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tv   Headline News  RT  November 4, 2013 2:00am-2:30am EST

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the. former egyptian leader mohammed morsi goes on trial on allegations of stirring up bloody unrest during his presidency one no one is being made accountable for the mass deaths in the crackdown since he. also. like the spying dictates our politics those are the words of edward snowden writing in a major german publication as he lays out what he called his mother the truth the fugitive whistleblower publicly rails against criminalizing telling the truth his washington reiterate that he will get no clemency once u.s. prosecutors get hold of him. and iran's supreme leader defends president rouhani on seeking more talks with america despite growing anger from hardliners who refuse to back off from demonizing the usa.
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there is good to have you company watching r.t. this morning with me andrew farmer. now there's a deep sense of history repeating itself in egypt where the country's first democratically elected leader faces the same fate is off for a tear in pre-disaster hosni mubarak mohamed morsi has a ride for he has arrived for his trial accused of inciting the murder of protesters last december conviction could see him sentenced to life in prison or even the death penalty during last year's unrest egypt was experiencing massive public outrage the government's attempts to push through an islamist leaning constitution and give the president sweeping powers reports now from cairo on the landmark court case for the first time in its history egypt has two former
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presidents who are on trial at the same time but whereas the trial of hosni mubarak is eagerly anticipated and was so by most egyptians when it comes to that of mohamed morsi is prosecution here in egypt sions are divided many egyptians feel pity for the former engineering professor who was ill equipped to become this country's president and who now very well could have a life sentence imposed on him in some quarters it is believed that this is a trial of the muslim brotherhood as a movement and not morsi as a man egyptian police is in a state of high alert and this comes amid the announcement by the supporters of morsi that throughout the day monday they will be holding nationwide protests there are very real fears that this will result in violence and clashes morsi has said that he will be defending himself he is insisting that he is the legal president of this country and as such he says he will not take
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a lawyer because to do so would be to give recognition to the authorities of the court and of course the he refuses to do morsy is standing trial for inciting the murder of opposition protesters last december most people here however. we thought this is a political trial more than anything else as my colleague belle troupe reports. the. grammy asylum is known as the singer of the revolution the popularity of his pro-democracy song saw him badly tortured by the military and now despite fighting to bring down both hosni mubarak and mohamed morsi rami has little hope for egypt's future as mostly goes on trial for incitement to kill protesters. for the revolutionaries and now in the worst scenario we have ever been since two thousand and eleven morsi should be tried but it's comic that mubarak trial should be held up at every turn while the morsy trial is moving along so fast what shocks me is
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that the authorities never seem to have the will to push through the court cases of remnants of the former regime tahrir square once the heartbeat of the revolution has become just another busy roundabout in two thousand and eleven and two thousand and thirteen people came here demanding bread freedom and social justice but after the military ousted mr brotherhood president mohamed morsy hundreds have been killed and thousands arrested eating some to fear the freedoms and justice will never become a reality admits this violence rights groups have little faith that the trial of mr morsi and other mr brotherhood leaders will be fair this coming at a time when there is a general crackdown that that's a brotherhood a very selective prosecutions on the part of the justice system looking only at brotherhood members with impunity for security services meanwhile the retrial of egypt's other ousted president hosni mubarak drags on the feeling the security apparatus continues to shape court decisions means egypt's future is hard to predict the military is entrenched in school and finance and so on interest again
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and again the problem now that we need to sit down and agree on a specific group of transitional justice either we're trying everyone on meaningful charge we're taking the road to the south africa bureau and many many other that the strength of it will station that seems far away as pro morsi protests and clashes with security forces continue to rock the nation the fear is morsi is trial will not deliver much needed justice for egypt the brothers set the stage for further instability and turmoil. true for r.t. cairo well let's just take a moment to pinpoint the milestones in post revolution egypt the ousting of long time army backed leader hosni mubarak was followed by over a year of political turmoil which finally saw the election of islamist leader mohamed morsi as president in june twenty twelve and as i mentioned earlier his push to turn egypt's constitution into a muslim code sparked deadly unrest in december the same year although that
