tv [untitled] December 12, 2013 12:30am-1:01am EST
it's a matter of all sides acting responsibly absolutely but i think and i know that you mad with the foreign minister of here in ukraine and you're stressed that all sides have to respect the law but i think we can also see from some of the european countries and the reaction from them has been that you know the people's right of free assembly has to be respected there is a lot of our facilities on the right a sample freely and i think it's not that simple because strict politics is obviously a very imprecise masher of assessing democratic attitudes and people who are gathered in the center of key if these the stadium of nothing less than the resignation of the government and early elections something that some part of the electorate may support and some part of the electorate may very strongly oppose but it seems that in their case and many european countries supported that very strongly it's not just about boys seeing their views it's about demanding nothing
less than what they want it's my way or highway they don't care what the rest of the country may want so it seems that you know this interplay between security and democracy is very very tricky here what well of course it is and there's a see this is there's a lively debate in say the organization on this but one should also pay attention not to confuse the internal political dynamics in any country. the basic need to respect some fundamental freedoms of principles. you know to be extent that we see from from perspective in me but i tried to address this as institutionally as a as a can when i see the commitment of a government to to uphold the rule of law and to. guarantee a fundamental freedoms. in a certain way and i'm satisfied to see. so there is this commandment said if sin
then in ukraine have you seen well as enough for us to go in that direction no we have to see now if this investigation takes place and and all that but then there is also a political element and the real issue the relationship between the political actors which is really. in the realm of of the interaction and political interaction among the forces here and that's where the international community doesn't really have much of it all we can overall as. if this is something that is requested by by the satyr as mediators and the dialogue is it was really the case because we have all the major players in the european politics now in ukraine they're in negotiations not only with the ukrainian leadership but will be your training in opposition there is clearly a very strong push on the part of sound western countries to influence the decision and to intervene in this what you say are internal democratic process why hasn't
always see condemned those efforts to intervene because this this is something that could clearly contribute to. you know making the situation less secure but that's because we don't pass judgment or assessments on. how can i say on political decisions and we don't assess a policy of a certain country its relations with its neighbor and and you know the also the fact that this relationship may have a certain color a certain connotation what we try to assess is whether these fundamental principles are expected and that's also what protects us in giving certain neutrality to the fact that we have been then the of course there is there is a political space reading which the various actors operating there all medic they've. presented your government over. a western country comes here and interacts
with the government and the opposition and perhaps they are going to see a position more in favor of one or the other that's really his choice i mentioned that quote by george w. bush earlier and you know the idea that you need to help democratize other countries. as a way of ensuring your own security and i think it's still very popular in the west but it is certainly i guess part of the always see mission especially since the collapse of the soviet union you've made some progress in that domain i wonder if you indeed agree with george w. bush in that that actively promoting democracy is not just a matter of your values or your ideology but it is indeed part of the security doctrine i would say that but this is a concept that these agreed by everybody in your city we have institutions whose name refers to the promotion of democratic institutions if we have in our societies
and in the structures of our countries checks and balances you have parliaments were. controlling somehow but the decisions of the governments governments reported to the parliaments if you have democratic processes over the actions that the law that make sure that governments do reflect the will of the people then it is more difficult for a government to make a decision that can be dramatic but if you were talking about internal institutions internal democratic institutions and i am asking you about an outside effort to bring democracy to any certain country and you mentioned earlier that everybody agrees on that model but i would like to mention one example at least where that model has significantly backfired and this is libya and number of the always see founding member state actively aided bringing democracy to libya and three years down the line that produced a major. it implications not only for north africa but for europe itself i
mean the issue of migration and the issue of terrorism is that on that gender do you think that european countries maybe european institutions including the always see may need to reconsider that approach to spreading democracy and maybe give a bit more thought the security implications that that process could have spreading democracy it's not a noisy concept and there are certain countries you mention libya this is really very little to do that you have that. mansion and. levy are requested to become a partner and it's still blocked powerfully in relation to the issues that you that you mentioned too from from the union to the organization so we're really looking at libya as an external entity from but let's use it as a kind of an academic example and certainly this is something something or we do not do in your see is exporting democracy as you see what we do we work with
governments and it's a long term. always effort to promote a democratic evolution of these situations i personally don't believe in overnight change i don't think we can create democracy is overnight this is an effort that always requires a long term a. long term engagement of everybody but there is one principle that is important to us is that we have accepted and this is the ability of the societies in general stability in one country is a contribution to stability to the region in a way and this gives a right to the other countries also to have a say in processes going on in other countries this is what obviously is creating sometimes ups but it's a principle that is recognised in the o.c. well i wonder if in your country man are on the lot island of lampedusa do really see. what happened in libya as
a hiccup because i think you know the flow of migrants from libya and increasingly from syria demonstrates that you know this is a ride that some countries in believe they have in. you know taking care of our affairs and other states certainly. backfired and produce very very negative consequences as the number of migrants in europe has significantly increased as a result of some of the european policies against some of the policies of the young member states and as a consequence we only suffer because of that should should there be some codified responsibility for your actions even such normal actions as spreading democracy in europe you're putting various things in the same basket if you look for instance the issue of the mag rounds you wouldn't relate this necessarily only to one factor i think we're looking at the larger phenomenon but we need to assess.
