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tv   Worlds Apart  RT  April 11, 2018 11:30pm-12:00am EDT

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political science at the university. professor it's good to talk to you thank you very much for your time. thank you yes well now your country austria has been in to have a lot lately given the decision of its political leadership not to yield to the u.k. pressure and not to sound the russian diplomats over this crippled case i wonder if the if the question of who did it even matter do you think austria would stay true to its neutrality regardless of who they believe to be behind the poisoning well actually i need to say that australia has shown solidarity if the united kingdom and if the other members of the european union when declaring the official british position that most likely a russian perpetrator has committed a crime but it has decided not to expel any diplomats and disposed. based on the decision not to further of aid to tensions between the european union and the russian federation not going down anymore on
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a. downward spiral to confrontation a new cold war but to try to do something different to keep up the dialogue of the russian federation despite what has happened in the united kingdom while you said that there was still taking the u.k. side but i heard a number of austrian officials publicly complain about the pressure on them how has submitted for example your foreign minister karen can they still was on record saying that the british were very very persistent in expressing their displeasure do you think austria may suffer because of this stance they took the solidarity as you said but they're very limited solidarity and not the kind of solidarity that the u.k. wanted to show well first of all austria was not the only country not take spelling russian diplomats some other countries also did not do so like greece or cyprus so it's not isolated but of course yes civil is a lot of pressure we had a few demarche is by the british ambassador in vienna to the austrian foreign
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ministry and of course yes the first some calls from washington to. to change our position but the austrian government has been firm and i think it will remain i don't know if you would agree with that but i think much of the geopolitics these days is about shaming and stigmatization it's certainly the policies of the russia there is a concerted effort in my view of that. to show this country as a as an inhumane barbaric state and there was recently an interesting article in the foreign policy magazine reached you can aim at austria and suggest that the austrians peacemaking bridge building inclinations. historic neutrality was actually running a risk of turning this country into useful idiots for the kremlin that is a direct quote i wonder if. neutrality is still as valued auster neutrality in particular is still as valued in europe as it used to be during the cold war. the
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argument by the austrian government is based on your trial that he was not very helpful and not a very good argument because when the european union back in one thousand nine hundred five made changes to our constitution which essentially says that the thing the european union hears no new neutrality so the argument was not very well taken but the essential idea behind all stress behavior is to say what we don't have and what we have not had for the past four years is any institutionalized dialogue between the european union institutions and the russian federation that most the first part of the sanctions the west imposed on russia and the osce from government is committed particularly the chancellor is committed to establish some sort of at least informal dialogue between e.u. institutions and russia and he did not consider it helpful for that purpose to expel a russian diplomat from ghana now i personally came of age after the collapse of
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the soviet union but it is my understanding that even during. the cold war the soviet union was disliked it was fear it was recognised as an enemy but i think it was. you know the station back then the still lag of the kind of still a t. and hysteria towards russia that we are witnessing today even anime's can treat each other with respect and i think i would argue this is perhaps the main difference from this current period of tensions and the cold war as we know it from history books do you agree with that yes i do agree what is indeed missing and what has been the case in the cold war during almost all the time of the cold war is mutual respect and the behavior of both science is following rules and actually that's missing. respect between the united states and the russian federation or the european union in russia for that matter both sides don't seem predictably very
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much predictable particularly the russian side i have to say and rules obviously missing of conduct rules of conduct that have been adhered to during the cold war so in disrespect we are not in the cold war as we had it's but we have a very different situation. i don't know again if you would agree with me but i think there is a very big difference between how russia and the west particularly the united states perceive a war i think in russia there is still a fear or a very a visceral fear off a nuclear confrontation i think russians that is the reason why russians bring out the issue of nuclear deterrence so often to show that they are you know that they want to thwart the development of that scenario but clearly americans don't perceive it as such and so what i want to ask you is how do you think europeans or
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austrians feel about it do you guys still fear a nuclear winter actually have to say i'm a teacher. as you know the university and generation of generations of students either asks whether they still feel fear a nuclear war and they don't they are not aware of the danger they are not aware it most certainly will not have a nuclear war by choice but they could have could have one by accident but they are not aware of debt and i don't think that a broad majority of the populations in western europe or in the united states really is of beer of the principal threats of a nuclear war unfortunately. between the united states and the russian federation efforts are missing and will be even third in the forthcoming years to do something about the risk of nuclear war by accident by assigning arms control agreements and by continuing to existing arms control agreements well it's
