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tv   BBC World News  PBS  September 21, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> still the, uninhabitable, unsafe. there are concerns that the gains in delhi may not happen at
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all. and speculation that kim jong-il will name his youngest son as his successor. and money laundering at the bank of the vatican. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america, also around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- . dementia at the damage. the global problem costing the world $600 billion and no cure in sight. and back on display -- some of the ancient iraqi artifacts looted during the 2003 war. hello to you. the indian government wanted to host the commonwealth games to highlight the country's many
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strengths. but now the games have become an embarrassment. within two weeks, 71,000 athletes and officials from 71 former british colonies are due in delhi. there are already complaints about filthy accommodations and safety concerns have been raised with the collapse of a foot bridge, injuring 23 people. >> india's dream of glory has turned to its worst nightmare. every deadline has been advanced. the worst monsoon in 30 years has left of flood and an outbreak of fever. the latest worry, blocks of luxury flats meant to house athletes. initially, it was said to be even better than the beijing olympics. but as visitors began arriving, it became clear conditions were
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far worse. away from public view, they have been confronted with filthy toilets, rubbish, and flooded apartments. >> some parts of the village are not habitable at the moment. it is hard to see how they can be a turned brown. they are appalling, filthy. disgusting. standing water. could be expected to live in those conditions -- no one could be expected to live in those conditions. >> visitors will arrive from 71 common wealth countries, the biggest gathering ever. and today, at the mean athletic stadium, another major setback. a collapsed bridge leaves workers injured.
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the cleanup those on into the night. you can see the main athletic stadium all lit up behind me. and now, the bridge that has collapsed under its own weight, which have been used by thousands. no questions will be raised over the quality of construction -- now questions will be raised of the quality of construction. this was supposed to be india's coming out party, showcasing its global power. even now, organizers insist they are on top of things. >> the situation is under control. we are doing our best. we are confident we will be able to complete the entirety of the restoration. >> but not everyone is convinced. some officials say unless india acts quickly, the event could be in jeopardy. bbc news, delhi. >> next tuesday, there will be a
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conference, which is not news in itself, but this one is in north korea an extremely rare. the last time it happened, 30 years ago, kim jong-il succeeded his father. now with doubts about his health, there is speculation he is about to hand over to one of his sons. we have this from the south korean capital, seoul. >> this is the only photo of kim jong-un , taken two decades ago. almost nothing is known about him except that he comes from are ruthless and powerful bloodline. kim il-sung and his son, kim jong il, are the only two leaders of north korea has ever known. kim jong-il had a very long and public grooming for power, seen
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as the only possible successor for his godlike father. the leadership cold could easily pass at you another generation -- cult could easily pass to another generation. the talk is once again of succession, but this time it needs to be organized in more haste. and with the added problem, many suggest, that none of his three known as suns appear to be promising leaders. the first, kim jong nam, was at once caught trying to enter japan with a false passport, trying to visit tokyo's disneyland. the second son, kim jong chul, is reportedly considered too thin and then by his father. that leaves the third son,
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perhaps soon to be in charge of a fledgling nuclear power. political successions in totalitarian states are always fraught with difficulty, and kim jong-un is a complete political novice. he may be his father's chosen successor, but the other power elites in north korea might be a different matter. bbc news, seoul. >> the head of the vatican bank is under investigation for suspicion of violating money laundering laws. ettore gotti tedeschi and another official were accused of contravening the laws regarding the release of information. we have this from rome. >> at last week's four-day pilgrimage of the pope to the united kingdom has acted like a
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tonic to many british and other catholics, restoring confidence where despair alert. said the news that this man, ettore gotti tedeschi, the most senior banking official in the catholic hierarchy was placed under investigation will come as something as -- of a jolt. he is suspected of having failed to reveal information about money passing through vatican accounts. -- back in bank accounts. >> as with all banks, they have a huge power and should be held in check. whether it is the vatican bank or any other bank. they have excessive power. >> i think no one should be above the law. i hope they can work it out. if the money is to -- to the country of italy, then it should be paid. >> the vatican has quickly come
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to his support, saying it is perplexed and astonished at the investigation. and that the holy see expresses maximum confidence in the president and chief executive. the vatican goes on to say that for some time now it has tried to be more transparent about its accounts, said the timing could not be more unfortunate. there is a sense of moral renewal that the pope's visit to britain created. years ago, a scandal caused the catholic church millions in compensation and its reputation for integrity. it was a murky tale involving this man whose banker had links to the vatican bank, but also to the freemasons and the mafia. he was later found dead under a
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london bridge. no one has said this investigation is on anything like the scale of that, but the vatican and again finds itself the defender of unwanted, non- religious attention. duncan kennedy, bbc news. >> republicans in the u.s. senate have blocked a proposal to allow gay men and women to serve openly in the american military. they say the repeal of the existing rule would damage morale. it is a big setback for president obama who campaigned strongly for repeal. polls suggest the majority of americans backed him. nine have been killed in a crash in the south of afghanistan. it is not clear what caused the crash. 529 nato soldiers have been killed in the country this year. china suspended a planned meeting with japan. it says the atmosphere of the
