tv [untitled] April 1, 2012 9:30am-10:00am EDT
live from moscow this is art here you have minds of the so-called friends of syria group meeting in turkey say they recognize the opposition syrian national council as the only legitimate party representing the people meantime outside a meeting in istanbul police have dispersed supporters of bashar al assad. a horse like exchange between barack obama and dmitri medvedev leads to a spike in anti russian rhetoric among america's republican presidential candidates moscow's already slammed the trend of war in the us politicians are against
reverting to cold war hollywood stereotypes. and slain adults its toughest of budget cuts in decades which includes tax hikes and a salary freeze for public sector workers just to sparked a nationwide strike and mass protest that resulted in violent clashes with police and dozens of overcast. thanks a lot see it's our special report from the scene of some of the worst fighting in the u.s. iraq war though the sounds of battle died down years ago but the weapons used have left behind a deadly legacy. saluja west of baghdad. the rebels' bastion seems to be awakening the day after an earthquake. eight years after the war its inhabitants are still living among the
rolling as. it flew to hospital doctors are fighting another war today as every day a maternity unit is on alert a deformed baby has just been born the fifth this week. his newborn is suffering from serious an affirmation the doctors think he will survive but he may never be able to walk. from the cells. and he needs an operation at the moment he's much too weak for us to move forward with surgery so we have him on observation we have seen many other types of deformities he's not alone some are more severe than others we have something is born with that skulls without organs and sometimes with their legs totally twisted hard to look at this
little lax the mother of this baby is in shock this woman has had three children before this one well born without any health problems this deformed baby is the first such case in her family. but there's a dramatic rise in such phenomena in fallujah one birth and five now exhibits congenial affirmation. this doctor sees only one possible solution and it is radical i am once. in the richer. and since you two are not my baby brother. how did it come to us all these babies were born after two thousand and four when food endured one of the most violent battles ever witnessed on iraqi soil bombs and shells rained down on the city for several weeks fifteen thousand coalition soldiers were marshal to cross for winter facing them were two thousand iraqi resistance fighters armed with coalition cards and rocket launchers the u.s.
air force dropped hundreds of tons of bombs. but. these pictures show fireballs falling on the city this is white phosphorus a chemical incendiary weapon today this bombing is said to have caused the affirmations in the children of a loser. baghdad winter two thousand and eleven how can you tell whether a city is no longer at war perhaps by observing the passers by crisscrossing the streets in iraq peace is gradually settling but the stench of war is still noticeable. the iraqi capital alternates between days of violence and days of peace
the u.s. army is committed to point out of the country by december the police and the iraqi army will step into the chills. these traffic jams are an indicator of peace in iraq. this city seems revived with businesses springing up once again and residents doing their shopping in the city center. a city center that is returning to its pre-war opulence. but is the war really over though the situation in baghdad has improved other cities have been tossed into the garbage fallujah for instance my parents' home town after the war the city was totally cut off only the inhabitants have the right to come and go freely. so i like them but i have family and friends there and i speak iraqi arabic i make contact with a friend influential. chemistry. just actually i'll take you up and we'll go
wherever you want. this is eunice he's thirty two years old a former football player for lucia now unemployed. i first met him while doing a news report four years ago it was he who called my attention to the seriously before. he came to baghdad to face me because it's not possible for me to get a flu shot without his help. this road is closely monitored in traveling the fifty kilometers that separate baghdad from fallujah we go through more than twenty checkpoints this city is located in the middle of the sunni triangle also called the triangle of death by the americans some fifteen hundred u.s. soldiers have been killed in this region one third of the american casualties in iraq. pfluger was the first city to fight back against american
occupation. it's down fame by throwing them out of town and inflicting great loss of life. so much so that the people wondered how a small city like fallujah could resist against the world's most powerful army zaarly. in march two thousand and four for mercenaries under contract to the us army were killed when their vehicle on the outskirts of town their mutilated bodies were dragged through the streets and hung under this bridge as trophies it was one of the very first acts of violence against the united states these pictures were soon seen all over the world it was the start of an escalation that culminated in the battle of fallujah in november two thousand and four the death toll list of one hundred thirty four g i's and thirty five hundred iraqis saluja became a symbol of the revolt accordingly the army imposed very strict checks on the city
the fingerprints and retina scans of every last inhabitant were recorded in the u.s. army files never has any town undergone such treatment. residents were even issued with biometric id cards. this paginate was made to answer a leaflet. seven years later the badges are no longer needed the city is now under the control of the iraqi army but flew to remains the hardest place in the country to get until. it's needed for that you need a guarantor to wednesday and he must be from polluter. i've been asked to be responsible for you for safety reasons so you can't just walk into fallujah no no not like that. as we approach the city attention mounts in the car not stop filming put the camera down the.
