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tv   [untitled]    November 19, 2011 1:30pm-2:00pm EST

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i am. kevin owen your moscow headline update tyree has returned to turmoil cairo central square sees fierce clashes riot police and protesters demanding the military hand over power now to a civilian government over one hundred fifty people are reported to have been injured since the rally began following friday prayers. libyan authorities claim they've captured the son saif al islam who was long considered his father successor libyan ministry of justice said he will be tried in the country and could face the death sentence despite the international criminal court demanding his handover. in
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syria the deadline set by the arab league for the country's authorities to end violence expires this saturday but clashes between government opposition forces continue and a fresh outburst of heavy handed us police against demonstrators his officers pepper sprayed students peacefully protesting against social inequality tuition hike other colorful university this is artsy. it seems planned to use independence day it's pomp and fanfare of any other public holiday in the country on this day the republic's top leaders gathered to lay flowers and the freedom monument in latvia's capsule. informal events like torture sessions held in the evening of the same day people
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who see themselves as the country's true patriots marched through streets closed to traffic for the occasion the procession zoltan eyes by the radical nationalist posse known as me or from latvia. however many people don't identify themselves with the festivities they are russian speaking residents who make up nearly forty percent of the country's population half of them have not yet received citizenship rights. lemay lindemann is a columnist for several and few newspapers he also investigates cases of public interest and publishes reports on them but even though vladimir holds
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a latvian passport he is technically not a fully fledged citizen of his own country. not with the passport cover bears a unique inscription of that order written in latvia and it says your passport of a non citizen was a reserved word was more on the minute here in the english translation it reads alien space our problem times we are called just that aliens like we are from another planet or even from the viewpoint of international law we are treated as such just the present there are something like four hundred thousand such people in latvia this. mansfield became an independent state in one nine hundred ninety one after seceding from the soviet union. barely one month later the country's parliament passed a resolution officially dividing the republic's population into citizens and so-called non-citizens. the latter were denied voting rights they could not be elected to bodies of state or thorazine or work in government departments. they
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supplied to not only those who settled down in the country after nine hundred forty but their descendants take. me through since i don't want to be a second class person allowed to be a citizen of the country where i live in this country. any known citizen is free to try to naturalize the event they need to pass exams on the country's history and show their command of the state language and the national anthem if after submitting all the necessary papers africans then need to wait for about a year before they get a cherished citizens passport. many people fail to go through the procedure. glad to me lindemann for one was not even allowed to see those exams. for the past five years and i spent three of them. why they didn't accept my papers but that excuse was absolutely unlawful was. my fight for citizenship rights and never.
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even stage a sit in in this building i spent the day here and refused to leave it after office hours then the police force me out of. there was a time when victor durgan off a nice to taste and valdez sackless a trauma surgeon who worked in the same hospital. now sackless his land he's president the north is a member of latvia and the fascist committee. who is also a possibility i can't bear to see the revival not cism in libya i can see it with the naked eye in the waters of the upsets me most of all is that so-called democratic europe closes its eyes to the revival not as a group as a crew it was a. on march sixteenth one thousand nine hundred forty three during the second world war the life in legion was formed. thousands of volunteers in the country
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signed up to fight for the nazis. off independence every year on this date legion veterans have been officially committees to hold a parade in central region. in two thousand and five big photo going off and several other anti fascist clans and prison right stood in the way of marching legionnaires. the police dispersed all the anti-fascists and let the s.s. veterans put the flowers at the freedom mourning. process the. we believe in a free country fascists and their followers have no right to bring flowers to a symbol of the state if the state doesn't see itself as a nationalist. fulfill our actions were in line with the united nations resolution calling for resistance to all forces that promote the washington as it.
