tv News Weekly RT July 28, 2013 12:00am-12:30am EDT
the in. the fierce confrontation between the egyptian army and the muslim brotherhood turns bloody more than seventy people are confirmed dead in cairo clashes with each camp blaming the other for the violence. the stories that shaped the week right here in our team and said still transit limbo for edward snowden he is waiting for paperwork that will allow him to leave the moscow airport and made fresh threats from washington. and the dungeon legacy of the war in iraq sees violence in the country gain momentum with july now the dumbest one this year. they owe the. world.
thanks for tuning in this hour you're watching the weekly right here on our team well we begin in egypt where the confrontation between the military on the muslim brotherhood has intensified clashes between supporters of the deposed president mohamed morsy and security forces on saturday had resulted in the deadliest violence since the military had taken power official figures have put the number of killed at more than seventy and the muslim brotherhood says another sixty people are on life support artie's bill true has been following the events in cairo for us but went to the city where the clashes took place which is in a place called the nuts or city if you can on which is from here where i'm standing in a hurry square through a burnt out because rocks and pools of blood to be leading opcode towards this city and when supporters of mohamed morsi will be reading off to they said very fine in nights and medics was scrubbing the floors of the bodies had been basically stacked up in piles any place they could find they told me meanwhile people. was still
being treated for injuries late into the often noon and funeral prayers were how it's now the minister of interior denies the claims from these supposed to move and they fired on protesters they say they have never shot at the protesters they only used to gas to x. to basically the spurs they sit in which had stretched to far away from the way moscow where the system is taking place they also said they would now launch a kind of campaign on the religious extremism and work together with the military to disperse to maintenance in the capital at this mosque and also at cairo university and the people in the citizens i spoke to to me they're not going anywhere so we're really seeing quite a tense atmosphere where we've got people here and to here is celebrating the ouster of mossi very much supporting the military and all of its actions of the security forces well meanwhile people are mourning the loss of their loved ones in the city in just a few kilometers away. well the divisions in cairo are deeper than ever and
morsi activist. believes that the muslim brotherhood is exaggerating the casualty figures this in order to convince their foreign allies that they are in need of help against the military. what did expect people who were in. the government. all the egyptian people did not accept that we did not accept the terrorism we did not accept the fascism with did not accept what do you expect from losers of course they're trying to justify their trying to call of to the two of course their supporters the united states for help. we will never ever let anyone interfere in our country if they accept that the. americans accept that people will go and shoot soldiers in the pentagon we will accept there was
a shoot our soldiers. meanwhile mona alcazar as a spokesperson for the muslim brotherhood in the u.k. says that there is no doubt the military inside the violence by attacking those who exercise their rights to peacefully protest i personally do not want any violence there my family my friends everyone i love and i care out for they are out there exercising damage estimates right to freedom of expression and they should be protected the military should not be on the streets the military should be back in the about it the minister should not be interfering in politics the military this is not the old gentleman says he with all due respect to him he is an appointed minister of defense he the people did not choose him and now he thinks he has given himself super constitutional powers to be able to decide what the will of the people is what has the hold one knows what the one of the people is through the institution of democratic process what we see now is a hijack of the people's will and the people do not want any form of violence
people just want peaceful peaceful protests people want to peacefully protest and peacefully demand the rights. meanwhile the army is starting to act on its promise to bring an end to what is called terrorism in egypt a large scale counter extremist operation has been launched on the sinai peninsula bordering with israel this comes amid a spike in attacks and soldiers and policemen there this in the wake of morsy is ousting our middle east correspondent paula slayer has more details what we do know is that the egyptian military has closed all interim says in and out of the sinai it's launched a forty eight hour operation to deal with a sudden increase in the number of islamist operating the information that we have is that there have been violent clashes in the area. not only santa there but also in areas like elevation other villages in the surrounding area these clashes between the army and extremists that have been operating there for quite some time now let me remind you that the situation in sinai has been unruly ever since the
