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tv   [untitled]    November 24, 2013 12:00am-12:31am EST

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breaking news here on our t.v. a triumph of diplomacy a deal between six world powers and iran over its nuclear program has reached a fact that we're putting an end to a decade long standoff so-called first stage agreement puts iran's nuclear program a hold change for partial sanctions really a correspondent in geneva will bring us the details of a landmark deal. this is coming to live from the russian capital i'm marina joshing welcome to the program and we continue to discuss the breaking news here world powers in iran have reached in the storage nuclear deal anding a decade long deadlock over iran's nuclear ambitions the breakthrough came on the fifth day of intense talks after the foreign ministers from all six negotiating
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world powers and iran narrowed down the remaining obstacles in geneva while the now cross live to the boy who is there for us so details are the long awaited deal are emerging right now so what do we know so far. what i meant to say caijing first of all off to two sets of failed negotiations before this ten years of political wrangling over iran's nuclear issue five days of talks intense heated talks here in geneva a night of several hundred journalists sleeping in the media center waiting for a decision and we finally have a breakthrough that historical deal has been reached now it's hard to describe just how tense the atmosphere has been here throughout the night waiting for any sort of news from those negotiations to find out whether or not that deal has been made and up until the very last moment when we received the news about the deal being made
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there was no way of knowing which way it was going to go because sticking points still remained between the sides now the agreement that we have at the moment according to the russian foreign ministry coincides with what russia had been proposing the offset in these nuclear negotiations now what are the details that we know so far well foreign minister according to the russian foreign minister sergey lavrov the agreement recognizes iran's right to a peaceful nuclear program but it would be under the strict condition all the inspections from the i. i think we can have a listen to sergei lavrov talking about that right now. as to. the agreement based on the. russian president. the six negotiating to recognize. energy including its
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nuclear enrichment on the conditions that its program. and will let us. you and you were these sanctions against iran that they introduced by the un security council russia has never recognized the unilateral penalties if the easing pressure on the wrong start would lift. now among the details that one mentioned by sergey lavrov is that this will be the six month freeze over iran's nuclear program no new centrifuges are going to be and no new uranium enrichment facilities are going to be built and iran has agreed to stop enriching uranium over five percent now so the deal here has been made it may
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only be an interim deal for the moment which means that you have to start in six months time but at the moment it feels like a historic breakthrough especially after a night spent in the media center absolutely paula thank you so much for staying up for us and bringing us the very very latest coming out of geneva on the details of this groundbreaking deal today between iran of the six world powers probably boyko their reporting. well iran's right to enrich uranium was thought to be the main stumbling block and striking the deal in geneva and here is what american and iranian foreign ministers had to say about it after the go. we believe that the current agreement. of action as we call it in. this place is. a very clear reference to the fact that iranian. enrichment program will continue
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and will be a part of any agreement now and in the future this first step let me be clear. this first step does not say that iran has a right to enrichment no matter what interpretive comments are made it is not in this document there is no right to enrich within the four corners of the n.p.t. and this document does not do that while we get out further discuss the long awaited deal with iran with norman solomon who's director of the institute for public accuracy and he joins us live now from san francisco norman think of for joining us here r.t. to discuss this so first off we just heard the top diplomats from iran and then the u.s. interpreted the deal quite differently who's right here at regarding the uranium
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enrichment. well i think they're both covering their bases in terms of their domestic audience and i think it's living hairs that don't matter very much the fact is the u.s. government has promoted for many decades including ironically during the shah's time in iran the development of nuclear power across the world including iran back in the one nine hundred sixty s. so the u.s. is promoting nuclear power and it's important to people in iran as i learned when i spoke with folks on the street and to run a number of years ago to assert the trog it is to develop nuclear power energy so i think that's a rather minor point what is so key is that this is a breakthrough for diplomacy that aside from apparently the governments of saudi arabia and israel. throughout the region and beyond we can expect
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a lot of positive response to this agreement which i think is a historic breakthrough and a very good one well you just said mr solomon you just sad that this of course is victory of diplomacy and a groundbreaking deal but you know i just want to perhaps discuss these contradictions or perhaps differences stipulated in the agreement because we don't some may saying that of course this is a temporary fix for six months but what happens after that given that it's taken a decade to get here do you have faith at this point that the size will find a long term solution given the differences that exist at the moment of course. well i think it's a plausible pathway that's been laid out now and it's so important that the momentum has been reversed the pressures towards war stoked by some elements in the u.s. congress certainly pushed by prime minister netanyahu of israel as well as the
