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tv   BBC World News  PBS  September 20, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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somewhere in america we've already answered some of the nation's toughest health-care questions. and the over 60,000 people of siemens are ready to do it again. siemens. answers. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> handing over sang gain to the americans -- british troops in afghanistan pullout of the area where more than 100 of their comrades died. 10 years on, what progress is being made on a meeting the un's millennium development goals as mothers still die in childbirth and people go hungry. more controversy for international cricket and mix -- and missed another match-fixing allegations. welcome to bbc world news, broadcast on pbs and around the globe. coming up later, showing off the latest wheels in>> funding was made possible by come as -- i
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don't believe it. the moment a bbc team cause -- saw pictures of a lost population of tigers. >> hello and welcome. for british soldiers, the region in southern afghanistan has been one of the most dangerous places in the world. in the past four years, more than 100 u.k. troops have died there, almost one-third of all british losses in afghanistan. today, britain's handover responsibility to the americans. u.k. commanders say progress has been made but it met the work is unfinished.
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>> the captain, the sergeant, a private, -- >> 5 sommers, 337 british lives lost. >> [reading names] >> almost a third happened here. we joined british and u.s. marines as they prepared for one of their last joint patrols. for a final few days, they must brave their demons and reflect on the sacrifices that have been made. commanders were keen to show us what they achieved, all the project have -- how the province has prospered and how much safer and has become, but this is what we saw. [gunshots fired] a brutal fight for much of the day. it does not happen much anymore, but it shows the taliban
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battling coalition troops. and now america must finish the job britain started. no british troops at this time, they have faced too many days like this. >> i find it very difficult to talk about. without someone having been there, you cannot describe the smells, the sites, even pictures don't seem to work. you have to be there and, the emotions -- to have a true understanding of what people here go through. >> handing over to the americans is a bittersweet mellon for the troops. there happen -- they are happy to be going, but their regret the mission is far from over. >> the amount of effort, time, lives lost, i feel a little hollow that we did not break this place. we did not bring it to our way
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of thinking. it is definitely -- i feel heartbroken we did not finish it. thever, i'm 100% sure of banks will. >> -- the yanks will. >> it cost the lives of 106 men. the debate over the sacrifice and rewards goes on in a war that still shows few signs of easing. >> some news just in -- the north korean state news agency says the ruling workers' party congress is to hold a special meeting on september 28th to elect new party leaders. the once in a generation conference is expected to put kim jong il's third son firmly in line to succeed him.
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it is 10 years since the un marks the new millennium by setting out ambitious development goals. today, a special summit is under way to look at what has and has not been achieved in the last decade. more than 140 leaders are meeting to review progress. among them, the french president who suggested new funds could be raised from a tax post on transactions. un secretary general, ban ki- moon says that some progress had been made but the profit -- but the clock is ticking. >> we have the power at this very hour, none of us can be truly [unintelligible] why some many lack the bases -- the basics for life and dignity. none of us should be able to rest easy knowing the fear and despair. let us make this investment in a better future for all. there is no global project more
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worthy. let us send a strong message of hope, of fundamental hope. let us keep our promise. >> i asked our u.n. correspondent which of the eight goals were on track. for example, cutting poverty by half by 2015. >> that is largely because of very big economic growth in china and india which has raised worldwide figures. one of the other goals on target is to increase the number of people with access to clean drinking water. that is not the case for people with access to clean sanitation. that has fallen far behind. there has been quite a lot of progress made in prevention of aids and malaria, getting children to primary schools. but in these areas, they're not on target. those that fall in most far behind have to do with the most basic and a vulnerable, the number of children that by below the age of 5 and the number of
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women who die in childbirth. these targets are way off. >> nikolas sarkozy of france suggested a transaction tax to raise extra funds. is that gaining any transaction? >> there is going to be a high level seminar on that here at the summit. there could be some interest, is not in the tax itself, certainly in innovative financing, which is a way to raise money other than digging into your own pockets and rich co. -- rich countries giving aid. we will be hearing from both sides, but this idea is what is being that around. particularly where developed countries have budget cuts and austerity plans. it is not likely they will increase aid, but having said that, the shortfalls happen at well below -- well before the
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economic crisis. most were not meeting their aid obligations before the crisis and you have had quite a bit of criticism in the general assembly before the summit from representatives of developing nations to have tried to put most of the blame for the failure of the millennium development goals on rich co. -- rich countries who have not given money. >> you are watching "bbc world news." the main newspaper in mexico has pleaded with the drug gangs following the murder of its second journalist in two years. they referred to the gangs as the defacto authorities and ask what news it should stop publishing to avoid its staff being attacked. president obama has acknowledged times are still hard for many americans in the wake of the global financial crisis. speaking on american tv, he said it's going to take more time than expected to solve an economic problem that had taken years to develop.
