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tv   The Modus Operandi  RT  November 28, 2022 6:30pm-7:01pm EST

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ah, ah, hello, i'm manila chand. you are tuned in 2 modus operandi a show that explores the methods and patterns of u. s. foreign policy all around the world, and the history that reverberates in our lives. today. this week we'll examine latin america, america's neighbors to the south have taken center stage in u. s. domestic politics, whether democrats and republicans sparring over the mexican border, or president biden. and donald trump. how speaker nancy pelosi? recognizing one, why know, as the president of venezuela, the u. s. has a lot of clean up by head with its southern neighbors. then as the u. s. is preoccupied with the proxy war against russia in ukraine. china and russia are
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making moves across latin america. the 2 bricks giants aiming to add a new south, american ally to the roster and broker business deals. embracing the left turn that latin america is taking. will this cause a hemispheric shift? all right. it's time to get into the ammo. ah, louise, ignacio desilva, better known simply as lula, brazil's one time president from 2003 to 2010 is out of prison. and back on the campaign trail. lula is staging a political, come back and is soaring in the poles in brazil against incumbent giant bull sonata with a nickname of his own trump of the tropics. both nato struck a trump in populous nerve before but with lula left us leader. now clear
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to run for office again following a u. s. backed corruption, bust known as operation car wash. lula has a bone to pick with the u. s. d o j. and the securities exchange commission who took part in an elaborate international investigation which many brazilians viewed as politically motivated, some even calling it american interference in their domestic affairs. meanwhile, in venezuela, home of the world's largest oil reserves president nicholas menudo won a 2nd term, survived an assassination attempt, and remains president after what most of the world deems a coup attempt by the west. with the u. s. and u. k. choosing a recognized former parliamentarian one, why doe, instead as the president. now this was bipartisan recognition on the part of american politicians, but as the u. s. gasoline prices began to skyrocket. in april 2022,
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the u. s. seemed to abandon guido and sent a delegation to effectively asked the maduro administration for help with oil supplies. but that visit didn't go as the byte in administration had hoped. so when the u. s. hosted the summit of the americas this year in los angeles. they left a few key latin countries off the invite list like venezuela, nicaragua, and cuba. now this party pho paw, not boating. well across the southern nations with key countries like mexico turning down biden's invite. what then is plan b for the bite in administration, in dealing with this new hostility from its southern neighbors. and joining us to discuss this very fluid relationship between the u. s. and south america, let's bring in doctor enrique rivera. he's a historian and author of the new book, the untold history of capitalism with international press,
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and re gay. good to see you. thank you for joining us. first. i'd like your read on the upcoming brazilian elections. it's huge it's, it's a huge deal. i'm so bored. so nato has been a bit of a difficult figure to peg. oh, he's an admirer of trump. and so when trump was in office, there was a certain affinity there. um, but and, and there were some indications that that he was kind of a, a counter hedge, a monic figure. but in the end of the day, kind of as in the history of latin america. right. when biggers have tended to follow the dictates of washington. and so in the end of the day, he did end up doing that. and so he, he was a major ally in regards to cutting off relations with dennis. well i, which was
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a principal aim of the u. s. government to isolate bennet, willa results, largest country in latin america, both in geographical space as, as well as in population. and so they also supported the us back qu in bolivia, a couple of years ago. and, and they even offered books for not personally just offered political asylum for janine and yes who, who was the head figure of the crew in bolivia and so lula has always kind of been a device of figure within the u. s. political. ready stablished and he's been kind of seen as when he started out. he was certainly seen as kind of a reformer someone that could be worked with. but i think his his for res into into launching these spearheading these international movements like bricks and
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sued alba, etc. you know, like kind of his true colors as, as best basically a practical answer imperialist came through. ready and, and so the hardliners in washington certainly don't see his coming to office with favor. it's going to be an interesting situation. lula has a bone to pick. as you mentioned, with the united states. he's calling out the united states on, on, on nato's aggression against against russia. which and the spurt the invasion of ukraine are. and so, so yeah, it's going to be an interesting thing. we're going to see what plays out. yeah, lou. last i checked. he has consistently been pulling in double digits ahead of both scenario. so if lula does indeed win as anticipated, can the u. s. many relations with lou, i mean,
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i know they help roman prison and all of that, especially since he recently issued those strong words against the u. s. and the sanctions that the u. s. imposed on russia. you know, he actually told time magazine that these sanctions are now hurting the entire world. so with that said, i mean, can the bind it administration, make amends with lula? well, i think that the u. s. as they do, i think they're going to take multiple wrong approaches. i think the white house in the state department are certainly going to be saying nice things publicly while behind closed doors. ready they are certainly going to be continuing to fund opposition to lula and certainly going to be trying to get him out of office. i think that lula himself, i think, i think he's beyond the point of, of where he thinks that he can rely on the west as a partner, i think,
