ok link up. this is art international. headlining nato leaders gather in the u.k. to celebrate the military alliance his 70th anniversary but while some hail his success others are questioning its balance of these days. i'm going to probably. the most successful lines in the history. when there were. 2 people are killed in the democratic republic of congo where demonstrations against the u.n. mission there continue protesters are demanding that peacekeepers withdraw after they failed to protect civilians from rebels. and a surprise for brazil and argentina president trump restores steel and i leave many i'm tired of them over the currency devaluation we'll tell you more details.
good afternoon welcome to the program live from the r.t. world news center here in moscow this tuesday 3rd of december as kevin 0 in with you for the 30 minute update great to have you company 1st then it's a landmark day for nato leaders of the member states a gathering in the u.k. to celebrate the military alliance his 70th anniversary 1st off we asked people in london what they considered to be nato's greatest achievement today. most people what they think are the main 3 achievements of nature. i'm not going. to you know to in terms of achievements know very little or i don't know what it's about have no idea of any advantage of nato but you know i honestly don't know anything about it until the flag seal the day and only my husband recognize what it was who it's a good question but let me think
a little bit. so one is probably yeah to be honest i don't have i don't have even one. present from somebody in the u.k. in the summer expecting showdown 2 because of it the u.s. lead is being critical of nato recently ones calling it obsoleted the it's not the only problem the alliance is facing as nicky aaron explains. happy best day nato that 70 years of strategic economic and security stability especially if you ask them yourself nato is the most successful lawrence in history the oldest strive to join showing the historic suspects of nato on the problem nato and they'd has been the most successful alliance in the history and the reason why nato is the most successful launch and history is that we have been able to change in the world is changing but not everyone is in a policy moot the thing is the alliance members just don't get along as well as
they used to. the advent of donald trump has certainly switched up the dynamics nato is obsolete it covers the soviet union which is no longer in existence this led to questions over whether the alliance can even survived on the trump perhaps in an effort to mollify him nato has announced new spending projections on any formula which will spread the costs of the alliance's central budget between its members on moves that might prevent any more embarrassing trung tirades aimed at his nato. partners the relationship with nato has been very good relationship with the secretary general's been outstanding i said it was obsolete it's no longer absolute but the truth is he's not the only potential party pooper. in october this year president emmanuel mccrone of france stole the spotlight when he dubbed nato strategically braindead while questioning the validity of article 5
of its founding treaty that is the commitment to collective security. of the different school of nato is a collective defense alliance against who and what is organizing who is our common enemy what are our common issues these are questions that deserve clarification but this idea is quite similar to the one expressed by another dissatisfied nato member turkey. turkey has not received the kind of robust support it expected from nato in recent years meanwhile turkey's president appeared to demonstrate his true feelings towards the alliance when he chose to spend money on russian defense systems rather than american so not exactly the model that nato member but despite these similar complaints about nato tensions have escalated between turkey and france in recent weeks with mccracken warning turkey that it cannot expect solidarity with its nato allies if it continues to carry out military operations in
syria was a response only up the ante so. i'm talking to france's president emmanuel macron i'll also say this is nato 1st of all have your own brain death checked. as for the u.k.'s boris johnson well there's a lot of us are a gathering could not have come at a worse time. while paris is clearly invested in maintaining the special relationship with the us he knows that a loose lips trembled giving a glowing endorsement could be catastrophic donald trump is coming to terms very shortly he offered his support for you and indeed for michael ignatieff for rush on this radio station is that welcome what he what we don't do traditionally as as loving allies and friends what we do traditionally is is get involved in each other's election campaign he did when nato was forms the common goal was clear to stand against the u.s.s.r. but i think that once held the alliance together is now the missing piece you need
to install a platform where north america and europe can address strategic issues together issues like the fight against terrorism. how to deal with a more assertive russia. nato needs a purpose and result russia as an enemy they have no purpose so it is propaganda to have russia as an aggressor and this is a good reason to buy a lot of. what good basis and so on and so on most probably they will continue to accuse russia to be an aggressor so they have a reason of existing and they would continue to buy arms billions of dollars and this is not the very good contribution to peace in the. getting some more thought so there are 2 americas rick sanchez asked his guests about the current purpose of
