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tv   [untitled]    September 11, 2010 7:30am-8:00am PST

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bangladesh a great example, they introduced 35 years ago to do a campaign to get all women and men or boys literate. it was 22% and today it's more than 75 percent if you look at a demographic curve with the population, you can see it's just starting to reach an apex in bangladesh. they're way ahead of india, and pakistan. it's an impact to stabilize the population there. also, um... excuse me. you know having hard cover thing fighting terrorism with education i've learned from islamic scholars. in the koran it's implicitly
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stated in the holy koran when a young mangos on jiha d and this is a spiritual endeavor to seek knowledge. it could also mean he's going into a group. but he has to get blessings from his mother first and if he doesn't do that it's shameful and disgraceful. after 911 the taliban had a high desertion rate and they were trying to get recruit groups to fight against intervention and coalition and they went in literally impoverished societies because educated women refused to allow they're sons to fight in theal bonn. you have a less educated mother here. single parent in the difficult
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system. the higher education a women has the more likely her son is to go on with education rather than getting into violence and drugs and certainly she won't condone her son getting into a gang or drugs. i've sometimes been criticized for that because they say all the 911 hijackers were educated and had university degrees and that certainly is true. but nobody botherd to check they're mothers and nearly all of them were i late rate an illiterate. exciting news and then i have to unfortunately talk to you about negative news. i've been in perhaps 120 cities over the past 14 months talking to maybe 50,000 people and i ask this question most places i go and i'll ask you today. how many of you are aware of the fact in afghanistan today,
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there's 5 point 2 million children going to school and 1 point 8 million of those are female and in 2000 there was only 8 hundred 6,000 kids in school. how many of you know that fact? one, two, you? so that makes my total now - i've counted 21 people in america. to me that's single most incredible inspiring news to come out of that country. that alone is justification for the sacrifice and cost and the investment in that country and nobody in america is aware of that. the media, government, the people. to me that news should be broadcast from every mountain top in this publication called hope we write about that.
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go and tell people there's some really good things happening and it's related to employ kabs and the number of kids in afghanistan it's gone up six fold since 2000. unfortunately there's other forces at work. in the last year the taliban have bombed more than 400 mostly girls schools and it's travesty. what's amazing if you go back, they've been written off the government records and not getting funding but some kids are still trying go to school in these villages and i think we owe to those brave children to help those kids finish school and don't worry about the, i.e.d counts but worry about those brave children still trying go to school. this is a school we opened up in
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1998. 12 girls in the front row. i asked them to increase it by ten percent a year of the they don't know how to do they're math there. this is what happened one year later. now there's two rows of girls going to school here. this is on the far left in the back, silver beard is the first man to get an education in this school and his story is in the book. incredible story how he left the va ladies and gentlemen and his father booted him across the river and said don't come back until you get your education so he did this and he walked into this urban area and everybody was looking at him if you ask most men there in the back, what's the most proudest moment in your life, most of the men will say the birth of my first born son. not him, he will tell you the proudest moment in my life is to
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see my two daughters going to school here in the village. the woman on the extreme far right, she's the first girl to get an education in that valley of about 4 thousand people. she first wrote with sticks in the sand and now she's her second year of medical school scoring in the 90's. her father said you should not become a doctor it's really messy but she's determined to go back to her village and become a physician to help her community and it's an incredible story of how like her father she's persevered. this girl is from the afghan border valley of about 4,000 people. she was the first girl to get an education in our village. the communities there are somewhat proactive about girls education,
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it was difficult for her at first. the boys through publs at her at first. later on a couple of teachers didn't want to teach her because she was female. in high school some of the boys stole her notebooks because they didn't want her to graduate. but she did. there's no medicine or clinic or hospital here. before she started working in 2000 in this valley, five to 20 women died in childbirth every year so. she went to two years of training and cost us about $800 and her pay is just over a dollar a day and not one women has died since she's come back and is working there. and now i'll jump forward a bit. when we get hundreds of letters in our office and e-mails and some of the most powerful
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e-mails are those from our armed forces serving in afghanistan and sometimes iraq. recently i got an e-mail from a colonel. his first name is kris. he's the commander of the saber forces called,fob. ford operating base in north star province in eastern afghanistan. one of the most difficult and dangerous areas to serve. he wrote to me first as a commander but also as a father and a husband and told me a little bit about how difficult it was and then he said, you know, he had all his guys read three cup office tea and really without education, whatever we do here is in vain. it's education is what we determined if these young men and women become literate
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patriots or illiterate terrorists and the stakes could not be higher. this comes from a united states military commander in the united states. i'll jump across the border and tell you why the stakes could not be higher. this is pakistan in 2005. 74,000 people were killed in this earthquake. 18,000 were kids going to school. most of the kids that died were younger and female because they didn't have desks so when the walls started shaking and the roof came down they perished. there was 9,000 schools destroyed or rendered unusable. 1/2 million kids displaced out of school. in earthquake, they call it the coy mot that means this apocalypse. at first there was a very heroic
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effort. infer natio international community helped. after katrina red cross got 2,000,000 for help and for this earthquake red cross received 6 million dollars. the united states sent in helicopters that conductd the greatest air lift in the history of mankind. moved about 20 thousand on thes in the mountains to keep 1/2 million people a hive during the wintertime. it was very heroic and people were grateful. aid has dropped 70 percent after a year in the wake of that void many jihad and people labeled terrorists have set up camps. this is one here. in pakistan.
