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tv   [untitled]    November 5, 2011 11:30am-12:00pm EDT

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military. history. dianetics. must go. back this is r t live from moscow here's a recap of all the main stories we're covering today the greek prime minister survives a confidence vote in parliament after a week of drawn by the operands that properly e.u. landsat markets into turmoil prime minister is now holding talks to form a temporary governing coalition but opposition is demanding immediate elections in the country. us please weigh in with handcuffs but songs of tear gas to put down the attic or for at all to fire who bet but activists say they're determined to stab their ground against the odds washington and oakland have become the latest
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scenes of police crackdown with several powerful to use and more than one hundred arrests. political as a boardings are appearing all across russia as the campaign kicks off with scenes of the country's lower house of parliament seven major parties will be competing in december for a lack. of balls are no longer dropping on libya but the red cross says it's going to stay in the country because it has a mammoth job ahead of that and spotlight next year are. really the latest in science and certainly some of. the future. mission free accreditation free transfer charges free. range month
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three. three stooges free. jungly free volunteer college in videos for your media projects a free media oh god r.t. dot com. hello yellow welcome truth squad like the international politics prime cauldron of and today my guest in the studio is eve that part of the international committee of the red cross says it's not leaving libya colonel gadhafi is dead but later he is gone but the conflict isn't settled yet as people keep fighting and many cities are virtually this chalk proving the country may take years making libya another long
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lasting red cross nish. how does the red cross manage to conduct so many people in foreign operations all around the globe and what are the primary issues that the organization has the paste we're asking the head of the red cross. the international red cross committee conduct several hundred to manage hereon operations in some p.t. countries despite its purely humanitarian activity the red cross is not always welcomed the volunteers have to take between the warring parties sometimes coming under fire they also have to show diplomacy skills to some regimes especially in africa and not friendly towards any kind of foreigners leave. how is the current thank you very much for being with us you better well this week the red cross was meeting with the c.e.o. of the head of the c.i.s. here which is the main the leading post soviet security organizational meeting them
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outside moscow what was the agenda of our other meeting you have to again that we have a very very strong relationship with this c.t.o. for another four years i think we have two elements one is we wanted to share in fact our reading of what's going on now in the region central asia but also what's going on in afghanistan in libya in yemen in syria to make sure that we have a joint understanding that's one and the other element is to talk about and preparedness we are living a very very strange world even for the i.c.r.c. even for the red cross i mean things are happening with such a pass and such a difficulty sometimes that is important for us to be ready more than ever and it's important to understand that organization like this use your are also ready maybe to intervene and to understand their point of view and to see how we can collaborate together you have the red cross you work a very humanitarian organization and then you have different aspects but still while the c.s.t. you know is considered by many in the west rightly as sort of an they term i mean
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like well like i will treat military posts walk there also having really functions well how do you content did do you feel that you still have much in common with this organization you have to know when we are where ninety pull our work a leader you mention leader or syria or yemen or palestine or afghanistan every day dealing with people but they also dealing with soldiers with military we know military very well we know the securities issues so these people are absolutely critical to understand but also to talk to that's one element the other element is there is no crisis anymore in the world without having a humanitarian element but there is also security element there is also economy gilliland today so we very important to bring that together. any that send the c.s. to you with these seven country represents a lot of interesting discussions for us and interesting experience very important for us to be able to to have this type of discussions it's interesting that you consider the more security the military because this is right i think it is in
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giving conditions at least you know these days there's a growing line between military and security you should not look any more into just armed or a war i think what is a war today i would ask you a war is levy a war is mexico a war for us what is important is a look at it and judging by the fact that the last ministry of war was closed about seventy years ago they are called ministry of defense or no one is going through but what we see in the field is mom or more minister of interior as a minister of defense working together what we see is security is issues about terrorism convert terrorism which goes much beyond that just armed and i think we need to be able to understand this kind of element very hard for us and she. has been actively involved in the humanitarian operations after the cult church lawyer and also in south a city which is the southern borders of russia are you still involved there is there still work to be done for your humanitarian mission on the ground one of the
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problem is that in most of the conflict the conflict might end now we're not at the end long lasting consequences if you two examples also said that yes we are the only international you made an organization still in sausalito and we are helping more than half of the population not of issues there poverty but also barack consequences of conflict in north caucasus yes we are still not as we are in one cheek we are in grozny were in dagestan one of the reason is there are some direct problems still links with this region to about the missing for example from the former conflict we need to be able to follow that very closely with the people end to end a stand there needs and the spot we are the i.c.c. we are the red cross what we do is we are closer to people we are trying to. and their needs and their needs can change building about something else you mention libya we are convinced today that we need to maintain a presence in libya to be able to understand what the conflict will evolve i hope i