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u.n. summit is not suitable for talks. relations have deteriorated since japan detained a chinese official airboats capt. two weeks ago. an official has resigned. he has not been on speaking terms with the president. they disagreed about a draft constitution and other issues. the rest of the country is under islamist insurgents. >> when you first read the figure, you think it is a mistake, but this year 1% of gdp for the entire world will be spent on the care of them mentioned patients. in studies suggest this will grow rapidly. we have this. >> good quality care for older people cannot be done cheaply. this financial pressure is expected to increase everywhere
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in coming years because the elderly are growing in number. they's report concerns financial impact of dementia around the world. the estimated cost is $600 billion. the report points out it is much higher than the annual retail revenue of the giant wal-mart. >> inevitably, the cost is going to increase. the number of people with dementia is increasing worldwide. we have an eating population in high-income countries. -- aging population in high- income countries. but the greatest rise will be in low and middle income countries. by 2015, it will exceed 115 million people with dementia out worldwide. >> india is pinpointed in the
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report as a country likely to see a sharp rise in dementia cases, because it has our rapidly aging population. the parliament in india passed a law three years ago to make young people care for their relatives. campaigners say governments everywhere need to do much more. jane draper, bbc news. >> good to have you with us on "bbc world news." stay with us, if you can. still to come -- how indoor pollution affects the world support. poor. first though, in many parts of the u.s., 15-year-old can legally drive. in britain, you have to be 17. but there are suggestions that there could be changes if the young were banned from the roads at night. >> they say you only really
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learn to drive after you pass your test. >> that could potentially kill somebody. these young drivers tend to ignore that fact. looking at the road. >> there are claims that many are not properly prepared, even for things like driving in the dark. to combat that, researchers at cardiff university have suggested and nighttime driving band, along with a total alcohol ban and stopping them from carrying young passengers. >> it will not happen to me. >> while campaigners support some of the proposals, they believe others would be unworkable. tony david said's son was killed. >> it would not be able to carry any of their peers in the car. peer pressure becomes involved.
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no one goes out with the intention of injuring or killing themselves, but that is what can occur. >> and educating people about what can happen is seen as an important lesson at this high school in leeds. but teenagers say new laws would stop them from earning outside the classroom. >> he would not get that experience and everything, learning from that, in making us better drivers. >> for all new qualified drivers, it is knowing these risks and the responsibility of passing. >> the latest headlines for you this hour on "bbc world news." there are fears for the commonwealth games as a bridge collapses. some teams say it is unfit for human habitation. it looks like a conference next
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week will decide the future of north korea. a second round of talks at the u.n. in new york about the millennium development goals. speakers today included the president of iran and zimbabwe, both delivering angry speeches. robert mugabe was angry at the countries to impose sanctions on zimbabwe. first, we hear from mahmoud i'm in a job. >> they're selfish, sectarian, materialistic pleasures cannot bring about prosperity. the new millennium ought to be based on a cure and righteous leadership throughout the world. the hegemonic approaches are and
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deceit, and they're getting close to their end. prosperous interrelations are essential. >> we fell short of our targets , due to the sanctions imposed on the country that i have already made reference to. and consequently, the incidence of zimbabwean poverty remains quite high. the government of zimbabwe will increase, from making a positive -- remains committed to making a positive difference in the lives of the poor, the sick, and the destitute among its citizens. >> robert mugabe speaking earlier at the united nations in new york. it is unlikely to be a presence from the kremlin, as the mayor
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of moscow celebrates his 67th birthday. he appears to have fallen out of favor with president made it yet. that is because he will not say whom he will support in the 2012 presidential election. -- he appears to the fallen out of favor with president needs a fifth -- dmitry medvedev. >> this is city hall in moscow. just down the road, you can see at the end, the kremlin, where the president is. at the two men are not -- the two buildings are very close, but the bosses that work there have become descent after a dramatic and very public falling out. he has been at the moscow mel for 18 years. he is one of russia's most powerful politicians and a senior in the party of power. for the last two weeks, state-
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controlled television has been broadcasting a stream of programs come up losing criticism of the mayor, criticizing him for his handling of the summer smog crisis and accusing him and his billionaire wife of corruption. he has dismissed all reports as total rubbish. it is widely believed this attack through the airwaves was ordered by the kremlin. relations between mayor and president dmitry medvedev have been strained for some time. the president could fired the mayor at any moment. the president could fire a number of regional leaders. if the moscow mayor is sacked or steps aside, that could be seen as a political victory for the president. >> that from moscow. we tend to connect pollution and global warming with heavy
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industry. but what about pollution inside the helm? the u.s. secretary of state has announced the campaigns you, that these -- the campaign to combat the scourge of cooking smoke. >> cooking smoke may keep the flies down, but it harms the eyes and lungs of those exposed to it, namely women and children. the black smoke also ushers climate change. the aim is to bring clean- burning stoves to 100 million homes by 2020. the cleanest of all the stoves are those like this in a project i highlighted in india a few years ago. this uses the same principle that a young boy uses to burn all zero in a piece of paper with the magnifying glass.