overthrow of the former egyptian president hosni mubarak and since then we've witnessed an increase in these kind of attacks these kind of violent acts happening in the sinai but we're hearing from the army as that there are at least five hundred extremist militants operating in an area of four square kilometers now the army says that they are heavily armed it says that they could use civilians in those areas as human shields and at the same time the army has deployed both its if force and on the ground troops who are heavily armed allegedly muslim brotherhood supporters are taking up arms and i'll go into the sinai where there are joining these islamist groups from the army we hearing that they've been fired on that they have been attacked by these extremist elements more than sixty bedwyn tribes signed a memorandum that they support the egyptian army and that this is a support for the egyptian people they're trying to put some kind of order there
but the situation is merely continuing to descend into chaos. will be keeping you up. data on the situation in egypt right here on our team for the latest developments as well as a full timeline of the events photos witness accounts and expert opinion you can log on to our website r t dot com. there's been a fresh round of diplomatic wrangling over edward snowden between russia and the united states as the world expected the fugitive whistleblower to leave a moscow airport earlier this week now the former n.s.a. contractor had been stranded in the strands of zone for a month now currently waiting for moscow's decision on his temporary asylum request lindsey france recaps all the twists and turns it just flowed in soccer. the world's media and u.s. law enforcement may not be chasing edward snowden from country to country at this point but there is plenty of chasing going on at the airport and there's no sign of it slowing down as the weeks passed the kremlin has stuck to its guns on allowing snowden to stay as long as he does not harm the united states by disclosing any
more information tension mounted wednesday when reports emerge that snowden's russian advisor anatoly. was en route to share the metro airports terminal with documents allowing snowden's temporary release from the transit zone while his asylum bed is considered but he showed up toting a brown paper bag filled with nothing more the new clothes and a few copies of russian classics translated to english along with some rather dismal news for snowden the paperwork was delayed. it was in weighty mode now we can all imagine how he feels being unaware of what's ahead of him and whether he'll get a yes or no answer from the russian authorities and for me procedures can take up to three months anyway he's very grateful to russia which didn't abandon him and to the people who are trying to help him needless to say snowden was nowhere in sight for the media's hungry lenses meanwhile the game of diplomatic ping pong gets
better and better while russia allows snowden to remain in the transit zone the white house demands he's returned without delay the kremlin returns the volley by pointing out the absence of an extradition treaty with washington u.s. ambassador to russia then takes to twitter claiming they're not asking for extradition just to return russia points out the absence of an international law requiring a return secretary of state john kerry call snowden a traitor to his country russia states part of the reason for sheltering snowden is worried that he could face capital punishment it's then that u.s. attorney general eric holder pens a letter to russia's justice ministry no torture no execution russia points the fact that snowden has been stripped of his passport he can't travel to which. holder scrambles to offer a temporary pass for for direct travel to the secure embrace of american law enforcement the kremlin is unmoved while the white house asks for clarification on snowden status i think edward snowden has really been in many ways a hero and he has sacrificed his entire future i think as an american how much it's
clear he loves this country he will never again see the golden gate bridge or the blue ridge mountains or the grand canyon all the things that we americans take for granted other irons in the fire congress accelerated a bill applying sanctions to any country offering asylum to edward snowden and some hawkish senators are calling for everything from a change of venue for september's g twenty summit in st petersburg to a boycott by the u.s. olympic team of the twenty fourteen winter games in sochi outside the states there are plenty of people lining up to make sure snowden is not thrown to the washington wolves anytime soon it's important that people from whatever government can say i think my government has been doing wrong and has been breaching people's human rights and i need to apply for asylum in order to be able to speak about it is while all sides battle it out back and forth back and forth where is there querrey
he's quietly hanging out in duty free or possibly thumbing through his new copy of dostoyevsky's crime and punishment back at sheremetyevo airport in moscow lindsay france r t. despite washington's promises snowden will not face the death penalty he would still be tried for espionage for billing the scope and details of america's surveillance program as r.t. is going to scan explains obama's so-called war on whistleblowers leaves little doubt as to what awaits mr snowden back home. by relentlessly going after whistleblowers here we picked some of the most notable ones the us government is sending a message this is what's going to happen to you if you speak out even if you think you're doing it for the public good even if the public things you did the right thing in edward snowden's case fifty five percent of americans consider him a whistleblower not a traitor and yet even as many americans are thinking to snowden for greater awareness about the government's blatant snooping on millions of absolutely innocent people snowden still had to flee the country so was not to share the fate
