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tv   Documentary  RT  September 1, 2013 1:29am-2:01am EDT

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they said you know. cubans busted here in the united states spying for fidel are they terrorists or freedom fighters. do you know the cuban. would be those guys that played us in the semifinals of the pan american games in the basketball term and the five a cuban five were defending their country against terrorism the other cuban five other that's also been american still haven't ever heard about the cuban five they're that rock band right. i mean you know to cuban five. you want to find out a little bit. ok the police are looking for you to deal with infiltrated terrorist groups in miami's of exiles with people planning attacks on the cuban people and foreign citizens inside cuba the cuban five every right to defend the cuban
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revolution the cuban revolution before my time. the story of the cuban five began more than fifteen years ago. nine hundred fifty seven i was a university student and i discovered that kids my age were fighting a guerrilla war in cuba i read the story in the new york times.
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the rebels were led by a young lawyer the del castro. the u.s. government backed a loyal and very anti communist dictator full n.c.o. but. we have a lot of that you will gladly. and there are people like you tomorrow don't think. that. the. mother. knows me then i was part of castro's generation. and openness and i was president of the accountant school. we opposed but he stood the dictator. all affectionate and business classes. we're all against but he's done it in.
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life we're good for. are far worse than expected to us sugar version. of our boat people. and the n.p.a. sportscar. i had with her for a. time we were. really. had anything and everything that you could possibly had. my grandmother took me to keep the home down it was just before the revolution.
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and i'll never forget my very astute grandmother telling me a thirteen year old watch out for the prostitutes in the game with no. organized crime have taken over the city. yet the mafia built the hotels you still see and have. a lot of. who would have believed that such a ragtag operation could succeed. but it did. water when we emerged as cubans on that day. when i wake up it was a day of dignity patriotism and sullivan take it bob it will be
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a way to. you know maybe one of the revolutions important acts in those first few weeks was to eliminate the gangsters and the rockets. it broke a theme in both naturally has provoked angry protests from the us government only. human revolution generates a process of social changes. brought the first wave of migration to miami. but east is corrupt officials told. my father was a colonel in cuba and he left that night that that president but he still left.
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i remember i was seven years old when castro came to power and i remember mobs outside my home. our house was surrounded sacked we were searched constantly so that's the image that i have of the revolution people were being imprisoned the fact that people were being everything was taken away from them. without trial for or without a recent. the revolutionary prosecutor had presented evidence that the men on trial had participated in torturing tens of thousands and killing some twenty thousand people suspected of antibodies to activity. the revolutionary court acquitted thousands of former batiste police and military officials but executed some five hundred others.
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some former but eastern military and police officials who launched attacks from miami trying to bring down the revolutionary government. in the exiles didn't just threaten us they took action. in mid october of one nine hundred fifty nine they flowed b twenty six's from the us to bomb have ana. either since the revolution took power. we had to do more than denounce the attacks. we had to send our people there. cuba complained to washington about allowing cuban exiles to use south florida bases to bomb the island secretary of state christian herder raise the issue with
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the president eisenhower responded why don't the cubans just shoot the planes down . but eisenhower didn't stop the raids and cuba began heavier infiltration of its agents into the violent groups in miami. that movie ended in a second migration comes in the one nine hundred sixty s. that proby able to see of the merchant class who came to the u.s. . the people who fled cuba fled castro came primarily to florida. were greeted with open arms in march one thousand nine hundred sixty president eisenhower ordered the cia to launch a covert operation to overthrow the cuban government it would be based in miami and use cuban exiles as the shock troops. were recruited and trained by the u.s.
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government and the idea was to support them in overthrowing castro get rid of this communist is. spring up play it like a weed in our hemisphere a manifestation code name j.m. wave was the second largest in the world outside of the headquarters in langley. so you can imagine what kind of tentacles that had throughout the community but case office for cubans and. miami was essentially like i find the site blank i was doing the war. back when the when the second will war. nobody was concerned about the employment of the cia and i mean i was day because as i say the cold war was at its pay there was this undercurrent of and trade get when exiles plotting to do it on their own or plotting to do it with the say i
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station. first i supported castro's revolution. you know it then i said you know this man is a dictator. i thought he'd become a real communist dictator i'd become important in the n.t. castro underground it's you know more and more especially asked if i'd work with him or. he invited me to lunch at le florida if we wanted. to be needed. i mean. he said he worked for an intelligence agency it was obvious it was the cia . his intention was to create a psychological war. and i'm in the hang don't want to spread a rumor to provoke more fear of the government. to destabilize the cuban government but we force
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a lot of people believe that. the state you know parents would control children's education by this caused a huge panic this was the origin of the campaign known as pedro pan. i was thirteen years old. by the fall of nineteen sixty the central intelligence agency decided that it was in the interests of the united states. to get children of the upper middle class out of cuba. we call it. project put together by. the church with assistance from the cia.
