tv [untitled] September 3, 2012 7:30am-8:00am EDT
turning their guns on their mentors. and russia demands explanation from britain after london reportedly sets in motion the so-called mark needs skewed wrist by instructing its moscow embassy to did not people allegedly connected with the lawyers death and trends to the u.k. . those are the headlines for now stay with us for peter lavelle's cross talk. and if. you want to. follow in welcome to cross talk i'm peter lavelle forward to blot of our stock on the eve of the meeting of the asia pacific economic
cooperation regional group to what degree is the global economy now centered in the east and south are we living in the pacific century and if we are what does it really mean. anything. to cross-talk the apec group i'm joined by and lee in new york she's an adjunct professor at new york university and author of what the u.s. can learn from china in cambridge we have william overhauled he is a senior research fellow with the ash center for democratic governance and innovation at harvard's kennedy school and here in the studio with me is the of on as easy as a professor of economics at cornell university right crosstalk rose in effect that means you can jump in anytime you want and one of our stock in the in why should people know something about this why is it important. it's important for a number of reasons one this is an organization that has been growing and clout.
and it is a sum it was a number of asian countries represented and many americans are not aware of this and with more and more activity going on in asia pacific and as you were posing the question is it the pacific century and i would say yes because you know the pacific region is growing in wealth whenever you have growing wealthy a growing influence and power and you're going to start to see more as these countries join the rulemaking classes and this is going to create changes throughout the world ok to you in cambridge are we going into the pacific century you know these are right countries represented. well you know. we we've been in. the half century asian dynamism.
for the last half century and clearly. japan. china and. indonesia have become much more important during this period and they they do join they were. the ruling class as it were. i think it's i think it's important to distinguish that from the idea that that power is shifting completely across the pacific we we actually don't know whether that's going to happen. when i was starting my career. americans were paranoid about japan taking over the world and. now japan as one of the biggest problems in the world economy trying to make continuous random ism or it may become another japan. the us may. decline because it doesn't invest in infrastructure and education or it may
continue to be the center of innovation and economic dynamism so it's a pacific century it's not clear at all clear what the waiting across the pacific will be ok and what do you think the weighting will be i mean is it going to be as a lot of people say this is china's club ok let's be fair it's china's club well one bit to look at is the following if we just look at what happened in the last four years we know what we did there was the global financial crisis since the lehman call it and just didn't suppose the asian countries especially the members of the members of the back. it's not doing like what the are doing now in terms of economic performance i think the global economic growth is close to zero now now the fact is now that it was going to grow because of apac country exactly exactly now with the global economy grow this three point five percent so it's of
course it's not high but it's not too bad that's why something three point five is the lot for a lot of countries right now exactly in fact some people even question the terminology of global crisis because many people now using the global economic crisis but how do you call global economic crisis when the economy in the world is growing by two point five percent but the entity is precisely because of pull out by the asian members of the. so from that standpoint i think i fully agree with and built in themselves the you know the importance of apec as the organization and if i go back to it's growing importance because the european union is going down the trains i mean it is that one of the reasons why it's growing in importance. well europe as well know me very seriously and the reason why sarah we are down a direct. well china actually has indicated their support of the
european union. obviously merkel is been meeting with chinese leadership over there and they have announced new deals to invest in each other's countries china has said that they will continue to buy euro bonds. buying jet airplanes and what not i think is that they recognize that. the world economy can't afford for the eurozone to disintegrate and so i think that china will play a role in trying to maintain a stable world order. whether the growth rates will continue to stagnate or rebalance down the road remains to be seen. but i think. what we're seeing is that the global economy is extremely integrated it's really impossible to isolate them at this point and in regards to the asia
pacific you may call the china club but frankly it's the asia club because all these countries have companies that have such enormous investments in each other's countries that they. can go but there are countries in the western hemisphere that rate also but you're saying they're not going to play much role absolutely this is why i'm saying that though the world is very integrated to try to isolate them and say well is it's just the asia pacific region or the european region or the americas it's really not quite fair because china has joined this small group of nations that has interests throughout the world and therefore. it is like the united states in that way where it you know cannot say that they can ignore other parts of the world well i mean i'm ignoring oh i want to really point
