tv Worlds Apart RT February 28, 2023 5:30pm-6:01pm EST
i, i welcome to the world's depart being parts of europe, if not geographically done culturally, has been a century long exploration for the countries and its periphery, especially russia and turkey. they emulated european customs and taste, tried to borrow its best practices, but always spout shores all over snobs. why their enlightened european neighbors does these idolized nation of europe have anything to do with the war in your crane . while to discuss that, i am now joined by was the least 1st class professor of international politics and economics at the university of east london. professor 1st because it's great to talk to you. thank you very much for your time. thank you so much. nice to meet you . thank you. not many people remember now, but the latter stage of the crisis in your brain began in 2013 with
this whole argument around the, your brain in association with the e. u, seemingly and economic issue. at that time, it was mostly about ukraine associating itself with europe rather than the collective west. more generally, do you think there was ever or if there is still a distinction between european and western? i don't know if a philosophical question i think is more of a kind of a practical question or the west begins with europe in the collective imaginary, i mean, in history or in the western civilization. i mean, in europe, in, in, in an american american curriculum, you see on the western civilization course book, western civilization, that begins with an sion greek philosophy, ensign, gree collectors, moving to rome and then center to europe within lightman philosophy and the french
revolution. and then you know the theories of the light men and then on the dynamism switching to the united states and then the dawn of the british empire, correct from, from then we have a system of european empire sprint spreading all over the world. a system that collapses in the 1st world war, we have a kind of an interim period, vain to war pier than then. i'm after the 2nd world war, the united states. i assumes high galani and over europe. now, days a big debate here, which i don't know if um, if, if it's, it's well known or known in, in, in eastern europe, russia, china and elsewhere, which i examined with my team here long ago in fox. how the u. s. established high
game when you over europe, it wasn't easy. we had in the forty's for exams early for this during the war, while the russians were fighting the germans to kick, you know the germans out of ukraine effectively. it was a big debate within the american executive. there were 3 main attendance is see main views. one was represented by the, by franklin franklin delano roosevelt was a present for you, not jason, his theme. who saw that we can the rule in the new world order via the united nations in the you're in security council. so if something goes wrong, can the war would, can have robust a robust the peacekeeping operations. and you know what, we are the majority within your insecurity can. so we can isolate russia and to fit it. that was one view. that was one view. then we have keenan which, you know, it happens the they are the majority of, of historians and,
and analysts believe that there was keenan's view that prevailed out of containment in the famous long valley road from moscow. wired to washington d. c. which keenan keenan was an officer balancer keen on fog because he knew russian, you russia very well. he thought the soviet system is weak internally. and with a little bit of push for a bus, we can make it collapse also what will make the system collapses by, by, by using germany and japan from each end of your asia harassing the soviet system. plus, it's instead of contradictions, and that system will collaborate and one day, right? but i was gina fast if, if i remember my history lessons correctly even, you know, in so many times there were one could argue legitimate ideological differences between russia and the west. and it was no longer the case after the collapse of the soviet union. i think russia really wanted to get into western graces. and even
during this, only a time sensitive before that i think the russians have long had the sack and very positive. i view all of your of not so much of there was but definitely if you were offended, we have long associated in the european continent, france, germany with progressive knowledge. you know ours, ours communicated with french philosophers and i, we always, you know, europe as a high morning, a society di and i think the same goes for turkey. by the way, do you think your has ever be in what the non european idealized of europe have? i imagine it to be in europe and russia, philosophy and the european light, and have very many, very many things in commerce. actually, russia is part of europe or intellectually, politically, politically, where there was, even in the inc and war period went styling was accused of isolating
russia with his 5 year plans and so on. and that is a very good book actually never recently would called red globalization. styling never wanted to exclude to exclude russia from west and paid from western economist . but because of the, of the internal problems, economic problems of the west, with a collapse of, of the credit system in 19 dig 1929 crash and so on. the west itself became isolationist and protectionist. their eyes were faces managing so therefore russia was excluded by definition there from the european her into war settlements, whatever. and then we had the 2nd world war. and so what i'm trying to explain is to point, and we'll come to your question is about 19, now i'd say 20152014 ukraine, and made them think the strategy pursued by the united states,
