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tv   Boom Bust  RT  November 26, 2021 5:30am-6:01am EST

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go to your theories and so by definition, this is the only way that they can see any issue in america. everything is about race map is now racist. grammar is now races, according to these people to whom race is always critical to their theories. well, it's been a pleasure having you with us for this friday program here on our team international lie from the heart of the russian capital. thanks for joining us here. my colleague, unit o'neill, at the desk with more of your friday headlines to come at the top of the hour. perhaps you can join him soon with
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oh, seemed wrong when i just don't. i mean you have to see how this thing becomes the advocate. an engagement equals the trail. when so many find themselves will depart. we choose to look so common ground. and here is something they can't ride on police report. it's an all cash in december 2020. a group of anti finishes. fill out a film crew access for 3 months. so like if people are organization,
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it's an idea that it must be a pose as channel out the gate while they may kill their faces. but they can say what they believe in. we believe in helping our community that we believe that fascism is one of the major threats to the united states has gotten reuben, this is a chance to see who and t for really are in order for me to extract my 1st amendment right and say that my life matter, i have to be on to the teacher to that's how america we can't trust the police. we can't trust the government. we can't trust anyone except ourselves to protect ourselves in a thing
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. this is done by someone business, so you can't afford to med, i'm right. why that and i bred to bore in washington coming up, we have a very special program for you today. covering public debt. the united states has seen it skyrocket at the debt to g. d p ratio, it's highest level since world war 2 will go over who hold that debt and what could happen if the nation default. and it's not just for u. s. global public that has risen to nearly $300000000.00 of government worldwide . haven't get the massive amounts of stimulus into their economy in response to the coven nightstand damage. we have the panel and economist on hand. dig into the details. let's get started. the. and we lead the program with the state of federal debt. here in the united states,
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democrats and republicans in congress started warding in september, that the debt ceiling would need to be raised above its $28.00 trillion dollar limit, or the country would risk defaulting on its debt altogether. but this fight is really nothing new. that's right, the decision to raise or change the definition of the debt ceiling has been made by congress 78 times just in the last 60 years. and while republicans have been the ones resisting it this year, the overwhelming majority of those changes have actually been made while a republican was in the white house. in fact, the national debt hasn't hit 0 since the andrew jackson administration in the 830. but major event such as world war 2911 and the great recession has added to it significantly over the years. and many may remember when the national debt hit one trillion dollars for the 1st time back in 1981. the ronald reagan administration combined an increase in defense spending with tax cuts. the deficit increase slightly under the clinton administration,
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and it stood around 5 trillion dollars with george w bush took office, but it didn't. his administration more than doubled that number. bringing to over 10 trillion dollars. president brock obama then doubled it again, raising the national debt to nearly 20 trillion dollars. now in order to fully understand how the national that impacts the country, we have to look at where it stands compared to our gross domestic product. now, last year, spending and response to the pandemic brought the debt to g d p ratio to 105 percent marking its highest points in world war q. but if we go back to the 1990 s, we'll find that the ratio stood under 50 percent even dropping down to 30 percent under the clinton administration. the debt to g d p ratio was up to nearly 45 percent. by the time george w bush left office and by the and obama left off, as it had skyrocketed nearly 75 percent as the continued increase in defense spending combined with the government's response to the great recession. so who owns all of this debt?