nato then and if they thought it really was obsolete. you're a diplomat you've had a lot of experience in this field what is it that nato either must do today to stay viable or does do we even need it anymore you know it's a bureaucracy in search of a mission i was right in 2016 when he said it was obsolete and so afraid was the establishment that he meant what he said on the very day he was inaugurated and they tried to ram through the addition of a new country montenegro eventually got through because it turned out they didn't have to worry about trump intentions once he filled his administration with a bunch of bushies and retreads of the heritage foundation they've simply adopted the policies we've had the last few decades and somehow turned it into nato as obsolete into let's make nato great again which are strong on these countries to pay more for their defense against nobody in particular you think you know has in fact outlived its usefulness i thought so in 1909 and i think so today it's been
known as a loser from the standpoint of being a naturalized american and having read the founding fathers warning you can't seem to angling alliances i mean what is this but in entangling alliances are all foreign policy did reason nato is being kept around by the foreign policy hawks in washington is not because it's necessary for the actual military operations and nato itself doesn't really contribute a whole hell of a lot there are very few countries with the notable exception i want to say france and turkey but it put a bit in as it's not a good idea for the united states and its very close allies to have an association a military cannot close our eyes that's not what i was trying to say france and turkey could theoretically mount independent military operations everybody else is just a hanger on and they're just window dressing for the us military operations but the are literally like roman exactly erisa want to do what i've been hearing go bad where did that word of the destruction went or where that is what it seems to be a dismissive alliance in 1991 when the soviet union and the warsaw pact would out of business nato should have as well as why didn't they let russia in i mean that literally that time i've read on many occasions buddha himself has said why don't
you get is the. if you are you're going to tell you who it was but one of the european european nato hacks said if we did that the nato would be like the un just a talk shop it couldn't take action by which they meant military action all the way to listen to what you just said if you're saying it doesn't work if we don't have enemies exactly what if we had create the ad be about as the ability to inflict military force and i dare to say aggression in places like serbia and libya whatever we want to using nato as a platform but enemies can change by the way russia can be s.o.b.'s at one time like the 1950 s. but not so much now right but better why don't you have a system that allows that ability i guess because because whose interest does that serve and all these all these are they that these these military companies and these bureaucrats who have the nice will rice balls at the expense of their taxpayers because there is a threat out there is a bear in the woods. 2 people have been killed and several injured is a un demonstrations continue in the democratic republic of congo.
testers march towards un h.q. in the east of the country the money that would draw from that city they accuse the peacekeepers of failing to protect civilians from rebel attacks. we want different military units in our country we no longer want all those soldiers who have been here for a long time. their mission is to restore peace and to accompany the government forces with the population and the territory of benny has been mourning for at least 5 years there has not been a satisfactory reaction from monusco meantime the head of the u.n. mission says the escalating unrest is making it increasingly difficult for it to fulfill its duties. where the scapegoat we know that we assume and accept because we have no other option than to do our work and to try to mitigate their attacks against this civilian population the protests started last week after peacekeepers
and government forces run able to prevent a deadly attack by the militant group the allied democratic forces the congolese army then launched operations against them back in october and in response the rebels carried out massacres apparently to try to discourage civilians from helping the military. as the un's largest peacekeeping mission there over 16000 military personnel in the region because a sions operated in fact in the democratic republic of congo for the past 20 years and its stated top priority there is to protect civilians from armed groups morris
carney from the friends of congo spoke to us about it believes in fact the problems much bigger than a failed u.n. mission here the context in which the instability is taking place in eastern congo is one of 20 years of invasions wars of aggression by sponsoring of militia groups in the east of the congo a plundering of congo's minerals by congo's neighbors over one day and uganda in particular and that time during that aggression unfortunately has been backed by the members of the international community united states and the united kingdom i'm so there's a whole chain. starting from local to. a national where there's been a lack of accountability where there's been a lack of justice where there's been impunity so a comprehensive approach is is needed now it's just
