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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 21, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, shell, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. a syrian air force pilot defects along with his dead as violence intensifies. 20 years in prison for the bali bomber. an indonesian court sentences demand for building the bomb which killed more than 200
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people. we speak to the woman who decides which cartoons make the cut at "new yorker" magazine. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. tonight, a high-flying defection has taken place in syria. for the first time since the uprising began, an air force pilot has flown his plane into neighboring jordan and has been granted political asylum. the defense ministry has been branded a traitor and they want his plane back. >> of first news of the defection came from syrian state television. they said that radio contact had been lost with one of the air force's planes, piloted while on
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a training exercise. the plane had in fact landed at an airbase in northern jordan. >> today, at 10:45 in the morning, a jet fighting from the syrian air force landed at an air force base and the pilot asked for political asylum. >> the jordanian government agreed to grant it. syria was furious. they called the pilot a deserter. they're asking jordan to hand the plane back. this is the first time that a syrian pilot has defected with his aircraft. the airforce is a pillar of support for the regime. its founder was in fact an air force pilot. this comes amid violence in many of the cities. the syrian red crescent and the
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international red cross have been trying to evacuate civilians where rebel fighters are besieged and bombarded by government forces. both sides agreed to a truce but the evacuation did not work. >> we had to turn back due to the shooting. we will attempt again today to go back to the old city in the name of evacuate the wounded, the sick, as many other people, will -- women, the elderly, and noted to provide much needed assistance. now, we are reestablishing contact with the parties on the ground. >> homs is one of three places where activists say many have died as a result of government shelling. government forces are taking casualties as well. at least 20 military personnel are being buried every day.
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the conflict is deepening, diplomacy lagging far behind the events on the ground. >> for more on today's defection and the continuing violence, i'm joined by a former u.s. ambassador to morocco. thank you very much for coming in. how much do you read into the defection? >> this is the beginning of what will be a great amount of senior officers in different aspects of the syrian military who will defect. the level of violence against families, relatives, loved ones, and probably just because of the sheer magnitude of the death and destruction that has been reached on the country, this will increase the defections. is that wishful thinking or is there anything that will make you think that will happen? >> there is far more significant ordination and to
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indications among the opposition syrian forces and elements of the military. there is a great amount of coordination that i see happening as a result of the communication equipment that has been infiltrated into the country. >> we have had conflicting information from the russians. there was conversations with russia at the g-20 meeting. they might be moving in a direction to pressure assad. now, a different line coming out. where are they? >> they are maintaining assad in power at all costs. they're providing insulation from coercive diplomacy by the u.s. and others, and to do what is necessary to win the battle of supply and demand in the weapons department because as they continue, the russians continue to provide military equipment, qatar, turkey, and saudi arabia are pouring
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weapons to the opposition forces. >> the assad exit cannot be a precondition to any political process. can there be any pressure put on vladimir putin? >> first and foremost, the knees to be a security council resolution condemning russia plus continued supply of arms to syria. let them stand before the court of world public opinion. removing the insurance for all of the shipments of the companies that are providing russian exports. for example, there is a military vessel that was turned around, a cargo vessel, likely by the russians, but not because of any diplomatic change but because the insurance was revoked by the insurance carrier on that ship. that is the top financial pressure that the russians would understand. the russians were furious about that hang up.