out something to bill i mean russia is looking more to the east now because of the problems in the european union. i think the importance of this apec meeting is that it's. russia's president which were trying like america's predator. is real russia is making huge investments in. port facilities where where. there won't be ice all winter. it's building roads and railroads and making a huge commitment and. the structure so much. will show this off. very little else will be accomplished. but this this is very important and will have strong consequences but what do you think
about that because you know russia's turn over and effect trade is about one point five percent of our total i guess small yes minuscule yeah well i mean ok another way to look at it and i want to follow up with and mentioned earlier yes the world is getting more and more interdependent and interconnected that can be positive but it can also be indicative of the positive part of it is that. have in the last decade or so. with economies ability to help the feel that lehman collapsed in the fall of two thousand and eight so it's all because of the sort of open and market based kind of an economy and support. many countries are doing and going to the trade liberalization and so that helps the world economy but when you are more interconnected when you are more in the dependent if one or two members contagion contagion i'm talking with contagion and it is happening now in fact two days or
i'm sorry i suppose not to see i mean we have a finance finance minister meeting that i'm attending here and the tone is pretty clear that the. the world economy is not in a good chip at this moment now the question here is that to what extent that will affect it back members especially the asian members because we all know that. doing relatively well compared to the rest of the world that's way now the world is experiencing what is called the double track growth in wits the growth in the industrial countries has been soaring down but the growth in asian countries are remarkably strong so the question here is that will the contagion of what happened in europe for example and also in the us to some extend the soaring down of the u.s. economy could affect the asian members of the that the answer is yes and at least there are two channels of contagions one is the what they call the real sector channel to trade and this happens especially in export oriented asian economies
like china you know malaysia thailand and so forth you can see immediately their export drop because the. prime markets for these economies are the g two i.e. euro eurozone areas as well as in the u.s. so when your prime markets are in trouble like what we're seeing now naturally eureka export is also affected and then your economy is affected. the second channel is financial channel and it is happening quite. significantly now if you look at the actually in state in many of the asian countries now it's so full of title because of the deal leveraging off many banking set there is even in europe and so what so what i'm trying to say here is that as the world economy is getting more and more interdependent and interconnected then many policymakers in all countries has to be more aware in themselves their contagion the risks of the
contagion and from that standpoint i think russia is realizing that the connection with asia is getting more and more important especially in the coming years and this is the reasons why they put special in serious effort in themself more integrated with the east asian parts of the world to go with the winners are saying well you know but also as i said earlier they have to be aware of the potential contagion are going to jump in here folks we're going to go to a short break and after that chopper it'll continue our discussion expect our. childhood was on her shadow by this tragedy. these still feel here they.
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are talking about the asia pacific economic cooperation. ok again i'd like to go back to you in new york we looked we've talked about interdependence here and i think we all agree with that but there's a lot of conflicts within apec itself a lot of the countries you know can we look at china we look at japan korea philippines exception ok how are they going to work this out or can apec help. well this is definitely a tricky situation because these countries have historically lots of tensions from past wars colonial behavior. has caused deep resentment and
these countries need to figure out how to put that aside and realize need to move forward the way that the european countries were able to put aside their differences and join and create the eurozone this is obviously a challenging matter as many diplomats will understand but with deeper economic ties that's certainly one way to begin conversations and and then they need to understand that they would be much stronger and they would all benefit if they can hang together as opposed to hanging apart which the european nations understand ok . what about that i mean is his organization going to help alleviate those differences the very real differences in their flaring up right now. well i think the economic ties do help and the conversations do help but the fundamental problem is. governments that are weak domestically and therefore.
