Skip to main content

tv   [untitled]    August 22, 2012 8:00pm-8:30pm EDT

8:00 pm
coming up this hour on r t we've heard presidential candidates talk about everything from abortion to the economy but there is something missing from all these political promises like a promise or a plan rather for a war in afghanistan over ten years and more than two thousand u.s. military deaths later has this become the forgotten war. plus several inmates of the guantanamo bay detention center in cuba are finally getting their day in court but talks of torture to extract confessions are strictly off limits for defense attorneys are to take a look at this case of trial and error. president obama and western leaders offer condolences and praise for a deceased ethiopian leader but he's a man described by others as a genocidal tyrant so why the diplomatic double speak from rain to libya syria to ethiopia and show you how military interests have the power to crown kings and criminals.
8:01 pm
good evening it's wednesday august twenty second eight pm in washington d.c. i'm christine frizz out and you're watching r.t. so let's begin this hour with a look at a subject you probably are not hearing about on the mainstream media we're going to talk about the war in afghanistan and the wars both in afghanistan and iraq were central to discussions this time four years ago as candidate barack obama and candidate john mccain laid out in detail their plans for ramping up and then winding down the wars now there are still a few months left but this is a topic that neither candidate seems to want to touch shortly after coming into office president obama announced a surge a troop surge of thirty thousand additional boots on the ground and that surge was to be followed by this plan we will pursue the following objectives within afghanistan we must deny al qaeda safe haven. we must reverse the taliban's
8:02 pm
momentum and deny the ability to overthrow the government and we must strengthen the capacity of afghanistan's security forces and government so that they can take the lead responsibility for afghanistan's future so when will that future be upon us the voters by the time they get to the voting booth into november the war will be in its twelfth year now earlier i spoke about this with a man who was actually taken captive by the taliban for forty five days jerry van dyke he's a journalist and author of the book captive my time as a prisoner of the taliban for he first shared with us what he experienced and learned during his time in captivity my experience as a prisoner of the taliban and i was the first american journalist captured by the taliban i was the second captured in pakistan the first one was daniel pearl who was slaughtered by al qaeda i was captured by the taliban the difference between a cut in the taliban and my experience is that i was a guest as much as i was a prisoner they made
8:03 pm
a very clear point that while i was definitely a prisoner that they would treat me according to the laws of the country the laws of their tribe the laws of their people the questions that was called question while the questions of the largest ethnic group enough to understand and in western pakistan the taliban are pushed ins nato the united states are in essence at war against the pashtuns not against other ethnic groups in afghanistan what i learned was that they will never give in. that they're fighting the same war that their fathers as they put it their grandfathers fought the mujahedeen against the soviet union i was a journalist enough going to stand during the one nine hundred eighty s. with the mujahideen and in my experience there is no difference between the two they use the same type of weapons they have the same very deep religious convictions they are not afraid to die they will fight to the very end and one reason i think that nato united states are having such a difficult time as the soviet union had a difficult time is because they are not afraid to die for
8:04 pm
a cause which they believe we are both seen nato the united states as the soviet union in the one nine hundred eighty s. as infidel invaders outsiders non non muslims come to impose upon them what they call a western religion that is democracy therefore i don't think that today in my experience will show that based upon my own experiences that nato and the united states are fighting we have know about. where the surge is drawing down and there were the thirty thousand to which you alluded earlier that president obama sent in will be drawdown at the end of next the end of september they've got seventy thousand are fighting with you consider all the afghan security forces are fighting about the chord in the pentagon twenty thousand taliban and the war continues yeah absolutely and you really have a unique perspective because of the time that you spend with the mujahideen back in the one nine hundred eighty s. and i was going to ask you and you sort of answered it that things are very similar
8:05 pm
today as they were thirty years ago but it seems to me that either the military generals those leading this effort those sort of designing the strategy that they either don't understand that or they're not really conveying that to the american people so i guess i want to ask you jerry i mean what would you add to the to the discussion here when it comes to what the american public needs to know about afghanistan as a region. i think with the united states in that you made a very good point at the start of your question there and that is i don't feel that the bush administration or the obama administration has been straight with the american public as to exactly why we are fighting in afghanistan what led to this war in afghanistan and that goes back to the one nine hundred eighty s. when or even in the one nine hundred seventy s. before the soviet union invaded in according to secretary defense former secretary of defense robert gates in his book from the shadows as well as president jimmy
