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tv   Boom Bust  RT  November 28, 2013 10:30pm-11:01pm EST

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i used to have three employees then little by little because of the rise in taxes an increase in fuel prices i ran into difficulties and had to let them all go and. of course one of the advantages of having these boys working here is that i save a better mic spence's. i have to say i'm still the one who ends up working the most since my sales are plummeting i'm forced to count on the kids. but i'm telling you if sales increased i'd immediately get a qualified worker who could lighten my load a little. here you are senora have a great day. how many italian small business owners are taking advantage of this cheap labor force. according to recent estimates there are sixty thousand kids working in the naples region today. and the state what's the italian government doing about it. this is the headquarters of the labor inspection agency
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for companion. the director doesn't know the camera is already running he admits straight away that he's powerless. you see my figures on the control of under age workers are pathetic figures should reflect what we're doing about it but they're too weak look here in two thousand and eleven we only did controls on forty eight miners so you're going to tell us all about it now. you know i don't want to talk about it. i do want to talk about is the phenomenon of child labor in general in this city. going about our activity in the region in general but i don't want to give statistic. why. because on the inspection level you don't have to explain to my minister who watched the interview why i've only done forty eight checks on minors. i mean in a city. maple's. checks last year that's hardly any. the have only
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been nineteen. asking which districts there are children working you know where. basically we know them all. most of the zone around the one six seven roads also. i think so if you know them and it wasn't hard for me to find them what are you waiting for i have only two hundred days a year of inspection per inspector multiplied by a hundred inspectors that's only twenty thousand days of inspections per year bearing that in mind you can see i can't just focus on only one problem twenty thousand days a year in a region with twelve million inhabitants in naples the labor inspection agency doesn't have the means to make the fight against child labor it's priority. at the university of a researcher has been analyzing the economic policies that have been adopted since
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the beginning of the crisis according to him the government has let this happen fully aware of the cause. one of the ways in which the italian economy has responded to the crisis. has been to allow illegal work in the black market to increase. and our politicians in recent years have maintained this idea that a large part of the economy of the labor market. black market. and you must understand this work is not supply. and not an extra labor force. absolutely necessary for the survival of small to mid-sized italian companies. child labor has therefore become indispensable for the. wyvil of crisis stricken
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italy. but at the other end of europe the crisis is biting too and everyone is doing their best to fight it in their own way. great britain prime minister david cameron has a radical take on social welfare and that's the interaction of the benefits system with the choices people make about having a family i already talked about how many people have to think very carefully about whether they can afford to have children and how many they can afford to have but since the crisis the british government has had one priority budgetary cuts the order of the day to end the benefits culture everyone back to work gone are the days when doing nothing was a long option a choice under labor that someone was free to make to ponder whether to work or not to work well from now on the message is clear you must work and if you won't work with us to find that work you will lose your benefit.
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these british ministers seem convinced that lots of british people don't want to work and yet in the middle of the crisis there are people who don't think of anything else the trouble is sometimes their children. a middle sized town in the midlands. michael is fifteen his mother is unemployed so for the past few months he's been doing the milk round with his grandfather the milk deliveries the tradition in england. i do . get some extra money help around the house and. my mates on weekends i am helping them on the air. field ground symbolize work opportunities for youngsters in england this job is permitted from the age of thirteen yet. but with
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a maximum of seventeen hours a week however michael works eight hours a day three nights a week clearly over the authorized limit. is quite hard. to do. and then my. sleep falls it's really tiring as well. to keep up michael drinks for energy drinks a night however his salary is low. to. be honest and even tempered by about. twelve euros. good my wife. it's. not very good morning there's a lot better than nothing but he never goes on strike. threat.
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it's good experience for a. girl none of my friends would. that parents can afford to keep giving them money to go if they want to and. i feel it's pretty unfair on me the. side you got to do it. michael started at nine pm he gets home just before dawn. you go to sleep or. no sleep in your school. so it's a. yeah. time is five o'clock. to. school. six i was at school now quinoa again and i will wake up
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and be able to get sleep. and then. hopeful to sleep at school like i did last time. michael's mother levy has had a serious car accident she's been unable to walk without crutches ever since lee never wanted to give up work but she was made redundant last january and she lives off barely four hundred fifty euros a month in this small house. that. got finished. last time.