here we are at the entrance to fallujah one hundred meters from a border post within a country. the iraqi army is checking each car that passes to take in a camera you need special permission and an armed escort. but they give us freedom of movement we'd rather enter illegally. there are several cars in front of us and we're in the third one we're waiting come and fetch us. thanks to abu yunus one of the soldiers was just thrilled for his own safety we don't film him. after an hour's wait we finally passed through the checkpoint. welcome to pollution three hundred thousand inhabitants considered the most dangerous city in iraq.
nothing here has really changed since the battle life goes on the streets are teeming but the traces of war are still here and there are rocky soldiers carry on patrol. in this prison town it's hard to keep a low profile if you're carrying a camera so to keep us safe as we move around with in fallujah as follows close behind will be our guardian angel. this neighborhood is one of the hardest hit by the bombing half the buildings are in ruins not one wall has been spared by bullets. this former iraqi soldier was in the city during the american assault he lives just opposite this building totally destroyed. during the bombing he noticed suspicious explosions. just a little just after the bombing began the landscape changed going to see even the appearance of the sky chips the sky became kind of yellow it lasted for several
days even the explosions were abnormal. now i'm a fighter i was an officer in the iraqi army under the old regime i thought for seven years in the war against iraq some parts of missiles i've seen a lot of them i know what i'm talking about. with these american bombs it was different they exploded and. they produced something abnormal something that i don't think i've ever seen before which obviously. the strange bomb that this resident refers to contain white phosphorus. chemical incendiary weapon often compared to the napalm used in vietnam. according to the geneva convention. civilians and civilian objects may not be attacked in any circumstances by incendiary bombs. basically the use of white phosphorus is banned in any populated zones the american army claims to have used it only to illuminate
combat zones. yet in fallujah thousands of inhabitants were still in the city during the bombing . kabul eunice arranges to meet me at the martyrs cemetery a former football stadium three thousand five hundred bodies are buried here resistance fighters and civilians alike. this is where eunice played football today he comes to meditate at the graves of former teammates now become martyrs. tonight he had to lie about some of the footballers who are used to play in this stadium very clear to me that even the coach we called him a collie old cowboy even he was killed by the americans and although i think thirteen players from the flu team are buried in their own football ground. this
man is the caretaker of the cemetery one day in november of two thousand and four while bearing the victims of the fighting and made a strange discovery. neither did the americans brought to set us up at first i thought it was humanitarian aid. but when i opened them just like i found. the end of it that's a bonus and clothes intact their translator told me these corpses were americans. well that's why they've given them back when they come into. the caretaker recovered close to five hundred unidentified bodies he photographed each one before burying them in the cemetery. and said so we asked the doctors and they told us that if there are only bones in the clothing is intact then it's because of white phosphorus and what happened to this man. looks like it's due to a chemical weapon and god knows what it is but that's phosphorous to. their blood
then the caretaker is in no doubt these men were killed by white phosphorus did the u.s. army use these weapons against the population what are these photos really hiding to find an answer i must go to the united states. far from iraq and it's ruined buildings lost. i made contact with ross complete a twenty seven year old former marine who fought it flu shot though he looks like a teenager roscoe putin is already a war veteran traumatized by his experience he decided to testify oh. this is me this is in fallujah and i'm really embarrassed to say that i'm kind of posing for this picture. you know i had the bandana on and i wanted to look tough
and you know this is the mentality that we had earlier and there. were tough war fighters and. you know these are the type of pictures i want to go home and tell my friends about. in fallujah ross was a radio operator and it was his job to relay information to the other soldiers he was there for on the front line before the ground siege actually began they told us this was going to be the biggest battle since we city vietnam they were bombing the city really really heavily at this point and they put us on this hill outside the city kind of overlooking at the night before before the ground siege began and at this point i remember very clearly seeing the white phosphorus and i remember very clearly like having this weird feeling about it like this can't possibly be legal i remember seeing it likes way down in the wind like this i asked a lieutenant close to me about it. i said hey is this is this legal and he said yes
it's legal because we're using it as a smoke screen we're not using it offensively and there are thousands of civilians who couldn't leave the city so wherever we used it it was a strong possibility that this was going to land on civilians so white phosphorus was indeed discharged about the population and i feel really guilty about it. now i'm fully aware of how many people are hurt and how many people were killed so it's not easy to live with ross computing decided to quit the army after the battle of fallujah he set up an association to make american public opinion aware of his experience as a soldier in iraq. i remember that in my unit there was very little curiosity about who these insurgents where everyone just seemed content with the rumors that we had heard about them being terrorists and that is diehards and it's the americans of all different sorts though ross computing denounces the use of white phosphorus or others in the military or go out of it in march two thousand and five an american
army major bit surprising revelations in this army interview he claims that the use of white phosphorus proved highly effective and. he adds that he used it willingly against the insurgents the major refers to such tickling as shake and bake missions according to this officer white phosphorus was used in iraq to kill. given this damning evidence the international press seized upon the story. it would have to wait until november sixteenth two thousand and five for the american administration to officially admit to the media that the city was bombed with white phosphorous. back to fallujah seven years after the bombing the population is convinced that white phosphorus is still killing. such is the case with khalifa