8:06 pm
carter's national security adviser zbigniew brzezinski who said in an interview with nobel observatory a french magazine in one thousand nine hundred eight we drew this we wanted to draw the soviet union into afghanistan in the one nine hundred eighty s. in order to pay it back cording to them for what it did to us in vietnam so what happened was this is the same thing today on a different level it became a proxy war in which the united states used with pakistan its ally the mujahideen to fight against the soviet union and the people who suffered most far and away with the afghans today we have another form of a proxy war which is evolved into a proxy war in my view between the united states and its allies against pakistan pakistan very clearly backing the taliban that's one thing that i learned as a prisoner they said not a shot my jailer said while i was very much afraid he would do have there were times when we had conversations and they never laid a hand on me he said. not
8:07 pm
a shot would be fired to afghanistan without pakistan's permission as opposed to now as a member of the taliban acknowledged that the role of pakistan was crucial and i think that that is the real issue here so let me stop you here that i can carry that that's a really really interesting that you brought that up and i think something that a whole lot of people don't know in the clip i showed at the beginning from president obama that was from two thousand and nine and he really laid out sort of a little more specifically the plan for afghanistan and one of the things he said was that pakistan and the united states were in this together that the success quote unquote success depended very largely on this relationship that was two thousand and nine as we know things have changed immensely between the u.s. and pakistan that relationship has taken some pretty bad turns between drone strikes in pakistan between you know the osama bin laden assassination in pakistan
8:08 pm
and you know the list goes on the friendship is at best i can say a little scarred right now between the two countries so you're saying that in your time with the taliban that they essentially said they that those two countries were the ones with a good friendship. so you touched on a very very important point here and that is yes president obama did say that in two thousand and nine and the united states has had a longstanding and very close relationship with pakistan with the degree of the pakistani army almost since its inception but particularly in the one nine hundred fifty s. when it made in alliance to go against then the the spread of communism and i don't think that alliance really has changed yes you know what you said is correct that the this friendship this the two allies are certainly at one another's throats to a degree now and it's been frayed to a great degree now however we don't know what is going on behind the scenes and it's my firm belief that the united states and its allies will not be able to
8:09 pm
extricate itself from pakistan from the afghanistan with an agreement from pakistan and i think that the negotiations that are going on or that have gone on are going to have to go on again cannot take place without the back in pakistan prime example that the united states now has cornered will go back to what general former chairman of the joint chiefs of staff admiral michael mullen said just before he retired when he said that the cunning network led by a man of whom i lived in the one nine hundred eighty s. conny the most lethal the most powerful the most brutal the most effective anti american taliban group he said is an arm of the head of which is a military intelligence agency of pakistan today the united states is yet to declare conny network a terrorist organization even though leaders of congress about the president to do this why not most probably in my view is because we're trying to secretly negotiate
8:10 pm
our way out of afghanistan with the economy network we cannot do that unless we work we get permission from i work closely with if you want to base this upon and i believe that what the former chairman of the joint chiefs of staff michael mullen said pakistan so this there is a very close tie here and what you. he said at the outset here is is true and what president obama said in two thousand and nine is also true one what he said is we must work closely with pakistan and what you said the relationship is frayed jerry gave the excellent results but deep down underneath behind the scenes we've got to work together to get out of there well let me ask you a question now does it matter if we leave yesterday if we leave in a year from now if we leave in five years from now in terms of how we're going to leave that country although the reading that i've done from journalists who spent a considerable amount of time in the country say these different factions these different tribes they're just waiting and while they wait their training. it
8:11 pm
