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tv   Worldfocus  PBS  February 25, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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tonight on "worldfocus" -- >> the afghan government takes control of the taliban strong hold in marjah, thanks to the largest military operation in the war. is is the fighting really over? four israeli names appear as suspects on the top of a hamas operative. we'll have the latest on the mystery from dubai. conservatives believe they have found a new way to energize their political popularity, by going green. we continue our look at the plightp indigenous people the world over. from the different perspectives of reporters and analysts around the world, this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility
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and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- good evening, i'm martin savid savidge, thank you for joining us. it may be too soon to tell whether it's a turning point in the war. there was a ceremony, a flag was raised, a new government administrator was installed. the top afghan commander said the military goals had almost been achieved after 13 days of fighting by 15,000 nato and afghan troops. but it's not quite so simple. the fighting goes on, and there will be more to come beyond marjah. in tonight's lead focus, you'll hear what james baiz of al jazeera english found in his reporting today, recognition of a still tenuous future. >> reporter: the handover to
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civilian control after days of fierce fighting in marjah. but the man who led the u.s. marines in the town says the mission is far from over. >> it's not victory yet. it is not victory yet. >> before you are encouraged by what you see here, several hundred afghans, marjans coming in, voting with their lives, frankly, to come to this government event here. i would hate to think what they represent as a fresh start. a new beginning for marjah. >> reporter: the international and afghan troops have regained most of the territory from the taliban, their task now is winning over the people. comments from those in the crowd after today's ceremony show how hard that job will be. >> translator: telling us to lift our shirts for searches is
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insulting to the people. if they continue like this, all these pe will become taliban. >> no one will touch it in the market. that was the taliban government, security and peace. >> reporter: in a place where tribal politics is deeply complex, there's already controversy. some locals told us they're angry this man arrested by the afghan and british forces is saying he will be the new commander. the head of the new government says locals will be respected. >> the one thing i want to assure, things will not go to be determined from the past. police, well respected police n policemen. they will attend to this area. >> reporter: these are the officers currently policing marjah. they look very professional.
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it's because they're from the afghan national civil order police. eventually these officers will eventually have to go back to kabul to be replaced by local police. when you ask the question, where is is the local police force that will take over? you get the answer, doesn't exist yet. the recruits are currently being trained. the real test will be months away, when the majority of the thousands of u.s. marines deploy here are long gone. james bays, al jazeera, marjah. >> for more insight into the developments in marjah, and the ongoing war against the talan, we're joined by a professor of international relations at lehigh university. welcome. >> thank you. >> it appears that at least the military battle for marjah is over. but to coin a phrase, that's half the battle. there's more to come, what is it? >> we have to see what happens.
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essentially a government has to be installed, that has been done today. the government has to establish legitimacy by being efficient and being able to revive the economy. they have to be specialists put down to help rebuild. these areas have to be protected by american troops and eventually by afghan troops. if ittal works out, you can do this piece by piece. >> that seems to be the new sort of strategy on the part of the american military. you go in, you hold, you clear, and you lay the foundation for the afghan government to come in. >> correct. >> is the afghan government to the task? >> that is the $64 million question, as i said before. there's corruption, there's inefficiency, there's a lack of qualified personnel. and that is a key piece of this, because the strategy assumes the battle will be won partly on the battlefield, but ultimately by
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allowing afghans to take power. >> i want to expand a little bit and talk about what's going on next door in pakistan. there are the heels of 14 people that have been arrested, connected to the taliban. what sort of impact do you think this is having on the leadership of the taliban, their ability to fight? >> well, the recent capture is a loss to them, he is effectively the number two person in the taliban, the operational command who planned military offensives ahead of the 2008-2009 offensive. and he's in possession of a lot of information, primarily, he's no longer operational, shall we say. the taliban has shown an enormous capacity for regeneratingself. it's lost important leaders in the past. i'm not saying this doesn't put a dent in their operation, but we shouldn't think we can win the battle this way. >> what do you think is going on
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with the pakistani leadership? this does seem to be an about face, as far as going after taliban and leadership. >> if one is confused about what the pakistanis are doing, they're trying to do several things, maintain the relationship with us. maintain a relationship with the taliban. make sure that if there's a negotiation between so-called moderate taliban, they can handle that as well. to ensure the united states is happy with pakistan, the pakistanis are extraordinarily worried about the american/indian alliance. what they are doing may appear to be contradictory, but it actually makes sense. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you, martin. from the middle east, a new scandal involving hamas, the militant palestinian group, it
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involves the son of a hamas founder. israel's newspaper reported that musaf spied for years for the intelligence agency. he provided information to israel for more than a decade, preventing more than a dozen hamas attacks against israelis and saving hundreds of lives. his memoirs are being published in this country next week, and he's promoting another facebook page. yousef converted to christianity and moved to california three years ago. there's more on the top hamas official in dubai last month. the foreign minister expressed concern about the alleged use of australian passports by several of the 26 suspects identified by dubai officials as being part of the ring that carried out the killing. the dubai police say they are all but certainty attempt was
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sponsored by israel. 15 more suspects have been identified, carrying british, french passports. kevin rudd spoke out about israel's possible involvement. >> as a long-standing friend of israel, i repeat what i said before. any state which uses or forges australian passports let alone uses or forges australian passports for the purposes of assassination is of the deepest concern to australia. the deepest concern to australia. and we will not let the matter rest. >> this story continues to captivate israel, where the allegations and revelations have played out like a spy thriller on israeli television. we bring you the latest installment from our partner, channel 10 news. >> he's person has a name, passport, credit card and plane ticket. and the dubai police are
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revealing them one after the other. six women and 20 men. and some of them as expected connected to someone with the same name in israel. meet chester and ivy, here they are arriving at the dubai airport, ivy with the dark hair. here they are in one hotel, and now in a second. ivy has turned into a blonde. according to the dubai police, they were responsible for setting up communications between the hotel in dubai and the operation command in austria. they left the hotel exactly seven minu before alkoka arrived. this is eric, who likes tennis and hats, he belongs to the first lookout tem. eric has written in his french passport. the second team arrive at a different hotel. david is french daniel is british. melanie and steven are the third lookout team.