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hope that the conflict will end maybe but we are rather convinced that we need to stay for a world to understand what might the bigger problems in everything they will be some problems in the coming months you know i worked myself with a humanitarian mission africa for a couple of years in the eighty's and i are right where was it in ethiopia during the drought and famine and i saw red cross in action and i know that you guys you like giving hard times to authorities well this is probably not unusual for the world we are going hard time but you this is this is finding a job so say in chechnya in south a city or would you say that you are going to authorities or authorities. i deal with how's that with our point of departure because it's there is never it's not about like perfectly abberation isn't known but the point of departure is not to give hard time or not to some people our point of departure is read the needs of the people right and some of the needs are very basic but some of the needs are maybe more difficult to express and let's take an example missing person we have in
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the region people especially in a conflict which disappear it's difficult and we are the only one to come again and we need to insist on the fact that this family they need to receive a response of course authorities are not very happy that people knocking on their door remembering them that you need to know that it's not only in russia or in caucasus it's true in cost of all it's true in afghanistan it's true in other places but we need to be able to do that same element to gain something a difference in terms of the tensions as one of example yes of course when we work in afghanistan where we walk in one family our job is to make sure that our respected and that international law is respected so that's our job and we do that but important what we do we do that with everybody not only with one. we do that with every parties and we're serious about it well you started talking about libya well let's take a look at the humanitarian situation in libya these days spotlights you know the media reports. according to be as national transitional council as to mated number
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killed during the eight months of civil war is twenty five thousand. have been found in mass graves thousands of families across the country all waiting to find out what happened to their loved ones the war accompanied by neda ass trikes resulted in hundreds of thousands of libyans fleeing the country for safer places some of them again should found themselves only dillies overcrowded lampedusa island to give the garden nationals fleeing from their arab spring and arrest those who stayed in libya have to face the shortage of water food medicine and fuel many regions have permanent cuts in their olive trees and his wife the civic infrastructure has been so degraded it will take months if not years to restore and there's the shops subsaharan africa came to libya as migrant workers before the
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uprising many of them have been persecuted by the forces of the national transitional council over allegations they served as could duffy's mercenaries about one million sub-saharan africans are estimated to have wired leave years since the conflict started about seven thousand are still in the township and the stick international reports to which it is routinely used against suspected khadafi loyalists. is the red cross attaining the access to people who have been captured during the recent fighting and libya specially such a place for example a suit which is which was a combatant strong point from day one in fact we. to have access boss they get the but also in tripoli that what makes a difference with between the i.c.r.c. and not at all their organisation we are trying to have access and discussing with all the parties yes we got that we got access to the condition of this be i cannot
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speak it out because normally the first things we do is we speak first to the authorities not in general the concern you have in you would you express that you journalists about what we called serve national people who have no passport are coming from sub-saharan africans are absolutely serious a lot of problems a lot of concern about about their fate during during the situation and typically that's one of our priorities the better engines people detained are always always with haven or ability so we are there to try as much as we can to make sure that they are respected and we will follow that very closely but i must say i'm also very concerned about all health issues in terms of a track infrastructure hospital were hit and we can see a lot of doctors and nurses left the country we need to make sure that there is the ability you need to have a health system which works again otherwise we would be confronted with very serious problems what can you see about libya from the point of view of compliance to the wooden rules are very. humanitarian law i
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mean where they are they really violate legions of it's in my experience and i'm sad to say it and i have not gone across any conflict where the rules were always respected but i thought well sides yes absolutely media elite now we have plenty of problems absolutely clearly on both sides war is so even in through the first century a war is something the people don't play by the rules let's put it that way i would say the rules are absolutely fundamental but it can't just nickel and elements it's that like driving and careful of what i'm saying but driving driving is critical if there will be no rules people will be totally crazy even with rules you have plenty of people who just don't respect the rules in wartime in a violent situation the rules are fundamental the basic. are there means respecting people while we're in it for them and i think this is basic and i must say in media yes of course we had violation but it's important to say we were able to work on both sides from day one we were able to go in prison and we were able to go into
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hospital and to really work it's not always the case i mean in other places where we're not even able to work a day one says eve the coffin director general of the international committee hard red cross spotlight will be back should be who can think of such a view in their time so they will. come to those who are fascinated with history. to those who have a sweet tooth. to those who can't live without the sky. and of course to the nature lovers this magnificent land offers its treasures. marsh. between earth and the sky. an arche.