how united states embedded itself in europe after the 2nd world war was not because via keenan's theory of offshore balancing, he was not through the united nations security concept by was through a to soon a sort of teenager, some plan which was that united states troops must remain in europe, was kinnen, did not want us to ropes in europe, i thought because he thought this, well, this will make carbon in the gold desert and we'll start rearming and we're going to have a new war and things like that at ages and said, no, we need to build situation. so strength in europe against not just against russia, but mainly to keep europe apart from russia. because it h, as soon saw that there is a potential of cooperation because they're the same continent after all,
economic corporation, political corporation, between germany, france, and russia. and once this continent unites economically, politically, that's the end of the u. s. supremacy in the new world order built after the 2nd will work through the united states has, has had its troops and military bases in europe to can russia europe far away from each other. although there has been some beneficial corporation energy trade out with germany. there was some corporation and trade with france and many other european nations. but even when the american troops present here in europe, there were certain limits to how far in the united states with push. and one could argue that it all changed in ukraine because for some reason, when it came to ukraine, somewhere around 20132014. and definitely a around the early 2020, the united states decided that, you know,
those red lines. no longer apply and we need to push as much as we can with militarized ukraine, with sending ad trained instructors there. and with making everything possible that its population becomes strongly. and i would then say virulently, anti russian. what do you think changed in the, in minds of american colace makers? why did they need to push that farm? lake a, we need to see the structural tendencies all for western ers economic system here. and why what globalization means for the united states globalization for the united states means the american business classes must have a free ride to global expansion ad. so the push to nate, the expansion u. s. a u. s. increasing intervention is bargaining. so on that course is not, this is not dissociated from the american business classes pushed to global
domination. let me put that this way. and at the same time the united states protects it. so business classes at hope you see, look at what bane could use inflation reduction act, but with no concern for european economy or social. the top notch protection is thing. and if you like the, there were similar protectionist bills past in the, to war period, which started the 2nd world war. in my books i, i, i stress the fact that it was the united states started protectionist measures 1st in vain. the war period, not the, not the nazi germany. and so, you see, this is the structural tendency of economic system which are called capitalism. you may disagree with that, but that, that is so therefore we need to, to see the structural trends of the western economic system, especially after the recession. the massive crisis of 2007, 2009. the global financial crisis on the system didn't collapse the only way for
the system, the why the system didn't collect because they had, they had the support of the banking sector of the central bank to put the low followed the funding to the system to the banking system and also they did not stop the global expansion, trying also incorporate that the war in ukraine is not associated with china. china's very much, very much part of the war and ukraine disrupts chinese business disrupt the project though. building road initiative, for example. you know, chinese capital penetration in eastern europe has been enormous in low, you know, the way of killing and many birds with just ones. so i, before we go to break, can i ask you all one more question, because your analysis tends to be very practical, very rational and you know, russian political science is by and large subscribe to the real is the school of thinking. i'm seeing the war in your craft through the lances of power bands,
but i me because i'm a woman that but that i see a lot of irrational factors. psychological factors there. and just as russia for centuries wanted to be, if you're of that perhaps doesn't even exist. i think in the same way, ukraine's to wants to be something that it's not at the moment. and i would even argue that the west needs a psychological boost from somebody admiring it in such a way because its own image is rather fading. what do you think about that? what's the scope of the irrational factors in this whole quagmire is always, i don't disagree with you. you're absolutely right to point this is there are ideation of fact this in both in the us and you called a rational. the russian is always part of the rational in every movement. never strategic move. you know, nothing can come, nothing can come in reality as it was planned, there's always
a gap between what we plan than was comes to the realization in the end they a slower fuck. those are very important, especially the building of ukraine national identity here. i think that kremlin miscalculated, miscalculate in what sense? now what's going on in ukraine is a, is a building up off a national identity crate for 1st time i have i, i've always had the impression and i'm, i wasn't wrong with that ukraine. yes. and russians are more or less mingled. they have mixed identities. they're not very, you know, in ukraine. pope are historically as well as politically in everyday life. they said a lot of things, michelle, most everything is like if you, if you say people between like, you know, the greeks i'm recorded and the people living in western park. thank you. i mean, we're sad ever the, all the other both and people will share almost everything. we don't have anything,