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melanie is french and steven is british. here are bruce and eric, their role according to the dubai police is to verify the targets' room number on the day of assassinati assassination. joshua holds an australia passport. from the airport, they go to a hotel regularly stayed at. in case he decides to change locations at the last minute. this mystery woman is anna. it's not clear what her role was. she left dubai as soon as he arrived. the dubai police are working to figure out the roles of the rest of the team. what connects this group are the credit cards that most of them obtained in the united states, britain and germany. they're plane ticket and the fact that some of them visited dubai in the last year. first in march, and then again in november. perhaps as preparation for the operation. on a day of the assassination,
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the team flew into dubai from all over the world, and immediately after the hit, they fled in every direction to europe, hong kong, and two of them the dubai police claim even left on a ship to iran. >> we would like to hear what you have to say about this unfolding story. our question tonight, do you think israel's credibility is being hurt by not addressing claims that it was involved in the kling? you can tell us what you think by going to the how you see it section at our website at in this country federal reserve chairman ben bernanke said today he's looking into weather goldman sachs and other wall street firms may have helped push greece toward financial ruin. the issue is is the use of those credit default swaps, th serve
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as an insurance against risk and let the banks gamble that greece might default on its debt. ultimately they make it more expensive for greece to borrow money. greece's debt crisis played out on the streets as well. thousands took part in a protest yesterd yesterday. such a default would be among the first of the 16 country that is use the euro as currency. questions are being raised about how the situation was allowed to get so out of control in the first place. for more on that, we are joined once again by a senior writer for bloomberg business week. >> hi martin. >> this is a little confusing, let's try to follow along. there have been reports of several american financial service companies, how they helped greece mask how bad the financial situation was in that country. how did that work?
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>> on a day-to-day level, yes, greece is the word. this is much more about duking the stats this is something we've seen in corporate america, with wall street very much over the past ten years, that's gaming loopholes, finding loopholes and exploiting them to the mass. to be able to look more healthy financially than therapy pushing out obligations, a kind of financial alchemy that let's you say, we're in great shape now, so we can afford to loan money. >> we had the new york times reporting that some companies are betting against greece. that is, their investors are likely to financially gain if greece were to go under. >> this is the delicious information asymmetry that wall
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street has always enjoyed. it's a clear conflict of interest. >> yes, and conflict is wall street's middle name, how many times have you seen that time and time again. if you know in the halls of these investment banks are whispers that greece, portugal and spain are not as they appear our own prop traders and our tip clients to bet against the situation, so it's the best of both worlds. these investment banks are very different from you and me. >> do you think then this is going to bring about a further crackdown of the banking practices in europe? >> you know, fool me once, fool me twice, fool me thrice. this is going to be late regulation. it would be helpful if the emu, the federal reserve, the sec were on the scene a couple years ago, when these tactics were permenting. this is going to be after the fact legislation. wall street is paid a lot to
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gain the system. and it dolls out a lot of money to the smartest guys, the smartest wizards who go out there and exploit loopholes. governments have to be especially precise about how to deal with this. >> how do you see this playing out? >> greece has bills, it's going to get worse. 17 million euro's come to term in may. >> do you think other countries will follow? >> greece is an indicator species, after greece comes portugal, spain, italy. people are talking about britain. this shows when the tide goes out, we see these exposures. >> thank you, as always. >>martin.