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violence can't be compared to the bloodbath of this summer a military coup against morsi in july was followed by months of vicious crackdowns against his supporters and the muslim brotherhood in which more than a thousand people have been killed egyptian journalist and political analyst. thinks the trial that starts today is more sees political assassination. well this is seems a bit like deja vu for egypt another president another trial in less than three years and what we're seeing is a rerun of a politicized trial of course there are things that president morsi has done just like hosni mubarak has but i don't think that he's on trial. for the for the exact crimes that he's done or the reason he's being put on trial is because of this muslim brotherhood ideology and the way he ran the country with the intent of trying him is not really to state of law or democratic transition or or even or any
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of this stuff the same time we're seeing a lot of his. ministers that were part of it the interior ministers that served under him rather actually the protesters they are not being tried along with morsi and so therefore this is seems very very highly politicized in the hands of the people who want to see a lot of the muslim brotherhood behind bars. just a day before the trial opened u.s. secretary of state john kerry met egyptian leaders in cairo urging them to commit to transparent justice but surprisingly kerry didn't mention mohammed morsi by name during a news conference washington's role in shaping events in egypt and around it is trash tank in today's crosstalk. rejigging in the middle east the united states still maintains that hedge of monica this is what their ultimate goal is we don't really call kerry care about the coloration of the regime as long as it plays into
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our security arrangement but washington can feel comfortable with and let's not forget tel aviv and riyadh. you know i think that's true i think ultimately the security that having a hedge of money over the region so that stability whether that comes through democracy or through with or tearing regimes is ultimately the end game plan because the united states has too many interests in the region to allow it to fundamentally opposed to those interests so when the united states acts it always does so if we have the view of you know what what how can how does this inform our counterterrorism policy how does its inform our counter-proliferation policy how does this inform our energy policy it's this political rule of issues that comes to the fore with the united states there's and ultimately there's a massive conflict of interest problem that the united states has to deal with when it formulates its middle east policy.
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let's cross talk a little later on that edward snowden has been publicly justifying his security leaks in a german magazine he also launched a broadside at washington's persecution or theme and we need his course for better global protection for people's rights and privacy more now from our correspondent in berlin peter oliver. be allowed to dictate our politics that's according to whistleblower edward snowden writing in the major german news weekly beagle he's put forward what he calls his manifesto for truth and which he condemns the security agencies around the world that have set out to smear not only him but also those journalists that have published his articles in various publications around the world he also lays out saying that we need to stop this kind of spying culture that is taken over it's all part of a a major major it set of articles about edward snowden in this in the german paper
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it comes on the back of their support for edward snowden here in germany and in a massive increase we've seen that group of over fifty senior public figures calling for him actually to be to be granted asylum here in germany now and the article it does say that something that perhaps the current german government wouldn't support because suggesting that some of the skeletons in their own cause it could come out if there was any big investigation into just exactly what it got on in terms of the n.s.a. spying program however amongst those fifty that say it's node and should should come to should be allowed to come to germany is one that says one scene before the german politicians say edward snowden has done a great service to the western world and now it's up to us to help him so huge support for snowden and he's laying out his ideas right here in the german press
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and as you might expect edward snowden's plea for clemency is finding no sympathy in washington white house officials along with senior lawmakers stress the former n.s.a. contractor should pay for violating american laws former british intelligence agent and masha and explains why she thinks the scandal has gathered such momentum. who is actually breaking the or here because all the ground that the spy agency say they are legally allowed to smile next decisions appear to be very legally dubious at best but we're seeing in the last decade is the sheer technological scale of the spying its industrial scales by and the new technology has allowed this to happen and the laws which are supposed to oversee and democratically oversee how we are spied on are just not keeping up the twentieth century nor so now we're dealing with twenty first century tech. well you diplomats who travel to washington for explanations about the n.s.a. snooping practices came back with little r.t.
