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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 5, 2013 6:00pm-6:30pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and
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capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm laura trevelyan. back to timbuktu, the people of mali make their way home and those who were driven out may return as well. and the government oversaw laws the detained women, making them work for decades. but still, no laws -- apologies from the state.
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and given survivors back one precious memory at a time. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also of around the globe. in molly tonight, soldiers from france and chad have entered the last stronghold of the rebels in the country as they gradually hand over control of the country, some fear the rebels will return. here is a report from the liberated city of timbuktu. >> beyond remote, isolated villages outside timbuktu. the fight across the river here a few days ago, rushing into the
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sara to escape the french military. people are trickling back toward timbuktu. one person had for months in the countryside. >> i heard the french had come, and now we feel safe. but i want them to say -- stay. the local chief has just been informed that most of the soldiers here will be gone in the next few days. >> we know some of the rebels are staying nearby. if the french leave, they could come back. yes, we are scared. >> the french are pulling out of areas like this in order to focus their attention for their no. into the mountains, close to the algerian border. that is where sumps are hiding in with french hostages.
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it leaves the villagers living rather exposed. nearby, we find the malian army. hill disciplined and out for revenge. -- pill-disciplined and out for revenge. in the meantime, the french are .till on another key northern town taken today, but the focus will soon shift back to the chaos and uncertainty left in their wake. andrew harding, timbuktu. >> and now to the memo that shows the u.s. government's role for when drone attacks can be launched to kill american citizens. the justice department that the government does not need evidence that a specific attack is imminent. more lenient standards then
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publicly known for drug -- drone attacks. here is steve kingston. and under what exact circumstances will the u.s. government authorized the killing of an american citizen abroad? but the answers are here. it is a 16-page memo written by the lawyers of the justice department, as requested by congress. it is a document that is not strictly classified, but it was not meant to become public. what these lawyers do here is justified is targeted killing of american citizens who have worked with or parts of al qaeda and expense various groups. that is the justification if they pose a an immense threat to america. it provides a very elastic definition of what is an imminent threat. you do not need to know this is a bit of who, what, where, and when of a particular plot
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against america. it is enough for these individuals to be linked to al qaeda because of a continuing threat against america. >> popeyes ybarra alice responded to the release of this memo? >> -- how how's the white house responded to the release of this memo? >> the white house, as you can imagine, has said that it is legally sound i pointed to a few high-profile individuals on this policy. they use the justification that the warfare against al qaeda is different than conventional warfare. this is the way the president's spokesman jay carney put it at the briefing earlier today. in general with al qaeda, senior leadership is in a continual process of plotting against american citizens and against the united states. that is fairly irrefutable.
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what you also have is the authorization for the use of military force by congress. >> the implications of this art? >> there are various indications. legal implications, legal challenges from the aclu about this particular policy. it has called this document "@ chilling. but the most imminent ramification is political. the architect and the custodian of the drones policy has been john brennan, the president's chief counter-terrorism advisor, and now his nominee to head the cia. it is no coincidence that this is week two days before his senate confirmation hearing. i think he will be pressed to provide further details. >> do we know how many citizens abroad have been killed? experts -- >> the highest profile with the u.s.-born cleric lean to to al qaeda in yemen. he and his son died in from
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starbucks in 2011. -- in the drone strikes in 2011. >> in other news ketsana -- in other news, hough an official investigation has found that an australian and canadian to be among the trees -- the three suspects behind the bombing in israel in 2011. it could be behind the effort to brand hezbollah a terrorist organization. hezbollah has denied being in the attack. the strike began six days ago, protesting over employment rights. they said they would defy the decree. they will set -- they will spend 10 years in prison unless they go back to work wednesday morning the u.s., has gone to work against the
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standard and poor's. accusing the firm of deliberately playing down their risks of investing in mortgage support -- mortgage-backed securities. the standard imports denies any wrongdoing. the red carpet was rolled out for the arrival of president mahmoud ahmadinejad. the three-day visit marks the first of and running and leave your -- an iranian leader to cairo in decades. for more on those developments, i spoke a brief time ago with a senior associate of the carnegie endowment for international peace. why the warm welcome, this embrace even, for president ahmadinejad? >> it is significant. there was a wonderful egyptian president who once said the only two real nation states in the middle east are egypt and iran