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argentina has asked the u.n. secretary-general to help resolve a growing dispute over british oil drilling near the falkland islands off argentina. they began exploratory drilling this week prompting argentina's president to call it robbery. argentina claims the islands as part of its territory as does britain. which political party can be the greenest in britain. the country explores oil reserves in places like the falklands, it's making an effort to move away from its reliance on fossil fuels. the opposition conservative party may be in the forefront. as we've heard from this report we've chosen from itn. >> the conservatives have ambitions to be the greenest of them all.
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they want every household and every small business local school and hospital in the land to be able to generate their own electricity. the touring plant has as much energy from small sources but wind and water turbines have come from nuclear power stations. this 17th century mill is exactly what conservatives want to see. the water turns the turbine whicers a generator. that provides enough electricity for the kendall family to live here and for paying guests at the yoga retreat. >> to push up from the sky. >> reporter: a boiler runs on wood pellets. there's no need to buy any energy from traditional utility companies. >> the source is the water, it drops ten foot down there to the turbine. we generate and create electricity. >> reporter: it's decentralized energy at work.
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by 2020, they're keen to see around 15% of the uk's energy come from small scale producers like the kendalls rather than fossil fuel power stations. that's a very big figure. when you think the government reckons it will only get 1.6% of electricity from the same sources. >> in the netherlands they generate over 30% of the energy from decentralized sources. denmark. it's over 40%. now, i don't expect that the u.k. is going to catch up with those any time soon.but ultimat of ambition that we have. >> from april, households like the kendalls will get cash rewards for generating their own electricity and selling it back to the national grid. they hope to make 2,000 pounds a month. >> people are going to be much more concerned about the environment as we see the manifestations of everything
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we're doing. much more. if you put the financial incentives into place, the technology will improve, people want it more, there will be more demand for it. it will be a continued virtual circle. you can definitely get there at some point, of course. >> the torres want to go further, such as biogas. gas produced from farm and food waste. they want to increase the size of products. but critics say it's unreliable. >> the source of things being proposed are much closer to the idea of a gimmick than they are a serious contribution to dealing with climate change and energy security. >> at the margin, there's just a bit of it, they won't do too much damage. on a very large scale right now, that would bust people's budget fairly quickly. >> i think, and so do many other people, if you create the right regulatory framework, the right
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incentives, if you put a sense of ambition behind it, we can change the status quo. >> the party shares some of the conservative's green ambition. the hot water is heated by the panels on the roof. rainwater harvested on site is used to flush the toilets, and one of the boilers is fuelled by wood pellets. despite being one of the greenest buildings in the capital, it doesn't meet all the council's needs. this mammoth boiler burns up ten tons of these wood pellets every week. despite its vast size, can't completely meet the council's needs, because it's just too expensive. one of these weighs five times that of a traditional gas burner. >> gas is the only thing being built. if you're going to hit carbon
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targets, it cannot remain that way. we're going to see new large scale generation as well as micro generation. every technology has to play its role. there's not one technology that will give you the answer. >> that report from kathy neumann of itn. that brings us to our final series, a story on indigenous people around the world. it illustrates how progress can threaten a traditional culture. this story too is in part about oil, and how the way of life inside the arctic circle is affected. >> reporter: the arctic circle, an endangered way of life. the indigenous hunting people live off this land and their prized reindeer herd, along with
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the meat and skins, reindeer fetch a good price to be ground up and sold as an herbal remedy in asia. people who like the hunting have been living this life for centuries. now, geologists are joining them here in the search for new deposits of hydrocarbons. what they find, the less land th for the hunting to survive on. the region contains soo russia's most valuable deposits of mineral oil and natural gas. pipelines and railroads criss-cross the landscape. more are planned. and since the government owns the land, the indigenous people increasingly squeeze into smaller pockets of pasture can do little about it. >> translator: we live for our reindeer. if the reindeer go, we will go
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too. we can't live in the city. we have no skills. everything depends on the reindeer. >> our parents live this life in the tundra before us, hurting the reindeer. now my children are growing up here too. at least one of them wants to carry on this life. >> others will be drawn to life in the cities. german is our guide on this trip, a hunter himself, he left the land as a child to be schooled in a nearby town. like many, this dwindling population, he chose to stay there, describing himself now as a link between this world and civilization. the traditional way of life is disappearing. because civilization is taking its toll. the land is being developed and pastures reduced or taken away. the time will come when none of this will be left. so we need to find a way to
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solve this problem and to sustain it. we need to reach agreement with the companies to share the land. nothing will stop the advance of industry across this land. it's a trend the hunting will not be able to reverse. al gentleman deer ya, inside the arctic circle, northern siberia. >> we will conclude our reports on indigenous people of the world tomorrow night. that's worldfocus for thursday evening. remember, there's a lot more news and perspective to be found at our website, i'm martin savidge, thank you for joining us. we'll look four back here tomorrow night and any time on the web. good night.
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-- captions by vitac -- major support for "worldfocus" has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters --
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