are taking nationalistic actions and are unwilling to step on. local governments and citizen groups that that exacerbate conflict you've got a very weak government in japan and they're always afraid of of. being the latest prime minister to go they've had six in five years and. people are always looking. for a way to reassert. japanese. leadership and national identity and. the right wing has been successful in. pushing some of these nationalistic actions governor ishihara for instance wanting
to privatized the the same caucus. new a new foreign minister from the democratic party of japan breaking the agreement since nine hundred seventy eight that they would not arrest chinese fishing boat captains they would just chase them out. a weak. leadership before the transition and south korea. wanting to. strengthen itself at home by having the president. talk to question while and that's just viewed with japan. and in china a government which when it was strong when leaders were strong settled twelve to fourteen land border disputes to the satisfaction of its neighbors but lately facing the transition wanting to get. its
factions key people in the place for next year. has given in to statements by a local generals on what do you think about that well financed business trump politics is built was talking about i mean what's the or is there a ratio you see. yes look at what happened in the past yes usually the economic. help sort of the gate what if it but if you're getting worse now not better well yeah that that's exactly what i'm saying i don't know what will be the end outcome but in the meantime i think. politicians and as well as policy makers in the regions realize that do we need to go east by strengthening the economy companies but what is also important is that. impact is one example of the economy corporations at the end of the day is clearly the national policy so i
fully agree with bill at the end of the day is to do the individual can but you're only spent earlier if this is an opportunity as well you're going to miss this opportunity for greater integration no i don't think so i think they realized today is very clear all the finance minister of the twenty one countries confirm that they need to even crease and to strengthen the economy corporations now that doesn't mean that all the pipes of conflicts will go away no but in the meantime while they are trying to do all kinds of means the economic operations will be strengthened because they believe that will help ok and if i go back to you i mean one of the things we haven't talked about here is the america's role in all of this and it is in the organization and there will be a lot of countries all say well we want the americans there because they can mediate these differences ok because there's a lot of allies in this organization with the americans i mean is that one of the reasons why they have a little bit more comfort because you know when you look at these conflicts the united states has its navy. it depends some would
argue that america's drawing gas on the fire and fueling more conflict. because if you look at china's stance they would say america is almost encouraging japan's bad behavior in some of these island disputes because japan feels that the u.s. will come to the rescue no matter what they do and so so it depends it's i would say it depends on who you ask whether america's. involvement is beneficial or not. but i would say. it's clear that the u.s. . wants to be involved it's clear that it actually benefits cus if there is tension because. when they play countries against each other it's
acts as a destabilizing. acts as a destabilizing force so that no one area will be able to challenge the u.s. and therefore us can remain the superpower when all these conflicts happen in other parts of the world and u.s. is lucky in that it is a completely buffeted by two large oceans and has you know very friendly relations with its two neighbors can in mexico and so this way. you know if there is conflict in the asia pacific this will enable us to maintain its leadership position for a very long time if if the asian countries can't work out their differences if they can't work out their differences then we will continue to see american hegemony in the pacific do you agree or disagree with that statement.
i agree that it's work what's happened is that the. countries. on china's perforate have basically align themselves more with the u.s. because of these conflicts and i also want to agree with and that. let me put it is just a slight the same things i laid different way the american narrative that all these problems are caused by the rise of china and by. chinese assertiveness. is is worsening the conflict and not helping it china is overreaching but japan is overreaching and and the philippines and vietnam are overreaching and by a by a not playing a referee's role instead by saying one side is always right and the other side is
always wrong the u.s. . polarizing the region and in there in the long run that's not even helpful to two u.s. interests me the u.s. will be better off if if. if these kind of conflicts are. reduced because the risks of increased polarization are. are just too great a clash is possible any time and. the whole virtuous circle of trade benefits and diplomatic convergence can can reverse very quickly if i want to think about that yeah one example in the economic area especially in detroit area is the idea of the d.p.p. transpacific partnership bits was really the u.s. i.d.'s again business when we some people say
a trojan horse to. see. if it ok let's think about this week. an ideal scenario would be p.p.p. it's not an exclusive kind of sort of corporations but more inclusive meaning that the more members is the better now as it is now unfortunately p.p.p. is still seen as an exclusive because. there are some members and one of that some members are really the second largest economy in the world i.e. china is not really a member of it and looking at the conditions and the substance that has been put in the d.p.p. it's unlikely very unlikely that a country like china will join the world mean anything of trying to doesn't jolly well let me join the well it's just just imagine a club great club ok the world supposed to be the world trade club but the second largest economy in the world is not member of it of course it can it can be there
but. it's less meaningful put it that way look at it and if i go back here in new york where is your crystal ball here ten years from now well everybody you know with a packers everyone knows that opec is ten years from now what about a pack. well i think it depends on on the members and whether. they choose to make it an important organization are not. institutions are are really driven by people and it depends on if the leaders that make up apec choose to create you know proactive productive change with their organisation and use it as a way to help resolve conflicts as a way to increase corporation or they are just using as a way to just represent their own national interest and it probably won't willy
world's two largest armies those of india and china other gun battle plans to work more closely leaving western countries on edge over their growing employment specific. small scale wants london to explain its move to dozens of russian officials from and trying to do ok over there are allegedly role in the mud netsky case where a top lawyer died in custody. by the u.s. suspends training of some afghan security personnel search and insider attacks on coalition forces that says nato admits it's failed to conduct