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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 11, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's o andun and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship manage work hard to know your business. offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. and major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that is why we are supplying cleaner burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news" america. anger over austerity erupts on the streets of spain's capital as the government announces it is cutting even deeper. saying he is sorry, six months after the costa concordia
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wrecked off the coast of italy, the captain is now speaking out with an analogy. ♪ >> and the rolling stones hit golden status. 50 years after the gig, their sound is still going strong. >> we welcome our viewers who have joined us on pbs in america and around the globe. today austerity measures in spain brought violent protests. miners fed up with the cuts marched on madrid and clashed with police. demonstrators threw stones and firecrackers, and police responded with rubber bullets. it came as the government announced more stringent
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measures to help the country's big leaguered banks. here is our report. >> on the streets of madrid today, protestors clashed with police. some threw stones. among the crowd, spanish miners protesting cuts to government subsidies. there is a reaction to government cuts not only in the mining sector, but the government is taxing more and spends less. these people believe that is not the answer to the problem. some have traveled a long way to bring their message to the capital. >> some of these have, walked from the mines in far north spain. in these towns, running battles between the miners and police. the miners weapons,
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firecrackers. they have looked like a rebel army. the government says it can't afford to pay large subsidies to a small sector of the economy. the prime minister addressed the m.p.'s. >> we find ourselves in an extraordinarily urgent situation, and we need to correct it. the cost to pay our debt is 7%, and the sacrifices of the spanish are to pay this. >> the a.t. will increase to a maximum of 21%. unemployment benefits will be reduced after someone has been out of work for six months. and christmas bonuses will be suspended for public sector workers. but some still believe the government has not gone far enough. >> will this be nuri to reasure the market? >> i think not. i think it has come too late in the year. i think the markets are going to remain skeptical about the
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general situation in spain. >> there are regular protests in spain, but violence is rare. the unions say soon there will be more demonstrations. many people will be worse off after reforms, and there is growing discontent. what spain needs is growth in its economy. >> a brief time ago i spoke to tom in madrid for more on where the situation is heading next. >> the miners were protesting about subsidies being removed from their industry. but what we saw in madrid was something more. they have tapped to a wider public disquiet? >> you are right. the miners have come to symbolize more than the subsidies for the mining sector. the government says the mining sector in spain only employs 4,000 people, and they have gotten billions of euros over the years of they have come to
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symbolize more. they are a section of spain backed by unions, which have fed into what has been a sort of symbol over the last three weeks of a reaction against the government's reforms, the austerity measures, the reduction in spending and the increases in taxes which we are seeing today. >> with all those things going on, with the increases in taxes, cuts in unemployment, how much anger is there in spain generally, and should the prime minister be worried about losing support? >> spain is generally a land of peaceful protests. they are very good at it and well organized. there isn't violence on the streets normally. today we did see some of that. it was fairly limited, and the police reacted relatively strongly to it. at the same time of course, underneath that, there are a lot of people unhappy about public money and now eurozone
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money going into spanish pangs to shore them up. a lot of people are employed by the public sector. it is a fairly big public sector, and therefore, more and more people are losing out as the government decides to take away christmas bonuses and reduce benefits. there are more and more people as these reforms come into play, and on top of that, the unemployment, about one in four people here don't have a job, and therefore a lot of people are worse off. they don't have much money in their pockets. when you cut more public services and raise taxes, the sales tax here has gone up, it is controversial, and a lot of people are going to be unhappy. >> tom, thank you for joining us. in yemen's capital today, a suicide bomber killed at least 10 people. dozens more were injured when the bomber threw himself into a crowd of several hundred police cadets, mostly teenagers.
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the attacker survived the explosion, but died later in the hospital. now to syria, where that country's ambassador to iraq has defected. the first diplomat to defect the regime. it has made no request to russia. kofi annan said president al-assad has discussed political transition with him. there is a lot more going on. i am joined by a distinguished scholar from the wood row wilson program. kofi annan said president al-assad had discussed transitional government and even offered up a name. is this progress? >> no. because i think president al-assad understands that any political transition means he is going to be out of a job or worse. i think this is buying time, juggling, shuffling options to
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try to create the the sense that the al-assads are ready for transition. but i don't think that is going to enter the mill right now. >> so you can discuss transition by saying it is not going to happen? >> sure. the president has supporters in the country. once this shifts to the political arena, it seems it is going to be just as difficult to ease the al-assads out of power. the bottom line i think is this. there has been too much blood for a diplomatic solution with the al-assad's, but horrifically, not enough blood to make it work. there is no diplomacy that is going to work and no military option. events are in the saddle, and they ride mankind. the question is, is there something on the ground that could change the equation? that is where we need to be looking. the russians are not prepared
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yet, although they may be moving toward this, to abandon the al-assads. could the option secure enough territory to demand a free saria? two, some level of violence that goes well beyond what we have seen so far that would prompt the great powers to intercede? that would be another. >> let's talk about this on the ground. kofi annan has come back saying there is an invigorated peace plan starting with the areas of most bloodshed and expanding. is that viable? >> well, it is viable if they are prepared to accept it, and they understand that any thing like that means the departure of the al-assads. 12,000 to 14,000 people were dead. we bombed bosnia only to cut a deal ultimately with milosevic.