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michael is in year eleven but at fifteen years of age he risks having to give up everything to take the pressure off his mum a former middle manager in a hospital lee used to make a good living now she's ashamed to send her son now to work especially since she knows it's illegal. night seth young there is legislation around of his there in the davis legislation around and set around young people way cool and nice if the number so. we would probably be in trouble. if it was found where can. those hours i'm not sure what the options are or would be if your thirty's discovered that michael worked so much lee would risk having a benefits cut off losing custody of her son. i think i've
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always been dismissive of people not waken in and things before because i think people have a life choice. those choices that perhaps now looking back and they're recognized. very little kitty. markets were to have been there and have to be i think an accepted and dealing with. possibility. lee and michael live in yorkshire but the heart of traditional england the coal mines then the big chemicals industry used to guarantee the prosperity of local people today one third of the region's taxpayers penniless.
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bilton its people apparently wealthy. it's expensive houses and for sale signs in this market district on the outskirts of. there's evidence of a crisis every twenty metres. this house isn't for sale but it is mortgaged and the shooter family fighting not to be evicted. this is joel father nigel and his partner kelly. a two hundred me to a big garden which are remnants of the past once upon a time nigel was a successful man. in twenty years he went from nothing to directing a flourishing small company. the crisis cancelled out an entire lifetime's work when the banking crisis hit in two thousand and eight because of my experience at
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my age. twenty four months keep head down you know they'll all be over twenty four months you know twenty. days so you think i'll do another year now what changes twenty twelve now nearly over you know what change so christmas he's comin you know in the next year and it's just that daily grind which is. you know if you're looking at five or ten years in austerity. i don't mind working out i would shout all my wife. and i will get hope every day and for when i don't even get a day or a week it's you know. ukraine a country divided it's government's decision not to pursue integration with the
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european union and for russia as western politicians and media in an uproar brussels feel snubbed while moscow has a wait and see approach as ukrainian politics is anything but stable the so-called struggle for ukraine is far from over. if you're thinking about an alcoholic drink associated with russia it's probably not going to be one that springs into your head but they've been making it here on the black sea coast for more than two thousand kids and there's an industry which really can compete with the rest of the world has to offer i've come to meet some of the people growing the greats and to see if i can find out the secret to the perfect.
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sigrid laboratory was able to build a new. fortunately. tunes mission to teach creation why it should care about humans and. this is why you should care . to nigel's small god in the sense everyone pitches in. even his son joel. five years ago. when. he couldn't afford to pay for everything. nigel has led
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three employees go and joel has been working thirty hours a week ever since on top of school. seven pm after closing up the gun center the family is still busy the shooters regularly organize auctions extra work in order to help make ends meet. but joel is hesitating at fifteen should he carry on working. full time it's not an easy choice especially when the decision could make things even tougher for his family to go to six. obviously if i went to six. because obviously i'll be there five days a week and i don't think it's normal that people my age the responsibility of things like this. which for my my for. few weeks quite
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a benefit for me because obviously being able to stop. it gets me yes me so. i'm doing it all myself. once again joel's putting his back into it it's midnight and he's still loading things into the car boot. to morrow morning joe's dance lessons of state for. twenty five days. since you know twelve year old kids used to work you know hundred years ago but not anymore but again. to support the families and now we're back almost
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a full circle gamebox away. we want to talk to the mayor of dunk a story about this alarming situation. that . first to refuse to answer our questions next to local m.p. and finally the minister for work and duncan smith. turned down our request for an interview. only one british academic will publicly criticize politicians under certain sector of british society for looking away from the problem. people talk about the because it's very embarrassing. at the extreme end of poverty lots of things driving the current management cuts is the feeling amongst government that
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they need to look tough so that people who have money to move around g.o.p. we have on the well will keep leaving their money and with no investing money in britain because they think the british government is tough. it isn't just great britain in fact new european country is taking action against child labor so who in europe has the wherewithal to fight against this phenomenon. we went to ask the european council a political organization with the mission of assuring human rights and democracy within the european union. we show extracts from our filming to the human rights commission an. interesting way he now seems to discover the severity of the problem i think it's far more widespread than we realize and like and done some good work. many people think human rights violations are something that happens elsewhere and not in their own country and that they're not they're not ready to look at who are
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the most vulnerable and most at risk groups of in their own societies we like to think that we we are very developed we have the european social model we have welfare systems we have functioning states and by global standards we are not that . europe thought it was immune to child labor because its conception is that a solid body of legislation to protect children's rights and not create ways that you can use the european legislation to force countries. where n.g.o.s bar associations. individual activists have realized this will take a long time to go through all of the domestic remedies and then to the european court of human rights but once there is a judgment. that will be very hard for the saudis to ignore completely when there