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the 2 largest and these are actually right here in the united states, the social security trust fund, and the federal reserve that's public. that's the debt of the people. now beyond that, china and japan both owed more than one trillion dollars in us treasury securities, followed by the u. k. ireland luxemburg and brazil. so what is the significance of all of this debt, and what would it mean at the us where you actually default with joining us now to the guys are professor richard was posted the economic update, peter ship chief economist at euro pacific capital and steve king, the economics professor, a patriot and it's great to have you all on the show today and professor wolf. i want to start with you. now when we look at the way the debt has grown, how we just come to expect that congress will continue to spend more as time goes on at this point. yes, i mean basically we have wall star selves into our kind of corner from which it is too dangerous to try to escape. the debts are so enormous at this point. and by the
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way, not just a federal debt, but corporate debt, an individual household debt. that even the effort to raise interest rates a little bit becomes a risk and shock that in already trouble the economy can really not cope with. so that we are in a situation where we have to keep funding a debt, even though it becomes more dangerous as we do so at peter, when we look at a lot of the reasons the national debt has jumped over the years. it seems there's always something whether it's the great recession, world war to a global pandemic, or even the war on terror in some capacity. do you ever see the sped spending being justified based on current events? well, 1st of all, you know, the debt continues in good times as well as bad. we never have any surpluses when times are good to pay off the deficits we incur when, when times are bad. but i want to correct a couple of mistakes that you made earlier on with the debt. first of all,
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the debt to g. d. p. it's actually a 125 percent, not 105 percent. because the 105 percent doesn't count the debt held by the social security trust funds. so when you count all the debt, that's outstanding. it's $125.00. but that doesn't even tell the whole picture, because you have to look at the state government debt and all the municipalities because everybody is looking at the same tax base to repay the debt. so when you measure all government debt in the united states, you're looking at 140 percent. 145 percent of g d p. but that's just the tip of the iceberg, because it doesn't count any of the unfunded liabilities of the united states government. those are commitments to pay things like so security or medicare benefits are guaranteed student loans. when you add all that together, you're talking about several 100 times the g d p a how much we've, we've, we've run a big debt and the problem, contrary to what everybody is talking about. the problem isn't the debt ceiling.
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the problem is the debt. the problem is we keep raising the ceiling, so we keep on piling on more debt. now steve, i want to give you a chance to respond to that. i know we've talked about how the national debt has grown and how those figures just continue to grow. of course, when you do take the time to factor everything in, is this something that you see, it just inevitably continuing to grow, especially the way the congress is operating right now. if you want to continue having a capitalist economy, yes, it has to grow. and this is the, this is the reason why i find some of this alarm quite laughable, frankly, because i'll take, want to pay to seek is about the level of government there being a 145 percent of j pay before some of the other things he added in that's actually less than the level of private debt which is running at about a 165 percent of j t. a pay right now. and that's the real problem. personal debt is a problem. personal debt does constrain what individuals can do and falls and personal debt do cause crises. that's what we should be worrying about where all
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the stuff about government it was. and i was working specifically the federal data because federal debt is different state that it doesn't, doesn't have anything like the same problem. in fact, as part of the reason why capitalism works. because when the government runs a deficit, it creates an identical surplus for the private sector. the government deficit is the private sector surplus. if the government runs a surplus that the private sector runs a deficit. now this is hard for people get their heads around, but it's actually the accounting involved. and it's easily shown using accounting software, that if the government has spans more than it gets back in taxes, it puts more money in the private bank accounts than it takes out through taxes. and the only question is, does this end up meaning the federal, the treasury has it as a negative account at the federal reserve or a positive account at the federal reserve? that's what bon sales are for. and that's what the coin could be for as well. hey
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peter, i want to come back to you on this because, i mean, obviously this is a broad conversation about the state of debt that we will continue here throughout the half hour. but, but the question is, what are really been negative? the downside of holding all of this debt because it does seem like there's a lot of given taken this while the debt is a huge problem that doesn't help capitalism. it interferes with capitalism. because what happens is the government is taking resources away from the private sector and diverting them to public spending. and this undermines capitalism. it undermines savings and investment and all the things that we need to grow our standard of living. the problem is much of this that now is being monetized by the central bank . the federal reserve prince money to buy up all this debt. and all that is, is living a massive inflation tax on the economy. and this is only getting started. prices are going to explode in the united states for all manner of consumer goods, especially goods, right relative to services because of the american economy. after years and years
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of deficits crowding out private investment, we are completely dependent on the product and capacity of the rest of the world. we are running record tradeoffs. it's just yesterday we printed the largest monthly trade deficit in us history. better than $73000000000.00, those deficits are going to keep getting higher and higher. and eventually, and i think relatively soon the value of our money, the dollar is going to collapse and all the prices of the imported goods are going to be going up much faster than they are right now. professor, well, i know we have pretty much the same conversation with you quite regularly about trade and what peter talk about. what do you make peter's comments there? well, i'm always mystified by peter's comments, because if this is against capitalism, he does have a problem of explaining it is everybody wrong except him? is everybody making a terrible mistake? is the system self? most people? yes, i don't. i don't think so. i think this is a system that's got basic problems and he's trying to solve them by printing
