tv Documentary RT October 6, 2019 8:30am-9:01am EDT
of ukraine the blue represents the sky the gold it's seemingly endless fields of wheat. ukraine is a prize many have sought. and much blood spilled in the quest to possess it. ukraine has been the pathway for western powers as they attempted to conquer the east. in world war one. and world war 2. and every time the ukrainian people ended up paying the highest price for these grand games of power. history doesn't repeat but it surely rhymes said mark twain. if one looks closely at the history of ukraine one will notice many rhymes. being surrounded by stronger
powers ukraine has needed a lot of cunning to survive and the art they truly mastered with time is the art of changing sides. in the middle of the 17th century ukrainian leader. broke a truce agreement made with poland siding more powerful russia. just over 50 years later as the russian swedish war was raging another ukrainian leader ivan mazeppa bro. the union with russia when he switched sides joining forces with the swedish invaders many times ukrainian history was written by 3rd parties seeking to keep the gains of a revolution at any cost russia agreed to the humiliating conditions of the breast with the 1918 which turned ukraine into a german protectorate another historical document to change the fate of ukraine was
the molotov ribbentrop pact of 19391 of many such agreements being signed between european countries and rising germany. attempting to protect his nation from the approaching nazi threat. joseph stalin negotiated a treaty of nonaggression with adolf hitler while promising each other piece of the soviet in german foreign ministers molotov and ribbentrop realign the map of eastern europe splitting it into german and soviet spheres of influence. no sooner had the mala tav ribbentrop pact been signed then poland was split and in september of 1939 eastern poland awoke to be western ukraine and a part of the family of soviet republics and the u.s.s.r. . but even this bold dividing of
lands and nations only delayed the inevitable germany broke its promise to the u.s.s.r. . on june 22nd 1941 germany invaded the u.s.s.r. launching barbara rossa the largest military operation in world history. barbara was aiming for st petersburg moscow and kiev ukraine 3 destinations of major significance. ukraine with its rich lands and resources was an important industrial and economic source for the u.s.s.r. to cut it off from the soviet union would strike a big blow indeed. for most of the soviet union the 2nd world war was about fighting the invaders of the land. but it wasn't quite so simple for ukraine the truth is ukraine has never been
a united country. when world war 2 broke out a large part of western ukraine's population welcomed the german soldiers as liberators from the recently forced upon them soviet rule and openly collaborated with the germans. the real scale of collaboration was not announced for many years after the war but we now know that whole divisions and battalions were formed by ukrainian collaborators such as s.s. c. and not to go and roll into battalions. just in the beginning of the war more than $80000.00 people from college cina region voluntarily enrolled into division s.s. galad seen in a month and a half notorious for their extreme cruelty towards the polish jewish and russian people on the territory of ukraine. members of these military groups came mostly from the organization of ukrainian nationalists b.-o.
un founded in 1929 this organization had an ultimate goal of creating an ethnically pure independent ukraine and considered terror an acceptable tool for achieving their ends their official flag was black and red bland and blood it will remain in ukraine's history long after the 0 un will cease to exist in early 1940 the most radical nationalistic part of the organization of ukrainian nationalists got its own leader step on bond era severely anti-semitic an anti coming. he proclaimed an independent ukraine in 1901. his german allies frowned upon such an act of self will and it landed him in prison for nearly all the 2nd world war not participating in the events physically. still managed to successfully spread his ideology. many independent historians estimate that the. exterminated from 152200000
jews. by the germans by the end of 1941. the most notorious and outrageous massacre took place september 29th and 30th 1941 . of the city of kiev and its vicinity must appear on monday september 29th by 8 o'clock in the morning. bring documents money and valuables and also warm clothing linen cetera. follow this order found elsewhere will be shot. 33771 jews were killed in this 2 day operation of the nazis and ukrainian militia. another outrageous massacre was carried out by the ukrainian
army and the faction of the organization of ukrainian nationalists german polish. and eastern between 19431944 this genocide of poles was led by. 35260000 people. and 25240000 eastern. fell victim to this massive ethnic cleansing operation. sensing the inevitable loss of the german troops the organization of ukrainian nationalists. gave up on their former ally and began fighting equally against the germans and the soviet forces. in january 943 u.s.s.r. troops started pushing the nazis back liberating one part of ukraine after another . western ukraine was the last ukrainian region held by the germans finally being liberated in october of 1944. bands continued to
wage their guerrilla war against the soviet regime carrying out bloody raids on ukrainian villages and towns and leaving behind chaos and casualties. this war went on until the middle of the 1950 s. when the last collaborators were either detained or fled the country. on may 7th 1945 germany unconditionally surrendered to the allies ukraine remained a part of the soviet union. the peace after the 2nd world war was short lived. the united states and the soviet union nations who allied together along with england to defeat the nazis tragically became foes as the cold war began.