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the close up team has gives to the man's preacher for technological breakthroughs save human lives. now archie goes to the sea. for unusual ways to protect nature. where farming pioneers place local cuisine to the highest pitch. but where future developments depends on the way. russia's black sea coast should close up on r.c. . welcome back to the spotlight i'm now going over in just a reminder that my guest on the show today is a man who is the head of the international red cross is name is either well.
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took a break when we started talking mental libya well i want to ask about the recent fighting the fuse friday in suits and danny really those two cities where the level of destruction well if we charge for what we saw on television was just enormous yes so what was the the level of human human suffering and i mean how many non competent people suffer of there and lost their lives it's difficult to have precise figure especially in this conflict that we have heard a lot of different figures let's say sirte as a country as a town has been rather severally destroyed and our concern is in fact that a lot of system have been destroyed and in libya our concern is about water system it's a country if the water system is this or is problematic it's also about energy system you know they have oil as we know it art but if the system is destroyed that's problematic and then as we discussed before health system i would be concerned if you saw in tripoli when tripoli fall we see that there was
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a lot of one the people not to need any more lack of doctors lack of analysis but also lack of access to prison and that's maybe one of my major concern and we see that not only via by the way in syria we see that also in afghanistan where access to hospital is more and more difficult and it's important for us to make sure that access to the hospital to fair treatment is absolutely ensured in libya we need to be very careful that it's maintain well you talk about access actually the red cross spokesman mr steven anderson says i quote with the team found the hospital in the suit was overwhelmed with wounded people so why the medics from from the red cross from the for from the libyan red crescent allowed to get access to get adequate medical help who were allowed to get access going to be honest with you insert at that very moment it was during two days in fact the bombing in the shelling was so difficult that we are asking one thousand to go in the hospital and
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then to withdraw because it was too dangerous and i didn't want them to be exposed you know. and in to take too much too much risk but very clearly some of our colleagues from the leading red crescent were able to work in the indian hospital and then we were able to to do a difference and the hospital. will change routes to some of you but changing locations syria is red cross able to provide help to the two to the victims of violence and countries in syria it's a very difficult situation it's a complex situation we are the i.c.r.c. we got the access in fact to the to the country so we are able to work in a country where we want to work we negotiate to have access also in prison as you know for us in prison it's very important why prison because this is where you have a lot of vulnerability and that's where people sometimes are faced with a very difficult situation and here i must recognize it's still difficult we've been able to visit one major prison in damascus but we are willing to visit more prison and it's
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a it's an end i'm really looking forward to get the green line now from the government to be able to really work where we want to work in the country yemen is a local place where we see a situation ready to go out of control or actually actually it's developing into a full fledged military curfew that doesn't worry you does it worry the red cross are you getting ready to to to get food of the yemen we are worried about yemen for yours i'm sorry to say the answer we perceive yemen already in a very difficult situation the country's almost cut in three days a different dynamic and it's true there is a lot of concern in the country now it's very worrying to see that even santa the capital of the country is now completely say torn apart by by the tensions there and yes we do think in terms of humanitarian consequences yemen is in mind to be one of the worst country over over the coming months is absolutely we're ready but unless we do you you never really ready to to face a conflict we have to have a lot of team there people are well trained they can do the difference but on the
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same time soon never know the scale of the conflict and you have to be under a damn. about what might have a good rule do our best and we are ready and our team is in sun our inside out in hadn't been able to want to do the difference and you know if i were mistaken as a druid straight feel that the worst the worst humanitarian situation that we ever witnessed like these in my lifetime was the situation round but if it's true do you think that we can see something similar to what happened in rwanda that still in the twenty first century were the personal community can start things like that does have the leverage to stop. i'm shared now on one side on my side with a never ever again but i thought before ninety four that we would never seen what we saw in wrong so when i saw what happened in rwanda i was so shocked so surprised i look at michael in the world now with my colleagues where they're trying to treat people in the midst of the genocide now let's hope and i do think the world is