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and the rest are just tribes with flights. it is significant -- with flags. it is significant that an iranian leader is visiting egypt for the first time in decades. and with the fall of hosni mubarak in egypt, the new government there has a somewhat different feel. they are looking more internal. their politics are much more in line with islamic politics of iran. and they are less beholden to u.s. policy. i do not think there will be an incredibly friendly relationship between egypt and iran. but what we are starting to see is some relationship between the two. >> but don't they have a very different idea about the civil war in syria? gregg's they absolutely do. they do not in line see eye to eye on many issues. in the west, we call it the arab
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spring. the iranian leadership call that an islamic awakening. they have a very civil philosophy, witches witches thad is -- which is that which is bad for the u.s. is good for the iran states. whether or not they're very friendly with iran is beside the point, because egypt is going to be less friendly with the u.s. >> a new date will finally be set on the talks with iran posing nuclear program. how will those talks turn out? respects a long distance to go before the -- >> there is a long distance to go before the two sides can meet half way. the sanctions of iran have taken a toll. i have not seen a signed so far -- the main person that signed off on these issues, that he is on
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the verge of making any compromise. >> have the attacks on iran receded? gregg's after the election of president obama -- >> after the election of president obama, it is clear that the u.s. is in the driver's seat, not israel. many people said 2013 would be a decisive year in iran policy. either we will get a deal or there will be a war. president obama would like to avoid a military conflagration. i'm not sure they will bear fruit, but it will not be a year of war. >> today, and exports -- expert panel for held about ireland should be legally responsible for workhouses the subject of teenage girls two years of imprisonment, and abuse. the houses operated with our
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punishment for years. the survivors are seeking a comprehensive akashi from the irish state pier -- comprehensive apology from the ivers stake. >> these buildings were known as laundries and workhouses. but to those locked inside, they were prisons. for seven decades, they weren't places where so-called "-- they were places where so-called "fallen within" and "troubled girls" were held. but there were simply held against this derica will and forced to work. -- against their will and forced to work. >> no one even knew we were held behind these walls. the pain will go to the grave with me. devastates me so much for the simple reason that when that dark -- the door was locked from i was never coming out again. >> some more girls judge to be
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at risk of promiscuity. run by nuns, they were presented to the public as a place that they could>> these buildings wee teachings of the catholic church. today's report has questioned not just the morality of what has happened here, but it has made clear that there was some direct involvement in the laundry. >> i regret very much at the stigma attached. >> the country's prime minister was challenged to apologize. he chose his words carefully. >> the stigma, the branding together of all of the 10,000 residents needs to be removed. it should have been removed long before this. i am sorry that never happened. >> this is relatively recent history. it all happen between the 1920's and 1990's. they have been fighting for, grant -- compensation. but what is most important is an official apology.
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and the acknowledgement by the irish premier of what took place behind these doors. >> the word "sari" may have been used in the irish parliament today, but for those affected and their families, it was not enough. >> he is our taoiseach of the irish people. that is not an apology. we're calling for a separate apology. >> someone in daud in the institutions where they were held. and many never lived to see proper recognition of their suffering. campaigners and says that today's report has fallen short of bringing the victims justice. -- campaigners insist that today's report has fallen short of bringing the victims justice. >> still to come, british lawmakers vote overwhelmingly in favor of a bill to legalize same-sex marriage. this paves the way for weddings in the future.
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>> he may not be a household name, but as lead singer of the band of the trucks, his songs have been heard at a worldwide. they became part of the british invasion of america, spurred by the b list and the rolling stone spirit -- by the beatles and the rolling stones. here is more. >> ♪ while thain you make by harnessing ♪ >> it has been a rock classic for close to half a century. even though it had been recorded in 1965, it was the version the following year that may depend an international hit.
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it made the band and a lead singer into stars. initially, the song was far from being one of their favorite. >> with wild thing, we just came up with these three accords. it was probably the biggest record we ever did. >> in the 1990's, a cover of their hit "love is all around" brockman band back into public view. -- brought the band back into public view. it also gave them a new lease on life. >> ♪ i feel it in my fingers ♪ i feel it in my chosen \ >> during an 2012 and only stopping because of being diagnosed with lung cancer. he passed away surrounded by his family.