doesn't matter when really no no but i do think that they will never give in and i want to emphasize that it was the one nine hundred eighty s. when the soviets were there and the united states was backing the mujahideen or today now that we're fighting those whose sons whose fathers we backed then they will not give in either many people feel that if the u.s. and nato draw down that the taliban will have fewer people to fight there's no infidel invited invaders on on the ground however i don't think anybody believes that the united states is going to pull out and in this war in two thousand and fourteen the pentagon d.o.d. does not want to lose this war no army wants to lose this war and right now the united states is clearly not winning this war because the taliban and its backers as we've all seen in the last few weeks with these terrible incidents of. it's killing the very men that are training them and what president obama said in one of
8:12 pm
the third part of his speech that you showed here was that we want to create a security system an army a system that can take the place of us in that we can therefore leave afghanistan right now it's not clear that this army that we can't even guarantee is on our side one hundred percent can stand up to the taliban but most importantly the taliban's backers the majority of the system those who keep coming across the border all these people are still very much there and i don't think that you're going to see a clear into that until such time as the united states and its allies have left afghanistan but can we leave afghanistan if the other point that the president made is that al qaeda did this does not return to afghanistan and that i certainly can't guarantee sitting right here no yeah certainly you say the u.s. doesn't want to leave until they know that they won't lose i think we could talk for hours about what the definition of winning and losing in afghanistan would mean
8:13 pm
but we're out of time fascinating discussion there with author and journalist jerry van dyke thanks so much. another major campaign issue four years ago at this time at least for barack obama was the subject of torture and the fate of guantanamo bay today though the prison is still open and pretrial hearings for five notorious inmates those accused of helping to plan the september eleventh attacks were supposed to begin today they have been postponed until further notice when those proceedings do take place however attorneys for the inmates say they've been banned from bringing up the subject of torture in court they also claim that a number of other legal restrictions are stopping them from building a proper defense in cases that will possibly result in the death penalty are to correspondent marine important has more. as the saying goes everyone remembers their first one time or will be closed no later than one year from now and us president barack obama's first executive order delivered on
8:14 pm
a promise cemented over the years as president i will close guantanamo reject the military commissions act and here to the geneva conventions i've said repeatedly that america doesn't torture and i'm going to make sure that we don't torture nearly four years after america's change took office one hundred sixty eight detainees are still being held at guantanamo awaiting their day in court before a military commission but even then the obama administration will not allow them to testify about the alleged torture and harsh interrogation techniques some claim to have suffered according to the government there is no scope. to the advocates that defend its account of his torture in the course of treatment the government's justification for that is that disclosing that information in big court could be damaging to u.s. national security interests at
8:15 pm
a pretrial hearing at guantanamo bay the defense attorneys will challenge u.s. secrecy groups and a litany of other restrictions that experts say undermined the right of detainees to receive a fair trial and defense counsel may want to communicate or send a letter you know provide the current updates on news information to inform them of certain things that that may apply to their case and every one of those pieces of correspondence is then run through a vetting system where the government is reviewing all of that to determine whether or not it's proper material the confidences are being contaminated directly by the u.s. government over the years the u.s. military has gone as far as dosing detainees with high levels of psychotropic drugs . according to reports released by the pentagon good most prisoners were forced to take mind altering drugs often against their will before being interrogated
8:16 pm
a story first broken by truth outs lead investigative reporter jason leopold what the inspector general said was is that detainees were interrogated while they were on drugs that is known to produce or will end up producing unreliable information so then you have the government going into the d.c. circuit ok and arguing that all of the detainees statements are true critics accuse obama of following in the footsteps of his predecessor george w. bush by continuing a system that revolves around censoring defendants in the name of national security this is not a legitimate process how do you prosecute someone years after the crime when you have full control of their body and the evidence for that and entire period of time nearly eleven years following the september eleventh attacks the u.s. military commission at guantanamo bay is set to hear the first set of arguments in