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and in that camp, there are many kids that are previously were going to school and now they have no school and the cost to help them go would be about one month per month per child. fifth grader 20 bucks a year. first grader five bucks a year. they get their food in the back on the mess tenth and then on the left is an extreme place where people get indoctrined into a violent islam. because of international lack of help for those kids to get implicated these kids are here. there's another camp here. osama bin ladins first assistant. spent two-years in gann tan know bay in cuba and he's running large camp and just down that
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the united states, 212 mash units. what's going on is they're agenda is to get people to be dependent and indoctrinate the violent islam. unfortunately we're a nonprofit in the states if we go into the camps or talk with anybody there we're affiliating with a terrorist organization and shut down by the, irs so we created a viral incubator for terrorists similar to what happened in afghanistan in 99. i showed this on capitol hill and they told me this was a classified photo. i took this beside the road here and you know, just to - i think this is news that should be broadcast all over. that the international community, pakistan government, nobody cares about the education
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of those children. one dollar per month child instead we're sending 9 $20,000 tomahawk cruise my siels when the cost of one we could build 50 schools and over a generation to educate 10,000 children. do you think that photo should be classified? get in trouble? okay. this is - we started putting up some schools because there was not any getting put up there this is the village, 24 young girls died in the rubble here and this is a girls high school. 7 of - bodies were unclaimed. there were several that died
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during the earthquake. most of them had not been claimed because they're parents were also killed in the earthquake. they wanted to build a memorial around the graves to remember the loss of life had not gone in vain for the girls high school. this is patka girls high school. also running other schools. don't have all the resources to put in buildings. this is in afghanistan and this is a ninth grade class. they're going to school in a russian, soviet, old armored personnel carrier. take a look inside. there's 12 ninth graders going to school learning english. the younger boys are going to school in a steel truck container used to bring over united states military supplies. 80 kids going to school in a
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truck container. the girls are outdoors going to school in the dirt with one mat one black board that keeps blowing down and they keep picking it up in the wind and one teacher. to me, the courage and hope that resonates when i see those kids - some of these young woman, walk 1/2 hours to get to school. it's time we need to help support them and that they have the opportunity and privilege to all go to school. so, i'm - sometimes people ask ar organization and the board mass upon derd this to say half of our staff is illiterate. why do you hire illiterate people to work with literacy organization. these men and women worked for a
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long time for us and they're willing to go in some of the most difficult, remote or dangerous areas to risk their lives year after year just to get one girl in school and i call this is the most over achieving under qualified staff on the planet. you know, some people ask me, well isn't it difficult or dangerous over there? what's the most difficult part about my job. the most difficult part of my job is i'm an indiana jones but i'm not, i'm a father, i'm a husband, and i'm a son - i'm just like all of you. i struggle sometimes in daily life but i'm passionate about education and i know i couldn't do this without the great love of my wife and two children who
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put up with me being gone. we've been married 12 months - no. 12 years. she usually doesn't come. i've been gone about 65 months of my marriage and i didn't get to see my kids first learn how to tie they're shoes or my daughter first learn how to ride a bicycle. i did get to see, kiter learn that. i have that incredible support not only from that but wonderful communities. we could never thank all the communities for helping with the children overseas that are able to reach they're goals through - my wife said i'll preach now. so, any way, thank you.