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but he does seem to realize that that the u. s. is perceived interest really go against the reality of the interest of the people, the united states and certainly those of brazil. and so i think the cats out of the bag as far as he is concerned. but he is a practical politician. he is going to be limited by what exactly he can do. he's his, his strong pulling numbers come because he's the most popular political figure in brazil, but he's also. ready cast a wide net politically and he's brought more moderate forces into his tent. and so people that are more a, mainly both to the united states. and so it is going to be a balancing act. what about the summit of the americas? the summit, you know, is, is still fairly young in its tenure, but it's meant to be a summit for countries in the western hemisphere to openly and freely discuss issues at hand. the biden administration left out venezuela, nicaragua,
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and cuba from the invite list. and then this led to a cascade of other leaders, either declining the invite altogether or sending, you know, perhaps even worse, sending some lower ranking official in the president's place. what was the read of the summit to you? and because you're there in los angeles. yeah, it was a disaster. well, the official summit was a disaster. interestingly, there was a parallel people's summit that was attended by thousands people which was organized by various grass roots, political organizations in the united states. and, and also solved delegations from been as well as from cuba. they made their way to the people summit, which was much more celebrated event than, than the official summit. the summit was a disaster. it, it really could be seen as, as a turning point historically,
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because excuse me, i mean, the, you know, the fact that mexico refused to attend because of the u. s. is black listing of the 3 countries you, you mentioned is a huge deal. i mean, mexico has been in the u. s. his pocket for about 90 years now until love us or whatever, who's actually a lula type figure. and it's interesting to bring those parallels to him because you see that balancing act in the united states. they say nice things, publicly, high close doors, man, they can't wait to get rid of this guy. but the thing is, the times have changed mexico's a big country with a big economy and so is brazil. and so the days of the united states, you know, picking and choosing leaders, moving chessboard according to, to their, their designs, those days are largely over, not to say that they're not trying, and they don't have certain successes. they do. but their powers is so much more
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limited than it used to be. and so i think you can look at this summit as, as really a turning point. and us latin american relations. you know, mexico refused to go and refuse to go. these are 2 countries that, that were, you know, under us especially has been virtually a u. s. colony for most of the 20th and 24th century. so huge blow to united states into the, into the reputation international. and now some of the states that you just rattled off right there. let's, let's keep our eye on that because we cannot talk about us relations in south america without discussing the school of the americas or wisc or whatever they're branding it as nowadays when in fact, maybe graduates from this u. s. military training program has proven to be and re k, some of the most violent, the cruelest dictators seen in latin america. going as far back as the 1950 s the u . s. intervention in guatemala. and the 1950s has shifted. the political landscape
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there for the rest of the 20th century. so what are your final thoughts on so, and, and how the u. s. continues to interfere in latin american domestic issues by continually bringing in these military leaders. yeah, i mean, so, i mean, and it's various incarnations have been have been disastrous for, for, for the region. i actually just taught a course that you see a, let me know a, as you mentioned this past quarter, and i told students look, there is absolutely, we went through the u. s. support the 30 wars and south america. the civil wars. ready in central america and the eighty's and, and then we compared those, those situations with human rights today and been a swell and cuban because i was and there really is no comparison at all. i mean, tube and swelling the got our, our countries nick,
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what today's different during the civil war. but these aren't places where you see disappearances where you see massacres and where you see genocides. united states has actively supported, actively supported provided intel, trained through the school of the americas and overseen operations of torture, of massacres and of genocide, the worst being in 19829983 us back dictator, us mont. and what the, the extermination of over 200000 indigenous people, systematic extermination of 200000 people. this was under the watchful eye of the united states. and in fact, elliot abrams not too long ago when, when being grilled by an omar, you know, had to defend his statement that well, it was worth it. you know, the bloodshed was, was worth it. my mother's home country of all thought would work. there's the most of the massacre with thousands of civilian tens of thousands of civilians taken out
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of their homes and massacred by us, trained military officials, children, thousands of childrens bothered. so it's, it's really been a disaster to say that the united states, the excuse that the united states says that they are getting involved in u. s. a. latin american affairs, because of human rights is, is not anything that can be held up by any evidence. it's, it's quite the contrary. yeah, i have to have to agree. it looks like the evidence on the ground shows that it's exactly the opposite of what they're presenting to us at. dr. enrique gay rivera. thank you so much for sharing your expert insight with us today. i look forward to talking with you again, my friend, thank you. thanks. you know. and next as us, south america relation, our bricks, members are expanding their influence. when we return, we'll take a look at how china and russia are seizing the opportunity,