you know. but now, with a invasion that it started the process of, you know, amalgamating a strong, national and nationally, steven, ukrainian identity not in every part of the population. don't take the role, but in, especially in central western parts of ukraine. where before we it was far more relaxed and to sail, we're brothers and sisters. we have nothing to do violence live together. so a, you know, in every struggle you need to sacrifice something, you can achieve anything without losing something. but anyway, we have to take a very short break right now. we will come back to the discussion in just a few moments they can, ah ah
a form of memory losses and ability to recall past events with can be general or concerns. some specific events solely in some cases, the memory laws can extend back decades. mm . start an intensive course of memory recovery on our t. mm hm. mm. welcome back to one of the fort smith and i suppose, custom professor of international politics and economics at the university of
london. now, because of course we've been talking about all this well and the irrational unfashionable factors and all of that. and i know it's not very politically correct these days to quote the russian president. but he has his own vision of what is happening. and i want to run it by you without the obliging you to agree with that . in fact, i invite you to disagree with what he said, but essentially he vision is that we've come to a point in history where the political domination of the west, which is also conditioned on pretty exploitive reliance on the resources of the rest of the world. that scheme, that paradigm is no longer sustainable by objective factors, and he believes that by picking up a battle with russia, the west is essentially trying to turn around this trend and perhaps 3 and the
other nations. not only russia without the nations from pursuing their own authentic path that, that is not necessarily in line with western preferences or prescriptions. what do you think about that? part of the answer to this or common commentary, if you like, and the president of russia is that what they referred to earlier on our school by jason and it's crisis i. it's make sense what the president says because and the west doesn't deny that because part of the project of globalization is that we all, i mean the, what the world is flat, which has never been and can never become flat because is an even development, you know, that is an even development, one part of the world grows. the other part of the world doesn't grow the same pace, doesn't have the same to chronological means to grow industry with the same pace of somebody. but the cell of globalization is that it's also whale,
far bringing all the goodness and all the transfers of humanity to everybody. so we can own benefit from common technology from common financial system, et cetera. no is no company. and even both pullman papers shooters come and visit in the west and financial times. if you're ever then that will say that new liberal globalization, because that's when somebody new liberal globalization has failed in pennsville. in pennsville, i keep in pays with a quality for exam with what is required. it is in inequality increases in the climate change issue. and now in the west, they talk about green gate, the culture called development assistant ability. so that means of no liberal globalization has failed. now you have one part that you said very well of the world would to include russia, iran, middle east, parts of africa. obviously, the global south lead saying something like, what in ford to be politically correct? well, actually not exactly south, i mean, why should we be saw?
no, no. i know. i know, i think it was. that's why i put in inverted commas. i, this is say the less than the rest. ok. but something i, something by the identify geographically, at least devote the vote in the united nations that did not support the american motion. if you see latin american congress, african conversation companies did not support your right. don't know. well that's not dismissal. con, had produced raw materials. quantity produces, for example, rare elements because without the rare earth elements and the minerals that are produced, primarily in china and in africa and also in russia has this, the west cannot have gained the clean, logical growth and sustainability. ok. many people forget that that all of green, the co and o, they're all of aris elements in building semiconductors in building microchips,
in creating electric, hybrid cars will green development. and the took the defeat climate change to to achieve the carbonic jason at the west once very much this. so because if the west, the tubes does so we love that of be dependent anymore on oil. busy russian oil and gas or bid list in oil, or, and see, but in order for the west to have this to have bring the chronological development . and it root the globalization or, and, and, and to have sustainable such the west. they need still need in a different way in different respect or russia, china and africa, and latin america. now i want to bring us back to europe because you're written that europe has never been an independent actor in global affairs. and that had always dependent on the united states militarily and politically. and i think it can be argued that the lack of independence would be ignored when times are good.