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i don't think that is the deal here. dictators are falling like domino's in the arab spring. i don't think with al-assad there is going to be a political transition. >> we are going to have to leave it there. thank you for joining us. >> pleasure. >> now to britain, where a businessman has been charged with multiple counts of fraud over a device he sold as a bomb detector to around 20 countries, including iraq. the problem is the device could not work, and the government responded by banning its export to both iraq and afghanistan. caroline has the latest developments. >> this is how the so-called bomb detector with sold, with extraordinary claims about how it could detect the use of explosives powered only by static electricity. and it didn't come cheap. iraq, one of the biggest
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customers, suspend $85 million on them at a cost of around $$40,000 each. they are still used at checkpoints today. jim runs a security company based in the west of eek land. filmed by the bbc in 2009, mr. mccormick claimed these cards are the key to how the device works, and they can detect everything from explosives to dollar bills and ivory. >> in ideal conditions you can be up to con kilometer away. >> a kilometer? so this card will help this device spot explosives a kilometer away? >> under ideal conditions, correct. >> after a string of deadly bombs in baghdad, we began investigating the device which he said he has sold to some 20 countries around the world. in early 2010 we managed to obtain a set of his special
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cards and brought them to cambridge university's computer laboratory to analyze them for us. >> nothing to program in these cards. there is no memory, no micro controller. these are shop theft prevention cards. >> nothing there to detect t.n.t.? >> absolutely not. >> we told the the results of our investigation, and it immediately banned export to iraq and afghanistan. now after a long and complex vesks, jim has been charged. >> he will face six charges under the fraud act of 2006. three counts of halves under his control a device under fraud, and three counts of manufacturing a device knowing it was designed to be used in a fraud. >> he will appear in court on thursday.
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"bbc news." >> it has been almost since months since the costa concordia ran aground and 32 people died. today the captain of the wrecked cruise liner apologized and asked for forgiveness. in his first full television interview, he said he had been distracted by a phone call when the vast ship struck a reef off an italian island, and that he thinks constantly about the victims of the disaster. matthew price reports. >> it still lies stricken, the rusting reminder of a the -- reminder of the failures of a captain and his officers. now the man in charge of the costa concordia that night has finally said he is sorry. >> when there's an extent, it is not just the ship that is identified, or the company. the captain is identified. so it is natural that i should apologize as a representative of this system, to everybody. >> that most likely won't be
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enough foe those who were on board. they have spoken of a lacrosse of instructions -- of a lack of instructions from the crew. the captain had already gone. the coast guard at the time was furious with him. >> what does the captain now think of his actions? >> am i at peace with what did i? yes. accepting what happened? no. but one has to be strong enough to live with it. >> and what of the victims? he was asked about a 5-year-old who died. >> i don't want to talk about it. >> i have to ask, says the reporter. >> this is a question that destroys me, he said. it is terrible.
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let it go. >> it was clear, alongside the ship back in january, that this disaster never should have happened. now the captain has admitted exactly that. matthew price, "bbc news." >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come on tonight's program. going strong for half a century, we look at the enduring appeal of the rolling stones as the band celebrates its golden anniversary. >> it was europe's worst massacre since world war ii, and 17 years later, thousands gathered in srebrenica. now they face war crimes trial at the hagelin. >> 17 years have
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the people here still bear the pain of what happened here in the summer of 1995. today they gathered once again with 520 coffins prepared for burial. the coffins contained the remains of newly identified victims, mainly exhumed from remote unmarked mass graves. >> my father is lying here. i can't believe it. i can't believe my father is in this coffin. it is impossible. i cannot accept that. i can't. >> bosnia has declared july 11 a day of mourning. among those taking part in today's service was a new york rabbi who survived the hall cost -- holocaust. >> we must acknowledge that for the rest of the world, we, too, share in its shame.