8:17 pm
preparation for the trial of five suspects the u.s. president meanwhile is campaigning for his second term apparently forgetting about the monumental promise he made when he began his first marine upward i am artsy me or. so i have here on our table amanda's crime by some as a genocidal tyrant is now being praised by western leaders so our military interest in the country a possible reason for this diplomatic double speak up next will question how the u.s. separates kings from criminals in this geo political chess. the
8:18 pm
climate of american power continues. things are so bad might actually be time for revolution. started but says a surprising. well
8:19 pm
long time you feel p n roller and u.s. counterterrorism ally malaise the now we have died news of his death has caught our attention because of the international response that it's created un secretary-general ban ki moon said méliès will be remembered for his exceptional leadership and advocacy on the african issues within and outside the continent president obama added that he deserves recognition for his quote contributions to this country's development including his unyielding commitment to ethiopia ethiopia is poor jose manuel but also president of the european union also offered his condolences praising him as a respected african leader but what's interesting about the statements made by world leaders is a lot of attention to the darker side of the now his legacy aside that includes
8:20 pm
ethiopia being criticized for years by human rights groups for the government structure control i thought more about this with the answer coalition's mike prysner and he first shared his thoughts on the reactions of these world leaders to mel isn't always that well it's not surprising at all i mean the u.s. government is very very good at telling us who our friends are and who our enemies are which countries in which leaders they shower with praise like in this case and which countries leaders they denounce and target for regime change based on so called human rights violations and so what we're seeing here is not out of character for the u.s. government but really the standards where a leader or a country as a friend in our lives the u.s. government not based on the nature of their government or human rights record but based on whether or not they cooperate with the control of resources in the region . and another thing mike i mean that he has been praised for is of getting ethiopia
8:21 pm
sort of a little bit out at least of the economic slump he's fast tracked economic development in that country. every world leader it seems has its flaws i mean what do you think is really being hit in about finale. sure and at the same time political leaders who are actually fighting for real changes for for poor people in ethiopia and real distribution of the vast wealth of the country in the resources of the country they're in jail right now it's political prisoners i mean the jails in ethiopia are flooded with people who did nothing else except stand up to the government speak out and try to organize for real justice for the poor people in that country but you know the u.s. government has a lot of interest in ethiopia and so that's human rights records really wouldn't matter i mean massive military base drone outposts in ethiopia as well and really look at the whole of africa because we can't look at this just in the context of the ethiopian but on the entire continent there is a war going on and i saw
8:22 pm
a war for the vast minute mineral resources of the continent one that's been going on for centuries of colonization by by western powers of the continent you know the same colonizers you cared so deeply for the human rights violations in libya and they had to start a war in libya but look at the entire continent right now i mean the u.s. government had a very big campaign you may remember about the door for region in the so-called genocide that was happening and our foreign you know these top pro imperialists from groups like amnesty international you know took up this cause. dark fur they're saying you know hundreds of thousands of people were being killed although with no evidence when just a hundred miles away in uganda it was the biggest u.s. military base in africa from which the rwandan popular front came out of and these ugandan were and rwandan militias that were funded and trained and backed by the u.s. government were carrying out the greatest brutality in the entire continent in the
8:23 pm
democratic republic of the congo where over five million people have been killed in the past ten years but for some reason that didn't qualify as a human rights violation even though the numbers like you know thirty five times the so-called genocide that was being committed in dar for it all comes down to. who is cooperating with the big banks and with wall street about control of resources and the entire economy as you may know my washington d.c. has one of the largest ethiopian communities in this country and we did go we paid a visit to that part of town earlier today and got some differing reactions take a look. hero. so he's a day that he had voted for me and for my family and for that you keep going what do you think it means for the people of you know oh my god i'm. going to be tough going to be hard and the last. night because. he completely destroyed judgment
8:24 pm