but politicians do listen to them. they put themselves on the line and they get accepted or rejected. so if you want to be president. more some want to be. at it like to be close it's like the local 3 in the morning can't be good. i'm interested in the waters of the house this. question. danny and by north it's so many people because they copied him you saw the world that even such a bad copy is sending. i'm not guilty anybody in. the find the next guy.
who looked up never get anything done the in philosophy to blog she even done plenty of. the clicks and moves for the c.e.o. to say to the deflection boards are for sale. that is a god that when i got up to many observers. that he and others are going to write about. that that you can bank on. the look up. long all the names you know is along the bottom there's a playlist which alone can choke a lot older. than the one in person and they are turning 100 gandhi a new normal gunned. down the phrase 1st period ignore you then go to mock you
future. no new car so set on the open much to me mama is just back. and. so what we've got to do is identify the threats that we have it's crazy foundation let it be an arms race off and spearing dramatic development only really i'm going to resist i don't see how that strategy will be successful very critical time to sit down and talk. the era of political and military tensions between the us and the u.s.s.r.
lasted for nearly 45 years keeping humanity under the constant threat of nuclear war. in this battle the united states never lost sight of ukraine's importance. the u.s. intelligence kept a close eye on ukrainian nationalist organizations as a possible source of counter intelligence against the soviet union. cia documents that just recently have been declassified shows strong ties between u.s. intelligence and ukrainian nationalists since 1946 from the cia agency report it is clear that they were not mistaken about the nature of ukrainian nationalists organizations or their leader step on bond dare i himself according to an o.s.'s report of september 1945 bundy era had earned
a fierce reputation for conducting a reign of terror during world war 2 after the 2nd world war under another ukrainian nazi leaders fled to europe where the cia helped them hide. the cia later inform the immigration and naturalization service that it had concealed steffen bond darragh and other ukrainians from the soviets the operations involving ukrainians continued for many years the nuremberg trials of 1945 in 1946 brought the political economic and military leaders of fascist germany to justice and revealed to the world the monstrous face of naziism and the crimes they committed but the ukrainian nazis were spared the same fate and some were even granted indulgences by the cia by 954 the agency excused the illegal activities of the o. un security branch. in the name of cold war necessity in 1949 nicola bit the man responsible for the massacres in the lena was moved to the united states where he
died in 1989 without ever being investigated or pursued as a war criminal the cia moved to protect ukrainian nationalist leader nicola legged from criminal investigation by the immigration and naturalization service in 1952 perhaps pantera lost his use to the us or maybe k.g.b. agents outsmarted the cia but in 1959 step on bond the leader of the ukrainian nationalists was killed in munich where he was hiding under the name of stefan pople it would be fair to say that bond became a major symbol of ukrainian nationalism by sheer chance for he was neither its only leader nor its most powerful one dimitrov don't solve was the father of the far right to tell a tarion doctrine in ukraine andriy melnyk was the leader of another faction of the un romance you have it was a general of the ukrainian insurgent army and others contributed greatly to the
movement is dangerous ideology suppressed by the communist authorities but supported by external forces never really died the seeds of ukrainian nationalism or passed from generation to generation unfortunately it was just a matter of time before they would once again blossom. in 1954 ukraine's territory was expanded even more when nikita khrushchev the leader of the u.s.s.r. and ukrainian himself generously gave the crimean region to ukraine. historians would argue about the legitimacy of this transfer for many years to come and 60 years after khrushchev's gift dramatic new events would take place in crimea as of the world are on ukraine as a crisis in crimea continues dozens of heavily armed men seize government buildings in crimea you crazy. just shrug your shoulders to say ok crimea is lost and the old arguments would heat up once again. the cold war would heat
up and cool down by turns while both rivals were obsessive leave building up military capacity the turning point took place when the new era perestroika came to the u.s.s.r. with its new leader mikhail gorbachev in the middle of the 1980 s. . perestroika meant restructuring towards liberalization and democratization it certainly had a positive impact on the international situation astonishing news from east germany where the east german authorities have said in essence of the berlin wall doesn't mean anything anymore. but inside the u.s.s.r. the weakening of kremlin control had different consequences. in ukraine a nationalistic political organization. or people's movement emerged in 1989 due to this openness. they advocated for independence of ukraine
from the u.s.s.r. and became an incubator for leaders of ukraine. in 19011 of them new book founded svoboda an openly radical nationalist party preaching the good old principles of bondage era. feel good. just to. please. her jew crane from the jews in russia ukraine for ukrainians and so on his statements got him 5th place in the simon visa center top 10 anti semitic world leader rankings of 2012. but also sadly attracted numerous follow ups. dimitry are founded another extreme right