a question of assuring that the u.n. troops are doing their mission taking their mission properly but there is an international system in place there. of which the congolese people and. the money from moscow today donald trump's announced he's going to restore tariffs on brazilian argentinian steel and ali minium he claims the country's currency devaluations of late have harmed american agriculture and therefore he's painting back i. really doubt if you take a look at what's happened. to you guys you. might. argue you. had i gave them a big break going. to get very good very hard. very hard their economy is not comparable with ours it's many times bigger i don't see
this as retaliation i'm going to call him so that he doesn't penalize us our economy basically comes from commodities it's what we've got there was no sign given to our government to the brazilian government or to the public sector but there would be a change in the deal with the united states. the tariffs come as a surprise though according to the majority of the government knowledge into this point some of the official comment we heard there were exempt from the 25 percent steel and 10 percent aluminum tires last year but now both countries affected same fat they want to get the real reason for this tax hike the u.s. is one of the biggest customers for brazilian steel and those tariffs could hit both badly meantime the economic and political situation in brazil and argentina is unstable even without these latest u.s. terrorists last year both were repeatedly gripped by anti-government protests argentinians the world's biggest i.m.f. loan the country's economic crisis well over a brazil people been protesting against the president's financial reforms and cuts
to education just i guess what trump motivation could be. trump believes that when a currency its value goes down role too to the relative to the dollar he thinks that this is something that's been done by the regime deliberately to gain some kind of trade advantage this is completely untrue nobody really likes tariffs my expectation is the president doesn't like them either and he's hoping that they will be very short in duration that that he'll get brazil and argentina. protect their currencies and that he can reverse course remove the tariffs trampas ideologically in philosophic he committed to terrorists who thinks they're good for the country and can rebuild american manufacturing and american guy the president. is going to say friends. currencies against other friends he feels
like their currency is unreasonably devalued and that brazil and argentina can take steps to prop up the steel tariffs in the u.s. and aluminum tariffs and not helped the steel or aluminum industry in the u.s. at all in fact it's hurt many many other industries that are. rely on steel and aluminum in the us if there is a short term pressure put on them that causes them to respond in a way that's fair that equates things levels the playing field for american consumers and american farmers then everything's great. so the come in the program we look at nato his track record on civilian casualties in afghanistan after 2 killed in a drone strike. what
politicians do something. they put themselves on the line they did accept the reject. so when you want to be president. some want to listen. to going to be pros this is what the 43 in the morning can't be good. i'm interested always in the waters in the. city. you know world of big partisan movies lot and conspiracy it's time to wake up to dig deeper to hit the stories that mainstream media refuses to tell more than ever we need to be smarter we need to stop slamming the door on the back and shouting past each other it's time for critical thinking it's time to fight for the middle for the truth the time is now for watching closely watching the
hawks. pass the hi good afternoon from moscow next 2 civilians including a woman who just given birth of reportedly been killed in a u.s. drone strike in afghanistan seems missiles targeted a car carrying 3 taliban militants who were traveling with the noncombatants the u.s. military's confirmed the strike we are aware of the allegations of civilian casualties and working with local authorities to determine the veracity of these claims the bigger picture the number of afghan civilians killed as a result of aerial strikes this year has been the highest in a decade according to u.n. data from january to september almost 900 civilians were either killed or injured
nato led coalition airstrikes account for 3 quarters of the civilian casualties chris 9 from the stop war coalition told us all such operations must be halted he says so peace negotiations can start well i mean the strategy that has been pursued in afghanistan really since the very beginning in 2001 has been a complete disaster is an 18 year war that is is actually appears to be getting worse now we've reached the highest level of civilian casualties for probably a decade this year in afghanistan these kind of attacks need to stop and to win for there to be a negotiated solution which he so desperately needed for the people in afghanistan who suffered so many years of war and not just from the west but the previous wars a 3035 years of permanent warfare has absolutely devastated the country and it needs to end really for there to be any kind of progress any kind of possible
