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tv   [untitled]    December 16, 2012 5:30am-6:00am EST

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stalin had been murdered was his son by silly. stalin circle would not forget the outburst and would soon try to get rid of him. but before doing so a magnificent funeral was organized for the former leader. many died in the crushes crowd lined up to see his coffin. is possible to express their grief. the party and the people of our country are suffering. i mean. for many years the soviet people were led to believe that stalin had died in his kremlin apartment while his country house remained a secret only stalin's in a circle was aware of the circumstances around his death. the leaders descendants of only been able to come here after sixty years. alexander bodansky and step on mickey and have not seen each other for many years stepan as the son of stalin's closest colleague. for the first time they were
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invited to stalin's country house to see with their own eyes where he lived and died good day to you hello glad to see you here with us have you been here before many years ago yeah i've never been here my father used to be here quite often. showing them around stalin's residences historian surrogate tough he co-wrote a book about conservation and knows the place like the back of his hand. you know when you might wish you well i now understand why start in the had given the order not to clean the way the snow under the windows but you wanted to be able to see footprints as the windowsills were very little but. there were no such instructions as. well he could have merely said it. well actually all his words were written down as a rule. let's start our tour let's begin with the small dining room. stalin
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was particularly fond of this room which. there's a fireplace here stalin enjoyed spending time in front of it on long winter evenings hunting rifle sound close by and started love to shoot and scare away the crows. on the first spring night of nine hundred fifty three he decided to sleep in this very room. the leader was so terrified of assassination attempts that he had several beds prepared for him around the house. not even his bodyguards knew where he would sleep each night a decision that was to prove fatal. the. way slept on different couches in the me he put a chair and
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a lamp next to the couch where he was going to sleep too because he usually read a book before falling asleep but i was. on that night stalin went to bed at about four in the morning he had stayed up late with guests from his closest. nightly feasts were a regular affair. the body guards knew that their master would not be up before noon. but at midday the bell in stalin's room remained suspiciously silent by three pm he still had not emerged bodyguards weren't allowed to call on him uninvited that was strictly prohibited. later in the afternoon duty officers became seriously concerned. early by seven o'clock in the evening having received a letter from the kremlin to the officer on duty decided to take it to stalin. he found the soviet leader in the doorway of the next room lying unconscious on the
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floor. this is where he was found there on this carpet between a table and the couch. that is still unclear what happened still and you know there was a glass of mineral water here. he would was lying there most likely he stood up and failed to get to the couch to feel the. starlin had suffered a massive stroke and there was no one close by to give him aid. there were soon rumors that stalin had not just died but was murdered. you know nor when a tyrant of such caliber dies these kinds of assumptions are always of mate with them that when a tyrant lives behind high walls there is always the feeling that his own circle might be plotting against him. stalin's worst fears of conspiracies and
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assassination may have come to pass with his sudden death the distrust of the people close to him so much that he fired his bodyguard nikolai vlasic who had headed his security service for twenty eight years and was one of his most loyal and reliable people shortly after his dismissal. ended up in jail. for much of what i suppose the official reason for the last six imprisonment was that he misbehaved and fooled around at the expense of the state the stella never blamed anyone for that he decided to get rid of him because vlasic had held office for too long and had become unreliable and you. would stand beside the leader during all publications he was a general who had finished only three classes of secondary school and had been decorated without having performed a single feat. stalin never knew that his personal bodyguard kept a secret diary of his time but the leader no one else did to serve as stalin
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himself decide how and by whom it would be remembered in history. for many years of last week's unique record of the stalin era was classified just recently as it be made available to the general public. it's the only unofficial testimony of a man who had been with stalin all the time. used to wear an old shabby coat while for his wife and i just had to make him a new one but she needed to take his measurements to do so she could have taken his old clothes and made a new one of the same size of the tailless she failed to take his measurements as he flatly refused to say he didn't new coat but we still managed to make him a new coat we changed it for a new one when the chance arose stall him pretended that he hadn't noticed the thing lisak. elastic protected stella and was by his side for twenty years and of course he was deeply attached to style.