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changing and i think maybe what is changing is you and maybe not as a journalist being interviewed many people outside looking at us they have not but i for one there's the internet i think what we see in the middle east for example the fastness with which image because fly in influence people maybe need to guess what would make a difference and put so much pressure on all of us to go faster and to intervene that we won't see wanda and it's interesting that you mentioned the exchange of images will the public this way are detainees and mortal remains that was committed by the new government. in different countries in the libya for example that it triggered a great deal of reaction and debate so what does the red cross think about these issues in general what we say is it's very it's very basic we would like sometimes to come back to basic you know in conflicts always useful to remember that what
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we're seeing is when somebody is arrested when somebody is a control under the control of people. who respect the person that it that it was about detentions it's about wounded and that's what we expect very clearly that people are respected whatever their rank whatever their responsibility that's very important to be respected. following the liberation of this israeli soldier yanks and girl the international committee of the red cross cross said located of guns that violates the geneva convention which bans collective punishment of a civilian population that was a quote so what was the captivity of july actually the official justification of the bloke do you give any signs any any response from israel which would which will tell us that the located maybe a little bit. we never ask ourselves why there is a blockage right i mean we can have different point of view if that look it is for
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this reason or this one what we see is the humanitarian consequences of a blockade and if this blockade a month to i would say what we call quality conditions where an entire population doesn't mean we have the right to live as they said yes we did consider absolutely if the geneva convention apply and in this case the geneva convention yes we do actually consider is of your violation of of the geneva convention what we do we don't speak only about about that in the media what we do is we discuss that with the israeli but also with the palace you know authorities every day we discuss that in a must with hamas also everyday in terms of their responsibility of the whole works in order to make sure that people can have access again to health to water to basic basic needs what are our course will not be harassed whose responsibility is i mean about sort of the israeli work if you can tell me. on all sides do you think the ball is today who is more able israel or the protestants to to get it
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moving i mean the dialogue the overcoming problems in the region i was at the ball is everywhere that's maybe the problem is there's not one ball i think that we have several that we think we are several out of that's true and i think the question is not my senses when you see for different reasons you see a country or different country being blocked my hope was that the international community will be able and smart enough to bring these people together and trying to find solutions right here i'm talking almost as a citizen u.s. citizen of the world if i may say i hope we find solutions for palestine and palestine in israel problems if we don't i think we should watch out carefully what will happen over the next months is with syria with lebanon coming up possibly and with palestine i think we will be we again i see be confronted to have to deal with humanitarian consequences and i really m m. i must say i'm not very optimistic if there is no real solution be found in the coming months now on the other hand maybe
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when the tension is very high then you sue some gesture i thought that the exchange of prisoners was a good humanitarian use let's hope it's not the only one but it now let's talk about. the problem in africa which is violent and there are i myself witnessed witness for an ethiopian now and i think some male somalia is facing a similar problem the world least event loop. with the national committee of the red cross in somalia he said we want to feed one million people by the end of the year feeling we're only eight million people by the end of the year means a major problem so so is it really so it is bad yes it did you really have to look at not only somalia you have to look at all of africa you mentioned it's ok if you have if you look at your garden so money and possibly part of kenya we all know this is a region under enormous pressure to pressure or three pressure if you want one of these there were twenty years of so exactly i mean yes exactly you have one
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conflict loser somalia in twenty five years of all of a very very intense conflict almost virtually no state north service and most importantly you have drought you had also floods and last but not least don't forget economic crisis and we all feel the economy crisis but no one really feels that our people will have to pay every day of their price of the food and the price of the food are going up there so yes it's a very serious crisis and the most serious crisis is really in somali absolutely yes we are just getting you know one million it's serious and it's complex we can do it we have the absolutely the means to do it the problem is if we need to sustain this aid over time that's the problem of somalia and we hope this aid also will help them just to manage a little bit you know need to longer there that's that's really the problem. the message here that the sensory events over his regular look in just a reminder that they was either kind of director general. of the international committee out there that it's not so fun after all of us if you want to have your
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sales pipeline drop me a line that algal power plant seeds you need are you and let's keep the show interactive spotlight will be back with more from comments on who was going on and turn out so i brush up until then stay and partied and take. your c.v. and thank you if the question.
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in some pieces but she's available in grants to chill europe grand hotel emeralds small component of the club small hotel circles photo olympic.

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