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tv   Face the Nation  CBS  November 27, 2016 9:30am-10:01am CST

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captioning sponsored by cbs >> dickerson: today on face the nation, death of a dictator and we give thanks to some americans who help others. >> the americans celebrated in the streets of miami after commicommunist leader fidel caso died friday. his rule spanned 10 u.s. presidents. what impact will his death have? we'll devote time to people we're grateful for on this holiday weekend. and our reporters panel in weigh-in how the trump transition is going. it's all ahead on face the nation. good morning and welcome i'm john dickerson. for the last 60 years, dictator
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persistent adversary. castro handed off to his brother raul eight years ago he was a symbolic force in cuba and around the world. we begin with our correspondent who joins us from havana. what is the reaction to castro's death? >> good morning. the usually busy and bustling streets of havana are decidedly quiet this morning. mater students held a remembrance for their leader. mourners will have a first opportunity to publicly pay their respects starting tomorrow. with the largest gathering expected on tuesday at havana's revolution square. the scene of some of castro's most fiery speeches. his remains will be taken down a symbolic route from havana to
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everse the victory march he took with the revolutionary army in 1959. his funeral will be held next sunday in santiago known as the cradle of castro's revolution. john? >> dickerson: thank you. florida republican senator marco rubio is the son of cuban immigrants and join us us from miami. what would you like to see change in now? >> i would like to see more of a democratic opening on the island of cuba, free press stop putting people in jail because they do not agree with you and stop helping nort north korea. and a lou the parties to be able to function. the things that you find in the country in the western hemisphere except for cuba and
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foreign policy geared towards that. >> president-elect trump has called fidel castro a brutal dictator. and then he did not renew promise to reverse president obama's executive order reopening relations. he did not talk about an embargo. was that a sufficient response by your likes? >> it's no different than the one i put out. what we need to do is understand our number one obligation is to act in the national interest of the united states of america. i believe it is in our national hold on the island of cuba. all the changes that president obama made, in that lens and through that lens. >> and why not reverse? >> well, as i said, there are key elements more important. here is the thing people do not understand. i am not against changes in u.s. policy towards cuba. i want to make sure the changes are reciprocated by the cuban
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what president obama did and they are the things that help create a pathway towards democracy in cuba. while fidel castro was 90 years old his brother is 85. there is going to be a generational leader change in cuba over the next five to 10 years and hopefully sooner and we need to insure that our policy makes it easier for there to be a democratic transition. that is how i would examine our foreign policy towards cuba. >> why is this such americans and the cold war? >> it's important for three reasons. cuba is a source of stability in the region. historic numbers are fleeing cuba putting pressure on the united states and they are anti-american. they allow the chinese and the russians to conduct electronic espionage from the island of cuba. they harbor fugitives of american justice there are
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american law including those who have stolen millions of dollars in medicare fraud and are living in cuba. and cuba is 90 miles from our shores a neighboring country. >> and president-elect trump his position towards countries like cuba, i want to get you sense of it. because he was asked about the u.s. force overseas and he said our country has a lot of problems. when the world looks how bad the un s talk about civil liberties i do not think we are a good messenger. i don't know that we have a right to lecture. we are not in a position tore more aggressive we have to fix our own mess. that seems like retreating with dealing with the and pros at that time you outlined in cuba and let's speak about syria, russia and other countries with whom you have disagreements and president-elect trump does not want to seem to meddle?
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to give him a chance to succeed. if i agree with him on a foreign policy matter i look forward to working with his administration. if i do not agree on a foreign policy matter, i will disagree and try to offer an alternative and do what we want from the senate. >> dickerson: and your objections to cuba you mentioned meddling in american affairs, russians attempted to interfere in the united states election. what is your assessment of russian efforts? >> if you recall during the election i was up for reelection and i would not talk about wikileaks because i do not i believe it is the work of a foreign intelligence agency and i believe americans need to know. i do not believe they change the outcome of the election but i think it is -- some of the things that we saw are reminisce sent of the soviet intelligence used to try to
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foreign countries. >> dickerson: should the u.s. retaliate if there is evidence that the russians were involved? >> i will not speak to specifics of what the u.s. should do. but if there is evidence that these are active measures on the part of the russian government the american people deserve to know. i do not believe what they did changed the outcome of the election but the american people need to be aware that there's evidence that a foreign government tried tolu the direction of our politics. >> donald trump is looking at his secretary of state without getting into the personalities what should he look for in a secretary of state? >> first of all, someone who is capable, capable of being the chief diplomat of the united states, a deep rooted commitment in human rights and strong national security on the part of our country and has an understanding of the complexities of world today and understands that the world is a
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a role in leading the free world in confronting the challenges of the 21st century. he has a bevy of people to pick from. and he has to choose someone he is comfortable with. he has the right to pick someone that he feels comfortable with and there are a number of candidates that can fit the bill. >> dickerson: senator marco rubio thank you for joining us. for some analysis we turn to julia sweig, a senior research fellow at the lgj school of public affairs and the cuba what everyone needs to know and is an analyst and has been advising american companies doing business in cuba and joined by jeffrey goldberg and the last journalist to interview fidel castro. you both were with fidel castro what was that like? 2010? >> it was very, very strange. you know, he still he was in retirement but he still functioned as sort of the
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discuss an issue, the iranian nuclear program, the threat of nuclear war in the middle east. having a conversation with one of the most insend area figures of the cuban missile crisis. i had julia with me on the trip. one of the key memories is when i asked him if he regrets asking in 1962 states with nuclear weapons and he paused and he said that was probably a bit too much. it was continued that entire week to be a very, very strange week. >> did he mellow with old age? >> considerably. with jeff and a couple days later i spent a day with him talking about the history of the 1950s, and i found him to be conversational which was not his style when he was in power.