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a great deal of money and exploding. it's dead. it's really solving one set of problems by this, that creation by this monetization. and then it creates a new set. and it has bumbled through for 2 or 3 centuries, doing this over and over again. and everybody kind of knows that eventually you're going to solve one problem by creating another one. and then you won't be able to solve it. and then the system will come down. that's the problem on their american capitalism. the great until the u. s. government corrupted it. we had a vibrant free market economy under a gold standard. when we had honest money where we didn't have a federal income tax or so security tax, we didn't have any of these types of spending programs that we have today. we have a thriving middle class. we had an economy that really was the envy of the world. we built a standard of living that was unmatched anywhere else in the world. the problems
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really started when government started to grow and started to impose more regulations and more subsidies and more government spending and the federal reserve came around. so these problems were not created by capitalism. they were created by governments interfering with capitalism. and every time government tries to solve the problems that they create, they make those problems even worse. well steve, i want to give you a chance to weigh in on this. i know we've talked a lot about the different systems. when do you see the united states is having a free economy, especially when it's congress that is deciding to continue to add onto the national debt, which they say that we own. but the american people don't really seem to have much of a choice in the matter. well, the even ever people have a choice. they can do what happens during the not in twenties. and let's go back. i think us before. i think they would admit that before government it got to be particularly large of that stuff. government spending was about 5 percent of j. t. a pay or less. and calvin coolidge decided to draw a surplus reason charged sam. and during the non in $22.00 precisely that even
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a surplus of roughly one percent of a every year. and of course the economy burnt. and he took credit for it and said that the service was the reason the economy terms. when you look at the data carefully, what you find is, yes, there was a government surplus of one percent of every year. and every year the private sector was borrowing roughly 5 percent of j t. a. to speculate on the stock market. that's what gave it the turbocharged economy, not the surplus, but the, the government. but the deficit thing, right. i was only allowed to borrow and gamble to, to me, finish beta over in gamble on the stock market. and over that period of time that private debt level rose more, more margin debt. okay. just to buy the gambling shares rose from what a pay to 13 percent of j k and then crash right back down again. that's what i was the great depression. now that sort of responsibility on the private side is the real where achilles heel of capitalism and worrying about the government's behavior is frankly identifying the wrong problem. and peter,
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i'm going to give you the final already a 32nd before we go to break here. yeah, the problem was the federal reserve was created in 1913. it was very easy money policies in the latter part of the 1900 twenty's, that inflated that stock market bubble and what it popped, what created the depression, was the intervention as policies of herbert hoover, and then franklin delano roosevelt. that's why we had a depression was because we had too much government and we had, we had a central bank. if we didn't have either, then we wouldn't have had a depression at all. i know about stock market bubble. you could shake your head, but that's, that's the fact. all right, i know we still got a lot to talk about here. we've got to take a quick break, but professor richard will peter ship and steve king stay right there. all right, who will be right back and time now for a quick break, but when, when we come back, we'll take a look at the international angle as global that has 30 so dearly $3100.00 trillion dollars will bring back our paddle of economists to discuss i'm sure it's going to get heated
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the with so the double membranes stretches which are like sex, which capture, pushes the cytoplasm and then deliver them to water, the incinerator of the cell, the license for degradation. so that's what we'll talk to g and mm hm. i saw a message from an unknown account because it had a selfie with my passport as its profile page. um, i saw pictures of my documents, it will say also send a credit contract. like if i had just 3 days in a comply with their demands. if i didn't send money and they sent up an online hate
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campaign, i was supposed to be very dangerous man. are welcome back global. that is ballooning and could lead to a catastrophic outcome with global debt rising to a new record high of nearly $300.00 trillion dollars in the 2nd quarter. what does this mean for economies around the world boom bust co host, an investigative journalist, ben swan is following the story. well, as you say, global debt now stands at a whopping and record $296.00 trillion dollars. but what's really interesting is that almost 10 percent of it, or 19.5 trillion came about just during the corona virus pandemic. prior to the pandemic, the world's debt to g. d. p ratio rose 356 percent in 2020 up 35 percentage points from where it stood in 2019. that's according to
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a new report for the institute of international finance. it also found that country saw their economy shrink, and they issued an ocean of debt just to stay afloat. but now in the battle against coven governments around the world are now more indebted than at any other point in modern history, even surpassing world war 2. not only are governments around the world spending vast sums of money to fight the pandemic, but big corporations, which have been emboldened by unprecedented government support for markets, are selling bonds like never before. all that debt now means severe cuts to public spending on health, education and social protection programs globally. the international monetary fund, belize at $35.00 to $40.00 countries are debt distress, defined as when a country is experiencing difficulties and servicing is that such as when there is debt restructuring. a countries falling into debt distress include tunisia, which has seen political upheaval as well as ambia and gonna, zambia was the 1st african country to the fault on debt last year during the pandemic. so how bad is it?