organization treason or trident in 1904. in april 2013 became an assistant to a member of parliament from the opposition party who died. later that same year he would become the leader of the most radical ukrainian nazi group the right sector. andriy paro b. would soon appear leading a whole army of ultra nationalist warriors. and the torch marches would once again light up the streets of ukrainian cities. but. the world drastically changed in august 1991 when the u.s.s.r. de facto ceased to exist and the global political map welcomed many newcomers
ukraine one of them in modern history it was the 1st time ukraine was truly independent and all on its own. the red flag came down over the kremlin tonight as president gorbachev resigned and or to an end 7 decades of communist rule in the soviet union. the years after the disintegration of the u.s.s.r. became known as the crazy ninety's in all the post soviet territories. he's leaving behind 15 independent states which share only a disastrous economy and an uncertain future after having been under a government controlled economy the free market dramatically changed the rules of the game new business has emerged instantly in the firm. all the guards were born overnight. the former country with no class division suddenly became stratified the
chosen few became rich while the rest had to fight to survive. the same as it was the palestinians they said mr bush was sure. they were because that's the easy. slopes listed when using your phrase in the world when you said i was opposed to pollution is a. good. a list in you mean you didn't do a good reason you know it is the oldest thing in the new knows me and you know bumpus i will. post the system i think. this is an admission president going to michel therrien is going to eventually you will state that the appraisal of a social in the slush a chicago put the people's growing discontent made ukraine more vulnerable to outside forces and a new kind of warfare was launched one not known before the color revolutions.
illustrators clashed with police hundreds of thousands protesting the results of the election and calling for a new vote. ukraine has had 2 color revolutions in its 24 years of independence in 2004 crowds of people descended upon kiev marking the start of the orange revolution. at that time ukraine became once again a battlefield of 2 forces the russian and western governments the culmination of this conflict took place during the presidential elections in november of 2004. the 2 major candidates western backed victoria yuschenko and russian leaning victoriano cove each almost equally shared the votes of ukrainians by the way calling viktor yuschenko a western backed is not an exaggeration. his wife. catarina yuschenko is a former u.s. state department official and worked in the white house during the reagan
administration the division was along geographic lines traditionally russian eastern ukraine voted for young age while western ukraine chose yuschenko by the announced result viktor yuschenko lost to victory on a co-feature but thousands of people didn't agree with it and they came to the central square of kiev on the 22nd of november. the situation received wide news coverage of the country's election commission ignored reports of fraud declaring kremlin backed victory the winner international politicians such as former general secretary of nato. became frequent guests in kiev initiating negotiations between parties in a full 30 odd little they've only been able to get. the results of the negotiations however were often reached only on paper thus you shan't go never told the supporters to stop blocking government buildings in central kiev. therefore
these nonviolent and very orange protests lasted for a month during which time the previous election results were no marred by massive corruption and new elections were announced an important nuance just 3 months before viktor yuschenko became a victim to a mysterious and still unsolved poisoning but it didn't prevent him from winning in the new election. though as we shall soon see there was much more than just the people's will that led to this victory this peaceful revolution and its leader were warmly welcomed by the international community but the euphoria didn't last long yuschenko government completely failed with reforms and lost its chance to establish democracy instead descending into infighting viktor yuschenko was not reelected for a 2nd term but at. the end of his presidency he had the time to make one last gift to his supporters from western ukraine. play.
what politicians do something to. put themselves on the line to get accepted or rejected. so when you want to be president. or somehow want to be. that you have to be right to be cross with a white woman for 3 of them or 10 people that i'm interested in always in the waters of our. first city. let's. say. you of.
then here is someone who did the board. in the us democrats demand protection for the whistleblower at the heart of the trump impeachment inquiry probiotic departure from the by other key informants have been treated. as people in india and around the world market 150 years since the birth of mahatma gandhi seen as an icon of nonviolent resistance posters of his image a defaced in some regions liking celebrations. flashing the ok hand gesture is apparently not always ok it's now branded a hate symbol and it's called one thing about the sack in the us it's all survived a debate here. you can find it ok center right now when you search for the. cape the problem is that the symbol has.
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