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arising from american errors downtown. ah, ah, only one main thing is important for knox ism internationally speaking. that is, that nations allowed to do anything, all the mazda races, and then you have the minor nation. so all the slaves, americans, proc obama and others have had a concept of american exceptionalism. international law exist as long as it serves american interest. if it doesn't, it doesn't exist by turning those russians into this danger is go, you man, that wants to take over the world. that was caught your strategy. so some golf out of it, on your own, i not leashed off to exhibit in tablet block. nato said,
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it's hours. we move east. the reason us, hey jim, it is so dangerous, is it? the law is the sovereignty of all the countries. the exceptionalism that american uses and its international war planning is one of the greatest threats to the populations of different nations. if nature, what is bad, the shareholders in united states and elsewhere in lodge obs companies would lose millions and millions or is business and business is good and that is the reality of what we're facing, which is fashion with
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ah, no one no, no, no no, no what the most real deliberation, ah, unit 731 was a unique organization in the history of the world. what they were trying to do was to simply do nothing short and build the most powerful and most deadly biological weapons program that the world had ever known. real to production. but it will show enough keel to build on it. so if you look at the moment, you know, most others,
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you know, the more no, i knew and i got the sale. i understood, i wish to know about jewelry, who knew he didn't more than a jewel it's i had a little of the cold weather and all but he built, you know, it's nice to do want the on this the love she, my new on a site isn't all seminal gates in the, you know, put them out to give us i as the bite and administration struggles to find its footing in south america. china and russia, on the other hand, are expanding their reach and their influence across the global south. the 2 bricks nations are looking to add argentina to the block,
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which would give south america to members from that continent for russia. if not the candidate state who is the biggest economic ally in south america. it's actually brazil, while neither brazil nor argentina joined the u. s in sanctions against moscow. j or boston auto actually asked the w t o to allow his country to continue trading fertilizer with russia, which is needed for soybean production in brazil, outside of the block, russia has found allies in venezuela and nicaragua. meanwhile, china is all ready. the continents taught trading partner in 2019 chinese investments in the continent exceeded $13000000000.00 and the trade between the l. a. c zone that is the latin american and caribbean with china topped 300000000000. so already 18 of 33 latin countries have signed up to be part of
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china's belt and road initiative. but south com seems to find this growing relationship with china. quite disturbing and paints a nefarious picture about beijing's intentions. and here to discuss the number of business deals happening below the equator. is juan ricardo ortega, he's an economist and has worked for a number of colombian government agencies and international banks. one, thank you so much for being with us. first, let's talk about south com, the u. s. military's command overseeing south america, finding that russia and china's relations relationships rather in the region. a little bit unnerving to put it lightly. historically, the u. s. was the dominant force in the region, both militarily and economically. but over the last decade, we are seeing a shift. why? because china is willing to best, you know, did the social benefit in america. so north,
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most you got burger to see that in the political steve, all over the continent got to see and left his appointments from chile all the way to mexico. and the chinese had a willing to invest significantly and the land resources. and unfortunately the u. s. car went through and regarding climate change, there's been very strong position against gas on methane and oil. and these are the main staples that provides a strong currency from america. i need the international banks are not willing to fund this price on the chinese are, is very difficult to ask the societies to call their main source of income just for a bigger, delayed, and international level. in an agenda that live in america actually has very little to say, no, they go on the back on carbon emissions to live in america is minimal. so why should it be the one that goes to the main source of income at this point in time? that's why china is i will play a very significant role in the region going forward. and it makes sense to go where the money is. now, venezuela, nicaragua,
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and cuba were left off. jo biden's invite list for the summit of the americas this year. as it was, the u. s. turn to host. was this predicated? do you think one on their friendly relations with russia? most likely you've seen the old bird actually, on behalf of the one war meant source, russia they have in the basement in, in that lane sir. word that can land lumbers that would feed the ones that russia has a purely against most of the regions. values regarding them all cra, transparent, and open elections. and the same been as well. and russian support for those are being one of the reasons why they've been able to sustain their current systems that are totally against that in a crappy values. the u. s. purchasing the route and china is huge,