solution for the people of afghanistan. silicon valley tech giants a period of aggressively avoided paying $100000000000.00 in taxes according to the report by transparency group kill of open next today investigators the complicated scheme of dodging levees. now the hollywood movie ocean's 11 for trey's coming wheelers and dealers which is supposed to walk out of it with a $150000000.00 in cash. yeah. but the silver screen seems to that out done by real life the silicon valley 6 amazon netflix apple google microsoft and facebook have a combined market capitalization value of roughly $4.00 trillion dollars they are worth more than the $1000.00 companies listed on the london stock exchange these companies have a special knack for not paying taxes according to the fair tax mark community group they seem to have avoided paying roughly 100000000000 dollars worth of taxes around
the world now how exactly did they pull this off let's look at the details now the report says that amazon paid only $3400000000.00 in taxes this last decade while they made a revenue of roughly $960500000000.00 and made profits of roughly $26800000000.00 fair tax mark said this means amazon's effective tax rate was 12.7 percent while the standard tax rate for american businesses was 35 percent for most of that period amazon has gotten a lot of heat from u.s. politicians over tax issues both trump and the democrats seem to disapprove i have nothing against amazon but no company pulling in billions of dollars of profits should pay a little tykes right than $5.00 point acim teaches we need to reward work not just wealth you know which i was on paid in taxes last year owned by the wealthiest guy
in the world paid 0 in federal income taxes that's insane i have stated my concerns with amazon long before the election unlike others they paid little or no taxes to state and local governments using our postal system as their delivery boy causing tremendous. lost to the u.s. and are putting many thousands of retailers out of business so out of the big 6 dodge the tax man well for steps step one they create tax systems that are so complex even the watchdogs can't understand the stepstool they shift their revenue and profits to different countries and tax havens step 3 they take advantage of existing legislation and step before they sit back and enjoy themselves how the taxes they aren't paying could cover the expenses of quite a few things for example trump and war wall with mexico could be built 4 times over one could and malnutrition around the world and send out roughly $750000.00 students to college small businesses pay something like 25 percent tax rate on
their on their profits you know when they're making barely anything compared to these multi-billion dollar companies that are paying sometimes you know 10 percent of their profits towards taxes so highly it definitely became clear you know there's a different system for these very large companies it could be a whole lot more progressive but sadly i think a situation like this could even be used to increase the taxes on small business owners so i think it's typical but. sadly that's kind of how the tax codes operate and why i think is a bigger question like why is that work this way. corresponds from a footnote for you i was and said the reports suggestion is wrong that the company had a 24 percent effective tax rate on profits from 2010 to $80.00 further it claimed its profit margins are low and that that naturally results in
a lower tax rate so world news in brief next will go 1st well to the u.k. their 12 year old boy has been killed and several people injured in a hit and run crash outside a school in essex in greater london police say it was a deliberate act of arrested a 51 year old local man on suspicion of murder and attempted murder some of the injured were pupils from the high school. environmental activists have been rallying outside the un climate conference in the spanish capital madrid members of the so-called extinction rebellion group block traffic calling on world leaders to take immediate action to stop climate change un gathering got underway on monday it will continue until mid december elsewhere. the story coming from france where you see where firefighters in the country and get a pension reforms of dect a monument in central paris with flags protests as condemned the government plans
which would lead to pension cuts they also highlight a lack of manpower in a sector to win a long complained of there is resources to fight for the say they want to occupy the square till friday well us is so far $25.00 past midday thanks for watching over so many more stories i'm going to cover here but we're doing for you anyway on our site r.t. dot com and check of our social media keep up with the latest is kevin always say whatever you're doing really watching around the world have a great change day. the world is driven by shaped by our own personal those words.
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noble the father could go to see. this to go on. but. most of the males in this. so that i know the kind of mind you know. because the guy said maria clump of them. has been out of. business. still such as they just don't know why. he never sees the us has such a mess on the people. why did with visit alexandra tricky golf because after he's triumphant the sancia games he clashed with the international sports of the.