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>> and now to get a marriage, an issue that has fuelled controversy in many countries. today, with british lawmakers to enter the debate. the house of commons voted overwhelmingly in favor of legalization. but despite david cairns insistence that same-sex marriage would make society's rubber, many of his conservative colleagues argued that it -- would make a society strong work, many of his colleagues that are conservative argued that it would be too controversial. are there any further hurdles to gay marriage in parliament? >> yes, this was just the first up in which the lower house, the house of commons has voted in principle in favor of gay marriage. by pretty whopping majority, and therefore, it is unlikely you will see anything other
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happening. but there are other steps in the house of commons and in the house of lords in which those who oppose gay marriage are going to turn to legal guarantees, to the church, and to those who do not agree with the concept of a marriage, but fear that it will be imposed on them legally. it is not the end of it. >> how about the attitude of religious organizations? >> they are still opposing this. there are one or two organizations, the quakers for example, liberal synagogues for example, who have said that they do want to have gay marriages in their institutions. but the vast majority of religious organizations still say oppose gay marriage. and the government has said that is fine. the law will not impose a marriages on you.
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there will be no question of you being forced to do it. of the guarantees have not been enough to convince the catholic church, the church of england, the muslim council of great britain and others to say, ok, that is fine, go ahead. that is one of the reasons there was a pretty huge rebellion in the governing conservative party today. more conservative mps voted against this proposal then in favor. it was only possible for it to get past because there was an effective alliance between the labor party and the opposition and less than half of the conservative party, and also the governing liberal democrats as well. whatever the results politically, this is a real headache for a prime minister who thought this was possibly an easy win to look like a modern, open, younger sort of prime minister and now finds himself at war with a large part of his own party.
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>> what does this say about how much in england and wales have changed? >> it is a dramatic change. i saw the report that i did for the bbc tonight. i dug through the archives at the bottom by producers did. 45 years ago when for the first time it was decided that the doctor, such road you would not be illegal, it pictured a -- it featured moving pictures of young men dancing together. it looked like nothing. it looked like a school disco. but the commentary laws, many people will find the side of this, then dancing with men, disgusting. there has been a vast transformation in social attitudes. what has been striking in today's debate, very few people have argued that there should be no legal recognition of gay partnerships. the argument was, really, do you stick with what britain parton -- what britain currently has, which is legal partnerships, or
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do you go the full way and go with equal marriage. >> how times have changed. thank you. in an update to the story we brought you yesterday, there seems to be a fight to bring over the remains of king richard iii. someone is making a formal request of the keene -- of the queen, the man who found the skeleton some say his remains should remain in leicester. and to the aftermath of super storm sandy. more than three months after the wind and rain reached destruction, thousands of families are still coming to grips with the scale of the loss. precious photographs are among the possessions that many said they have lost forever. thanks to the worker operation
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photo rescue, those images could be restored. >> i have a house fire during the hurricane. the photos for the most part were lost. i was able to rescue three roles from a study abroad trip to australia, as well as a couple of pictures of the house about was burned. this weekend, we are working with a great group of volunteers called operation frodo rescue to replace those photos the were damaged by sandy. >> the images will be looked at to see if they are salvageable. then they are brought to the lead managing loud, where the team will organize and then photograph them. then they are uploaded to a server where they go online and people all around the world will be doing these four sharp restoration's.
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-- photoshop restoration's. and then the company offers the printing. it goes from the real world and to the virtual world back to the real world. >> it does not matter where you live. you can connect with a person. you can to get a family photo has been damaged and you want to help them. >> i came here today to save some of my dad's photos. my favorite one was just about walking out of a building with a bunch of volunteers that have gone ahead of him. in his mid 40's coming down, full of energy. you could feel the spring in his step prepared now he's got parkinson's. [crying] 9 >> when you work with fourchon
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and use alesi -- and you slowly ca photo emerging from the mildew and the damage, it is likely discovery people's memories. >> one of the photographs i found was of a pet parakeet that i used to have. he loved to fly around the rim and land on my father-in-law's head, and then creep around and on his eyeglasses. -- landed on his eye glasses. when you care about those that came before, you realize that one picture can tell a story. >> no matter how damaging a photo is, people love them. where able to restore -- when we are able to restore them, in a way, we are giving them their memories back. >> the work being done there by operation photo rescue, to help
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the victims of super storm sandy. that brings to day forecast to a close. -- today's forecast to a close. for all of us here at the world news america, thank you for watching in please tune in tomorrow. and i'm laura trevelyan. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? bbc wo ng aented by kcet, loselrl presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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