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well now it's m b a has to allocate 44 percent of its annual government revenue to creditors gonna spend about 37 percent of its national budget on debt interest payments. cameroon, spent 23.8 percent of its budget on debt payments compared to just 3.9 percent of the countries revenue on health. and all this lee, the number of analyst to say that we are now in a debt super cycle. and that central banks are in a trap which could ultimately lead to a global economic collapse. for boom bust, i'm been swan for more on this. let's bring back our panel of proof, sir. richard wolf, host of economic update. peter shift chief economist at euro pacific capital and steve, keen, the economics professor of patriot steve, i actually want to start with what ben just mentioned there. as you see a nation default or faith major debt, whoa is, and then they're owing 44 percent of their gdp to creditors. what is that doing to them? depends on whether they have their own currency or not. and whether the running
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a tried surplus or not, the country running a tried surplus and check japan as an example. there is quite capable of continuing to issue government it indefinitely as it in, on that particular case, the japan, i think has the world record 250 percent of j. t a is a government debt level. is the economy suffering and now on the capital basis has been growing cross united states for most of the last 15 years. and a can do it indefinitely because with a trade surplus as well, it's not selling, it's, it's bonds to foreigners and foreigners if they, if they do buy those bonds, a quite happy to be paid in japanese. and now is the problems arise with countries which are running trade deficits, which can borrow in their own currency. they're the ones who are up, you know, the proverbial craig without a paddle. but when you have a country which is either running a trade surplus like japan or an america case, which is unfortunately and should not, they is unfortunately the reserve currency for the planet that you can get away
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with it indefinitely. so again, we're worrying about the wrong things. now professor wolf, i mean when it comes to debt between more developed nations, it really is a delicate balance with a lot of given take in some cases is having ongoing national debt actually healthy . now in most cases, this is just a kind of continuation of old colonialism and imperialism under a slightly adjusted set of circumstances. instead of literally carrying the gold out of the country somewhere in africa, back to europe or over to the united states, or ripping off the local people to make them work for next to nothing. you are now doing it with loans. you're giving them alone, you're greasing the wheels of the loan with large amounts of fees and commissions. and i won't even speak about the corruption that is going on on both sides. so you
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end up with very little of that money going into any kind of long term progressive economic growth. and so the burden of the debt is not matched by an ability to pay for it. so it becomes these crazy numbers that been just went over and this is terribly bad for these poor countries already deepens the in the qualities in the world and creates political and social instability that we will all be regretting every week and months into the future. and peter, i want to kind of make a counterpoint here that i think y you will have a great answer to here because could this global data issue result or should it for that matter, result in a d, stabilisation of currency so much that governments and citizens will be forced to actually rely on other means you off and talk about the gold standard, obviously on their show regularly talk about crypto currency as an alternative defeat. what do you make of all that?