things may have in the specifics may have made the issue worse in a way and fully fully accept that and as an italian more than is the secular general the sea. but but there is a trend the it is a larger trend and the reasons are many goes back to economic development. societal developments to. the what we used to call the arab spring i'm not sure how to call it now a little country that really supported an aid in the arab spring and promised all those people all those things that you just mentioned and as a result they intervened in their societies but there is a human scale to materialize sorry but these are movements and also take place within the societies and we see also the debating side of the world we see also the contradictions inside the arab world and you know you're bringing me a lot outside now the u.s. syria but back to the issue of the point where us that. thing is they see that
there is no holy sea. how can they see exporting democracy we are really what we're doing we're working with each of the countries of the organization to help them develop their own institutions in their own way if some countries within the us see. have policies that. can i say a more global or a that's really their issue and they would be accountable for that that there would be and this is part of this question that we have inside the organization and as you know it's a lively there's a lively debate well unfortunately it's still set the level of debate rather than you know fully accepted responsibility misters and here we have to take a very short break now but one of the comeback democracy has long been considered an area of western expertise but as size to make it cannot make and social changes shake the very foundation of many societies isn't it time to review some of the all
to. get. to the. i was thinking somehow i had to come back because mom was waiting for me. i just knew that everything would be fine for some reason they were so confident because we were going to get married officially after he came back how could he not come back because the mere thought of it never crossed her mind. when the militants decided to try and break through to her new guinea epic screaming grenade. go forward they explode and blow them all round his back toward. a little and it was all over all. we know that our call rats on our commander won't leave us no matter how tough it gets we're team.
who needs to be told language. programs and documentaries in arabic it's all here on all t.v. reporting from the world's hot spots. peace. treaty. arabic for the me visit arabic don't go it's called. welcome back to worlds apart rear discussing the interplay between democracy and security with. the secretary general of the organization for security and cooperation in europe mr zinni the always see was created as an organization to facilitate the dialogue between east and west during the cold war and to some extent this divide ideological divide still remains and some may even argue that it
has exacerbated in recent years in fact these recent toggle for between russia and the european union over ukrainian future may be seen as one example of that what do you think are we witnessing the formation of this new divide between istana west and europe because there's talk about. and what we see is that the relations between the key players a group of players in the us see space not necessarily become any easier in recent times and. in the process of the east the neighborhood and the development than in the run up to the ability of some meat has been as we have seen a. phase of. how can i say development of relationship between russia and the european union was not ideal so they're
simply witnessing something that is at an inn in the us the space and what we're. asking ourselves is how can the u.s. see contribute to. helping everybody move beyond this and to try to do to work on. eliminating the any impression the new division emerging in many western media this choice that ukraine faces at the moment has been protested in terms of you know a bribe democratic future offered by the european union and the dark authoritarian past threatened by russia and i can understand why some europeans may run away with this sort of cold war framing but i think russia certainly doesn't see itself as. as an a talk or see or as a dictatorship in fact it sees itself as a democracy and it wants to develop as a democracy but on its own terms rather than terms hunted down from some of the old
established european democracies and i wonder if you think as an observer that some of the european countries would be ready to discuss democracy in this russia with other poissy members on equal terms not as teachers and students but rather as equal partners and talking about what democracy. really is and what is the best way to achieve or improve it they have every opportunity to do so in the u.s. c.m. we have discussions all the time around these issues what we're finding is that there is still at the bottom of everything a lack of truly conciliation. and perhaps following beyond of the cold war there are still issues on which we can and should work and we're supposed to be examples from germany from. poland the russia presenting some good models
of the worst that forward so i think the first thing to do is really to do that to try to get a better environment for this discussion to take place and then on the agenda of the u.s.c. we also have a project and the project is the creation of a security community where everybody has its space so this is what we're working on and the more we managed to make progress and russia has quite a number of interesting proposals some of them more acceptable to others some of leds some of them less and and this is a negotiation that is starting now effect but if we manage and the further we manage to go in the direction of creating a security community the more we create good conditions for this kind of debate to take place you're being very politically correct here but i think there is a still a sense in europe. both in the east and in the west of your of that the old europe