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has. some fourteen thousand veterans living in latvia today forwards in the soviet army during world war two. give kenichi convinced there was a paratrooper event. as he moves to the monument commemorating the soviet soldiers who lost their lives in the war to make sure the nobody sees his medals. alone passed back in one thousand. anti one bans the public display of soviet symbols. and the attitude to us is just a bowman about. there was even a case where a uniformed veteran riding on a bus on victory day had to leave because the driver stopped the bus and said he wouldn't budge unless the man's there go and work toward. the monument to soviet soldiers in riga was blown up in one thousand nine hundred
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eight it was later restored the axe and the masterminded by egos. he was sentenced to a brief term in prison. now easy again free to walk about sinful rieger together with his son and openly discuss the fate of the monument. it's a myth to some people this is a monument to me it's a disgrace to the latvian nation. the following is nothing that should be simply pulled down to symbolize that we are no longer occupied with the stone yet the local buses. in the year will be good shishkin blew up the monument another event occurred that course the world's attention. former soviet parses and vasily kononov had been brought before a lamp in court to face criminal charges face actions and world war two it is to live this is the order of lenin only gave it to me for blowing up sixteen german
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trains when i was a partisan christian additional. in more than latvia the ex parties and was declared an enemy and spent almost two years behind bars for taking part in the killing of local volunteers they were helping the germans. kannan of was acting on a decision taken by parties and tribunals in one nine hundred forty three. when radical nationalists came to power after the regime change and their lackeys started a massive campaign against entire fascists who had fought in the entire hitler coalition they were all to review the outcome of the war in order to whitewash naziism and fascism in se asia. i was going to is leader of a political organization called the national front of latvia the front publishes
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a newspaper founded by him. edge weekends and during public holidays volunteers hand out free copies to anyone willing to read the paper. its name contains three d's they stand for d. your q. patient d. call in isolation and d. russification. for a long time dr goddard taught ethics of the academy of culture some of his former students a regular contributors to the newspaper. now under their chief editors guidance they spend no effort in a bid to oppose what they call russian dominance in latvia vs the ethnic lot of ins make up fifty percent of the population of their own country back to the other fifty percent occupies backs about russia. it's necessary to create uncountable conventions for them but we need a situation where latvian society rejects occupiers moreover we need
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a law on the call is asian google we must say to each of the schools we give you a deadline to get out of your. camera north a british filmmaker decided to make a personal investigation into the into ethnic relations between russians and that fiends. in short a documentary called latvia in hitler's footsteps way draws uncomfortable parallels between present day latvia and nazi germany. but also. during the second world war and of the second. they must go. there was a diversion but there must be rather. than one report and i. think that it would like to say it's national. be the languages of the things they had to speak. latvian the things about rights and not if you're not
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a citizen. of six of the drops and the culmination of things where you are discriminated against because you're in pure. beauty alex sanz mother is latvian but his father is russian he has a perfect command of both languages. he received an excellent education both as an engineer and as a journalist his son is a school people. papa tell me what the sentence means. is often at a loss when he tries to figure out his math textbook it's written in latvian. the internet translator says it means headline well yes that's a possibility. a country schools were formed in the middle of the past decade. russian textbooks were hastily replaced with latvian ones now more than half of the
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subjects in russian language schools are supposed to be taught in latvian. for those who flew one of the russians reaches with a poor command of the levee and language scored to teach such difficult subjects mathematics physics and chemistry were to russian schoolchildren it brings misery waterbirds teachers and students within the within your technical. in the course of education reform nearly all old textbooks were revised and many russian language schools closed down numerous protest acts had no effect the decisions of latvia's education ministry were final. so far inspectors haven't shown up in many russian schools and all subjects are still taught in russian. math fin language textbooks approved by the education ministry can be seen in full view but they are only for show. new shook off is the first russian mayor of
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riga since independence twenty years ago he too had to close schools down including schools for russian speaking students but it didn't lead to any actions of protest in that instance schools were shot solely for economic all rather demographic reasons half of the classrooms in one third of all schools had no pupils. or given to. many of the decisions taken by the previous mayor were largely politically motivated that was the basis for decisions about whether schools should be closed down rules when we merge schools we made a great deal of effort to accommodate all the children in the new building since we also do all we can to retain jobs for the teachers it was modest but in the old days they just closed schools down and that was that your stuff but really from. the fact that the russian was elected mayor of the latvian capital in the summer of two thousand and nine surprise many politicians analysts put it down to the
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economic crisis. those who had felt it. severe impact we're not taking as much notice of the nationality of a politician as they used to. use the move if in the early one nine hundred ninety s. they had not made the mistake of dividing the people into citizens of a non-citizen and were the politicians would have been compelled to talk about the economy social issues and structural reforms instead of harping on the theme of latvians and russians every two or four years we're going to should we would have been able to deal with pressing issues much earlier and much more efficiently or personal have to contend with economic issues corruption and many other things. despite its small size there was scores of major industrial plants and soviet latvia. three of them which employ between ten and fifteen thousand workers h.
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specialized in electronics. another one made minivans which were used as ambulances throughout the soviet union. today their production line stand idle. factory workers an engine is gone into small business. grant fee is highly skilled professionals have left the country and search of a job. commission free accreditation free transfer charges free. range month three. three stooges free.
