tv BBC World News America PBS October 17, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
small businesses to major corporat what can we do for you? and now bbc world news america. >> this is bbc world news america. undercover in syria, the bbc finds evidence of injured people shot and killed in their hospital beds, even as the protests killed today. child abuse in america. shocking figures shows a child dies from neglect or abuse every five hours in the u.s. >> clearly it is a huge public health issue and a major epidemic that we need to fix so it does not continue to spiral out of control. >> the richest woman in france is declared unfit to run her affairs. the legal challenge came from
her own daughter. welcome to our viewers on pbs here in america and around the globe. report it is of bloodshed in central syria. the relentless determination of this protest against a brutal government crackdown is remarkable. a bbc investigation found evidence of injured protesters shot dead while lying in their hospital beds. >> despite the daily death toll the protests in syria continue, but the tactics change. they are held at night to
minimize casualties and back in march, when they began, the protesters called for reform. today as the name of each atrocity and massacre carried out by the regime is carried out, the crowd called for the death of the president by hanging. these protests are taking place every night. it is impressive because they have been going on for seven months now and so little has been achieved. but this, i am reminded, is not the point. >> i haven't seen anything like this in my life. the old, young, women, everyone calling for freedom in syria. this rev luggedse will win. >> the army encircled it every day. people tell you they have rats, but no food.
water, power and communication are cut off in the area where demonstrations take place. i was taken to meet muhammad, one of the soldiers ordered to attack the city. >> we were ordered to kill everything that moves, everyone walking in the street. there were children. we were ordered to kill our own people, who at the end of the day are our own flesh and blood. >> only on friday the protests took place during the day and the army always attacks. doctors prepare for the casualties. they could no longer take the injured to hospitals. >> to our astonishment we found when we did that the injured were arrested or killed. a man would go into a hospital with a treatable injury and his family would be summoned to collect the corps with a shot to the head or chest. >> it may boast the title of
the capital of the syrian revolution but it cost them over 1,000 dead. but they say they are winning. we will carry on one protester tells me, each if he has to kill every one of us. >> for more on what it is like i was joined by sue lloyd roberts earlier. >> they are very determined. something i find extraordinary. there they are. they have been demonstrating for seven months, over 3,000 dead. really they have achieved very little. the point that they make, the more deaths there are the more determined they are to go on. >> do they think that when they talk to you, did they think they would be able to overthrow the regime? >> they say they are winning and the whole people are against him and he cannot last much longer.
things are slowly going on. the arab league suggested that they have to stop killing their people. the syrian opposition have gotten together and there is a opposition party. when i was there i met a lot of soldiers who joined what they called the free syrian army. they say they are going to defend the protesters and start attacking the syrian army. >> you are one of the few journalists that have gotten into syria. you were also there earlier during the protests. what difference did you find? >> two things. when i was there before in june the protest was less vement. they were prepared to go along with the president if he were to introduce reform.