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sophie shevardnadze spoke to the head of the european mission he says their american counterparts successfully deflect many accusations to be honest we didn't expect one hundred percent answers we went to washington the whole nature of investigating the stored in allegations of mass surveillance of spying meant that we were very realistic we didn't expect to get you know the definitive answers about what was going on we did try and justify what they were doing in fact we had private meetings with the n.s.c. homeland security department national security council and there was some justification given in fact you would have seen that. we had we had private meetings and then you saw a public statement coming out while we were there for the national security agency is explicitly about the mass surveillance activity and you saw that coming from the n.s.c. on capitol hill while we were there and the justification given was public it was
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about this was done on the basis of you know the necessity of id terror activity it was done in partnership with the government so they were they were in fact while we were there starting to rebut many of the allegations. thanks for being with r.t. this morning still to come it seems times are tough to be aristocracy. proof proof on the point because groups and. i'm not i don't have been in school for console or our team needs the upper crust who are now down on their luck and living on. well affair we've got that story i'm all just off for a quick break. choose
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your language. because we know if somebody else going to say still some. choose the consensus get to. choose the opinions that you think are
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a couple. choose the stories that in your life choose access to your office. welcome back iran's supreme leader is warning the country's hardliners against undermining the nuclear negotiations defending the president's course of action the newly elected us and rouhani is under serious domestic pressure for extending an olive branch to the united states the hope interaction is that america will ease up on sanctions in return for more openness from iran his nuclear program will again be in the limelight this day but with little enthusiasm at home rouhani may be facing a tough sell as paul scott reports. this. republic of iran is ready to engage immediately in time bound orientated talks to build mutual
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confidence and the removal of mutual uncertainties hassen rouhani as recent speech at the u.n. general assembly was said by many to represent a flooring in relations between tehran and washington a sign that the iranian leadership is king to initiate warmer ties with the global community but not everyone is king for this to happen. hard line conservative protesters threw eggs at the president upon his return to tehran a malveaux was uncomfortable with the idea of increased diplomacy with washington have launched the first ever down with the usa contest the idea is to find the most creative and to us propaganda contestants are invited to submit photographs posters caricature poems hymns and blogs all relating to the slogan down with the usa over three thousand dollars up for grabs for the winner there will be a prize for the best idea to mark death of america which will renew the concept of
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death to america because of the arrogance of america the message is clear for as long as the us policies are hostile to us we will continue to use the slogan. well the slogan first came to prominence during the one nine hundred seventy nine iranian revolution when the u.s. backed government was overthrown and since then it's been widely used by critics of washington those critics now favor holly's willingness to reengage with the u.s. could undermine the revolution they also see no reason to start diplomacy with a country that for years has portrayed iran as the enemy and subject of the country to harsh economic sanctions over its nuclear program states like the us and their terrorist allies constitute an axis of evil this administration has systematically imposed the toughest sanctions on iraq on iran ever the united states is not going to lift the sanctions until it is clear that a very very file ball accountable transparent process is in place despite efforts
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by the us government to suggest these sanctions aren't affecting the general population food clothes and even basic medicines have rocketed in price in recent years on the leadership's attempt to engage with washington has led to anti american slogans and banners appearing all over tehran in recent weeks with rouhani demanding many be taken down and with talks over iran's nuclear program looming large later this week it's not just president rouhani has to convince paul scott's r.t. as you heard in that report within iran is deep skepticism of any good intentions from washington when it comes to the country asserting its right to atomic energy one former advisor to iran's nuclear negotiating team tells us that's because people see the u.s. is engaged in constant doublespeak. there's a group in iran that is deeply suspicious of the united states based on is history
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of longstanding animosity toward iran is widespread perception in iran that the u.s. is engaged in a double speak toward iran on the one hand parking but engagement and respecting iran's rights and on the other hand adopting a very inflexible and hard line negotiation a strategy that demands much concession from iran without expressing willingness to you know show. in the flexibility on the issue of sanctions relief we have seen a statement by the top u.s. negotiator wendy sherman that the u.s. has not offered any tangible sanctions relief to iran last negotiation round in geneva and that should be very disheartening to many iranians who are looking for. concrete tangible signs of good faith to our iran by the united states
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the worsening economic situation inside iran means the countries finding other ways to make ends meet china has reportedly agreed to finance various projects by unblocking twenty billion euros of oil assets beijing in toronto nearly in the one not the dollar so the sanctions don't affect china's business with its the biggest crude oil supplier political analyst side mohammad marandi says the u.s. agenda is splintering. this is one of many signs the u.s. imposed sanctions is not working and it's beginning. to fall apart not that the united states wants this to happen the united states wants to make horrid mary iranians suffer as much as possible they want to overstate the iranian economy and they've already succeeded in killing people because for example iran has had great difficulty importing medicines so the americans are definitely upset