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>> election officials have delayed releasing the outcome of the presidential polls saying that they need more time to determine who won. that has increased the frustration of the voters who fear that the military authorities are making a grab for power. the former prime minister declared that he is confident he will win, but his opponent, the muslim brotherhood candidate, has made similar claims. >> there is a game going on in cairo tonight between two old adversaries with the highest stakes. on one side, the egyptian military, on the other, the muslim brotherhood. in the last week, the military has made bold moves dissolving parliament and changing the constitution. is what we are seeing a slow motion to? >> we have party seemed to --
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>> is what we are seeing a slow- motion coup? >> we have already seen the coup. >> we don't want to resort to violence whatsoever and this is not part of our mandate but if the military pushes the egyptian people think that only exit, we will not shy away from confronting them. >> the man who often speaks for the generals in public absolutely denies they have any desire to hold onto power. >> we believe that we have a burden. that is not funny or to be enjoyed. the leadership of this country has been thrown to the left. >> then, the retired general makes this rather breathtaking prediction. >> i have a crystal ball and i
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look at it in the evening and i see the results of the questions. this is what i can say. no more than that. >> the general assertion that the former prime minister will win the election is pretty shocking because the voter tallies from the 13,000 polling stations have been made public and they simply do not add up to that conclusion. it could of course just be bluster. if it is not, what is it? the military has been on the attack for the last week and has so far seen no public backlash. if they might be tempted to push further but that would be a very dangerous move. >> a very uncertain times in egypt. the ratings agency moody's has just downgraded many of the world's biggest banks. there has been speculation that
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the downgrades were imminent for several days. i am joined by new york by our business correspondent. who is affected and what did moody's say? >> the 15 of the largest and most prestigious banks and the world and also some investment institutions which includes the likes of j.p. morgan, morgan stanley, citigroup, goldman sachs, and a bunch of european institutions like barclays and hsbc. essentially is what moody's has said is that their profiles of risk and not reflect the volatility and uncertainty of the capital markets. these are the kind of risky trading activities that these institutions are involved in. the sorts of things that cost the global financial crisis. >> whatever it reflects is not great news for the global economy, is it? >> the practical impact of these
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downgrades is that this is a huge blow to their prestige, of course. it might cost them more to raise money. what the banks pay to raise money depends on the credit rating. if they are rated very highly, meaning they are unlikely to default on their debt, they can raise money very cheaply. if the risks of them defaulting are rated more highly, then it is more expensive. it makes it harder for them to be involved in business and this could affect some of the people that the -- some of the people that are involved in the trading. this does not mean that they will go bust, but the ratings do not fully reflect the risks that they take. >> thank you very much. 10 years after the deadly attacks on a balmy night club,
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today the chief bomb maker was given a 20-year 20 cents. -- 10 years after the deadly attacks in a bali night club. umar patek was sentenced for bomb making. >> this is the man indonesian authorities have been searching for four years. it is taken almost a decade to bring them to justice. the judges delivered their verdict in a keenly watched trial. >> the defendant has been proven legally and convincingly to have smuggled ammunition and weapons for terrorism. to sell them for terrorism, taken part in premeditated murder, and involved in document forgery, and illegal possession of of explosives. we sentence him to prison. >> umar patek has been dubbed
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the demolition man, a reference to his bomb-making skills. he has consistently denied that he was a major player. he could have faced the death penalty but a prosecutor said he showed remorse during the proceeding. many victims still bear the scars of the attack, something that will always stay with them. >> the member is pretty strong. i have been very fortunate not to have any nightmares. -- the memory is pretty strong. the trauma sometimes bites you. i tend to feel i can feel the stress without not knowing. >> the deadly blasts change the image of indonesia as a safe country. the idea that a home grown terror network could exist and carried out large-scale attacks, prompted the government to pump down -- to clamp down on
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extremists and. this does not mean that the war on terrorism is over. >> you cannot say this is the end of arson attacks but the generation we are dealing with in indonesia today they are in much less well-trained people. -- you cannot say this is the end of terrorist attacks. >> this trial has brought a degree of closure to the tragedy, but the memories of what happened that day will never be forgotten. >> history was made in london today as the burmese opposition leader aung san suu kyi address both houses of the british parliament. she asked for help for our country and received a standing ovation. -- she asked for help for her country. >> today, the guest of honor was a woman who has waged an
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extraordinary battle for democracy and our own country. few foreign leaders have addressed to both houses of parliament. for aung san suu kyi, the moment was greater because she is not an elected leader. not yet, anyway. like nelson mandela, she suffered greatly over the years. now, she seems to be triumphing but she still has a warning to give. >> if we do not use this opportunity, if we do not get things right this time around, it may be several decades more before similar opportunities arises again. >> for all of her long years under house arrest, not able to see her british husband before he died, aung san suu kyi has never lost her lightness of touch. by contrast with westminster, she remarked, burma's parliament is still informal. >> they still have no heckling.
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i wish over time that we will reflect the liveliness and relatives in formality of westerners. burma has their own satisfactory equivalent of prime minister questions that we will be able to say that parliamentary democracy has it to become of age. "she spoke of her father's visit to downing street in 1947 to negotiate a burmese independence -- >> she spoke of her father's visit to downing street in 1947 to negotiate a burmese independence. britain was also in fighting the burmese president to britain. -- inviting the burmese president to britain. do you think it is impropeis ape brit to invite him? -- do you think it is appropriate to invite him?