when people are enjoying prosperity, i think that would be very likely to mistaken posterity for independence. but things are changing right now. they are turning sour in the united states, but even more so in europe, how long do you think it will be like that this political discourse, variable, engine, political discourse at a fair hearing from the european capitals? how long will it be able and will be able to sustain itself until people protest not against the or for russia, but against our own living conditions. you asked me to make a prediction, i would say hate. because that time i made the prediction. i doesn't come to i, i hate making a connection there because many european leaders and judging from that speech is believe that, you know, they can try the, the patients, if you heard in citizens endlessly and that people will do whatever they've given.
i, for the sake of this political agenda, let's look at germany, which is the strongest european economy and the strongest country in political time, not in military times, but in political and economic sense system. the strongest power in europe. germany is distant. their policy of, for washington over ukraine, and you see that it is for years and germany wanted to have since the years of the us politic friendly relationship with, with russia, if you like it. this is bismark policy, it goes back to bismark. bismark always exists, that if we want to have the mean nation of western europe, although in his time was by different means. but if we want to have to dominate western europe, we need to have good relations with russia. ok, so, so terminate resisted. but the more did with germany who was resisting 2
to 2 years policy, the more the years was pressurizing, germany, to accept us policy. in my view, in this war, primarily humiliates germany, this war. it's a humiliation of german germany. now, if america, or, you know, supply grain with whatever weapon of them, i don't know, it, it, it depends to answer your question depends how far the united states wants to go. with calais soon with escalation of the war. because if the united states escalates, if they give an f, 16 or f 35, a war, you know, military, you know, judge to the ukraine, then russia will respond. and then the big, you know, says with the something else there, russia, let's kill it. so that is what i don't like. so the question is how to be escalate? well, i don't know,
my question is not about how to de escalate. because i think at this point of time is pretty clear that the americans are opting for prolong conflict then. why would they not do that because it's a relatively cheap war for them. they're not losing soldiers there. and she being a major strategic geopolitical goal through the means of all of that so called allies. so, i mean, it makes a certain sense, geopolitical sense for the americans to continue fighting. i'm asking you about europe and i've seen an interesting pull the other day that i think 60 percent of the europeans believe that ukraine with the support of the west will win this conflict. but when it comes to sanctions, only 40 percent of the europeans and 35 percent of germans believe that sanctions and being effective. and to me that says that when it comes to sort of bread and butter issues, people tend to be far more pragmatic and final. a final last slide is tray by various, you know, glorious ideas and narrative. so let me ask you this way. do you think the full
scope of european losses and you've written about that that you believe that your will be a big loser in this culture? do you think the full scope of european losses have already been manifested? no, no, i don't think so. i think it is more to come to europe. um there be a very harsh transition period for, for europe if they want to switch completely. for example, american l, l n g, they have to, you know, europeans have to sort out in place and problems. and during that period, there be a lot of protest and apart from the part of the european public and public opinion, and into this fact i think russia should never stop talking to europe. ah, the civil society level, a political level, all levels of the same time. i believe that domestically in russia, when i see russian, russian defense budget go, goes going up to go to one 3rd of their total budget them into something i
100155 1000000000, which is, i mean, which is minuscule compared to what united states spends, but that increase in defense budget, it tells me that there will not be enough money to invest, to spend for schooling, for education, for social welfare, for hospitals, for pensions and things like that. so in other words, i see what my, my, my major, my major point of making here is that a lot depends not just what the europeans will be doing, but what also, what kremlin will be doing domestically to show that we care about our society here are our society and not just about winning a war. absolutely. and then professor was because i am just fresh from their presidential address to the problem and i was there in the audience. and it's pretty clear that, you know, i think for re quarters at least of his address,
where about the russian domestic politics. and the main 20 was making is that we have everything here to develop. we have the resources, we don't need that much to rely on on the ways that we can develop our own technology. and we are going to use this moment in history and not to adapt to western sanctions, but to take russia on the whole new level of the stain, the will and self sufficient development. we one that we want to piece, we want a piece of the west. we want to piece and mutual respect with all the other nations . but from now on we are centered on itself and we ourselves are the that have been the monasteries of our own destiny. i have to leave it there, but i thank you so much. excellent, pleasure talking to you. thank you so much. thank you. and thank you for watching hope to see or again on, well, the part ah mm
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