is in an established democracy it and the rest has to sort of grow up a little bit and my question was more about who determines what democracy really is because there are a number of social issues now in europe that are very challenging and you don't really understand whether they're democratic and not for example they can pay for algae p.t. right in europe which is a very. general issue very broad issue and on the one hand it includes you know fair treatment nondiscriminatory treatment of individuals which everybody supports but on the other hand it may also include. total bridges the nation of the poor social institution which is marriage and many people strongly oppose that but then europe many governments took the route of. pushing for these legislative changes from top down and for many here in the new europe that's not democratic that's plain authoritarian many of established democracies would still insist on that i
wonder how we can really come to a place when everybody's opinion the with with comment equally rather than some having more entitle them to democracy than others. still a think the us c. is based on a. principle which is very very strongly held in the organization which is the principle consensus so we do not agree on many thing unless and until everybody feels comfortable with it so the issue you mention of the b.p. well there is a general recognition that there should be no discrimination of minorities of any kind that i think everybody agrees that up when it comes to more active policies etc there is no agreement because there are countries and i wouldn't single out the russian but there are others that feel less comfortable because. you know
values in within the societies. religious principles etc so the different levels of the us see shows that now i've heard you mention and many of your previous public appearances that you believe that the always see model of consensus has been very successful and that it could be used as a. as an example to imitate probably in other parts of the world and i wonder if that somewhat optimistic assessment was a bit premature because if you look at europe there is a rise of ethnic tensions there is a rise of xenophobia the. democracy index for last year noted an erosion of confidence in democracy in a number of european countries a sterrett imagine is also having a very judgmental effect i wonder if you see those changes within europe and then the core of europe as something that is temporary or something that may dramatically change the layout of europe in the long term well this is
a phenomena we see weaving societies with the european societies that are meant to be increasing rather radicalization even even made in my own country have seen that and they also made this point a bit of vision. i think there are two issues. here one is the relationship between the group we in the group and they still remain calm because the consensus is the way to go because concise who protects everybody and i think it's important to say that now looking at the societies and development societies i'm worried as you are and they think we need to include in our policies increasingly to have more attention for these problems and to address the issues within the societies for instance they all theme of tolerance and nondiscrimination i think should become higher more prominent or not in that we need to work with the societies to avoid that these tendencies become structurally in
a way it could be it is increasing now because we see the impact of migration on the. changing nature of the society impact of the financial crisis as well as the factor of two and this is changing relations affecting relation affecting also reaction of people so we need to work with the societies and this is something that we do in the u.s. see we are not only intergovernmental but we also we have a good ability to interact with the people and with the civil society etc and i think we should we should continue doing that because the stability of the societies and the openness of the societies to somehow accept the evolution their own evolution in a way and to be able to come to terms with that is essential for if you turn long terms of it well it's a very interesting something and i think it also brings us back to the issue of
democracy because. if you look back at history for example the beginning of last century the middle of last century hitler came to power through a democratic choice of the people and as you mentioned there is a growth of far right movements at all around european current continent including in russia it's a major problem here but. when you talk about working with the society what who do you think should be in charge of determining which views are legitimate should it be the people or should it be the governments the un so there is that first of all each of the government has to play a role in assume it's all responsibilities this is not a debate about being right or left and it's not a question of course it is often very critical of member states when it bad when they don't leave after certain democratic expectations yes but again this is not
the issue about right or left it's an issue about about fundamentalism or extremist mean it we saw what we need to avoid these to avoid pait speech is to avoid this excessive radicalization that can lead to even to terrorism saw we need to make sure that there are healthy values within our societies and what that's what we try to promote through governments but health first is also a very. sentimental term what is healthy or marriage for one person is extremely unhealthy for somebody else saw you know the this is ultimately again a choice between whether you want in a democratic society whether you make the government the ultimate determinant of what is good or bad or the people that's not only to working with government but what we want to do is to have governments that do reflect the will of the people though so that's why and it's a bit of
a circular argument but that's why we want to strengthen the democratic city of the institutions to make sure that governments do reflect what people expect and very quickly we have i think just a minute left but. you know that you mentioned that there there have been some disagreements between. members of the always see between russia and europe maybe growing divide and i wonder if there. warrant called thracian in the title of your organization is still fitting because it seems like there are more disagreements more rivalries than actually you know those countries are working together and well competition these are the same the metal but also the goal and we want to work through to see more corporation in future and that these is always be from from the origin in away from the the c.s.c. one of the key the key elements there was no corporation in the beginning but the name was still there so we we are moving and we keep moving in the same direction
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