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became weaker he did mellow and he was pointedly at least directly stayed out of his brother's way as his brother raul advanced a modest reform process. >> he mellowed but not to the degree that he was happy with barack obama's opening to cuba. fidel castro for 50 plus years needed the confrontation of the united states in order to -- that was his reason for living in a kind of way. and obama subverted in obvious way the fidel castro narrative. and raul in power who is in power, changed in a more pragmatic way by taking away the boogie man. >> dickerson: let's historically look back at the career of fidel castro where what should history think of him? >> well, it is a long and complex career. there is the analysis that will say look this guy took power and
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legacy that was quite challenging and difficult for many people who were on the other end of it. he rewrote the social contract in cuba in a small island nation which he put healthcare, education, culture, and the capacity for cuba to have an independent foreign policy front and center as part of his legacy. and in cuba and we have to understand there are 11 million people in cuba that legacy will be digested as place on the world stage. >> but there are three things that cubans will say he did well, healthcare, education and culture and the joke is there are three things that he did not do well. which is breakfast, lunch and dinner. and so you are looking at a guy who kept his country in an impoverished state because he refused to open up to capitalist reforms and we will remember him in america as a guy who
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state and remains so. >> dickerson: what does u.s. policy look like? >> what the obama administration is trying to do is lock in some of the changes before donald trump comes in and threatened to reverse some of these changes. so i think what the obama administration is trying to do is make sure that the openings continue their best ally is american business. a lot of american businesses are interested in turning cuba into the bahamas on steroids. it is a separate issue that is worrisome to cubans but there are a lot of people in the chamber of commerce universe who would like to keep this opening going. >> dickerson: where do you see it going and how does it play out? >> look, president-elect trump is a business guy, when he takes the white house he will hear from a number of american companies that are now flying commercial planes starting this
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american people universities, museums across the board cuban-americans investing in their family's businesses voting with their feet and marco rubio constituents on the island taking advantage of the obama opening. president-elect trump has a choice to make: does he want to go back to the cold war and pick a fight and punish 11 million people for the trespasses of two guys named castro or take the opportunity coming in 20 raul castro says he will step down to shape the direction of the two countries' relationship. >> i would not be surprised if 10 years ago there was not a trump golf course at the bay of pigs. mark my words. >> dickerson: we will be back to check on that. when we come back we will set aside politics and look at people we are grateful for this
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here's a little healthy advice. take care of what makes you, you. right down to your skin. aveeno? daily moisturizing lotion with 5 vital nutrients aveeno?. naturally beautiful results? if you've been diagnosed with cancer, searching for answers may feel overwhelming. so start your search with our teams of specialists at cancer treatment centers of america. the evolution of cancer care is here. learn more at cancercenter.com/experts >> dickerson: as americans
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week, we wanted to take a break from politics to sh our appreciation and present the work of those who devote their lives to helping others. we begin with a report from cbs news foreign correspondent holly williams who spent thanksgiving with u.s. troops in erbil, iraq. >> they spent months away from home fighting against isis on the other side of the world. their thanksgiving lunch was not shared with family but with their brothers and the armed forces. and when we asked some of the roughly 6,000 u.s. service members currently in iraq what they are thankful for many of them spoke of their loved ones. major rebecca white and captain jeremy white were grateful to be together for a few hours at thanksgiving meeting up in a
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they have been married five months. >> so you are intentionally together in iraq this is the only place that you could be together. >> yes, somewhat, yes. >> it worked out that way. >> at camps where the u.s. military shares a command center with the iraqi army watching air strikes against isis, steven bryant serves as a chaplin. ministering to the spiritual needs of soldiers of all religions of the but on his third tour of duty in iraq, he is thankful for something practical. cellphones. >> i think what is different this time is communications. it gives me the opportunity to express that to my girls and to my wife and my mom and dad and family members more frequently. i miss them and love them and
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private first class bean from fontana, southern, california. >> i'm 19. i turn 20 in january and i turn 20 in iraq. >> he told us he had never been outside of california until he enlisted a year ago. now he is a guard at the camp in a country that could not be anymore foreign. >> this is a humbling experience. the experience to be able to come and be other people live and people think they need in the states kids this is all they know. so no socks, no shoes running around playing soccer crazy. but i'm thankful for. >> his life no country will ever be perfect and america will always have its problems but in a world where there are 60 million people forced from their
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live in despair count ourselves lucky. specialist monique from north carolina has the relentless optimism that is infectious. one of a team of three cooks she feeds 150 soldiers everyday from this small kitchen. >> something i'm passionate about. food tells a story like nothing else can. >> dickerson: holly williams in iraq. vin scully spent 67 years as the voice of the los angeles dodgers. >> it's time for dodger baseball! >> before he retired this year. last week, the president awarded him the medal of freedom and we caught up with him outside the white house. >> what is the trick to call a game. if you had to teach me?