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>> if you want to succeed, we have to recognize that we need the regime to be in favor of that reform and to be in favor of that reform and some engagement between britain and the burmese regime is one way to help. >> afterwards, lords and m p's jostled to get any picture. the power structure has taken her to its heart. >> the lady in london. you are watching "bbc world news america," south correa i try to make trash into treasure -- as south korea is trying to make trash into treasure. there is political uncertainty in pakistan tonight after a judge issued an arrest warrant for the man picked to become the next prime minister. the warrant is linked to a case involving the illegal importation of a drug while he
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was a minister. this comes after the current prime minister was fired by the supreme court earlier this week. >> one minute, he was named as the preferred candidate to be proud minister, the next thing you know, is facing arrest. the award was issued related to his time as the health minister and linked to the importing of a drug that can be used to produce narcotics. makhdoom shahabuddin reacted with a line of verse. these new wins only blow to make us fire. this does present his party with a new dilemma. -- these new winds only blow to make us fly higher.
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since the pakistani president enjoys immunity, there is no case to answer. he says that this case is purely politically motivated and a way to destabilize the government and the democratic system. there are some that are rejoicing at his downfall. other members of the party are facing scrutiny as well. there are others who see both this removal and the arrest warrant against his predecessor as indication of the courts carrying out a vendetta against the ruling party. the suspicion that the army is pulling the strings of the judges and once again interfering in pakistani politics is ever present. >> right now, world leaders are gathered in rio to try to hammer out a strategy which will foster sustainable development, but many countries are already
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putting green policies into practice. four years ago, south korea launched a new initiative of freeing growth. as our correspondent reports, the results are sprouting up in unusual places. >> it does not look like the second industrial revolution but to south korea, this is muck masquerading as money. this is kickstarting a new economy. this is all part of a massive national green growth plan to change the way this trillion dollars economy works. from here, you can see right across sold, all the way down the river. -- you can see right across seoul. this park is built on top of 120 meters of rubbish. this vast landfill dump is now a
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public park, and filled with bicycle paths, gas pipes snaking down into the trash beneath. if we were to let these into the atmosphere, the plant manager told me, it would pollute the environment, but we're using them to heat buildings and reducing pollution. at the same time, we are saving money by using these landfill gas is pentode -- landfill gases. they are developing new grain exports and demand for new products at home. -- they're developing new green exports. this steel, electronics, and other companies are spending billions of dollars investing in new technologies. >> in the past, green and growth
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were opposing ideas, but now the government and the private sector think that this could provide a whole new dynamic industry. the problem is is that there is not an easy way to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions without hitting production or profits. >> green and growth in not always fit together. the current trade expo being held with its aquariums and solar panels was meant to embody green growth. the reality is that south korea still relies on the first industrial revolution to make its money. then again, it has already pulled off one miracle in the past two years, no wonder people are watching carefully. >> now, to a magazine which is known for its creative and sometimes controversial covers. for decades, "the new yorker"
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cartoons have been amusing and sometimes during the controversy. for all of those on the cover, there are many more that cannot make the cut. they have been collected in a new book. >> i work with cartoonists and i try to come up with a funny images that capture things happening around us. in order to do that, i half to do the really difficult part which is to choose one out of the many. >> how many images have you rejected? >> 5000-10,000 rejections. >> oh, my god, this is terrible. i will not be able to sleep at night. we should go through this submission. >> the blown covers, the covers that you were never meant to
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see, is actually all of the images that i gathered week after week. i actually love the one on the cover. it was around the time where there was a scandal about the abuse in the catholic church. i went to a bunch of editors and i started to think, well, it does not work. you laughed, and of story. but the pope has nothing to do with marilyn monroe. i gave up. hear, this is about diet coke and mentos. i was trying to figure out what happens when you put these into colo. it explodes. this was addressing the fact that we live in constant fear of
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terrorist attacks. we went around the office, they tried to see how many of our colleagues were even aware of the phenomenon of diet coke and mentos. a substantial portion knew that this was a generational reference. every image is a roszak test. is this where americans bring their cultural values wherever they go or is this an allegory of a very backward country and that is the meaningful element? that is what cartoonist's do, they actually distill a multitude of information into a few lines. the power of those lines is unmatched by any thing.
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>> she has incredibly difficult job of deciding which card is not to put on the cover of the "new yorker." remember, you can get updates on our website anytime on any of our stories. for all of us here, thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity.
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and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los aeles.
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