he just to depend on. and. he does so interesting mike i mean just within this one neighborhood in washington itself we have tears the country is going to be terrible without him and then we have somebody saying he destroyed the country talk a little bit about this sort of differing of opinions in the u.s. . sure well in any country there's going to be a spectrum of political ideologies and tendencies and one way or the other i think it would actually be interesting if we asked people from somalia what they thought about is that there is actually a big community of somalians who live in deep sea as well because it's a people of somalia who had ethiopian troops under the orders and backing of the u.s. government come into their country if the people in somalia who are enduring drone strikes on a regular basis better coming from you. and so you know it's not even just within
8:25 pm
the country if you see opium where you can see you know the human rights violations and crimes but the entire region that's now under domination and threat of destruction and definite tax because of this u.s. bastion of interest in the well and we should mention that one of the reasons that those troops went into somalia for the u.s. was in order to try to help fight al qaeda members in somalia so a lot of different kind of things going on there but let's make one more broad mike i mean this is a country in which security forces have been known for killing hundreds of people imprisoning thousands of others including on the night of méliès and now it's election in two thousand and five. this is not the only country where this happens that you mentioned a couple other african countries talk a little bit about the double speak though that goes on overall. sure well overall if you look at a list of what countries and leaders the u.s. says is its allies and which the u.s. says is its enemies and they say it's about democracy and human rights but all it
8:26 pm
takes is a simple look see that's absolutely not true and so the closest allies of the u.s. government are israel and colombia and saudi arabia and bach rain countries with the worst human rights records on the planet and some that actually have no democracy whatsoever but the enemies are cuba and iran and north korea. but you know the similarity is that they have is one is a group that is independent refuses to just give away all of its wealth and resources to u.s. corporations and others collaborate and cooperate with the interests of wall street and i think we should look particularly to right now where this is most significant and this is in syria where the us government is using this idea of human rights violations to say that syria the syrian government must be overthrown and there must be a new government that comes in its place and who is this alliance of countries who are lecturing syria about human rights violations that the united states government
8:27 pm
its saudi arabia and qatar that are the main proponent saudi arabia and qatar are somehow lecturing syria on democracy and human rights watch countries that are hereditary police state monarchies that are some of the most rooted in repressive dictatorships on the planet yet they're somehow able to lecture this other country about how they should run their government and be sending weapons and potentially bombs and soldiers to those countries to to overthrow its government not to mention the u.s. government which is the greatest violator of human rights on the planet with a vast empire occupying multiple countries at war with multiple countries bombing and carrying out drone strikes in multiple countries exposed for carrying out a legal rendition illegal torture that continues to this day and with its own borders a prison population over. two point two million people the highest on the planet that's not just even per capita not by number so you have the greatest purveyor of human rights violations lecturing others about human rights but it really all comes
8:28 pm
down to who is controlling the resources of the region and somehow using this liberal type of language to provide a pretext for imperialist intervention i think it's interesting mike that you brought up bahrain cause a little bit about you know when you contrast bahrain with syria there's not that much different except one is a friend and one is an enemy. and what we go by train is home to a very significant major u.s. naval base and military interests in a very strategic reason and this is why i think you know the arab spring really expose the hypocrisy of this support for human rights and democracy that's what the united states stands for it really put down to the test and it really exposed to millions of people around the world the reality where we saw you know all of a sudden countries like egypt with this you know strong u.s. backed dictator in the country you know the u.s. funding that brutal military police state in the country backed mubarak up until
8:29 pm
the very last day basically this is the obama administration backing the brutal beat or the dictator to the very last day egypt rain saudi arabia these countries have strategic interest for the global domination for the right my prize know what the answer coalition thanks as always for weighing in thank you all that's going to do it for us here for now but for more on the stories we covered go to youtube dot com slash our team america or check out our website you can find it our team dot com slash usa and you can always follow me on twitter at christine for that. not.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on