelier or glistening again the interior is more resplendent than it's ever been when visitors come in for their first look they're sure to be amazed by all the work that's gone into the renovation and those concerns the biggest of tasks down to the smallest detail who's behind all the changes are certain that thanks to both ancient methods and new technology seeing a show at the new bolshoi will be like nothing you've ever experienced before uku sticks have been vastly improved and noble innovations in theatre technology will allow directors to do things only dreamed of until now sure this place upgrade is what everyone's talking about now but it certainly hasn't been the bolshoi's first facelift the original theatre called the bolshoi imperial burned down in eighteen
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zero five twenty years later the bolshoi patrol state was built in its place the theater got its distinctive main facade and named after rid of ations the head of the coronation of alexander the second the current restoration work is to correct damage done over the previous eighty years. were got under way back in two thousand and five well the project was ambitious enough to start with nobody had any idea just how big of a job lay ahead once they got down to business it was discovered that the damage to the theater was much greater than previously thought. cracks were discovered to the walls and the building stone had been reduced to mere rubble engineers say the building was seventy five percent unstable. course the beginning none of the builders or restorers had idea of the amount of work that eventually needed to be done because they got the opportunity to assess the state of the walls in the foundation only in two thousand and five after the theatre had been closed the
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walls were about to collapse and it was decided to put the building on a thousand piles of steel pillars that held it up in the air the builders have to remove the remaining foundation blocks piece by piece the cell structure was incapable of holding the building anymore it was in such a critical condition that the theater would have easily collapsed the replacement of the substructure took three years it was then apparent that the problems could have been solved only by implementing complex engineering projects. in two thousand and nine suman group became the largest shareholder in the firm responsible for the massive project soon as the main task was to sort through all the problems that had arisen and get work back on schedule based on the progress from the past few years it's clear the company was more than up to the task easy statues have been restored to their original chlorine the famous a polished quadriga that adorns the entrance was repaired for the first time in over one hundred years the fears historic bills were given new luster thirty five of them including one dealing back to the early sixteen hundreds were hoisted back
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up to the theaters unparalleled belltower. massive amounts of gold was put in place by skilled russian artisans specially trained experts were brought in from all over the country to apply over three thousand square feet of gold in the interior a certain shimmer zero but last decades ago the building was late using a particularly russian tactic dating back to medieval times involving a white clay and get this vodka the bolshoi it was made over from the kitchen to cope with nothing left untouched the final project demanded tons of metal stone rebar and concrete to put the whole building back on firm footing. but the renovations weren't just concrete and steel. after years of neglect the beautiful fabrics that were once the pride of the bolshoi had to be replaced the size the glimmering gold leaf through out the most noticeable update is the redone plush interior here in the renamed coral hall employer cloth panels had been badly
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damaged over the years major work was needed to give these textiles a new lease on life. however some fabric items had to be completely remade from scratch for the biggest of these jobs the bolshoi looked about four hundred miles southeast of moscow a historic russian textile company was tasked with the gargantuan feat of totally recreating one of the bolshoi's most prized possessions at the stores textile mill in the kinzer region skilled fabric workers but their know how and you need machinery to the test they might not employ the absolute latest technology they lose here are naturists and their ability to produce large scale high quality bricks all one hundred fifty years of the mills experience were needed to totally reconstruct one of the grandest objects of the theater because right to segall a curtain and that was a task only source project live or on. the a bring a couple of boxes initially the bush said the following requirements the pretention
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contract is a fabric had to be twenty two nieces why should not contain any scenes when we first took part in the ten it was also the german company among the competitors were offered a fabric made of two pieces put stitched together by some hidden in conspicuous stained the bolshoi theater if that lee refused saying it had to be a single fabric of top notch quality without any savings the other reason he won the tender was that this is a unique type of aluminum and has six of them made in the world and only two is still up and running one here in sewers and the other in the us. thanks to the know how and machinery here and source the fifteen hundred pound guy. well i give it proudly welcome spectators to the theater for the first time since eighty ninety six the original curtain which depicts the triumphant arrival of medieval military leaders and has had to be taken down over
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a century ago due to wear and tear the artisans remaking the ethnic curtain had nothing more than two surviving documents of the original go off of one was an archival photograph the other a hand painted etching dating back to the. artist's labors on the curtain only possible because of the skilled textile workers. have to be works by hand even the slightest mistake means that machines have to be shut down and work has to be done to correct the error of this beautifully redone curtain is one improvement that will be apparent to everyone in the audience while it may not be evident straight away out here on the back side of the theater is actually an integral part of what is easily the bolshoi's biggest new technological improvement the innovation starts out on the streets of the northern facade of the theater from here specially designed trucks can bring all the necessary stage equipment including seem decorations lifts are able to move the heavy loads back and forth between storage
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and the backstage area individually mechanize sections of the floor music every part of the stage can be adjusted to fit the director's needs movable force easily get the props and prepared sets to the front with the need to be and the orchestra pit can also be adapted to allow for new pieces like those from wagner to be performed for the very first time new lighting and curtain apparatus have been installed bringing the bolshoi to the forefront of theater production in terms of both technology and size. contemporary architecture standards it's just a theater production space must be four times larger than the space. there are makeup and storage rooms and other backstage facilities such proportions are required for a theater to be able to stage twenty first century performances to stay at the cutting edge of theater related technologies in fact before the bolshoi theater
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closed in two thousand and five this proportion had been one to one now the reconstructed theater will post a one to four proportion of what made this possible first and foremost it's due to the unique engineering that's all the theater expand the detail around the square now when walking across the atlanta square you should always keep in mind that you are treading on the roof of a six story building that's twenty point five meters deep under your feet an orchestra is having a rehearsal or a chamber concert is under way. this hidden gym is literally right under the noses of people on the square in front of the theater the now damed beethoven hall this completely new space begins the bolshoi's performers not only an additional place to rehearse but a totally new states to host concerts thanks to new innovations and powerful motor driven jacks there is no limit to what this hall can allow for much the chain of the drug consists of linked plates it's
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a so-called leaf chain connected by axles. each plate is linked to the other by two axles the third axle well you can have a look from this angle functions as a lot for the plates. and when passing through the gear unit the leaf chain can change its position from vertical to horizontal there's a metal unit and side where it can collapse inserts a thin line. this is a great tool to be used for tiny spaces and you don't need to drill any hole. the platforms work starts actually here you turn the engines on the first one behind me and the second up front over there. they start to work similar tenuously and through a system of gearboxes and drive shafts the transferred the torch to all the chains which begin to go up all at the same sign. in this unique space but those gears in
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change will power five separate or segments which can be raised and lowered is needed this newfound flexibility allows the bolshoi to accommodate a large orchestra a call into theater or numerous rows of seats masterfully combining beauty and utility now with everything in place this and all the other stages are ready to host any number of events like never before the bolshoi has the ability to change things around to fit the exact requirements of each performance and that would give even the most seasoned theater fans a new reason to head to a show so we'll see you next time and until then enjoy the ride.
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didn't the. wealthy british style sun. rise.


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