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some fifteen thousand kids came to the u.s. . what i mean here is of course the bailout in the united states with eighty five percent of the population being strongly against it and i don't think you know democratic institutions and the will of the people would prevent the government from actually implementing now we have created a system that is against the will of the people that is too big to fail we've jailed no bankers that committed these heinous acts which destroyed trillions of dollars of wealth and so it does bring into question the very strength of democracy right now i would argue that it's quite weak please. speak your language i mean some of the will or not of the. news programs and
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documentaries and spanish more matters to you breaking news a little too much of angles keep these stories. here. in the spanish. visit. lead. leg. length of.
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one thousand nine hundred sixty it became clear the cuban revolution showed blatant disrespect. not only for washington's policy preferences but for private property in general. very american business and dump the symbol that gets into the sea. in early one nine hundred sixty the cold war entered the equation when the soviet union offered to sell cuba low priced oil washington ordered the u.s. refineries in cuba not to process it. we are not sure well i using all the assets of the texaco. company x. . it is not honest press conference president eisenhower announcement killers assigned chair of the united states sure there might have been the reply don't you know deliberate policy. by.
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castro responded by nationalizing all u.s. property in cuba. eisenhower imposed a commercial and credit embargo on cuba under the radar however the cia made a major change in its plan to overthrow the cuban government. the original plan for the bay of pigs and sell trade and set up work with the guerrillas that were already operating mostly in the house and he's trying. but then and november of the fall of sixty somebody decided to change the concept and recruit a lot more people and then as a strike force many of the participants in the bay of pigs were on that landing force because i had known them personally in cuba and i had recommended on a number of occasions that such and such a person would be a good man to have in the brigade. i started training for the operation that later
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became very effective the beginning he was not going to be a week. from inside. the sphere. on january second one thousand nine hundred sixty one feet called the u.s. embassy a nest of spies. what the united states and south respect endure that has now been reached our french are. not affected. kennedy continued to pursue the covert plan to send a force of cuban exiles to invade the island. i was in cuba in one thousand nine hundred sixty one and like everyone else there i knew an invasion was coming but
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where and when. i watched militia men planting dynamite under bridges and installing anti aircraft guns along the coast. the cia backed exiles assassinated cuban school teachers and militiamen. they burned cane fields and tried to sabotage sugar mills and oil refineries. shortly before the invasion kennedy ordered that no u.s. air support be given to the invasion force. well first begun on the dictatorship. media thing we got involved in the first firefight which was the militia patrol that was guarding the city or the overall count of player who don't know and and therefore
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after that we started them moving in then also we found the first resistance at one am in the morning at wednesday the nineteenth i was awakened by a call from the white house it was mack bundy he said i am in the president's office and he would like to have you come down here soon as possible. when i arrived in the president's office president was concerned it sharpened his comment . it was increasingly clear even with the breakdown of communication that things were going badly. no one knew. to see the american ships in the horizon and people were trying to get in whatever boats they could find to try to reach them but the five of them either there were too few rope boats and there was just not enough time when that broadcast came from the beach and the leader said we're standing in the water and there's nothing else we can do and he first we were inside this once and no. more mount
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and we were looking at the beach and if you know castro was coming to a big city on top of a bank for a few minutes we were debating would take a shot at him and try to kill him we had him in the fight. against. a proposition to begin with but i guess kennedy was not altogether with the idea ration should take place or that castro should be the post so one day he decided to get rid of us and that's precisely what he did. he believed that i was not being bombed or had not turned in the worst communism. the americans were just really baiting. these was not a product of ideology was
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a problem of being to be in effect i. asked name call ups we were copping a place called candle. the kids basically freaked out because now they came to the food really sation that then i'm going back home. there's no saying that. victory has a hundred bobbins in the peanuts and the immediate mood of the white house in the weeks that followed the bay of pigs was a mixture of anger frustration there's little doubt then that the ultimate objective remained the same which was a overthrow cuban revolution the castro regime. pigs failed and then it became obvious that the only way to win was to execute the tyrant yes to assassinate fidel castro. and it does it was the first attempt was made at the
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presidential palace when i was here because in york we. i was recruited by the cia by colonel harold benson in p.p. come later we identified him when you put. as david atlee phillips also known as morey space ship. i had been stationed in cuba in one nine hundred fifty five fifty eight i was there fifty nine and sixty before i had to leave rather abruptly i had an affinity for cuba the cuban people are more. every occasion his interest was fidel one when leaving where is fidel going to walk our feet els itineraries clearly they intended to assassinate him these operations against cuba were known to the attorney general of the united states the