he lives in the jolan neighborhood one of the hardest hit by the bombing. in two thousand and five pound of the first charity for war victims. the same can gather as much information as possible beginning with these files on sick children. this child for example developed a brain tumor just after the bombing back in two thousand and four. and it's the same in this case there's a a serious malformation problem from birth. so we record the information and we establish a medical file and then we send it off to the doctors and charities. all we really want to try and do is find a solution and you know and help these poor families. and something and we are it's a modest office doesn't have extensive resources not even
a computer on which to record all this information he seems overtaken by events and you know we know absolutely nothing about any of these diseases before when the americans came here there were supposed to bring us modern it in their stead they sent us back to the stone age a scenario. coolio agreed to supply us with the files of sick children he says that most cases of rare illnesses concern children under ten. he was born after the two thousand and four attacks with a serious offer mation he is the first case of this type of his family. so you know many of us about what i knew also when he was operated on when when he was forty seven days old the house we lived in was bombed in shock when we returned i cleaned the place entirely maybe it was because of bad i don't know your house was bombed during the battle yes it was hit by
a missile and half the house was destroyed and thought of it and the living room my bedroom all of it was destroyed the furniture to it all we had left was and was what we were wearing was this wardrobe we rebuilt everything ourselves one year later my my son was born with a malformation and i was told it was linked to the bombing palin did you stay in that house chilly years we left the house a year after i gave birth. why are children who were not alive during the war and who were therefore not exposed to wreck the white phosphorus victims now from ations what did the iraqi authorities say is it a public health problem in fallujah only the ministry of the environment was willing to talk to us. less than the truth is that we haven't been able to do any environmental service i mean it was impossible to carry out any test at all
the bombing started in two thousand and four then once again in two thousand and five and two thousand and six all the way up until two thousand and ten it was only in two thousand and ten that the americans left the city. and at that time if a citizen bent down to pick something up for example may look like a potential bomber on an american sniper and might even shoot it. and that happened several times i can tell you. all this to say it was nigh on impossible for us to go to any of these zones with our equipment and carry out our tests it was far too dangerous in fallujah nobody has the means to investigate the causes of these illnesses not even the iraqi ministry of the environment. this upsurge in deformed children isn't among the authorities priorities. the former rebel stronghold has
been sidelined by its own government a code of silence reigns and volusia. since the end of the war just one study has shed some light on this it was carried out in fallujah in two thousand and nine and was published in a major medical review. this document contains worrying results about the rise in the number of the four babies they reveal an explosion in such cases since two thousand and five one year after the battle of two thousand and four. aberystwyth on the west coast of wales the author of this paper is professor chris bugs me a british scientist specializing in radioactivity. he secretary of the european committee on radiation risks. chris busby is a regular mainstream media guest in his black parade he has become an easily
recognizable figure on the b.b.c. or al-jazeera he was recently consulted on the consequences of a nuclear crisis at fukushima. unlike the iraqi authorities he has investigated in fallujah but the way around that is to just knock on the door and say scuse me. how many people got cancer here in the last five years and who lives it and it's very simple because if you know who lives and how well that you can you can then predict how many causes they should have on the basis of the national average of the rates and so on and just compare them with the numbers that they report and the one divided by the other is a relative risk. so you did you try to. get older no way i got too many people off of my cut so i'm not going to come stick myself probabilities are. not a problem of the year and well all i did was i told them what to do i said look i'll tell you what to do i'll create the questionnaire. based on the ones i've done
and even for an iraqi team recruited by chris busby and the task was complicated some places they wanted to they could lead not because they thought they were from the sequel somewhere so it stays with them so then we had to start sending people around with some local person that everybody knew kinds of something and after that it was ok and we just finished it when the iraqi government found out about it and then they put something on the television saying we were terrorists and anybody who answered the questions was joe. it is too late we've done it using the world. on top of the question there chris busby asked for samples of soil and water samples of residents here were also taken the test results are astonishing. in these tests on those on the soil samples of we measured sixty two just another month so we had to struggle in the barium near dimmy among them cobalt and. cesium
of calcium you name it we looked at them and what we found was that the only element that could explain that level of congenital malformation and cancer was you're right. she believes it's not the white phosphorus that is harming the inhabitants of flu you put your radio. so for instance in for new chip the rates of . the rates of leukemia for example is thirty eight times the expense of. breast cancers more than ten times chose cancers fourteen times i forget the exact details with a few numbers there's not nothing that you have ever found in any every day milosevic study anywhere ever this is what the highest rates of genetic damage in any population ever study is worse than hiroshima. why is for loser compared to here oshima how did uranium come to be in the city.