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tv   Documentary  RT  September 17, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm EDT

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they need to hurry winter begins tomorrow. used to be to say with unions biggest antarctic research station. now it only works during the summer. in the southern hemisphere some a stance in december and ends in much it's now april so seasonal operations are over. geological samples are gathered during the summer a loaded into containers. cold water is drained from the station and windows are boarded up and filled in with. is given even the slightest chance to sneak in and it will be impossible to dig it out of.
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the diesel generator was the last to be shutdown no one can survive without heat. takes just a few hours to complete. the station is ready for winter. comfortable flying people to the second to make feel. good to see good to see you back here they told us you would come you're here unfortunately smiling upon us again everything's going to be great. i'm going to be eighty five in april now i only go to the doctor.
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and antarctica. i'm drawn towards it my wife isn't even aware of these expeditions in the last few years. rushes expeditions to antarctica set off from cape town south africa while the ship stays in port for a few days the team members enjoy some time off. many of them want to take a tour to the cape of good hope. unfortunately there's not enough space on the bus so the polar explorer is designed to draw lots to determine who gets to go. in the soviet era to get to antarctica it wasn't enough to just be lucky you needed
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a relevant experience with drift ice in the arctic as well as recommendations there was no other way to reach the southernmost continent today it's enough to send your resume to the arctic and antarctic research institute along with a clean bill of health. just two days ago both. heading to antarctica for the first time to spend the whole winter together at the nova lot of gas station. me. i heard about it in the institute but i just put it on the back burner at the time it wasn't what i was dreaming about constantly. i wasn't even thinking about antarctica six months ago. i was pretty scared about two days before we were meant to leave. i didn't feel that way but when you actually realize it's here when the data sets and your dream is ready to come true it's. what's next i don't know
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if i like it i'll keep doing it but if so be it. we'll both flying to antarctica from cape town. the landing strips can only operate for short periods. the weather is too unreliable and the distance too great. for example even in early autumn the temperature at the station falls to sixty degrees below zero skids can get no traction when the snow is that cold. the academic field will deliver a year's worth of food and fuel for the station. we'll spend the winter the ship is a floating headquarters. of the seasonal expedition. and the head of the winter team which. right now i spend less time at
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home then. of course my family is waiting for me back home but i think they get fed up with me after a while but. they are used to living with me that's just the way it is. gave me one toilet roll he told me it would be enough until i get home i said for a year and he answered when i say home i mean. those who are experienced are already used to it the newcomers have this mix of romanticism and pragmatism. i used to be a bureaucrat. seriously but at some point i just started to feel better antarctica was the only thing that was true and real. from st petersburg and. from all of them are going to spend the whole year at the
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progress research station. it's time to clear things up and answer the main question who am i and what changes await us probably happened. this is antarctica. kind of uncomfortable after the ship right. was one of the pioneers of russian antarctica there was nothing here except a rock before the first generation of explorers with plenty of experience in the north pole landed here on the southern continent. i don't know how low. it was but to russian stations from the ground up he spent almost every winter here our first
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joy decks position was number nineteen this is a good keeping up with tradition of photographing each winter team it's really good. come to check up on the progress station after it's reconstruction it's recently been named the capital of the russian expedition. are you happy i can see that compared to other stations here this place is having. the most important event in the life of a station is stuff rotation. everybody. twenty five people will be spending this winter at the progress station so. i'm joining. the head of the station is like a ship's captain he is responsible for everything without his permission no one can
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leave the station a little later they'll be given a mandatory briefing although many of them don't need it this is not their first winter here. hello there. so who knows our place is dear i do. ok doctor so. you know your place is. david doctor. doctor to. take this one it'll be your room. in rough. the same way they have. ship as a result. and everyone takes their routine.