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in the evenings when we were on vacation we always had dinner together with secretary description and stone and joseph's only one of its jokes a lot and shared his memories from his palm he told us about his life in exile in the tora hunt screeches those hours of leisure spent together with the leader will always remain the best hours of my life it was so likeable i always felt easy and free together with. the diaries produce the impression that floods it like many other people formed an impaired judgment of what was going on instead of taking a critical view of the situation his mind was obscured with the ideology finally crafted by the leader of the. sick was the only person allowed to take pictures of stalin and his family at their country treat. in these photographs stalin is not the grand figure of a propaganda poster but an illiterate about spending time with his family. and the
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nine hundred thirty s. he trusted less sick implicitly even allowing him to look after his children. but then a great tragedy struck from which he would never recover. wealthy british style. sometimes spies.
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alexander bodansky visits the nobody ever she symmetry in moscow every year here the soviet and russian elite such as author nikolai gogol and bar as yeltsin are buried. the grave of stalin's wife and alexander's grandmother now dazed a little you have is also here. i was you know the story of the monuments and do you know why her hand is in that position. deal with a very talented sculptor sadar made this monument. and that's how he depicted the hand of someone who takes their own life. on the night of november the ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty two stalin second wife and i don't know we have shot
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herself after a fight with her husband. stalin did not attend the theater. i think she had no other way out yet and there was no way she could escape stalin was not on the numbers and she knew what a blow it was going to be for him yet do most of you know that's why she did it i think that he did have a sense of guilt and a will you may have blamed the circumstances on her nature. but he certainly did have a sense of indirect kill. the man who was said to have a heart of steel hardened even more just a few years later the country was swept by a wave of repression taking willetts the old bolsheviks the cream of the intelligentsia generals of the armed forces and all surviving relatives of both stalin's wives. often a dazed as death stalin would never marry again.
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well to believe that she. put it down betrayed him. well it's human not to blame oneself. he distanced himself from his children and moved to the conserve a country residence leaving his daughter and son of his former home with a babysitter and make a level his chief of security. sterling was deep in grief off to his wife's death who was also his different his children were little at the time being a very busy person stalling could not afford to give them a lot of attention so we had to entrust the previous kids to housekeeper carlina she was a well bred woman who was very fond of his children when both of them grew up and started school most of the responsibility for them all so for me. the full version of she sank into solitude deep in his heart he was lonely even before that just like any person striving for power but after his wife's death he became
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a lonely in every sense of the word no one could ever replace his wife stupid he went to bed later and later every night inviting people round to keep him company will be to deal. before his wife's death stalin's in a circle is to visit him with their own wives but often there's a little you have a past away it became a bed only affair. the large dining room in the conservatory house was the center of the famous night feasts. stalin made his guests dunce the dining room still as the gramophone presented to him by churchill and when stalin played the records of his favorite songs. he was taken there from the small dining room after the stroke. of an improvised medical center was organized here people were trying to figure out what to do with human dignity by
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the third of march it was clear that his brain had suffered irreversible damage. and sort. doctors came to stalin's bedside too late at least twelve hours had passed before the unconscious leader was found. when the guards reported that stalin was on his deathbed those closest to him were too afraid to go to his country home. minister was bizarre was this the minister of state security sim yawning that was scared to enter when he arrived on the minister of state security someone that everyone in the country feared was too afraid to come in and what he imagined he would see stallin sick in his own bed his eyes look at him and say why are you here. one of the most sinister figures of stone and in a circle turned out to be brave enough levante beriah he knew too well that all of
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his ministry of state security predisposes and ended up in front of a firing squad he also fell out of stone in favor and was very likely to be arrested soon the supporters were also being prosecuted. because loads area was the one who understood the situation in the higher echelons of power so he could not allow this to happen will close to moreover my grandfather told me that there had even boasted that it was him it was responsible for stalin's death barry used to say that he saved everyone from the repression by the unpredictable insane dictator. or did the. area immediately realize just how serious stunts condition was but he barred doctors from being called and left. the most dangerous thing was the fact that there was a traitor among the people close to stalin it was very and he was inexperienced and
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coming into me cleverly disguised his motives and stomach trusted him that was his big mistake barry had long been striving for power. resorted to all possible ways one could think of he was capable of and. it was not just barry but every one of stalin's associates who had reason to see his demise. molotov and i just as make a young one particularly fearful of the rest. terrified of conspiracy against him decided to completely restructure his circle and at the same time to intimidate the people of his country once again and does not yet see me yeah it is not all families friends colleagues hundreds of people could have been affected so now it is even how to imagine that it could really be the case i won't be when he was given the list of women who don't the enemies of the people but their wives me what i will he's already signed their standard ordered them all to be shown how could a person be so cruel or. just left molotov the man who had signed the secret
