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tv   Documentary  RT  December 22, 2019 8:30pm-9:00pm EST

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well the ulster defense regiment was the largest regiment in the british army it was geographically recruited here and the north of ireland and it only served here in the north of ireland it was essentially a counterinsurgency unit that was set up at the beginning of the troubles. that itself took over from the discredit the specials which was a special police unit that it exists at since the 1920 s. . and it was clear from the outset that the u.d.r. was set up to recruit from within the loyalist unionist community. they were almost entirely drawn from within the community. declassified documents from british sources from the prime minister's office from the ministry of defense secretary of state's office make it quite shockingly clear that from the perspective of the british government it was acceptable to recruit someone into the regiment who was an octave loyalist paramilitary who was a member of
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a loyalist paramilitary group. there's no doubt that the creation of the else the defense regiment was influence for the british show me boy the experience in the empire these kinds of locally right regimens the what controls and commanded by british offices and as any intrinsic palls of the chain of command bridge shomi were common through all of the counterinsurgency campaigns there was a real and genuine hype at the instigation of the regiments that it would be truly crossed me to see adam would be nonsectarian in character but it became apparent very quickly that that was not going to be the case and the british army was willing to live with the consequences which was that this would be in many ways a sectarian regiment. many people from the loyalist community joined the regiment to get weapons training and to state a weapons. according to the official documents that we funded the u.d.r.
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it was the largest single source of modern weapons flowing to the loyalist paramilitary groups it was a recipe for disaster. and one of the things we noticed whenever we started to do the research was the large numbers of guns that were disappearing from both are you see an u.t.r. armories am places like plan on u.t.r. various places like the territorial army that was our volunteer force and in. the can are to name but a few. now we have a pictorial of just the devastating effect that one of these columns get out of this is 9 millimeter starting submachine gong stolen from b.s. on the 20th 24th the man 1971 and subsequently used to kill people and seriously injure numerous other people and the attacks were these are the people that i. was with the charge also shows is who was using these columns on here we can see that
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some of the people who were involved in these in these columns were also members of the r.u.c. on the u.d.r. . and we can also see as they say who all was killed on one of those people who was killed and one of the force that acts with us was used was with my own father who was killed and on the farms over a bridge. behind. we do know as a matter of holmes as a matter of. looking for a process that is the domain of the eye you see the r.u.c. the police was created in the early 1920 s. at the same time as the state of north there it was created and it reflected the contested nature of the state it was almost 93 percent drawn community and as a both part time element on a full time element there was a militarized force from the outset it was framed on the colonial model of british police. and that's how the very fraught and fractious relationship with the
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catholic and nationalist community. has a nonviolent civil rights movement korean force in the late 1960 s. it was the reaction of the r.u.c. to the political and the attacks on the 1st civil rights marches by the police that actually energies the movement mobilized people a left the fuse for the conflict at the time. then in the 1960 s. and 1969 in particular we had a situation where there was coordinated loyalist attacks protectee on the catholic population of belfast tens of thousands forced to flee their homes the irish army set up refugee camps along the border which put up the refugees flee in the north a most striking about these attacks was that the are you see the police actually took part in the attacks on the catholic community and belfast at the time. so
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instead of preventing them they were active participants in the burning of whole streets in belfast at the time. on the 5th of june 1906 the gang attacked a small rural pope called the rock bar near keady kind. of approaching the pope they shot a local man called mick mcgrath as he left the building. they then detonated a nail bomb which failed to explode. what was striking about this particular attack was that all those involved were members of the local police force the r.u.c. with some on duty as the attack took place. in summing up and sentencing these place officers the lord chief justice went so far. claim. that they were trying to rid the.
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issues to. a very important landmark for the campaign and 999 was the fact that we acquired. a former sergeant and they are you saying. he had been convicted of the merger a man called william strathairn and he had served 7 years in prison. prepared enough. it became available to us in the spring of $9099.00. for the 1st time really away realized that the job bombings was linked to so many other attacks north of the border. to the miami show. and the cast of play and. the merger of john
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francis korean all of which took place in the republic. in february on judge baron who was conducting the inquiries into the. mesh with john we are in paris there to lawyers. all mesh with john we are in paris at the same time. and i know. we arrange for the path to newcome center to mange with them at that time as. i think that the significance of the meeting with we are we were able to. be able to test the evidence so to be put there to put detailed questions to. spend several days with them to put different parts of the jigsaw together. thanks to him and thanks to all the evidence it was because. of course he was. central to the killing so it was an obsolete fatal me.
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i was. a member of our special patrol group special patrol probe was a section of the or you see it there would have been. the antiterrorist squad the death but the riots of the store bones. we did not deal with audrey police to teach us to distracted men. who liked the type of auction is so it would have attracted officers who would tended to to be more militant than the ordinary policeman. was approached by the army
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armstrong in that so they explain to me god we should take the war to the are your ear instead of setting dark it was i think a lot of people's belief that the all you're a wall is being allowed to operate without much opposition much endurance they explained to me they had already started this by. gone bomb attack on the route bar outside. the ostomy the fog would be interested in joining what they were doing. i told them i would need to know more about it o.t.s. of course i would be interested but they did explain to me that the were quite a number of people involved. after without a meeting was arranged to. make sure. was there.