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this is an absolutely. you don't have to feel that it's a temporary. when you're here you have to feel a year is a long time. it's not so easy to live here for a year. yet i'm waiting on my partner he's probably busy with science right now. today. brought in by helicopter from the. together the team is made up of a few scientists. and others responsible for maintaining the research station it's easy to see. who's already spent a year here. there are no women here why should i. it's
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really difficult to spend a year with just. i never smoked before but i started to after a became the head of the station because they were always complaining. someone eats with their mouth open or someone doesn't wash their socks or someone snores or someone said something inappropriate about their wife or mother complaints every single day. women do not spend winter at the russian stations married couples were brought here several times as an experiment but it didn't work out. they sent an engineer his wife was a cook it was hard work. to care or have a bags and lots of meat. of course she couldn't do it so he had to drop more he was doing and help her. he couldn't do his job because of that because he had to help
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her. and that's even touching the deeper psychological issues. there are two cooks here the weather may change but lunch can never be postponed. here. steak with onions and mushrooms. frighten beef liver. sausages. i always say guys why do you love sausages so much look we've got steak of france says liver oh these cutlets what is it with sausages . some know what they do is they put all the good stuff on one plates and then come back with another plate and take two more sausages it doesn't matter. after consulting with the cook the station has to buy food for example instead of buying
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lemons it's better to get limes they stay fresh longer experience has taught them ways to keep goods fresh for a whole year. eggs can be preserved for a whole year if you turn them every ten days that way the yolk won't dry up and go bad space should be left between bags to keep onions but it's impossible to say how long a cabbage can stay fresh. so that one time i peeled it all the way to the center and i wrapped each one in paper after like they used to in old time but it didn't help it kept going off i wrapped each a cabbage head but there were no changes so i don't know that is why it stays in its string bag now if it starts rotting we peel it and eat it quickly. and antarctica teaches hills and breaks but it trains you is well. i'm much more modest now. but this is my sixth winter
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here it's been nine years in antarctica already they ask me all the time why do you go there you idiot you saw it once ok twice there's nothing special about it. people change that's true they do. first of all when they go back home they're already dreaming of returning to here again. you might think there could be nothing more monumental and timeless than the view of this landscape. but it is only temporary. three days the view will change at least three times.
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the fact that. i didn't know if you still could you know the price is the only industry specifically mention in the constitution and. that's because a free and open press is critical to our democracy schreck albus. in fact the single biggest threat facing our nation today is the corporate takeover of our government and our crafts to mco we've been hijacked lying handful of transnational corporations that will profit by destroying what our founding fathers one still just my job market and on this show we reveal the big picture of what's actually going on in the world we go beyond identifying the problem to try rational debate and a real discussion critical issues facing or not define ready to join the movement then welcome to the big picture.
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i know c.n.n. the m s n b c news have taken some not slightly but the fact is i admire their commitment to cover all sides of the story just in case one of them happens to be accurate. that was funny but it's close and for the truth and might take. off. for good it's because one whole attention in the mainstream media works side by side the joke is actually on here is going to be coming up. at our teen years. we have to print. because the news of the world just is not this funny i'm not laughing dammit i'm not how. you guys talk to the jokes will handle them.
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in just a few days remain for the summer team to hand over to their winter colleagues former bureaucrat johnny spent a year studying magnate. really wanted to come to the antarctic every station has its own magnetic room there are no metallic objects in such rooms the temperature is kept stable at approximately twenty five degrees celsius a computer constantly records changes and time has to be accurate to the nano second clocks must be adjusted in a very special way. for three days we can only take note there's no time to make changes. dreamed about antarctica for several years for example if we take a car in russia it will show us north that way but if you take it here it will show north that way even though it's that way if we follow the carcass as we used to do
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it in russia we won't end up in india. but in chile south america she. as a student he proposed his own geological theory it was important to go to antarctica to collect the data he needed. this i didn't find anything new for. here there are no influence like t.v. or anything like this. you have to sit and think. simply sitting and thinking you should do. the stations ionosphere is to keep his instruments in a corner of the same room his job is to monitor high altitude conditions all the data he collects has to be sent to an institute in st petersburg and the equipment needs regular adjustment. in fact. specific.
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to each new generation of polar explorer. the. information at the station. is very important we make aeronautical charts for aircraft like how high helicopters can fly for instance. all over the world at midnight g.m.t. russian polar explorers have long invented new ways to make the process more efficient. how to make them easier to release. short. like this there's about fifty meters of a. balloon in a mixture of kerosene and benzene that. we came up with it makes it fly higher it can fly up to thirty kilometers. without it it will only go as high as
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twenty two. other countries don't care so much. and how to make. their inflated with hydrogen. there's a rope down there reference point i can check the top point of the balloon by using that. we go. today none of the scientists remember who actually came up with these ideas. from arctic experience it was our own atmospheric scientists who invented them. not every antarctic station has its own atmospheric scientist but all of them have a meteorologist he doesn't get the chance to get eight hours of sleep because he has to submit weather data every six hours and he has to go to the weather station every day. has a sort of utilitarian value. let's take the weather data as an example like an i.q.