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interesting that you mention they are in control of arms control agreements because back in the nineteen ages the soviet union and the united states clearly disliked each other just as strongly but they were still able to conduct those does armament talks there were a number of treaties signed i know that in one of your articles you pointed out that you believe the need for that is very pressing given the expiration date for the new stars treaty approaching but do you think in this current climate any arms control talks are even feasible it will be very very difficult but as you state he only arms control treaty which deals with strategic offensive nuclear weapons is about to expire but twenty twenty one there is based on the stipulations of the treaty the possibility to extend the treaty for another five years but it takes two governments to two governments of the united states and russia to do so and so forth the united states government has not indicated that it has any intention to
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do so president only cold and. a very bad deal which is supporting the russians given these statements but also the sentiment we see indeed security cabinets and in the security administration there is no strong will on the u.s. side to extend that i was just going to say that in the meantime both countries continue to arm or they're not offensive and defensive weapons russia has recently announced it has developed weaponry that is capable of overriding the american missile defense system in europe and i know that the kremlin intended that as an invitation for desire meant talks i mean putin president putin. plainly stated that he wants to sit down at the table with the americans and describes the future of strategic stability but again from the by the american officials we can see that they perceived it as a threat as a direct threat if you were in russia's place how would you address the american so
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that they would listen so that they would respond positively to russia's proposals i think at the moment in the security cabinet and particularly with president trump there's no one eager to listen both sides have started modernizing their nuclear arsenal russia's almost finished the job the united states is almost only at the beginning of this and for the russian side negotiations about troll about the further reduction of warheads and missiles and strategic bombers of strategic potential the russian willingness to negotiate about that is based on the u.s. commitment including gauche ations on ballistic missile defense and in the political and military establishment of the united states just simply not a very significant actor who would at the current stage of bilateral relations
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include missile defense in arms control agreements with the russian federation so the russians have condition. united states are not ready to meet those conditions now just this morning i've seen several prominent russian foreign policy experts warn that we are in the midst of the worst crisis since the cuban missile standoff some of them suggested the possibility of a direct military confrontation between russia and the west and by the west i mean primarily the united states and to some extent the united kingdom is now higher than we've seen in the last thirty forty years do you share those concerns or do you think the russians are just being paranoid i don't want to call them paranoid but i simply do not agree we are not in the situation in october nine hundred sixty two when the very very close to a new clue war. conventional war between united states and the soviet union we are not there we are not there yet and it's not very likely that he will be there in
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the coming years you're saying that nowhere close to that crisis and yet if you look at the number of big gun ships in the seas around syria in the bid to raney and in the red sea there is a very very high concentration of both russian and the american navy there and it has been the case for quite some time for at least several weeks or months and we heard numerous reports of. possible provocations all of this time around a large chemical attack that may trigger the united states to hit that country with its crew israeli missiles or other weapons and the russians have already said that if that happens they will retaliate do you think it's all bluff on both sides if you believe that we are not close to anything similar to the cuban missile crisis i don't think they are close to a deliberate clash military clash between united states and the russian federation
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are close to and have been for the past two and a half years is. is a clash by accident as you say there's so many airplanes in the small syrian air space there's so much weaponry on the ground there's so many navy ships on the mediterranean coast of syria that something could happen but not out of choice but by accident so does needs to be prevented at all cost and for that purpose we have called a nation in communication lines between the russians on and the united states it's a different thing however if. the united states as it has done so in april twenty seventh teen again launches cruise missiles to the syrian science for store real chemical weapons attacks i'm not sure though that the russians will make true what they threaten the united states with namely with the military with
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retaliation for such a strike i think the russians are threatening uneek it's a bluff to make us decide not to do so because of the threat of military escalation while a professor man could i said may hope that we will not leave to find that out anyway we have to take a very short break now but we'll be back in just a few moments stay tuned. put themselves on the. big picture of the reject. so when you want to be president . want to. get it right for us this is what. really get people. interested in. this.
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kentucky. coal money. no coal mines left. all the power was. that it was. people the survivors of disappearing before their eyes. i remember thinking when i was younger that if anything ever have to the coal mines here that it would become a ghost town but i never thought in a million years i would see that and it's happening it's happened.