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keep on-going here. [applause] and i wake up a lot of nights and my wife says go to sleep but i can't because you see a village and then it turned into this big city in mexico and then you do more and it turns into china and you wonder where we're all headed. i don't know the answer but when you know thing i do know fiduciaries you listen to what the people want most of all, it's education for all they're children and i ask many women now when i'm over sees, i ask the women i'm here is a your servant and would like to help you what do you want? most women would say i want a good husband or to become wealthy or prosperity. what most women say is, we don't want our
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babys to diet. how do you answer that question? it comes through educating girls and through female literacy. >> thanks, doug. this is different schools. my daughter occasionally, she looks at these photos and said, dad you don't have any playgrounds in your school so now we have playgrounds and skipping ropes and it's been a really great blessing to see. play is an important part of the learning process and socializing so thank you, amira. this is in la lander school, the
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story is in karen chronicled it in a tab you have there. well this school, there are somal bonn there and tsom some,al b al ban they're and th attacked and tried kill people that came to school. the taliban. the headmaster peddled his bicycle 30 miles to the commander leader and he had two daughters going to another school. he got very upset and came in with 120 militia and did kill onal ban and wounded one and arrested the 12 dozen others and found out they had gotten
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200,000, 3,000, $100 to shut down the school from the mulla in the village. they went to his house and arrested him and they're a waiting trial in kabul and will probably get 6 - 8 years. two days later think did open up the school and even had another inauguration for the school because they said we want our kids to go to school. there are about 18 schools - she's got the facts. there's 18 girls that are not going to school and we set up what's called displaced girls school but the rest of the kid have come back here and i think if if quest we can give those k the support they need for education i think things could
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really make a difference. this is another school. this is in a remote area of north afghanistan. the first day of school there was registration day and the kids came to register for school and noticed as i walked i looked down at their chinese rubber boots and flip flops and i kept looking at the ground seeing those little impressions of their prints and i thought back to 1969 when neil armstrong stepped on the moon and said one small step for man and one giant leap for mankind. one tiefu tiny little print for girl walking in the dirt but years later, dozens of other girls will be behind her and eventually hundreds and it will be one giant leap for they're community. it really was the peaks that
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first brought me there but the people that bring me back again. when i got to corefa in the spring. kanle was very sad. his wife passed away. first we embrace each other and there's dust flying around and tiers in our ayes and then we go over to the local graveyard. as we walked to the graveyard we saw her buried in the box in the ground facing the sunset. and out of sentiment he said without her, i'm nothing and then he said something that i would never forget. he said very soon you're going to be standing here and i'm going to be in the ground. and he kind of chuckled and i didn't think that was very funny because i lost my father in his
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40's from cancer in 1981 and my sister and you know all of us have lost somebody close to us and you never get over that loss. and when we're looking down at the ground, he said when that moment happens, did i say that already? soon i'll be in the ground and he chuckled and he said when that moment happens and you come to see me the ground you'll be very sad but i want you to do one thing, listen to the wind. and i got back in october of 2001ened i was in pakistan around that very hard period called 911. after that the united states state department and embassy wanted to evacuate all united states citizens out of pakistan saying it's dangerous here but i had a lot of work to get done
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so. i called my wife and asked her what should i do and she said stay there with the people you love. finish up your work because you need to be over there right now. and when i was in pakistan after 911, everywhere i went i was touched by outpouring of empathy and hospitality. i remember a poor elderly widow that brought me five precious eggs and pushed them in my palm and said bring these back to the widows in new york suffering. this is all i have to share with them. i was invited for prayers of piecen the mosque and every whether i went people apologized even though they didn't have anything to do with it. finally it came time and i went back and when i got to corefa, hangele had passed away. i went to his grave and stood
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there look at his box in the ground and thought, how can i go on, this man had become my father, mentor and guide. he told me to sit down and be quiet and take a bath and so many things. and then i remembered what he said. he said to listen to the wind. and i listened to the wind and in the wind i heard the voices of the children in the school and i remembered and realized his legacy and vision for education came true. and i also realized after a decade i had finally come full circle and i hadn't found the field of dreams in a corn field in iowa and i hadn't found the field of dreams at the top of,k 2 but i found the field of dreams in a place in a dusty field in a place called corefa in pakistan.
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amir you want to come up here. >> ♪ i see young boy. etching letters in the sand. ♪ in this land of ancient scars the promise still remains. knew muse when darkn ♪ when stars comes. ♪ first cup your a stranger. ♪ second cup, a friend. ♪ by the third your family. ♪ how long to trust a stranger? ♪ how long to sip three cups of tea?
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>> patricia leanne caldwell born in tennessee. daughter of robert and irma. at age of 3 moved to missouri and returned when she was 12 years old. patricia grew up with segregation and injustices which she writes about. she spent many countless hours in the nashville public library. it was her family life that was bountiful and flowing with tales told by her story telling grandfather. raised with love of reading and oral tradition. graduated from tennessee state and degree in english in 1964. m