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officials of northern india say more than 60 people have died in flooding and landslides in the last two days after heavy monsoon rains. thousands of people in the worst affected districts have been forced to leave their homes. some rivers have burst their banks and houses have been crushed by falling rocks. an influential separatist leader in india's separatists kashmir region says are units will continue. his demands include making the kashmir issue an international dispute and drawing forces from the reason -- from the region. this coincided with an arrival of a delegation where more than a million people have been killed in street demonstrations in the last three months. >> in kashmir has been in turmoil for three months now and for the past three weeks it has
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been under the strictest of curfews. the shops are shuttered and the streets are all but deserted. those restrictions have become more severe now that the all party parliamentary delegation is in town. we have curfew passes and can get around town in our car. but we have been stopped at least 50 times at checkpoints during the course of the day. the main separatist leaders are not impressed by what is going on. i spoke to the main moderate leader who said he has spoken to the government before but does not like what is going on now. >> the fact is we took the risk on the basis of our credibility and we maintain that we need to be engaged in a serious effort, not in a public relations exercise. no one is taking this at face value. everyone says this is a public relations exercise on the part of india. if they are serious, let them act. let them take the proposals it has been giving for the last
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five years. >> what are those demands? they're calling for the demilitarization of the kashmir valley where india has more than half a million men under arms. they want emergency laws to be appealed and political prisoners to be released. none of that is going to happen as a result of the two-day visit of this all party parliamentary commission. this is very much a preliminary move of the government in delhi says the violence has to stop. it is doing nothing to address the anger which has boiled over in kashmir over the last three months. >> the england-wales cricket board and players are considering legal action against the chairman of the pakistan cricket board. this comes after he alleged there is talk among bookmakers that something good players had taken enormous amounts of money to throw last friday's international. the captain said day refuted the allegations completely and would be working closely to explore all legal options.
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our sports correspondent has this report. >> they are here, but only just. england's players are not taking part in the one-day international at but the match came close to being abandoned after more allegations of corruption. following in the ' on friday, an inquiry was launched into scoring patterns. the cricket chief responded by claiming bookmaker's told him some england players had thrown the game in return for money. >> what i have said is very clear. there is a lot of talk in the bookie circle that someone -- that some of the england players were involved in losing the match to pakistan. >> england says they are dismayed and outraged by the comments and admit they have strong misgivings about applying best last two matches of the tour. but the team agreed to continue
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with the ec be saying they plan to have legal action. >> the bigger picture has to be to restore integrity in cricket. i don't know if these matches will actually do that. there's too much swilling around in this atmosphere. >> some buyers have already been suspended after the claims of no balls in the test that. the end of a turbulent four is in sight, but the impact will stretch well beyond this summer. >> you are watching "bbc world news." still to come, playing with fire, but only as an art installation to encourage romans to love their heritage. in sweden, a far-right anti- immigrant party has entered parliament for the first time, denying the center-right
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coalition an overwhelming majority. they deny they are racist, but the mainstream blocks have ruled out working with them. >> the surge of support for the far-right sweden democrats was the big story on election night. the party was able to celebrate its historic entry into parliament, having promised to put the brakes on immigration in sweden. >> we have written political history together, claims the swede in democrat's leader. it is fantastic, he said. preliminary results show the center-right coalition led by the prime minister winning 172 of the 349 seats. it is a clear victory over the opposition social democrats center-left bloc with 157 seats, but not quite enough to form a majority government.
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the right wing's leading democrats with 5.7% of the vote won 20 seats. it was not the result the prime minister had been hoping for. the prime minister said he would not cooperate with the sweet and democrats. he said he will not be depended on them. >> 90% of the swedish population detests the swedish democrats. so, there is still a lot of this taste and a lot of unhappiness with the way the results have gone. >> immigrants make up 40% of the swedish population and members of the mainstream party are said to be dismayed at the rise of the far right. amid the uncertainty, the prime minister will remain in office, but may seek the support of the opposition green party to form a working coalition. >> this is "bbc world news."
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british troops leave southern afghanistan where they have suffered a third of their casualties. u.s. marines will take over the fight against the taliban. as the un subject -- even some that reviews, ban ki-moon warrants world leaders not to use the economic downturn as an excuse to miss targets. the former british prime minister, gordon brown, says he is angry that not enough is being done to meet the targets set by the united nations a decade ago. he is currently in new york to attend the meeting of world leaders. the goals include eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, reducing child mortality, and combating hiv aids. our africa correspondent reports on how much still has to be achieved. >> in orange farm, the fight against poverty is going slowly.