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welcome back to worlds apart god professor of political science at the university of professor member just before the break we were talking about how the new cold war will be different from the previous ones and i think one element of it is the frequency of clearly agree just attacks usually with the use of weapons of mass destruction that both sides ascribed to one another the chemical incident in salisbury a whole series of a legit sarin and chlorine attacks in syria i wonder if you personally see any connection there between what happened in the united kingdom with this crippled poisoning and what's been happening in syria over the course of the last few years . i think two very different issues on the one hand you have to. with the pretty song and do your opinion union solidarity that the british as well as you. knighted
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states who claimed it was a russian agent it was produced in russia i needed was authorized by the russian state what we do lack is evidence on some of these claims and it would have been very helpful from the very start for both sides to. an independent investigation by the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons with russian and british specialists to find out and get answers to the open question so that's one thing syria's different the u.s. policy in syria is in disarray we forgot that after the defeat of the islamic state the united states will withdraw from syria and then we had to speech by the former secretary of state rex tillerson at stanford where he said no way we are here to stay not only to prevent a reemergence of the islamic state but to decrease the influence of iran in syria
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and find a political solution and now we heard donald trump a couple of days ago say we bring back our boys quite soon so it's a bit difficult to understand what the united states actually wants the troops in syria now last time we had a similar chemical attack back and when in two thousand and seventeen year old read the reference that the response of the trumpet administration was to sound tomahawk missiles into syria but they did it in a very unusual way it was both the russians and the syrians in advance so those missiles only damage some rusting aircraft so in the eyes of the public it was a tough response but the military military terms it was really not much and i think there are many ways of how you can interpret that do you do you think that was an example of trance reckless behavior on the or on the contrary seem being overly cautious well actually i think the use of us christmas. against
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a military side of the. syrian army was more for the u.s. domestic audience than for the syrian government trump wanted to be very courageous and tough president obama had set a red line he had said when the syrian government is going to use chemical weapons it will change my calculus about syria and there bill be a military response but obama never really responded so trump wanted to show i'm not a i'm tough i'm not a soft liner and so he attacked but it was clear from the very start for the russians and for disappearance this is a warm of attack and not the start of a new u.s. policy in syria i want to come back to something you sad suggesting that president obama didn't really respond to the syrian government supposedly crossing that rad line i think we now see from numerous interviews in and from numerous testimonies
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including the latest estimate by the u.s. defense secretary that the united states has never had any proof of sarin gas every being used in syria so when you suggest that president obama was somehow weak in north polishing syria for its bad behavior shouldn't be also interpret that as president obama simply being pro the denial of not to bomb the country until it has or he has any evidence to support that well actually i think the situation is different first of all we have casualties in syria suffered all died from chemical weapons and we have had some investigations by the united nations to clearly identified the syrian government's side for all of the chemical assault in august twenty third team. coming back to the current situation there is strong pressure binder security cabinets by the pentagon and by the media on down donald trump to
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do something about seal. when trump announced that he will be thrown off from syria there was very very strong criticism for throughout the whole security and foreign establishment not to do so pressing mr trump to do something about the political solution for syria not allow iran turkey and russia to dictate what happens with the syrian government and probably at some stage he might give in to this pressure but i don't think that it is his intention or what i consider more likely than another u.s. military attack on syria is that the united states' policy will be to wreck any a third by the russians to turks and iranians to find a political solution so that is what i see namely that united states not wanting to send thousands of troops to syria which they would need to resist the ukrainians let alone the russians what i see is that the united states is doing
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everything it can politically to make progress on the solution impossible what you're saying is that while being unable to contribute anything constructive and positive to the to this horrendous war they will just sabotage any progress that other parties have been trying to achieve while we have to say at the same time we have two parallel peace processes but one is the united nations mediated peace process in she needed and all the rounds of talks we had there of are not successful but clearly because the opposition demanded stuff that the regime was not going to deliver and secondly with the russian intervention in twenty fifteen the syrian government saw no need to give in to the demands of the opposition so that she never talks wrecked by the syrian government and the other method to find a political solution of the troika of russia iran and turkey is wrecked by the
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opposition and. or parts of the syrian military opposition and in doubt they are to a certain extent yes western nations so they can't agree to have a choice solution for syria so they both to do is to wreck each other's death to find a political solution now the syrian attack how to push this creep out of the front pages of western papers but i still want to ask you about it i'm sure you know that russia denies any involvement and there are many people in moscow particularly in the foreign affairs ministry who believe that these calls creep all controversy was intended and other things to warrant any possibility of rapprochement between russia and the e.u. i'm not going to ask you whether you believe in that but do you think there are forces within the u.k. stablish men possibly within the american establishment who would not want the relationship between russia and the european union to be normalized while certainly live within the military establishment of the united kingdom which is now asking
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for a larger buses forces who are interested in bad relations between the u.k. and russia between europe and russia because does is what they need to get higher government spending and i think we have to same people also in the united states who are interested in a confrontation but at the very same time i have to say i do see also forces within the russian federation who do the same or also stand to profit from confrontation the russian government or the russian leadership is not monolithic there are different interests involved in the russian leadership and there are some circles particularly related with the military industrial complex like the ones in the u.k. or those in the united states who profit from confrontation so actually what we need to address is that we have both sides people who are clearly interested not to find a rapprochement not to solve problems but to make things worse now you wrote in one
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of your recent articles that russia if russia. wants to see any improvement in mutual relations with europe it needs to make concessions do you have anything specific in mind what kind of concessions could russia make in order to try to build bridges into europe well i think for the e.u. russian relations to most pressing problem is ukraine not so much crimea because most western governments simply not the euro but the fact to accept that crimea is part of russia and will be for a very long time if not for ever but the real issue is eastern ukraine is there a chance to find a solution to those territories in the regions of don't yet skinned lugansk which are not controlled by separatists here we have an agreement in minsk to agreement which would help but it doesn't work i'm sure you know russia would be perfectly content with this so-called austrian scenario let's say neutrality or some sort of non-alignment for ukraine and i can't even see europe or the majority of the e.u.