of his fellow whistleblowers had he state he would have been in jail facing life in prison or maybe even the death penalty the example of bradley manning is right there the twenty five year old u.s. army private bradley manning has been in custody for three years now and is facing more than one hundred fifty years in jail many leaked documents and videos that exposed war crimes committed by the u.s. the military judge has recently ruled that mending still has to face the most serious charge the charge of aiding the enemy despite many claims that he's sole intent was to make the public more aware of the cost of war the human cost and other whistleblower former cia analyst john king also thought he was doing the right thing when he spoke about the cia's torture practices and became the first government official who confirmed waterboarding at one time to get out who was the head of the cia's counterterrorism operations in pakistan father of five kids out who is now in jail serving his two and a half years sentence former n.s.a.
employees william binney and thomas drake were very close to jail time after they separately blew the whistle on the government's massive surveillance program which they saw as ineffective an illegal needless to say their careers were destroyed edward snowden's revelations of only confirmed would be drake had been saying for years but possibly unlike binney and drake snowden has also made public indisputable proof of the existence of the programs i had the chance to interview three of these men john kiriakou william binney and thomas drake they talked to me about what it's like being targeted by the u.s. government take a listen to your in itself is control. but what people will do when they're fearful is they were be will begin to censor themselves so much of what's happening now particular my case gets sent extraordinarily chilling message that anybody i was a senior executive the government had a very high position that. it sends that extraordinarily chilling message that if you speak out if you speak up we're going to hammer you and we're going to hammer
you hard because look what we did to mr drake the court is supposed to protect the constitution all these all these people in government take an oath to defend the constitution and they're not living up to their oath of office i never believed i would be going to prison under a president obama never. that's been i think my biggest disappointment the classified documents then ellsberg leaked four decades ago revealed that the us government had lied about the vietnam war and those revelations contributed to the erosion of public support for the war daniel ellsberg was the first whistle blower who was charged under the espionage act the government went after him with only had wiretapped him without a court warrant broke into his therapist's office trying to find something to discredit him with the judge dismissed all charges against ellsberg due to the gross government misconduct and illegal evidence gathering today daniel ellsberg
stands in support of all these whistleblowers arguing had he been charged today he would have most probably gone to jail in washington i'm going to check out meanwhile the u.s. house of representatives has rejected an amendment that would have current b. n.s.a. its ability to collect all of tronic information now was a narrow defeat of just twelve votes for the legislation reflecting deep divisions within congress pete ashdown the owner of an internet service provider which for bust and they say attempts to access his client's data for decades told us that he had been twin have been enough to stop the snooping even if it had passed. but i think that the only solution for keeping us safe from spying on people on the internet is people using encryption and then having service providers that are willing to stand up and stand against broad surveillance and wholesale monitoring on a hope that something good is coming out of washington and i want to put it past the republican party for trying to do that but you know there are many in congress who
are calling edward snowden a trim a traitor and a criminal when in fact i think it's the people in the n.s.a. who are the criminals who are not following the constitution and have perjured themselves in front of congress these are these are people we cannot trust and it's a time that we audit them or shut them down i don't envision that surveillance society that surveillance. the whole self surveillance or the doing of americans is part of my america i would like to see it stopped well as always we shared our t.r. eager to hear your views on the stories that we cover today on our website r.t. dot com we're asking whether you believe that russia should actually grant edward snowden temporary asylum let's take a look at how those of you have castro balance of voted and overwhelming majority eighty five percent believe that our hope in fact that russia will in fact take a man a little less than that about ten percent eight percent right here believe that doesn't matter the cia will still get him even fewer of you are convinced that moscow should avoid any involvement not to hurt us relations with washington and