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saudi government that momentum has been effectively not only hit the brakes but actually has gone now in the last hours in the other direction and that is a crucial going to make because when you have all the major players of those negotiations wanting the deal and getting the deal it's a very favorable foreshadowing of what we're going to see a six months and beyond that said it's going to be crucial that all the governments involved in this agreement stand by it and push back against pressure from saudi arabia and israel as well as the hawks in the u.s. congress well speaking of the hawks in the u.s. congress i'm glad you mentioned that because i'd like to discuss now the domestic situation in america regarding this deal because you know in the situation right now it seems like the ministration has found itself as they say between the rock and a hard place so how will this go down at home. well the administration
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for a while found itself between iran and a hard place you might say but because of the power of the presidency and the fact that a deal is in half now i think that the right wing elements in the u.s. congress those who followed the lead of benjamin netanyahu these were some republicans some democrats tonight and in the next days they will be back on their heels they will have to regroup well most of the momentum is now with this agreement but there is no question that the israeli government and those in the u.s. congress who want an attack on iran they will not rest they will hate this agreement or they will try to undermine now what about the situation in a their region in the middle east pacifically and you know speaking of israel. as
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we know a bench of a netanyahu has been stepping up anti deal rhetoric here so what will be happening and you know in his country and around it of course will using the tangents be eased or on the contrary increase as a result of this groundbreaking deal today in geneva. well i think the tensions are going to be exacerbated within the two countries of israel and saudi arabia because they're going to be so unhappy with his field but i think in the region as a whole this is a very positive development because all we want to defuse the tensions we want to reduce the chances of a cross border attacks and international launching of major warfare so i think that there's a new potential here to discuss the escalate a lot of the tensions and i hope that long term we can have a ban on all weapons of mass destruction nuclear and otherwise in the entire region
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this could be a good step in that direction all right norman solomon thank you so much for us here director of the indeed a for a public accuracy thank you. well now let's take a look at the long and winding road to the historic deal iran's nuclear program started and the nine hundred fifty s. with the help of the u.s. but it is in the late twentieth century that tensions started really heating up around its atomic ambitions back in one thousand nine hundred six the u.s. firmly moved down the track of sanctions lambaste it to iran after alleging its nuclear program was for military purposes and that's also when talks started but they reached deadlock in two thousand and five iran's president at the time i'm ready to jog resumed uranium enrichment the u.n. were quick to respond unanimously agreeing on their own set of sanctions a year later now this though failed to convince iran to drop its nuclear program on the contrary and at twenty eight increase the level of uranium enrichment to twenty
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percent and that was widely seen as a significant step towards iran towards arms production while the move allegedly a trigger to the assassinations for iranian nuclear scientists with israel's mossad suspected of involvement and finally in june this year iran elected hassan rouhani as a super isn't something many see as a game changer in iran's relations with the west. well what seemed like a major obstacle to a long awaited deal was israel's star opposition to any compromise during a previous round of talks two weeks ago that opposition seemed to be impacting on the negotiating stance of france and the u.s. well for more on this we now talk to our correspondent paula zahn here who is in tel aviv and she's gauging reaction of israel to this groundbreaking deal there hello to you paula so do tell us about their israel's reaction and of course some
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are saying that is or is not going to be happy about it. well so far there's been reaction only from one israeli minister the minister of strategic affairs yuval steinitz he said and i'm quoting that the agreement remains a bad one that will make reaching a permanent solution harder he also went on to say that this deal is based on a rainy and deception and self delusion now what is interesting is that there has been a difference in terms of how the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and top members of his government have been reacting during this last round of talks in geneva whereas in the past natanya who was very public in his criticism of the deal israelis recently have turned their attention to some kind of quiet diplomacy behind the scenes what we do know is that steinitz has been on the phone with all the heads of the negotiating teams in geneva at the same time he's also spoken with two of the foreign ministers who were involved what the israelis are trying to do