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member states agreeing to some form of that but i think you know what degree of admit that there matter for the americans that's not good enough they will continue pushing the prospect all for ukraine's major membership if nothing else a purely for a tour of go purposes where is there room for concession there simply accepting nato troops on russia's border is that the only concession concession that would be required of us well i'd say for the russians the ongoing conflict in eastern ukraine is helpful in preventing ukraine's western integration particularly into nato but it's not just the united states who has an interest to bring over ukraine to the western political and military institutions but it's the government of ukraine which wants to and it's a much shorter population of ukraine with which wants to choying nato i don't think given the resistance by nato members such as germany and france ukraine will become an official member of nato indeed needed future or not eat. in india for seeable
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future but what we see are steps taken on the ground calling ukraine now an aspirant country to bring ukraine defacto closer to the alliance and i think this is not helpful. the russians also the west should make a concession of not including ukraine in nato but the russians need to make concessions to the military solution of eastern ukraine and there we have not seen sufficient thirds by the russian side not assuming that the russian government has full control over the separatists but we don't have not seen enough resolution on the russian side to bring it least about a comprehensive peace plan which will be helpful by the way for the russian interests because if we had a comprehensive honesty's between the two sides it would be in the ball be in a court of the ukrainians they would need to deliver on political reform and they
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won't do it well professor manhood i think we also have to keep in mind that we cannot make peace with ukraine without here but anyway we have to leave it there thank you for this conversation which our viewers can keep going in our social media be just as for me to see her again same place same time here on the wall the part. the drive towards war against syria is unmistakable the pretext is still another alleged chemical attack as usual no evidence is presented as usual conclusions are
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drawn before an independent investigation we live in a very dangerous time. pranking gave americans a lot of job opportunities i needed to come up here to make some money i could make twenty five thousand dollars as a teacher or i could meet fifty thousand dollars a year in trucks or chose to drive trucks people rush to a small town in north dakota was an unemployment rate of zero percent like gold rush is very very similar to gold but this beautiful story ended with pollution and of a station a lot of people have left here i don't know too many people here anymore slow down so much they lost a job got laid off the american dream is changing that's not what it used to be. and it's a tough reality to. them said guys the product of google also guides the actions of the employees within
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a google and they can't stop the algorithm isn't this just like fantasia the disney movie with mickey mouse worry goes to war with the dancing broom and he tries to chop it down to creates more dancing from a flood within the wizard alice these are algorithms that are out of frickin control and employees within the company can't stop the war driven by algorithm who's in charge the algorithm or the head of google those words are shown. global war hard sell you on the idea that dropping bombs brings police to the chicken hawks forcing you to fight the battles that still. produce offspring of the you that says we gossip and publish less fell for the supporters to stay. on the path of advertising telling me you are not cool enough to buy their product.
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these are the hawks that we along with our audience will watch. all options are on the table is the only answer given by the white house press secretary to all questions on syria that is after donald trump fires off a series of contradictory tweets first threatening russia and later dialing back his rhetoric. british media reports prime minister theresa may is preparing for action ordering the u.k. submarines within missile range of syria. honored police and vehicles have moved in to break up in the eco camp.


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