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secretary of defense the secretary of state and the president for national security affairs the president united states himself. castro could not defend against these attacks so he tried to plough missy. in august one thousand nine hundred sixty one he dispatched che guevara to meet with kennedy's advisor richard goodwin in or of why. the two men met in secret during which che made it clear cuba could loosen its ties with the soviets stop supporting revolution in latin america and compensate the american companies that had expropriated if the united states would stop its aggressive behavior and resume trade with cuba kennedy was very interested but the rooms were of the bay of pigs for the united states were much to think of beginning discussions at that point in the weeks following cuba's diplomatic gesture cia backed raids against cuba increased castro then
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turned to a dramatic form of deterrence from moscow the soviet union began to secretly install nuclear missiles in cuba for thirteen days the world nervously waited. would the missile crisis end with nuclear war but kennedy and khrushchev resorted to diplomacy instead the soviet union would withdraw its missiles from cuba kennedy would remove u.s. missiles from turkey and not invade cuba. despite with president kennedy had promised to. the christian off on. agreeing to get the missiles out of cuba. we suddenly were found again a new boss came in and we were back in action again to get rid of castro the castro regime. and it was during this period that we ended up with what was
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called he wants one of us groups. to involved operations against is against cuba provide money and materiel in any way to these groups do not try to direct them do not try to tell them what to do and do not ask them what they are doing the cubans were going to run their own operations and they did and if it was a disaster the bit about you to bush to the plainly from for its bombing mission i feel hollow and i was going to be the plane left from a secret base law go you go. read about nine bombings. of the above or this never for the right place we did one thing on a materiel we told them where to but buy their weapons and not give looked. by the mid one nine hundred sixty s. the cia officials had left miami. but the culture of violence they had nurtured
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remained in the further away they got from being able to realize their goal they began at some point in time they just begin to morph into regular criminals. they are the children who raised in the twenty's and thirty's and forty's and saw all political gangsterism. as a means to money and to power some of them were politically illiterate it's the old story of give to the end i castro freedom movement. or suffer the consequences my father always said i remember even as a small child say he never feared debating somebody who was a radical or a communist he only feared not being allowed to debate so my father did not cooperate with the terrorist and repudiated the dictatorship in cuba it was
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a moral position to take but it also made him a target for the extremist and on april thirtieth of one nine hundred seventy six he was a victim of a terrorist attack that cost him both his legs and nearly his life. i would work again i would be on my feet again ok. captain there seems to be. just an unusual amount of bombings in dade county over the past few years what's been the record year our biggest fear is back in one nine hundred sixty eight we had forty four bombings this year so far at twenty three i think i would point in the one nine hundred seventy s. miami was having more bombings than you would find in belfast or in beirut they even had bomb planted in his conditions and didn't do it big beauty you know that it isn't in miami one of the bombs they place the air. back in the late seventy's was a be f.b.i. office. that was as a message to the u.s.
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government saying wait a minute. we were on you were on your side we're your people and now you're persecuting the violent exiles carried out dozens of attempts in miami new york new jersey and puerto rico. but their main target remained the same kind allusive. they were ready to do anything for their country to me to try out it was to love the country more than yourself if you joined the military for any other reason that you're probably not going to have a good day they were tools in the hands of the state now they live remembering the past which is impossible to get rid of i'm proud that i've been to war. but however good people do get hurt. and i have heard good people empty silent.
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but would prefer not to be sometimes i feel like. i should have died over there. because. i saw some people who died and. there is cheaper than tear. on our. list. put it on your. face. please. a pleasure to have you with us here on t.v. today i'm sure.
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good leverage surely to mccurry was to build a new. routine at least doesn't do it don't learn about anything change mission to teach music creation why it should care about humans and work this is why you should care only. wealthy british style the sun. rises on. market why not. come to. find out what's really happening to the global economy with my stronger for
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a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines two kinds of reports. the u.s. war machine awaits orders to strike syria but barack obama says he would like the backing of lawmakers first have to keep world powers and many americans speak out against intervention. such as latter mere putin dismissed allegations that the syrian government used utter nonsense appealing to the u.s. president as a noble peace prize winner to think of the bloodshed he might cause. and greek national debt increases alongside financial aid from the e.u. and athens struggles to appease international lenders amid reports that may need a third bailout. the latest news.


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