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footprint in south america is obviously undeniable. as you had pointed out, is the u. s. d o. d being paranoid about beijing's influence and their motives in latin america? i think that are practical reasons why china is looking at the region. one of their main concerns is, is having sources of foodstuffs and latin america is very rich on that regard. know we have got all, we have chicken, we have so many beans. and most of that stuff that the chinese people might need can be source from up in america. and that he'd like to make an advantage on some of the raw materials that china lacks, can be found. like, you know, me because it was the case of lithium in mexico. what is the case of gold in columbia or iraq from, from brazil. so you have one of the countries that have some of the key inputs for the chinese economy. and it makes a lot of sense for those relationships to go into it is stronger and deeper
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economic if the relationship between china and america. ready unfortunately, the u. s. as they can a step by and we've, there is a void, it always will be, feel, yeah, that, that is how capitalism works. isn't it now? does the us somehow feel entitled to this, you know, hedge a monic rule in the western hemisphere, despite critics saying the u. s. has the worst history in the stabilizing governments in latin america? ah, in the case of columbia different i will say that they would extremely constructive in allowing columbia to strengthen the system to show not being able to rebuild after many years of internal conflict. and the support of the us was critical back in the seventy's for sure that the u. s. had no firing influence both and she laid on what my law, i'm probably new and he got out what. but later times i would say they've been more constructive and they are very strong values regarding lever the freedom of speech
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. ready open democracy, a capitalistic markets, and that, that could change because for the chinese, those are not all the same priorities that they care more about, the economic growth, spurn the on the economy, came to relationships than human rights or democracy. and that for the us is a concern, and definitely that is achieved regarding some of decisions in the region. yes, it definitely sounds like a different goals from 2 different countries here to different world leaders. last thing, one, what are your projections about latin america and the direction they will move in the 21st century? will they be moving towards the east and away from the us? the chinese influence is going to grow significantly all the embarrassments regarding electric vehicles, all the transport trains, the chinese leadership. even some of the key infrastructure might be the electric
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sector with the have very big investments if they do in chill in brazil. and they're going to be looking at gordon central america as well. and you don't see as you is id gwin best sort to participate in this economy. so the chinese, i'm going to be the ones baking the lee then that economic integration will give them political leverage. so for sure, the region is going to be moving towards the east very quickly and unbelievers significantly. i think there's going to be a lot. we're gonna see coming out of the new bricks unions and all the people getting added to bricks and excited to see what that will bring for the future and the 21st century with latin america. thank you so much. economists one ricardo ortega thank you for being with us today. my pleasure. honor being with you have a great and that is going to do it for this week's episode of modus operandi there show that dig deep into foreign policy. i'm your how is manila chan?
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thank you for tuning and we'll see you again next time to figure out the ammo. ah ah ah, i think that would important job with them. would we give that to reset? it surely was this because they did just wouldn't make you a pretty new year. oh for hey, i teach the way. know i'm reaching out. sure to school and you've cheated us from god left. valuable you. but the reason for wishing i cim, i'm a new movie for the remote william with lots and lots of getting them all. they're glad to book then you what the company did. i'm was just i did i used one said i lost lee. i'm over there. where did some of our studies did to carson brought? are you serious? i finished. this is just those are 42. if you i'm
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a veteran. if wouldn't become saying to bill for the month where you origin republic, people for over the sure. sherman, yes, it was a little bit. it, it doesn't listen to this. ah, and i, my name is franklin reside from philadelphia. got in the movement in age 13 going on 14. we were violent towards those people because we believe that word is raised . we were here 1st and this is our country being part of that movement. i got your sense of power. when i felt powerless, i got a pension when i felt invisible and accepted when i felt level life, hey, is an organization that was founded by for skin, no, not the white supremacists in the u. s. in canada. and they found each other and
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they knew that they wanted to help other guys get out is 2 parts to getting out of a violent extreme. this was the 1st part of disengagement, which is where you leave the social group. and then the next part is d. radicalization where belief systems audiology are removed. it was very impactful when someone finally came along with no fear, no judgement, you heard my story did nothing to challenge it. i look forward to talking to you all. that technology should work for people. a robot must obey the orders given by human beings accept where such order to conflict with the 1st law show your identification. we should be very careful about personal intelligence at the point, obviously is to place trust, rather than fear a job with artificial intelligence. real. somebody with
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a robot must protect its own existence with fight. wanted to go and pay my respects to all those who lost her life, the hands of the 3rd. right. and i wouldn't want to do it with anybody other than john, honestly, you know, horrible atrocities that affected millions and millions. and this is the ideology that i, that i live 5 or 4 years a model is journeyman. since it's harder than mine, being jewish had something to turn to. he didn't, he left something that was like a family type relationship and move back into the real world. living it is really finally feels at home and he feels like he's with his people and a leading with this. i know that that's something i'd like to.


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