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this man as lucky if he earns 2 pounds a day. economy may be stable and resilient but it is not booming like china or india. above all, it is not creating jobs. >> [unintelligible] the poverty is causing lots of problems. >> but is not all bad news. he is finally getting access to the hiv treatment. new infection rates have dropped sharply. >> i want to be healthier because i am taking the medication. >> that is a big change. >> yes. >> the continent is making
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progress. wars are ending in the economy is growing, but not fast enough to make a real dent in poverty. >> you can blame western trade sanctions and broken promises, but above all, is african governments failing to deliver. that is a point the international community is keen to make. foreign aid is only part of the answer. >> it's always going to be about economic development, jobs and growth. that brings prosperity. the question is whether a can support that to make it happen. in the long term, we don't want to have aid. >> in orange farm, buckets serve as toilets. across africa, babies and mothers are still dying in huge numbers. but here, at least, nobody expects help from abroad. instead, they blame their own corrupt government. >> i think the greediness of the
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people in power is the cause of this delay of providing people -- the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting more pork. >> to shake off the poverty, africa needs to grow much faster and share its wealth more fairly. >> israel has allowed a limited number of cars to be imported into the gaza strip. it is the first such consignment since they tighten their economic blockade. since then, cars have been smuggled through tunnels from egypt. although the blockade has been eased, exports are banned in most people are not allowed to leave the territory. in britain, the deputy prime minister has told the liberal democrat party to hold serve as the coalition government lays out its plan to cut public spending. he said the next few years would
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not be easy but argued the liberal democrats should focus on the future when the british economy gets back on track. we have this report from liverpool. >> he came here knowing not everyone in his party is happy with the decision to share power with the conservatives. the last few days have been about offering reassurance. for the seville liberal democrats may have walked into a political trap. >> the liberal democrats and conservatives are and always will be separate parties with distinctive histories and different futures. but, for this parliament, we work together to fix the problems we face and put the country on a better path. this is the right to government for right now. >> many here worry about what will happen next month when the government comes out with its plans to cut the country's deficit. some liberal democrats are concerned that the poorest will bear the brunt of the cuts.
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>> yes, it will be difficult. but it will not be like the 1980's. we will not let that happen. we will make these cuts as fairly as possible. >> he ended by telling supporters that sometimes in politics, you have to play the long game. >> the years ahead will not be easy, but they will make the difference our country needs. stick with us while we rebuild the economy and restore our civil liberties. protect our environment, nurture our children and repair a broken politics. stick with us and together, we will change britain for good. thank you. [applause] >> he will now leave this conference and had to new york where he is due to address the united nations. that is, he argues, a sign of how far his party has come. there are players in politics, not just outsiders.
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>> the images were shocking and intended to be so. rom's ancient colosseum on fire. it was part of the art insulation to encourage romans to take better care of their cultural heritage. >> rome burns, but nobody is telling. this stunning display lighting of the night sky and one of the world's most iconic buildings. but this is a work of art. the coliseum is the canvas. it is all achieved through a giant video projections designed to simulate wind passing through. it is the idea of two artists to say this creation is about renewal and purification. >> we wanted something to symbolize destruction and creation at once.
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we wanted to question whether something should exist or not and what heritage means to us. >> the two artists have spent four years planning this, using other buildings as test beds. setting cultural symbols on fire virtually is their way of stirring debate and awareness of heritage sites. history suggests the coliseum experienced a real fire in the third century after being hit by lightning, but survived. as you can see, the coliseum by daylight is still very much intact. not a scorch mark in sight. your organizers say the whole idea of artist burning buildings goes back more than 900 years. it is all about regeneration, which is rather act for the coliseum because of the next few months, it is about to be renovated. it used to be the spectacle here was inside. now, the building is its own gallery.
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the coliseum and are going up in flames. >> a lost population of tigers has been caption on -- has been captured on camera. the natural history unit of the bbc said camera tracks and left them for three months to find footage document in the mountain tigers. >> high in the himalayas, the tiny kingdom of bhutan. the bbc natural history team chose this remote and mysterious place for their fourth exhibition series. local people told the team that tigers were living up in the mountains. >> if that is true, that there really big deal because the base of tiger might add -- tiger mountain is well above the tree line and much higher than tigers are actually thought to ever go.
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>> dozens of remote cameras were left out on possible tighter trails. after three months, a cameraman returns to check the footage and he was astonished. >> oh, my gosh. i don't believe it. thank you, thank you, thank you. >> if you thought that was exciting, thousand meters up, there is even more. apparently, a breeding pair far from the jungle. >> these tigers are living in the shadow of the high himalayas. we are above 4,000 meters at this point. these are the highest living tigers in the world. >> the team presented their findings to the prime minister of bhutan who promised to work
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with neighboring countries and use this evidence to help save the tiger. >> stunning pictures and a great story. much more of that online. you can also get in touch with us on our facebook page. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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