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for just as this was a crime committed against all humanity, i emphasize, it was a crime allowed by all humanity. >> the emotion is still raw and the memories fresh. more than 5,000 victims of the massacre have been laid to rest. and today as bass north korean television closed its coverage of the anniversary, the names were remembered. "bbc news." >> aging populations are presenting numerous challenges in country around the globe. in south korea it has meant a shrinking work force. in response, a push is made to get mothers back into jocks. but as our report from seoul
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says, it is harder than it sounds. >> she doesn't look like a woman about to go into battle, but this government sponsored class is a response that will pit her against some of the south korea's most entrenched cultural values. she is looking for a job, and one that will allow her to see her 3-year-old son. >> i need to work around my son's schedule. he goes to nursery, but there is a limit how long he can stay there. the companies are looking for people who work until 9:00 or 10:00 p.m. at night, so it is hard to find a job that works for me. >> less than half of south korea's work force females are ememployed. the government is keen to get more mother's working. it needs the taxes to pay for its aging population and expanding welfare. but south korea's stubbornly long working hours are only one part of the problem. long working hours aren't only
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for grown ups. academic achievement is a national vocation here, and as the saying goes, a big part of south korea's academic success is down to the so-called helicopter mom, who hovers over her children every night, something the government would like to change. >> the reason south korea's education and manpower quality is so high is because of the support children get from mothers at home. it is important to have shorter working hours, not just for women, but men, too, so they can be there to help bring up the kids. >> shorter working hours, higher minimum wage and being more flexible could help mothers get to work, but it could cost companies work, and in this climate, many businesses find that idea
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unattractive. >> but as its aging population starts to grow, south korea faces a choice between its economic health and its corporate culture, and this simple choice may end up changing more. "bbc news," seoul. >> now, if you were to carry out a survey of which was the greatest rock 'n roll band of all time, the rolling stones would undoubtedly be somewhere on that list, and the most successful as well. tomorrow they celebrate an amazing anniversary. 50 years ago, on july 12, 1962, the stones played their first gig at the marquee club in london. their music is still giving satisfaction to millions around the globe. sorry about that. what gives them the staying power? i spoke to the chair of the music department at the university of rochester, and talked to him about that sound.
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professor, thank you for joining us. what do you think is the secret of the lasting pearl of the stones? half a century. >> it is really fantastic and pretty exceptional in the history of rock music that any group should survive maybe three or four years at the top of the charts. we can think of a senden right off the bat, the stopes, the beetles, bruce springsteen, people like that. but most grooms fall from favor after three or four years and end up sort of on the oldies circuit. but the rolling stones have somehow been able to reinvigorate themselves and their music. they have been able to adjust their sound and approach to the times. maybe part of it is because so much of what they traded in was a connection to the blues, that maybe when you are a blues influenced musician, the fact that you are growing older doesn't seem as inawe authentic as it does to a pop musician.
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>> i am glad you brought up the blues. their genius in the beginning was taking on the black music and selling it back to white people in huge amounts. do you think it is still relevant? >> i do. the blues, jazz and folk are more relevant. blues has a way of touching our past, our roots, and it doesn't seem as transient as some of the pop styles do. that is one of the keys, as i said before, to their enduring quality. at the heart of it is something that is built to endure and kind of like a wine or something, getting better with age. >> even the songs from back in the day, songs like satisfaction, or get off my cloud, real 60's anthems. >> it is true, and they endure we with grooms like the beetles, the byrds or jimmy hen
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drism. they have become cultural icons in their own right. >> i read keith richards autobiography last year, and it is a surprise he stayed alive. what kept them going? >> i think they have just wanted to continue playing music and continue working. what other choice is there? we all think it would be great to sit on the beach in an expensive beach home, but after a couple of weeks of that, if you are someone who plays music for a living, you really want to get back into it. i think that is why they keep coming back to it. i never believe stories that the rolling stones are about to retire. i just don't believe it. >> they will outlast everything. thank you very much for joining us. >> my pleasure. thanks for having me. >> now to some stones that have been standing a bit longer. they are one of the most popular tourist attractions in
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the world. now work has begun on a $42 million project to upgrade stone hedge. as louise reports, the proposed visitor center isn't sitting well with everyone. >> is his one -- it is one of the world's most recognizable landmarks. for more than 5,000 years, the mystery of this stone circle has drawn visitors in. today they are experience begins here, straight off a busy road and into basic facilities. and once you are at the site, the 8344 slices straight through what was the ancient ceremonial route up to the stones. >> very surprised at how close the roads are. >> at the end of the day, people do need access to the site. but i think the road noise maybe is a bit detrimental to
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the experience of it. >> this has been here for a long time. why does it take as long as 30 or 40 years to do something about it? >> and angel litsch heritage is unveiling plans to turn back home, to close the road to traffic and return the monument to a more serene landscape. the question is why has it taken so long? change was promised in the 1980's, when stone helping became a world heritage site. >> the decision was made to improve the presentation and the setting at the place. we have finally got there. >> work will begin shortly and is expected to be completed by summer of 2014. english heritage is hoping any disruption will be outwead by future benefits.
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"bbc news." >> having visited there a couple of times, i can tell you that you really get that special atmosphere just being around the stones, despite the fact there is a major road next door. i hope that many of you get the chance to visit it. that brings an end to our show. visit our website, and check out our twitter feed at bbcnews us. for all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at union bank, our
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relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do y forou? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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