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what they were trying to do was to influence the would in of the statement what we're being told now is that high high ranking diplomats from some of the countries that were involved in these talks will soon be making their way to tel aviv to brief the israelis in terms of what happened in geneva and on the way forward among the points that the israelis were particularly concerned about and were hoping to influence in this last round were for example the whole issue of the a rocket react to hear the israelis would. mandating that the agreement says that all activity at the iraq plants be halted they were also concerned over the wording of scientific with search the israelis saying that they want this deal not to give legitimacy to the iranians to be able to continue developing other aspects of their nuclear program under the wording of scientific research now the u.s. secretary of state john kerry has said that this deal makes israel safe no doubt the be a lot of scoffing in tel aviv at these comments because it is precisely this that
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the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has been pushing and that is that the deal not only does not make israel not safe but that it is a threat to the international community who are waiting for some kind of reaction and some kind of comment from him later in the day today one of the big questions of course is what does israel do next it has been threatening for quite some time that they will conduct a military strike particularly the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has used a lot of war mongering they will see reports that the israelis are working behind the scenes with a solid all of the possibility of launching some kind of military action if indeed a deal is signed off in geneva as has been now. paula thanks for a gauging their reaction and israel for us there our correspondent policy reporting from tel aviv well prior to this round of talks there were reports that if a deal was struck in geneva israel may join forces with saudi arabia and military campaign against iran the once unthinkable winds of former foes was allegedly
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prompted by both nations refusal to accept and compromise on terrans nuclear program demobbed policy director ad the national iranian american council however believes such a conflict is a very unlikely scenario. every time netanyahu wants another sanctions bill passed in congress he makes sure to send signals to lawmakers here in the u.s. that hey you have to pass this bill otherwise you're going to have a war on your hands that israel is going to start and the united states is going to finish the saudis and on the same thing not as publicly i think that any time you hear the israelis and now the saudis talking loud about military action that's a signal that military action is not necessarily being planned but that they're trying to use this as leverage in order to drive the hand of the u.s. or the international community in a certain direction when they start being quiet about a potential military strike that's when you have to think ok maybe something is
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actually underway here and just for somebody maybe just joining us here on r t i want to make a quick reminder that we were discussing breaking news today and that is of world powers and iran having regional story deal today in geneva. and a good decade long deadlock over tehran's nuclear program and we'll bring you analysis and allies with correspondents on this issue well and it will now be difficult for the u.s. to keep up the idea that iran is a threat to israel and in fact this is what one of our apps birds of a poor old rich and a panda research and an expert on the u.s. wrong relations had to say earlier talking to me today. has been misinforming the public not just the american public but the whole world for such a long time that it's going to be very difficult for them to step back away from that to mention that iran is a threat to israel it's just something that is the fantasy and it's a fantasy built in order to continue supporting israel to sell arms to the
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arab neighbors in the region and also to distract from everything that israel does in the region israel has between two hundred and four hundred nuclear warheads and if ever iran were to pose a threat to israel nuclear or if it were to build nuclear bombs which it has not decided it is no match for israel's nuclear arsenal. well just to remind you of the key points of the deal that have already emerged first iran it will reduce its uranium enrichment from twenty to maximum of five percent and this level and surest the peaceful use of atomic material to iran is also supposed to stop adding new centrifuges sticking to our data equipment and keep the happy water reactor near the town of iraq non-operational the un should have round the clock ability to check and control any activity of enrichment plants in return sanctions
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will be lifted allowing to iran to regain control of some of its assets and said to be worth up to four billion dollars for a period of up to six months. well later we'll be joined by our correspondent in washington d.c. guy educate bring us their reaction and what comes out of this groundbreaking agreement reached in geneva on iran today from washington d.c. to state this. big bucks for. everybody to do the job the price is the only industry specifically mentioned in the constitution and. that's because a free and open press is critical to our democracy check albus. role. in fact the single biggest threat facing our nation today is the corporate takeover of
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our government and our press semi-colons we've been hijacked by handful of transnational corporations that will profit by destroying what our founding fathers once it's all just my job market and on this show we reveal the big picture of what's actually going on in the world we go beyond identifying the problem trying to fix rational debate and a real discussion critical issues facing america but don't ready to join the movement then welcome the. right to see. the first street. and i think that you're. on our reporters twitter. and instagram.