finally three percent right here believe that snowden must be handed over to the united states so it's not to late to vote. and cast their ballots. well this week the syrian national council met with the u.n. security council and agreed to take part in a long awaited peace conference but only if assad agrees to a transitional government the rebel group also met with the u.s. secretary of state to urge the white house to speed up arms shipments to the anti assad forces there with a promise that the weapons would not fall into the wrong hands but the pledges come as divisions within the opposition deepen and as artie's paul scott reports the former allies may soon become sworn enemies. while the opposition are united in their desire to overthrow president bashar al assad that seems to be where their similarity ends the syrian national coalition is the umbrella group recognized internationally as the legitimate representative of the syrian people but they don't represent all factions opposed to
a saddle one group operating out of their control for example is the al qaeda linked al nusra front the coalition say they've hijacked the revolution or they've been classed by many in the west as a terrorist organization elsewhere a separate syrian group affiliated to al qaida helped facilitate a jailbreak in iraq over the weekend freeing high ranking al qaida operatives infiltrated by foreign fighters on the issues agenda seem separate from out of the coalition and it's even led to infighting on f.s.a. commander was killed by a rival group and the f.s.a. feel they could soon be fighting on two fronts but when we use the phrase opposition exactly who are we talking about well the coalition alone is made up of at least eleven different groups including the brotherhood who have recently called on the u.s. and the e.u. to send arms in the battle with assad while only offering loose guarantees they won't fall into extremist hands there's also the coalition of secular and democratic syrians the syrian democratic people's party supreme council of the
syrian revolution and so it goes on the disparate nature of the syrian opposition combined with the presence of islamic extremists means any nation looking to support the rebels walking a continual tight rope with very few guarantees that any military support won't backfire and actually encourage the one thing that trying to fight elsewhere paul not all the deputy leader of the u.k. independence party believes that it is only al-qaeda militants who are gaining from the war in syria. well look i mean that is the problem that you have is what comes next and i'm not saying the science is a good guy but look at syria prior to all this starting i mean syria was a country which was prosperous it was a country which was secular christians lived alongside muslims who lived alongside jews it was pretty much a peaceful place now what you've got is the problem whereby syria has slid into civil war who are these so-called rebels at the cia are you telling those that are
linked to al qaeda and the best fight the iraqi government have informed those that a large number of al qaeda have spread all over the border from northern iraq into syria to fight on behalf of these rebels and look the proof is in the posting a lot of the areas that these rebels hold are now flying the black flag. quite frankly we should have nothing to do with this whatsoever meanwhile president obama's plans to send arms to the forces fighting the assad government are condemned by lawmakers in the u.s. and the united states senator rand paul claims that the white house is playing a dangerous game of double standards over syria as we continue to aid in armed despotic regimes in egypt we are also about to send weapons to islamic rebels in syria. this is problematic on multiple levels the assad regime is no friend of freedom or the united states but this does not mean that the enemy of our enemy is our friend there are currently seventeen different rebel groups in syria
including the largest group of al nusra al nusra fighters are radical anti-american geodes and they're affiliated with al-qaeda but your politicians in washington are eager to send weapons they promise oh these weapons won't get into the hands of the enemy i don't believe it does anyone believe that how can we ask our brave young men and women to fight against al qaeda in some countries and with al qaeda in other countries. artie's that's not a boycott discusses the situation in syria and the fate of the civilians trapped between the fighting sides with sir john holmes the u.k. chair for international rescue committee well it's a part of certainly coming away at six thirty g.m.t. but here's a quick preview. most of the casualties we're talking about around one hundred thousand smoked of the casualties have been civilians and very many of them it's
very hard to say how many have been killed by the government to solve fighting the war by shelling and bombing civilian towns but i don't want to oversimplify it but in legal terms complet combatants can be purposefully targeted and killed while the government has the responsibility and all the sides actually have responsibility to protect civilians as much as possible so why do we have all these leaders president obama prime minister cameron and others. calling rabble savelli and so i think that truly not only misrepresents the conflict but that actually undermines the already fragile security that could be afforded to civilians of course it's not legitimate for rebels to use civilians to hide in and to use them as human shields that was also contrary to international humanitarian law.