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how hot is it? well, the answer is in the newspaper. that is how hot. it will take time for cookers to reach the millions of homes where they are needed. funds are tight. bbc news. >> more of the main news for you. 18 children, two teachers still missing in pakastani kazmir where a school bus crash. officials say it is unlikely any survive. the bodies of 15 children have been recovered. the school bus plunged 300 meters from the road into a river, 16 kilometers from the regional capital. more than 100 have been hurt, 22 critically, when a spectator stands collapsed at a car race
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in brazil. you saw it there. the pact stand gave way. 500 people are thought to have been sitting on its. united nations has sent emergency teams to northern nigeria it's you investigate the lead poisoning that has killed -- to investigate the lead poisoning that has killed 200 children this year. it will be investigating villages where gold is mined by hand. another tragedy with the looting the loss ofseums, artifacts from thousands of years of history. now pieces have been returned to iraq's national museum. gabriel gatehouse reports. >> it is only slightly bigger than of run man's hand. but it is 5000 years old, and
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this statute from the sumerian period has come home. it is only one of the objects spanning from the early mesopotamia and civilization to the early islamic. the work done that -- the early islamic period son back. and then they vanished. for years, they were in these cardboard boxes. ed they described what was inside -- metal, daggers. but the prime minister's office had no idea, and they have been languishing around a store room for kitchenware. the boxes were discovered sunday, and prompted -- and promptly moved to the iraqi national museum. >> it is from the beginning of the islamic era. some are babylonian.
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>> many of the artifacts had been smuggled out of the country by a legal excavators to come to this day, continued to scour iraq's archaeological sites. others were looted following the invasion in 2003 when security collapsed. the museum has never recovered. no one knows when it will reopen to the public. though the artifacts may be found again, no one knows how much longer they will be hidden from view. gabriel gatehouse, bbc news. >> the real live james bonds have been shedding light on their activity. mi6 has taken the unusual step of opening of its past.
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>> fasted torpedo boats used by mi6 soon after it was created in 1909. secret agents would be hidden inside the torpedo bays and smuggled behind enemy lines. today, mi6 has opened up its archives to tell the story of its early years. for the historian invited inside, it was an exciting opportunity. >> i was like a child in a sweet shop. these are like papers you see in the national archives. but what they do is they tell the secret story of this most secret of the british organizations. >> from the mid-1920's, this building was the headquarters of the british secret service. its very existence was denied by government, and it was here that the secrets were kept in the daring operations plans. like this woman, code-named
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ecclesiastic. she was used to pass information to her lover in german intelligence. >> she was able to provide to him what he thought was genuine information. but of secret letters. things pulled out of the wastepaper been. >> there were also individual as -- acts of bravery. like this man. the story stops abruptly in 1949, just as the cold war is beginning some secrets, it seems, will remain hidden. >> you'll find more on that and all the international news online anytime. we are on twitter and facebook, too. thank you for watching. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> somewhere in america, there's a doctor who can peer into the future. there's a nurse who can access in an instant every patient's past. and because the whole hospital is working together, there's a family who can breathe easy right now. somewhere in america we've already answered some of the nation's toughest health-care questions. and the over 60,000 people of siemens are ready to do it again. siemens. answers. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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>> susie: with the economy plodding along, the fed holds rates steady, but says it's


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