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download free broadcast quality video for your media projects and free media on down to r.t. dot com. under the soviets this factory provided jobs for twelve thousand workers it made radio sense radio cassette players and tape recorders to cater to the needs of people across the soviet union. by the late one nine hundred eighty s. several plans making radio an electronic equipment had been set up in latvia they were the soviet union's most advanced enterprises. in soviet times i worked in a similar trade for about fifteen years before the break up of the servian in europe what they were close to eight hundred employees in the design bureau where i
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myself was employed to produce legacy what's left of its former splendor only one designer working here though. when lanphier achieved independence the republic's government began closing down its industrial giants the new regime expected more than compact and mobile enterprises to replace the old sluggish and largely outdated soviet factories but they were never built in adequate numbers. yeah during the first five years of independence many enterprises were turned into scrap metal levy has sold it off cheap and lived off the money real estate and land were also soldiering this time which was the summit biggest source of funds during another five year period he will probably have to rely on lines just before the country join the european union and avalanche of capital and low interest credit came here when they were not meant to develop production and instead they were
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channeled into land and real estate as a result would wind up in this situation. similar processes were going on in agriculture under the soviet government latvian collective farm supplied the republic with basic foodstuffs today half are imported. it's below visions of from spain has emerged from the middle and. these are from spain with the key members from the netherlands to. be hard to find domestically produced vegetables here true in pineapples don't grow here. onions were already being grown in latvia when the netherlands did not yet exist. after the declaration of independence the land in government downsized agriculture and baited on individual farms the land belonging to collective farms was given
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back to former owners all their descendants under a restitution plan. but most of them simply didn't bother to get into the difficult business of farming and instead preferred to sell off their newly acquired land mortgage it. was just the thing you little have been abandoned the farm stands that the never already abandoned about sixty percent of them was young people and of keen to go back to the countryside your future here some get an education others find a chart and a good rant to make commitments of things that. the village of qana believe is in let's go earlier one of the country's poorest regions and local peasants used to regard themselves almost as urban dwellers they lived in flats with almost in a minute cs now one in every two flats is vacant. the local boy louse plant doesn't work the few people who still live here have to heat their
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homes with firewood. sometimes i search firewood once a day sometimes i do it twice a day and then i don't do it for three or four days my grandchildren give me a helping hand when they were little i would bring firewood by cart. and fisa has five children none of them live in latvia now they are trying to make money in western europe. and faeces spends her pension to feed her grandchildren she likes talking about her big family which is now scattered around the world the people who think this is my daughter to give me a that's. in the field. and here is a good lama and you can fit in the idea is my granddaughter but when psyche and i went to london to work there she left these little things in my care this boy was
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one year old and that one was in the third grade. their dad for god knows where so i raise them on my own. people have no jobs towns and villages are becoming deserted pig sties encountered so collapsing and the fields overgrown with weeds. this is how the morning began in victoria more than a month until two thousand and eight. plants in a nineteenth century building in the old parts of riga was once considered prestigious poor young people years spent on the move they paid back of course. after latvia declared independence old houses were given back to their former owners and their restitution plan. they were quick to realize that managing an apartment house was difficult selling
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a building itself was easy but dealing with tenants was the main hurdle. the standard solution was that the new owners simply made sure that the building falls into a state of total disrepair and then its tenants were evicted under a court ruling. today three years later there isn't any electricity in the house where victoria used to live she gave up and rented a small flat in a new building that's why i have to visit and i always apartments regularly to see if everything isn't because the landlord has a habit of breaching and replacing the locks on the door. i also take some of my doom leads with me. the tenants of the house have seen the landlords only one since they filed a lawsuit against him in two thousand and six so far their attempts to win their case have been unsuccessful the landlord lives in germany he came to latvia for the
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first time to receive a property that if it. thank. the land in central riga is the most expensive in the country. this huge trading center is the private property of a norwegian building company. it buys the most profitable pieces of land in latvia and builds hotels and supermarkets there. for us and always the best time to invest has been very profitable. for both they also have what they call the grey economy so that it's not really for over an openness that this they. often lend for you join the european union in two thousand and four the economist started to warn of a new threat. they maintain for their public might lose its economic sovereignty. about seventy percent of its farmland belongs to foreign investors the country's fiscal systems of pains in foreign banks. they want to protect each kid
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a scandinavian capital controls some seventy or eighty percent of the country's banking capital it's going to not this means it controls just as much of its financial system with it clearly regrettably the nation has lost its ability to work even manufacture things when latvia was on the point of leaving the soviet union it was one of its most advanced territories with zero debts the moon will today the picture is the oldest city of sanaa. in january two thousand and nine protests way the latvian capital. the world economic crises had a huge impact on the country's economy people demanded the resignation of the government when it could stabilize the situation. moreover pensions look cuts as well as salaries and social donations.
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he says bullshit of the crisis is the result of the country's split into twenty years ago people like you must believe that's why half of the nation plays no part in the country's laws and if the realistic goal or the was to this is one cause of the deep crisis we are going through and could use would who work. according to your game it's six lanphier is the poorest country in the european union today. as local nationalists look to blame russian speaking nonresidents people are leaving the country in large numbers in search of a better life. clashes population has shrunk from moving fifteen percent since independence according to latvia as foreign policy institute each year some twelve thousand people leave the country for goods. the u.k.
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is their most popular destination. the british filmmaker cameron north described the problem in his documentary. with a lot of things coming from the u.k. . firstly one of these is the economy nothing in life not as much harder but a good living partly because of nationalism the i'm mad about nash's i'm one of them growing economy now the reason is that they get very good social rights in the u.k. . it's now been twenty years since latvia energy sovereignty. but still independence day its most celebrated holiday and the freedom monument its main national icon aliens the heart of the country's population.
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