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is a violation of european directives you can also fire the country for like oh yes you can send a commission the european commission is not very active in taking its member states before the european court of justice because european court of justice imposes very large fines on companies and member states and so on the trust legislation so on but it has not really done this on many human rights issues. the message is clear politically speaking europe doesn't have the will or desire to make sure member states respect a fundamental right the right to a childhood. when autumn arrives in the fall garion village of reasonable get to know and a parents are back at work on the last stage after the harvest packing the dried tobacco. if you are you happy. has she been
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working hard not really. they're only interested in money these kids and who have visited the tobacco for you this year put it. into what else in the world yes i'm satisfied they do work hard they listen to me they do what they're told and they also study just like the gustav's the whole village is getting ready for the big tobacco sale. so when do the buyers arrive we have to bring our tobacco to a designated area. then it's they are the ones who decide they organize the sale. they fix the price oh yes in half an hour and isn't it possible to negotiate no. i don't think the price for tobacco is fair but it depends on the buyer. anyhow the
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prices in bulgaria are always low because there aren't any subsidies anymore for. a few kilometers from the sale has already begun. one of the main buyers here is. a tobacco multinational. each producer brings his harvest and awaits the verdict how much per kilo. can you tell me what the lowest and highest price would be. so how much i can say. it's all relative. if this worker has refused it's because the prices are very low from two fifty to four euros per kilo gary and tobacco is the cheapest in the european union do you work together as a family with the children yes the whole family my wife and children it's our only
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source of income how many children do you have so i have two children in my village all the children in the fields but nevertheless a so-called employee says the opposite. it's. a look it's written here guaranteed not to have used child labor. child labor is forbidden in our company in summer our inspectors survey the fields and they make sure there are no children in the fields. it's forbidden to send children to work it's a company priority it's inadmissible. should therefore have inspectors on the lookout throughout the area. and parents to stop sending the children into the fields. but do they sometimes go back. sometimes they don't go back. because our producers the ones we work with they don't use children.
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we never came across one inspector finally people change their story big bird if you have a four hector field you need a lot of people so obviously that's going to include children otherwise the yield would be smaller. yes yes they do help out those kids but the important point is that they're not treated badly. just that it's not forced labor . end up admitting the children are working in the fields so who is going to buy tobacco. what types of cigarettes to produce tobacco for people much parents. for. the future we mainly produce for philip morris. he's the principal buyer. so the tobacco produced by children ends up in cigarettes which belong to philip
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morris in packets of chesterfield merit among other brands which is sold on the global market. on his website however philip morris claims we do not tolerate the illegal employment of children and we do not tolerate forced labor so we called philip morris to. find out if he was aware of these abuses i'd like to ask you two questions the first one is are you aware of what's happening in bulgaria with silver that using tight labor and if you are. the second one is if you're not aware what are you going to do about it. what this communications representative tries to tell us is that philip morris is
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financing a foundation against child labor the e.c. l.t. yet the e.c.l. t. is completely financed by tobacco industrialists and while the e.c.l. t. foundation runs its costly programs targeting child labor some of its members continue to have children work in their fields. in the end philip morris got back to us by email. they read directed us to their website and their statements of good intentions. belgariad england italy but also spain portugal greece and europe there are no longer any countries shielded from child labor just how low are we prepared to sink in order to dig out of the crisis. giovanni dreams of his father will work as a pizza maker again. is carrying on working in the bakery.
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michael would like to join the british police force. joel has just decided to go to technical college to train as an electrician. get dana can see herself as a primary school. teacher in her hometown. there's
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a media lead us so we leave the. potions to cure the. party there's a. question is that no one is that skin with the guests that deserve answers from. politics only on r t. you know there's one thing that i still can't understand it and i don't want to ruin your good mood but i have this one question would do this all for you that you had everything they respect and so that you give them all up in the senate to go your way but what for.
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there was a latent form he tried to restrain himself but look at all the first out anyway. if it really puts me off that i have such a father. who is one small but very great secret that i have to live with for his. dramas that can't be ignored. stories others for a few stood noticing. the faces changing the walls the lights now. full picture of today's news. on demand from around the globe.
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local. t.v. . european leaders failed to rebuild the ruins of a trade deal with kiev during a key summit as the ukrainian president stands on his decision to free. plus. police crackdown on protesters who were jail sentences slapped on a group of women for a peaceful demonstration. and with the black friday shopping thought about to kick off in the u.s. we look at the wild buying spree of the federal reserve and where it's taking the american economy.

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