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to me douglas on the right you should tell me. of. all panto a lot. of the bombings. really fees. bridge. bar bombing and shooting. it was something. she was. over. this
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last. job. was. one of the things that i started to realize is that the noise in my head is it me i started the practice of organizing my wife a wronged what i wanted my life to be about even when it conflicted with my internal annoyance so you know why i wrote a book but in my head i'm not smart enough people like me to write books. but what i held myself to was the action and i started to notice that i could co-exist with that while still living a life that went beyond. this is this is a stick for hope. water bottle phone in the stomach of the fish the brand is part
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of the coca-cola company which sells millions of bottles of soda every day the idea was that let's tell consumers there are the bad ones there the litter bugs are trying this way industry shouldn't be blamed for all this waste the company has long promised to reuse the plastic. that's. a costly on my end i need to stay on your phones at special projects funded . online your best bet is the end of a footy team but for now the mountains of waste only grow higher. is your media a reflection of reality. in a world transformed. what will make you feel safe.
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isolation community. are you going the right way or are you being led. direct. what is true what is faith. in the world corrupted you need to descend. to join us in the depths. aura made in the shallows. of the are you see man we are names were involved over many years a number of fatal bombings and shootings alongside paramilitaries in the all strong tier force they include. there you see man william r.
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cafe a self-confessed killer. also r.u.c. reserve constable lawrence mcclure police to be one of the gang's most experienced bomb makers who was convicted of causing an explosion and possession of firearms at the rock bar for which however he only received a suspended sentence or you see constable ian mitchell was also convicted of causing him explosion of the rock bar and possession of firearms but similarly only received a suspended sentence gary armstrong who were also names escaped in a conviction in the rock bar attack a lower the historical enquiries team a police unit set up to investigate historical murders says he was clearly a principal of fandor in a later book penned by armstrong after his release from prison he clearly details his role in the rock bar attack in a chapter called. fulfilled potential. between the middle of night in
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72 when the gang really started its work until the end of 975 that's less than 3 years the gang had killed 89 people. in one month alone in april 9075 the 1st person they killed was dorothy trainer a protestant woman walking home with a catholic husband through portadown. within 3 days they'd killed martin mcveigh who was murdered as he cycled home from work in the same town portadown a couple of weeks later they blew up a little cottage that was being renovated killing 2 brothers and a sister and the sister's unborn baby girl. and by the end of the month they'd also killed a man called owen boyle who had been sitting at his kitchen table looking at photographs of his newborn baby girl so there in just one month in one small geographical area you had. 4 separate attacks in which 7 people were killed in these attacks were
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remorseless and they ratcheted up the pressure until the end of 975 when a completely new development took place. as with previous attacks the modus operandi of the gang was to strike 2 targets almost simultaneously. in a white cross country the revie family sat down to watch a popular t.v. show when gunmen entered the family home 24 year old john martin was hit as he sat in his chair while 22 year old brian was shot in the back trying to escape into a nearby bedroom. anthony the youngest brother dived underneath the bed for cover before the gunmen sprayed the bed with bullets. a little while later on they heard them all night through the front door and get men to the car on speed now very bad i had them on the bad and i was surprised and brian who was in the bible has
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a file these posts on you he was dead. hand them all up into the guts and then john martin he was lyin in a pearl of blood on a field as paul's on it on a new year with all the dead. at around the same time gunmen burst into the home of the old guard family only 17 miles away and barely dog and country done. again the intention was to wipe out an entire family. as they rushed their way into the house they opened fire and barney wood who was hit a number of times his brother joe who attempted to charge the gunman was killed instantly. but i was shot 1st and they are. as fun mayor are. they by the time i knew. the body was dead. because a. a version in the ring of every were in. but i crawled out into the
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hallway. back to the body was layin there are you there were those in intensive care of course i was there for a week. the doctor here marar not mourning it. has years should be real hey if things are banned according to logic if you shouldn't be here. because those are a ball of go one step for your heart. for no will perjury and the word they used. the word nether bow are grossly nor muscle to stop but for the target 90 percent term. took a kidney with. as the smoke settled 3 members of the old guard family and 2 revie brothers lay dead 17 year old anthony revie died later in hospital. the tally ition from the men's killings was swift brutal. the following evening
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a minibus of textile workers was stopped by members of the ira in king's mills not far from the review home where the killings had taken place the night before. these pictures tell the story of the horror that followed. up to 20 gunman surrounded the minibus it's catholic driver taken to safety the protestants on board moaned on most of us late. policemen who arrived shortly afterwards told of bodies piled on top of one another. the gore and the personal effects give a hint of a conic. when we met joan we're in paris one of the burning questions we had is why he and the others in the gang and not retaliated for the king's well massacre. as on so it was chilling he told us there was a plan and the plan was to attack a primary school to kill all the children in the school to kill the teachers we
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asked him why it didn't go ahead and he told us because the e.v.f. leadership in belfast believed that the plan came from army headquarters came from military intelligence a been planted the millage intelligence wanted the situation to spiral out of control and this was too much for the e.v.f. and they refused to go ahead even for them it was a step too far. the plot. that was decided on. was to shoot top. of school. in police. just on the outskirts of leaks. so when you say shoot it was true during show the procedure the screw children teachers yes. yes. do you
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believe there is a loser in those. 'd yes i do indeed yes i do indeed. move. if that's hard hard and. i think there is nearly died. there would have been a shocking retaliation. from the republican side. retaliation from the republican side. it would have eventually in a fairly short time i should say they told us quite the contrary into. trouble. civil war situation i think the contrie was almost already in a civil war situation but if that happened. even the moderates.