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olivier. apparently some actor asked him about his success and he said my success comes from a humility to prepare and a confidence to bring it off. and i think the more you prepare, the more confidence you have and they go hand in hand. that is the best of all. >> and you also have a sense of joy in what you do and wonder you've watched so many games? >> i have a secret. when i was eight years old, we had a big radio four-legged radio, crosspiece, i would get a pillow and crawl under the radio and the loud speaker would be over my head and listening to tennessee alabama. which meant nothing to a kid in new york. but what i loved was the roar of the crowd.
quote
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call the play accurately and shut up. and for a little while when that crowd is roaring, i am eight years old. >> when hank aaron hit that famous home run you called that. >> yes. >> remember that for us. what was that like? >> it was building up all year long and now here we are in atlanta and our left-hander henry aaron is batting against al downing and you are wondering but i did not want to prepare anything. i did not want to think of all the home runs he hit or how many against the dodgers. so when he hit the home run, i did what i really do best, i shut up. and i went back of the booth and the crowd was roaring it was magnificent. and while i stood there it dawned on me, so when i went back to the microphone i said. >> it was a marvelous moment for
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moment for atlanta and the state of georgia and what a marvelous moment for the country and a the world. a black man is getting a standing ovation in the deep south for breaking a record of an all-time baseball idol. >> and to me of all the home runs that is the most important one. >> and you had not thought about that? >> not at all. >> you were quiet and said nothing for a minute and fur 4 seconds. >> -- 44 seconds. >> i did not want to get near it. >> what speaks baseball the crack of the bat or the snap of the glove? >> the roar of the crowd. i have been in love with that since i was a little boy. >> what would you tell that little boy he is under the radio, eight years old, what would you tell him now with the award that you received? >> i would tell him do not be afraid to dream. >> what are you grateful for? >> i am grateful for god's grace
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i'm grateful for my wife, my 16 grandchildren, by three great grandchildren for a life that has been beyond fulfillment of a dream. yes, i am deeply thankful. >> you wrote in your farewell letter to fans you said you would miss the fans. some people think when you miss the game and the excitement why the fans? >> well, again, we get back to when theyar bumps and that is why i've kept yelling. when they roar i go back to being eight years old. the crowd fulfills everything for me. >> is there any other moment from your career that when you look back you say hank aaron home run would be one but is there another moment where you say that was great? >> i will be brief. i was in high school at the
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and 0 the campus. and we were chatting and he said what would you like to do when you get out i said i would love to be a baseball announcer and he said i would love to be a baseball player. and i said wouldn't it be amazing if i became an announcer and you become a major league player? it happened. three years into my career he came up to bat i was on the air and he hit a home run. and i had to home run in the big leagues and that is why i would always say to kids don't be afraid to dream because it can happen. >> vin scully pleasure thank you and happy thanksgiving. and happy thanksgiving. >> same to you and yours. >> everybody two seconds! ? "dear sebastian, after careful consideration of your application, it is
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we heard vin scully talk about what brings him joy, what bring? >> that is easy. my students. i meet them at 14 when they are not really sure who they are and the impact that they can have. so helping them find their gift and using it to improve the human condition to help others, i think that is what brings me joy. >> dickerson: and what is the secret to that? so many different students? >> relationships. just showing kids that you care about them. showing them that you value and making them believe that they have the ability to do anything that they set their mind to and work hard at. >> dickerson: excellent and we will be back on the other side of the break and talk more with jahana hayes we will be right back. stay with us. for more than a third of energy-related carbon emissions. the challenge is to capture the emissions before they're released into the atmosphere.
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from the headquarters of green and gold, this is green bay nation presented by lilly zhao. hello and welcome to green ba nation presented by trip. i'm lilly zhao. >> and it's great to have you back and how do you guys stick together as a team? >> well, we can only focus on what is ahead not what's ppened. and we just to mak plays. >> and before we talk about the loss to washington greenen bay

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