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well, certainly, 1st of all, you know, while it's true that governments can certainly get away with having too much debt for a while. and some, you know, can do it for a long while. no government can do it indefinitely. there's always going to be a day of reckoning, but the important thing to look at to the debt is why do we have so much debt? i mean, it's not an accident. you have global central banks led by the federal reserve. keeping interest rates artificially low, and it's because in our interest rates are artificially low, that there's so much debt. and the problem to the debt is that it's not productive . you have individuals borrowing money to buy consumer goods. you have corporations borrowing money to buy back their over price stock. you don't have productive debt . what we're by investing in plant and equipment that is actually generating real income to service and retire the debt. you have this gigantic speculative bubble. you have acid bubbles all over the place. none of this is a byproduct of capitalism. it's all because of the failure to have capitalism. if
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we had capitalism is down money, we would have much higher interest rates. we wouldn't have all this debt. we'd have a much more prosperous economy, but the answer your question, yes. all of this is leading to a currency crisis that will begin in the united states as both the sovereign debt crisis at a u. s. dollar crisis. and it will only unleash rapid inflation throughout the world. and ultimately a lot of this debt is going to be inflated away. i mean, the debt can't be paid. and so most governments don't have the integrity to honestly default. and it's going to get wiped out through inflation. and then where we go in the aftermath of that is difficult to say, but the world is going to go through a very, very difficult period. because a lot of these paper, what paper wealth is going to get wiped out. so a lot of people that think they have money invested in bonds, government bonds, corporate bonds, wherever they got, they're going to find out they have very little because the purchasing power is going to be eviscerated because the cost of living is going to serve. and you know
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that they, they're locked into the paper and they don't have any way to pay the higher costs. now, steve, what are your responses? i mean, i know we've talked a lot about the bubbles that are coming up. but i mean, are we facing a global crisis on the scale that peter is referencing here? i can help thinking of what i was told was just the way you get punished in american jail if you're really misbehaving. and that is rather giving you a plight with the, you know, making vegetables and stuff on it. they put it in a blender and blend the whole lot together and serve it to you in a package i stuck. even though in the individual units can be bought quite delicious individually pages or a whole lot of stuff on the blender there. and some of it, yes, is the serious wiring. others now is not at all the problem. in fact, that's a necessary part of functioning capitalist economy. we do have too much private debt. far too much, the debt has been used to speculate on asset process and not produce productive investments. that's quite true, but us for defaults being caused by government. yet the only time that happened
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with governance bar currency, which is not their own. that's what's called government defaults. when you look at the last 150 years, they've been roughly 150 financial crises in different countries around the world. and every last one of them has been caused by private to collapse. so it's private debt, which is the hybrid, which is the solution relation. it happens, it will david, courtesy of the supply shots from the collapse of the global supply chain, not from what's happening with our dish because because they're too much money creation. that's what causes it. it's a lot of money. and peter, we want. yeah, you have the final word here. yeah. you know, the story that peter starts with is those low interest rates at of able corporations to borrow. but why start there? why not asked to question why the low interest rates? it was a decision of the fed to which almost everyone agreed that we were on the edges of a disastrous collapse in the, in the dot com crisis in 2000 again in the great recession of 2008 again. last
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year, interest rates are lowered because you would have the collapse that peter's talking about if you'd the lowest rates. but thank you for letting me just finish when you, when you solve the problem with the money. yeah, you create a new problem that is going to be perhaps even bigger than the old one, but you have to have each problem as it comes. oh, we have a gentlemen. unfortunately, we are out of time in the show. this is a conversation we will have to continue subtype to professor richard what peter ship and steve keen, the academics, professor patriot. thank you so, but you both and that's it for this type was cnx. mm
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mm. mm sure don't seem an official unless to stay official, someone at the, at the, from the tech hockey with some dinner washed them for discussion and want to hear the phone. yes. think you should posted, and this was actually for you. if you decide that i need to, within now there should ah, i usually said, oh no style, sir, but our minds look up into these little to test once initialized spotlights. yes, the key moments which she is legally and she shared with
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one the rescuer was farmed alive. he's one of our medics who was saving people right there. a small miracle after a horrific tragedy. one rescuer is fallen to live in a excite barian coal mine after being presumed. a criminal negligence probe has been opened into thursday's explosion, which has claimed over 50 lives. also ahead on the program, riots and gulf. so don's capital as demonstrators to non same military coup on demand, the return of the civilian government correspondent is among the crowds in the african nation, the crowd. these see the thousands. we had seen many small columns warming and various enabled before.

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