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on both sides were going to have to take sides and the was going to be. there was going to be a serious serious civil war. we had a meeting with the chief constable the most senior police officer and the p s i accompanied by an assistant chief constable at their headquarters and we asked them . what they intended to but the fact that a former police sergeant william mcarthur out of that publicly that he was also part of the plan to kill 30 children out of scope and their teachers. there was a pause they looked at each other and they told us that nothing of being don't know intentional or doing anything. to be real he wasn't to be arrested. to be reinvestigated nothing would happen. and i think at that moment after we left.
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we talked about it and we realized that where else in europe a former police officer to kill a large number of children and a school former employer would say that he had no plans to reinterview him as a result. of dunning street in london the british prime minister harold wilson was faced with what he called himself an apocalyptic crisis northern ireland was spinning out of control. war could not be ruled out. amongst the options he considered were a dried withdraw and self government if the people of the north were on governable he could not go. in an atmosphere of near panic wilson called a council of war at his official country retreat checkers. the peaceful buckinghamshire countryside. also present was the secretary of state for defense. and the secretary of state for northern ireland merlin race on the security side
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team was headed by so david house the general officer commanding northern aren't. well wilson attempted to control the worsening situation the hawks within british military intelligence hoped for a different outcome. where all out war could be waged on the ira. in the meantime glenn and gang were slaughtering anyone but republican targets. so we asked ourselves why why these people and we drew up 2 lists one was of people who were unlucky enough to be caught up in indiscriminate car bombs and the other this was a people who were targeted or watched chased hunted at their work or at their home and we discovered to our surprise that every single one of those bar one. self starters people were making something of their lives they were ordinary people and then we asked ourselves why why these people. and the theory we came to was that
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frank kitson in his classic manual of counterinsurgency operations rhodes that if you can't catch the fish either by rod or net then poison the water and author areas that these ordinary people were targeted to persuade other ordinary people to repudiate the irate to withdraw support from the ira course didn't work had the opposite effect violence begets violence if people can't trust the law they would take the law into their own hands it was completely counterproductive as well as illegal and immoral i think the stage we've reached as a longer stand. the legal cooperation. cooperation between. members of the security forces. sometimes us. and sometimes on a more structural level in the 1980 some ninety's. there was no
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crime of collusion and. materially it involved a number of criminal acts by police officers or soldiers and it's been a phenomenon throughout the troubles. many. years deniable 3rd forces in order to search and see but. i think the rule of loyalist paramilitaries here. they did what the security forces felt that they couldn't do because and theory they were point by the rule of law and so they could use deniable 3rd forces to do it for them. so what we've got to do is identify the threats that we have it's crazy confrontation let it be an arms race. spearing dramatic development only personally
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i'm going to resist. will be successful very. time to sit down and talk. but there's sin in the room light of. my name is drawn more than. imprisoned by the expiration of my life. case to grab some media attention any. 16 year olds to 16 birthday parties. in the place tell a lot of pressure. close to kids. corneas i mean just don't it's like those. you
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know so far the strong one and the sure don't want peace be with us that's all of this universe because i was standing right next. to me for is the sun you got to keep in mind 10 is 1617 years old so. this could lose one blues and i use plunder to spear them both literally. pull food . for more than just. flown out the truth. twas the night before christmas and all over the world people are mining back on seeking individual sovereignty so they probably just throw anything. and. my name is sucky on. this job see what i don't see it's
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a. good order you know if. you let me know we're gonna get it out. too close is proof enough movement you know the nazis pizza box and i use that down sixties to make it any day easier no food for me to school on fridays to focus on who. knows. who's in the clubs who pulls through clubs because clubs do really he's trying to fit life in the music. i. play and moved from the area. and when he moved. me on down to. you know.
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i. think the. russian officials have identified the suspect in a shooting near the federal security service building in central moscow 2 people were killed and 5 injured in the a time. in other stories that shaped the week moscow m.v.p. you lash out at us sanctions targeting russia's nord stream to gas pipeline to germany with berlin saying it amounts to interference in domestic affairs. and another inspector breaks ranks from the global chemical weapons watchdog the o.p.c. w. saying its final report on the.

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