now they are calling for his death by hanging. when i was there last time they did not want any outside help. this time it was please help. they want russia and china to support the u.n. resolution against syria and be forced to stop sending weapons to syria. they want a much more determined effort. >> now to a shocking bbc investigation revealing widespread child abuse in the world's biggest democracy. a child dies of abuse or neglect every five hours here in the united states. the worst record in the industrialized world. death rates are significantly higher here than in europe. the bbc investigates what doctors and children's
campaigners are calling an epidemic of child death. >> four years old. she had her whole life in front of her. >> in 2009 emma thompson was beat tone death. >> we have an update on breaking news. >> emma's mother is serving a 0-year prison term for failing to protect her daughter. her boyfriend is in jail for life for raping and killing emma. emma's father remembers the last time that he saw her. >> in the final week i asked her if she was daddy's baby. she just said yes. just said yes. >> but emma's is just one story. every year hundreds of children die in the world's richest democracy, killed by people who
are meant to care for them. this doctor runs a abuse and neglect center in dallas children's hospital. >> there are days i am shocked. we need to get a grasp on it so it does not continue to spiral out of control. >> child abuse is difficult to detect and more difficult to investigate and it is extremely hard to come to terms with. no family or community wants to admit it is failing to protect its children. but in the u.s. many become a national crisis. as many as ,500 children are dying from abuse every year, many more in western europe. experts say that prevention is key. but instead many states are now cutting programs like this one. crystal visits here because he
falls -- only one has a job, nobody has health insurance. >> at this point lots of new parents will get so frustrated. >> while prevention programs are being cut, reports of abuse are on the rise. millions of children are being left without a safety net, let down by their families and by politicians. until that changes, every five hours a child will die from abuse in the united states. before we left texas another boy was beaten to death outside of dallas. brandon was two years old. >> one child every five hours. to discuss why it is a bigger
problem in the u.s. than anywhere else in the industrialized world i talked to the president of every child matters. let's make the comparisons between the united states and other western nations. >> we have much larger numbers because we are a much bigger country. i heard someone say five deaths a day. we think it is closer to 7 deaths per day based on research that is out there. each year about 2,500 children killed in the united states. nationally, here, it is about four times the number of u.s. military killed in iraq and afghanistan since the start of the two wars 10 years ago. we use a rate per 100,000 children comparison. our rate is about triple canada's and 11 times italy's. i think one of your reporters said it is four or five times
the rate of great britain. we have the highest incidents of child abuse. >> i spoke to someone earlier. >> this is a rate issue. the u.s. has a very haifa tality rate. >> run through the reasons why it is so much higher here? >> we have much higher rates of childhood poverty which contributes greatly to this issue. we have high prison populations, which means people who leave prison usually won't do well. high substance abuse issues as well. we have a very weak safety net. we do not have universal health care. we don't have paid maternity and parental leave and home visiting programs at a scale that makes a difference. so the combination of too early
parenthood, a lack of a social safety net to provide assistance adds up to a very high rate. we do not have a strong protection system varying from state to state. system is not a federal one. some states do much better than others. >> is this problem fixable? seems other countries and japan as well have lower rates of children dying from child abuse. can america fix the problem? >> it can if it wants to. it is more of a political issue. we know if you work with families early on you can substantially reduce the rates, lower the rates of teenage pregnancy you will reduce the rates of child abuse and neglect. there is vast knowledge and material written on the topic. we understand a lot about it. it is just not being
implemented. we have caseworkers with case loads of 60-70 families. confidentiality issues hide from the public the magnitude of this problem. national media paid little attention to it. it is ironic that it requires a foreign news team to cover the issue across the united states. >> you can follow the bbc's full investigation online. this insurgent group called on kenya to immediately withdraw troops from somalia in order to avoid what they called bloody battles. they don't want the flames of
war spill over into their country. israel's supreme court rejected a petition which opposes an exchange of hundreds of palestinian prisoners. the prisoner swap is exeblingted to take place on tuesday. race car driving is a dangerous sport. but there are fresh concerns about driver safety after dan withheldon died on sunday. he was involved in a 15-car pile up in a race in las vegas. dan wheldon is one of the biggest names in indycar racing and won the indy 500 for the
second time. here in las vegas he was racing for $5 million. the 33-year-old had to pass every other car to win and was moving up through the field, when on lap 13, this happened. his car took off and flipped at 00 miles per hour. burst into flames as it crashed. nearly half of the cars were involved in what some are calling the sport's worst accident. the race was abandoned. as the remaining drivers did five laps in his honor. dan wheldon was hugely talented. this is him at age 8. his father paid tribute to the man who made the u.s..
>> you don't necessarily measure life in the number of years you live on this planet, maybe it is in what you achieve. boy, did he achieve something. >> before the race some drivers were concerned how dangerous it could be given the high speeds they could reach. indycar needs the same mix of nerve and focus as formula one but it is quicker. the cars crowd together on the track meaning a crash can quickly become a major pile-up. also involved was the son of the one-time formula 1 champion. he thinks indycar is now so dangerous he asked his son to give it up. >> i think you had 34 cars within a very small space.