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with this but as time goes on we are seeing it increasingly countries are moving away from the united states companies in nor in the united states and even individuals who are investing in iran without taking the sanctions regime into consideration. some other news making headlines this hour international peace talks on syria have stalled after the main western backed opposition group said it won't attend unless president assad agrees to step down the syrian national coalition is also refusing to sit alongside key regional power play iran which is a strong ally of damascus the united states backs the s.n.c. while russia has been trying to convince all sides negotiate the proposed conference in geneva. violence is a key local election in kosovo where ethnic serbs were encouraged to vote for the first time police fired tear gas to disperse a group of masked men who raided a polling station in the multiethnic city of. international observers fled as the
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clashes broke out the local serbian minority has been under pressure to boycott the poll and to avoid further legitimizing the state is a breakaway course of. that big homes biggest states but big money troubles england's bluebloods are feeling the economic squeeze even though britain is recovering artie's tetra syria met one bread line. when one speaks of the british aristocracy be traditional a landed gentry or a nobleman what would imagine lavish lifestyles and grand estates as it would have been centuries ago but the reality today is not quite up to par as it would have been in the past. i'm on what we call the job seekers allowance so i have to support this markup all or most single month loans. so each of us gets five pounds a day my wife and i this isn't what one would expect to hear from an earl heir
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apparent to the market side of aylesbury the estate has been in the family for a thousand years but he's now in a fierce legal battle with the state's trustees with no access to his money i have no money to heat the house there is the whole water in the past so when my wife and i want to wash we go down to the public both the mobile the financial times reports high court cases of beneficiaries challenging trusts doubled from two thousand and ten to two thousand and twelve coinciding with the financial crisis the cost of looking after a large house is staggering on a yearly basis this stately home in norfolk was built in the late nineteenth century and while much of the estate remains intact parts of it have been left to wreck and ruin and restoring it to its full glory could cost up to three million pounds add to that gas electricity water maintenance the list goes on around sixty percent of british historic homes are now open to the public and use for various purposes such as weddings conferences and tours and this one in particular used to
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be used as a wedding venue and the reason for such diversification is to be able to generate some income for properties that are very expensive to keep them going the reality is that the cost of maintaining these houses is so great now their stock received tend to be a very i said rich but cash pool something that holds very true for this girl even finding a job that didn't quite work out for him because through great unemployment because the recession. i'm not i don't have many skills that i can so i come across drive so i've had a few part time jobs as a driver. delivery driver van driver lorry driver i don't know what my peers think they must think. i shudder to think what they must think of what's going on. you know and it seems a title can only mean so much when cash is still king yes or cilia.
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well if you go to our web site plenty more stories on there at the moment russia is breaking new records with its black gold we report on how the country set an all time high in oil production. and arrested for simply driving a car the story of a woman desperately trying to get her sick father to hospital but he gets the full force of saudi arabia's strict ban on women behind the way. that's coming up to half past eleven here in moscow coming up next we explore the world's largest freshwater lake and its unique natural in southern siberia. remember way back when we first talked about the first downloadable guns that could be printed out on a three d. printer at home while technology moves pretty quickly because british police have
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already busted in legal armory pretty out firearm parts and special three d. printers this technology may make gun control literally impossible in the same way that banning and burning books has become futile and the past they used to be able to just burn books or forbid them from being printed but in the age of the internet all you need is a scanner and an internet connection and the information that's found in a book cannot be destroyed because it is out there on the magical ether of the internet so basically the near future any person with even half a brain and some patients can start making guns in their basement which means the gun control laws will basically become pointless because they'll never be able to catch all the people doing it nor will be able to take the guns not even obama or the hardest of hardcore liberals this technology could be the best thing to happen to the second amendment ever but i shushed my opinion.
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lake baikal is in east siberia people are drawn to it by its beauty its energy and its benevolent spirits. in old old shaman. said there is a place where you should sprinkle water and pray to the spirits. and they will guard you. if you really get the impression that something supernatural is happening. because i am a physicist i know it is impossible. a young scientist from switzerland was attracted to this area where religion nature and science intertwine. i try to see by cal
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in its entirety i didn't know what to expect from this place. but i have discovered something new here rather but i absorb everything that this place offers cookies. lake baikal is more than twenty five million years old. is a little over thirty. the swiss scientists travel to the banks of the oldest lake in the world by ultra light. this tiny aircraft weighs less than five hundred killers a speeds of up to one hundred seventy kilometers perella it can fly at three thousand meters where from such altitudes you can examine the bottom of the
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lake because of the clear waters and his four cameras fixed to be afraid. for us if it's not just a scientific endeavor but a personal one. what winds of fate brought the young scientists to the by calibration it all began with a minor research trip. here quite by chance i came up with the idea of experiments. in the world's oceans there are a lot of organisms that exposed to the light of a certain spectrum range emit light of a different range and i wondered if this was also the case with the lake. in short discovered luminescent crustaceans in by coles waters.


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