greece is set to receive a further two point five billion euro bailout from european lenders keeping the country afloat until the next round of debt relief talks planned for the end of next year now in order to get the cash athens has to agree to thousands of public sector job cuts and. financial advisor george told us that belt tightening may be counterproductive. to this point where you know there needs to be a major shift in policy to address the issues of unemployment and the middle class suffering which is huge. some of. the banking sector has been saved the structural reforms which are needed for the general population to benefit from these measures have not taken place here that there are a multitude of reforms that need to be made especially in the public sector which are getting delayed continuously and i think this is the main problem that greece
faces right now i think like cyprus which has had very similar deep problems recently a lot of people feel that the solution outside the union make sense it's not the first time that greece has pressed on with the cuts demanded by its international creditors the world financial crisis that caught the country with less than ten percent of its workforce unemployed but the five years of biting austerity measures devastated the jobs market now more than a quarter of the population are out of work and with the latest finance ministry data showing that almost twenty three percent there live below the poverty line all that has forced the people to seek better luck elsewhere according to one report one hundred twenty thousand young scientists about the country since two thousand and ten. has more on greece's brain drain. fortis has a master's degree in engineering management you got it in the u.s. and hoped it would help him find a job in greece but for months now this logistics mastermind hasn't been able to
find a use for his skills he says businesses are simply afraid of hiring new staff because there is all these unstability they don't know what will happen in the two or three months later so there is zero investment going on in the market highly educated people unable to find work are becoming as common pleas here as strategies in a greek salad officially two out of three grads in greece or now unemployed it's not only about graduates most of all can find a decent job even of a master's degree have also decided to stay in science often in front of us while leading to an academic deadlock that so far even the brightest minds haven't been able to crack because of the latest or city measures said by greece's creditors the so-called troika around seven hundred fifty scholars all ph d. holders elected to serve as faculty members of the national academy can't be officially appointed to their ports stuck in unpaid limbo they're also unable to
use existing research facilities even if they are willing to do so for free but that just finished their ph d.'s and want to give things to education and to thirty veltman of the country cannot have it just held hostage just waiting for their point when they don't have money they are looking for other jobs to survive according to a recent study by the university of bristol or nicky over one hundred twenty thousand professionals including scientists have left greece since two thousand and ten and as the troika continues pressing athens with the new austerity measures in exchange for financial aid the potentially catastrophic brain drain the country is experiencing is either being unnoticed or deliberately ignored you go to school of athens greece the unemployed seek jobs further afield some european countries are trying to uncle. eventual tactics to round up illegal immigrants the u.k. government has launched a hard hitting ad campaign that critics say intimidates illegal immigrants to turn
themselves in but your reports later this hour. well mali is preparing to go to the polls to choose the country's next president the election comes after an eighteen month political crisis and a french led military operation against the islamists there and the e.u. and says that voting must go ahead before billions of dollars worth of aid can actually start flowing into the country of iommi as the game the editor of the blog pan african newswire says that france in particular will be keen to shown that the ballot is a success i am certain that the united nations are will put its stamp of approval on the elections perhaps the economic community of west african states but it remains to be seen exactly how much credibility is going to happen so the country france of course which carries a lot of weight and so the european union is looking for a mechanism to exit mali they intervened in january of this year they had approximately six thousand troops on the ground inside the country now there are
about four thousand french troops they feel that this election can present some type of credibility for the incoming government as well as the united nations presence there and they can accelerate their exit from the country they still plan on having some one thousand french forces even by the end of the twenty thirteen well do stay with us lots more news still to come for you including a look at the daunting legacy of the u.s. led intervention of iraq that still haunts those born eight years after the war.