>> at the speedway today in las vegas they paid tributes to one of the world's greats in one of the world's most dangerous sports. dan wheldon leaves a wife and two young boys. >> to thailand now where floods are continuing to wreak havoc. >> water, as far as the eye can see. a third of thailand's provinces look like this, lost to the floods. the thai army has been tasked with surveying this now unfamiliar landscape. we headed north out of bangkok. the capitol is safe for now.
50 miles out this province has been hard hit. this community has been completely cut off. the army unloads basic provisions and makes a note to return. >> the further north we have gone from bangkok the worse the situation is. it is a complete sea of muddy brown floodwater. you can see the tops of factories and the tops of trees. everything else is flooded. even if it would stop raining now it would take several weeks for the water to recede. bad news is that there is another storm system coming. >> the government made protecting this huge estate a priority. it employs tens of thousands of workers. the message went out that more
sandbags were needed. it is all in vain. there is a breech. water seeps in under the embankment. franticly they try to stop the flow, but it is no good. the evacuation order is given. this particular battle has been lost. but there may well be more to come. >> you are watching bbc world news america. revolution on the road. as the cuban government relaxes the rules on private car sales. a month after the occupy wall street demonstrations began in the united states similar movements are springing up in cities around the world including madrid, athens and london. >> god bless this protest. god bless the banking industry and that man right there for
telling me to get the job. they have been here since saturday. they are planning to stay. so, who are they? sam for starters. 47, a musician and says he pays his taxes. >> i don't want a world baseded on profit. i want a system based on collaboration. >> this may not be the usual congregation you would expect to find here but they have their own tents. they said while there have been some challenges they do seem to be getting on ok. >> what is new in all of this is the global scale of protest. similar demos were taking place in wall street and across
europe. accountants like tim show up to show their support. >> the media is portraying this as a rag bunch of kids. i am a pacifist. what i am trying to say is that there is a genuine political movement brewing. i don't want to see young university graduates sitting here protesting with no hope. it is wrong. it is morally wrong. >> organizers claim tim stands for their view of the many. >> the richest woman in france, according to a paris court, also is now mentally unwear. she has lost a legal bat welher daughter who claims the mother
is no longer fit to manage the family fortune. >> she is very old. very rich. now she has been told she no longer has control over the family fortune. it is a victory for her estranged daughter who for years said her mother is squandering her billions, giving it away to flatterers and favor seekers. they said to receive gifts worth a billion euros and claims about political donations. last year a minister in the government resigned over reports of illegal party funding. she was said by her daughter to have lost control of her faculties. now a medical report confirmed she is suffering from a form of alzheimer's and placed her under the legal guardianship of her family.
>> it is a deeply disappointing decision. i will find it very hard to break the news. for her it would be completely unbearable. >> the saga may appear to be over, but it probably isn't. her legal fight back is already underway. >> family feud over billions of dollars in france. when you think cuba and cars i bet it is those fabulous 1950's chevys that come to mind. cuba has finally relaxed its ban on private car sales between individuals. all of the soviet vehicles that came in before 1990 can now be traded legally. >> during the time of the former soviet union owning a car was the biggest sign of
power in cuba. they soon became the most popular cars on the cuban road. this is cuba, old american cars in excellent conditions. but they are outnumbered by the hundreds of thousands of russian cars that are a reminder of soviet times. >> according to official figures there are 50,000 cars on this road. it is simple engineering and durability make them popular for personal use and taxis, ambulances or police cars. >> for me it is like a war tank. it has adapted to the city. >> but the oonl boom ended with the collapse of the former soviet union in 1991 and the input of spare parts and new cars stoped.
>> that is how we solved the problem. >> now they have returned to do business in cuba, but the russian company lost its dominance. >> we now buy it for various reasons. chinese cars are more comfortable and better value for money. >> 0 years later they no longer represent innovation but they are still a moving reminder of the link that shares the ussr with this island. >> fabulous that. brings us to the end of today's broadcast. get constant updates on our website.
funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. and shell. >> this is tim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell we are developing more efficient fuels to get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.