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you know if we have all the data and the prediction and no one else will work out if we move. on to the palm and there will be no information from that anymore but i think. the two are used to. the boy. generally almost all of the scientific work in antarctica comes down to monitoring investigations and observing different processes. science doesn't play the main role here or what we want to know even though all of us pretend to do it here the main idea. is geopolitics. is the most important thing here. science is just more for show that they have where you are goes i'm going. to have to make sure we have
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a claim here. water for the station is drawn from. a progress station they can automatically get water from a nearby lake but the polar explorers don't like it. they're used to going to the remote lakes. seems to taste better but it's an illusion all water here is the same off the distillation. and because of the lack of minerals polar explorers constantly suffer from dental problems. better to fill it. table and forget to take difficult to treat them. anymore i was afraid because they pull my teeth out all the time here i've lost four in this room alone it's my sacrifice to antarctica.
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it's been a month since our. station. as an anesthesiologist but thankfully this month. medical emergencies. i even started to study english set up a computer here help me he installed a ton of different programs everything i've done. i don't have time for anything or to think about anything seriously but here we have an opportunity to stop and think it's the first step was the most important thing to me. after a month the new settled into station life which works to a strict. there is one meteorologist one narrower just one seismologist. physicist we still have plenty of work to do no one will do it for
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you. think so worked out i was really impressed by that. doris swing in words. it means the way he won't wrench it out of your hand fling it open. all houses are placed in a room with a little tilt from east to west the wind here blows from east to west that's why all of the roads and main trails have rails and ropes so you can hold onto them if it's windy. so i called our rooms suites and they burst out laughing. they said they were called cabins. well ok then a cabin is a cabin. after a month alexei has
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a little more experience and can do his research. to investigate the earth's climate he has to make a range of observations of the sky researching lunar reflections. and solar phenomena today is the last day to check all the technical details with the help of his predecessor. you know you have to change the filter see here because of the bright moon so be easy take your time things have to be arranged in a proper way. tomorrow he'll leave the rest of the old crew and the new will begin their winter tour of duty. we have a new group of specialists here now all of them are young how are they going to get along with each other i don't know. how old are you twenty. i'm the youngest engineer here i'm twenty three i'm the youngest one here. here by two months.
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these last few days before winter is the busiest is when the men have to stock up a year's worth of infantry they work all day long. so yeah so there's a great deal to do and plenty of containers to unload. all of them are waiting for the last helicopter. in my heart i already feel good here. so the only thing is to get along with the new guys that will be. take a month to get acquainted with the guys and get used to them be shortly after that i'll consider the beginning of winter. after fifty years of a russian presence in antarctica the definition of a polar explorer has changed. there are things i have seen in the movies and the
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things we have here now are completely different but we sit here now talking about today's watermelon which was not so tasty and then we retired to our european style rooms about some of this difference the lives of those who built it all up from the very beginning and conquered nature here were completely different. ok alexander good luck. traditionally the last helicopter to leave will circle the station. the ship leaving antarctica will sound its horn three times signaling the start of winter. before you may still remember that feeling of the helicopter made its last farewell circle and was off work early it was the beginning of winter and only thirty two people were left i felt kind of sad when. better the roof fall off . then the long pole and nights begin along with inevitable depression because of
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six months absence of some exhausting snowstorms loan letters home and the desire to see friends and family but even after all that many will still dream about coming back fortunately there's plenty of work here in antarctica for many generations to come. together and unsolved mystery for me. that is an interesting question. which is why does this place attract me so when i'm soul manage it you know what that blowing already. three good bye horns. the antarctic winter has begun.
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i would rather ask questions to people in positions of power instead of speaking on their behalf and that's why you can find my show larry king now right here on r.t. question for. last time was a new alert animation scripts scare me a little bit. there is breaking news tonight and we are continuing to follow the breaking news. alexander's family cry tears of the wife and great things out there that there has to be ever read dark and a court of law was found alive there's a story made for that movie is playing out in real life.
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just like. everybody. did you know the price is the only industry specifically mentioned in the constitution and. that's because a free and open prize is critical to our democracy which threaten all books. will. never go on i'm sorry and i'm a show we were the a little picture of what's actually going to go beyond identifying the problem to try to rational debate a real discussion critical issues facing america by a number of them ready to join the movement then welcome to the big. ball and tell more about washington d.c. and here's what's coming up tonight on the big picture another day.

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