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to be in the. welcome back you're watching our t.v. and of breaking news a world powers and iran have reached a story nuclear deal and being a decade long deadlock over to iran's nuclear ambitions the breaks are came after more than four days of intense talks between iran and the u.n. security council's five permanent man. plus germany all the foreign ministers from the sixty oceanic and world powers rushed to geneva to push this through according to russia's foreign minister in the deal the world powers recognize iran's peaceful adam and uranium enrichment under strict control of the i.a.e.a. the u.n. atomic watchdog thereat in turn will limit its uranium enrichment to five percent instead of twenty stop adding centrifuges and a whole new construction of a heavy water reactor in iran the war powers will partially lift sanctions against
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iran for six months and unfreeze several billion dollars in iranian assets. but despite hailing the deal with iran u.s. president barack obama said the majority of american sanctions against iran will stay in place you know across live correspondent john who is in washington for us and bring is the reaction from the air so guided to tell us what else did the u.s. leader have to say on the success of the geneva talks. as you said president obama pledged to put a modest relief of sanctions in return for iran scaling back its nuclear program not the relief will include freeing up a small portion of iran's overseas accounts as well as easing some other trade restrictions here's actually what the president said.
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on our side the united states and our friends and allies have agreed to provide iran with modest relief while continuing to apply our toughest sanctions we will refrain from imposing new sanctions and we will allow the iranian government excess to a portion of the revenue that they have been denied through sanctions. but the broader architecture of sanctions will remain in place and we will continue to enforce them vigorously and if iran does not fully meet its commitments during the six month phase we will turn off the relief and ratchet up the pressure while again this president obama said the u.s. would refrain from imposing new sanctions because it would undermine the breakthrough deal that they just reached the with iran we know that the u.s. congress was just about to pass another round of sanctions and the president has urged congress not to do that now although the obama administration and now says sanctions have worked in these negotiations others argue that sanctions have
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created this hostile environment which throughout all these years made it impossible to reach a deal but still even though there is a temporary agreement the parties have already come out with what seems to be different interpretations especially on the key issue of whether or not iran has the right to enrich uranium take a listen to this. we believe that the current agreement the current plan of action as we call it in this thing places. a very clear reference to the fact that iranian. enrichment program will continue and will be a part of any agreement now and in the future this first step let me be clear this first step does not say that iran has a right to enrich but no matter what interpretive comments are made it is
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not in this document there is no right to enrich within the four corners of the n.p.t. and this document does not do that. president obama on his part said iran should have access to peaceful nuclear energy but because of violations in the past he said he wants should be strictly limited in his capacity to develop a nuclear program now we have to take into account that the obama administration is now under a lot of pressure from the u.s. congress which is hardly in favor of any deal was iran and its allies israel and some of the gulf states which don't want to see you ron sanctions sanctions relieved so president obama. he president obama as well as secretary kerry they had to work their statements very carefully and ultimately their message to both israel and their partners in the gulf was that this deal will eventually make everyone
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safer are going to go on board and they're bringing us the reaction from washington d.c. to the groundbreaking deal reached in geneva today with iran and the six world powers over ron's nuclear program and of course here on our t.v. as we said earlier we'll continue to bring you the very latest on this and do stay with us. back in the day barack obama was elected because he was deemed to be the very end to cisse of george w. bush now instead of seeing differences between the two presidents we were reminded about what both have in common particularly flagging poll numbers for us on this program we ask is obama serving bush's fourth term. torch is on its epic journey to such a. one hundred twenty three days. through two thousand one hundred cities
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