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protocol of the division of europe with the nazis and further reason to hate the head of state stalin had sent his wife. to a goal and. himself was deprived of any real power preparations were already being made for his arrest while a tough grandson. to stalin's death. ear. of the future both mullets oftentimes the same choosing were great at surviving really spirit but when they saw the first signs that my grandmother was going to be arrested sued to come up with a plan it was actually they got divorced and passageways it was their only chance for survival rates and the plan worked in my that's how my mother stayed alive and gave birth to me. many people surrounding stalin had motive for murdering him however some didn't have the courage while others like the opportunity. stalin
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always replaced people as cabinet before they had the chance to hatch a lot. the leader deprived himself of family friends and relatives he replaced them with senior party member of the road. but just as he died suddenly it seemed to them that he had opened his eyes and raised his hand so they kneeled down in fear of mediately they thought he would ask them why they had gathered at his bedside one of them about stalin had fallen victim to the very system he had filled in which everyone was mortally afraid of him well seeing including the people closest to him some. while still in teetered between life and death those around him were already dividing up the. doll and for the inevitable for four days. it was pronounced dead on march the fifth nine hundred fifty three. who should come the kotori
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soaps have started this is the couch that style and died on the lines didn't you mean there yet they were no the doctors and asked to move them here were vats where he died to be nice to share with whom. by the end of his life stalin's children had become a disappointment to. his daughters vettel and i was married twice both were unsuccessful dahlan did not approve of either of the husbands and she left for the united states and died in a retirement home all alone. the son vassily a drinking problem. his grandson alexander bodansky chose to take his mother's maiden rather than bearing that of the steel hearted servia to lead a. new one you know i can't say that i loved my brother we'll go i was afraid of him behold it was the greatest feeling i had towards. that
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story and i hated it when he took us to some parts together with him or wanted us to do since it's. the father from us that's it i never loved him as a loon who was often drunk yet i didn't understand it then when he was drunk he was a very difficult numbers pleasant man. which in general. vassily started was called the first soviet prince for a reason. at the age of twenty one he became an air force colonel commander of the military aviation regiment a twenty six he commanded the most district at twenty nine he was made left in a general. after his father's death and was stripped of his rank and towards a months later he was arrested and sentenced to eight years in jail. the once powerful soviet prince was hidden behind bars in solitary confinement under the false name of assyria. after serving his term he was sent into exile and because.
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one year later he died. and he more years i couldn't forgive him many things i couldn't forgive him for what he done to my mother i couldn't forgive him the horrible childhood my sister and i have had but i shall. as i grow older. you know i feel very sorry for him but at the same figures he was a very talented person which with a crippled life. stalin died alone in a huge empty house there was no one there save for the servants and bodyguards. he had eliminated everyone who was loyal to him people who had helped him with the revolution and with his repression people who had gathered at his home for holidays . the pictures of children on his walls have been cut from magazines just as his own sons and daughter had been cut from his life. is in
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a circle became his family the close of a country house was his new gremlin. was new but use names to the good we don't know how it must feel to be installed in syria that many think about it but i think it's ridiculous to be made because no one has ever found themselves in such a position not even a single russian emperor. this is loneliness which is because this is the tragedy of zola jewish that. even though stalin lived for a short while after his stroke his inner circle had already betrayed him. historians believe that they deliberately prevented the doctors from attending to stunna. whether or not he could have recovered if help of being offered immediately remains a question no one can answer. that blue book with the some of the blessings to if it is curious that there is an assumption that stalin's close associates from the central committee presidium and soviet leaders were criminals who could easily kill
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their chief the only two would do this is very interesting and no one doubted that he had usually quit the. stalin's death put an end to the repression just a few days after his funeral the rehabilitation of stalin's victims began in the past sixty years more than ten million people have been rehabilitated. while many have been terrified under stalin through there was still some left him. after being released from prison his former personal bodyguard nikolayev lesser continue to write his diary. i was badly hurt by stalin after twenty five years of excellent work without making a single mistake receiving any rewards in acknowledgment i was thrown into jail despite my endless devotion it threw me into the hands of enemies but never not a single minute in my life no matter what state i was in that i have
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a grudge against all of. it's. on the edge of human capability. struggling with a country. layout to become the first. four. holes in the.
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flu. the a. lucky . lucky.
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little. luck luck the utter. such luck. little. league little. little.
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