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tv   Tavis Smiley  PBS  October 24, 2013 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering
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specialized solutions in capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america tikka reporting from washington, i'm kathy k. washington risks the trust of its allies. the white house refuses that it has monitored angela merkel's cell phone. these men are patrolling egypt's streets. their aim is to stop the number of assaults and harassment of women. >> they are doing the job the authorities should be doing. the police are looking the other way. he captured some of music's
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greatest stars. a photographer with a front row seat to history. >> welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. she is one of the most powerful women in the world, and tonight, the wrath of angela merkel is aimed straight at america. the white house will not deny that it has monitored her cell phone calls in the past, and admits that resident obama is now in an awkward situation. the u.s. ambassador to berlin was summoned to explain exactly what is going on. it was perhaps appropriate today that angela merkel's car had a double 07 license plate.
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>> this is not about me. it's about every citizen. need to have trust in our allies and partners, and this trust now has to be rebuilt. so i say again, spying on friends is unacceptable. >> one of her senior ministers summed up the mood carried it cannot be business as usual with the americans. -- mood. they cannot be business as usual with the markings. -- americans. security was an issue. she attended a technology fair and held up a phone. it was said to have an encryption device in it to be more secure. today the german foreign minister took the unprecedented staff of summoning the american ambassador in berlin to demand a comprehensive explanation.
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senior european officials such as the eu commissioner for the internal market spoke of trust being broken. , between is enough friends, between allies. we need trust, we need confidence. shaken.ce has been >> david cameron arrived, and chose to say nothing. the situation here is delicate, with some questioning the relationship between britain's intelligence agency and america's nsa. the french and the germans met to coordinate their response, while the white house refused to say whether ms. merkel's phone had been monitored in the past, but promised a review. way that reviewing the we gather intelligence to ensure that we properly balance the security concerns of our citizens and allies with privacy concerns all people share. here that theust
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american administration is under pressure. there are questions about how many other world world leader's --ls are under severe it's surveillance. there are questions about french phone calls as well as communications from this very building. what is still unclear is how far europe will take its outrage. there are leaders wondering a postponement of vital trade talks -- wanting a postponement of vital trade talks. those -- there are those who warn of a transatlantic drift. with the chief washington correspondent for "the new york times." ins is being taken seriously europe, particularly in berlin. how concerned are they at the white house about the fallout from these allegations? >> pretty concerned. the question is, are they
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concerned about what they were doing, or are they concerned about the fact that what they were doing was revealed? there is nothing new about allies and friends spying on each other. the united states has done this for a long time with israel and vice versa. it has gone on with france in both directions. germany was a little bit of a different kind of case, because the german intelligence services have worked so closely with the united states on counterterrorism, on iran in particular. a lot of what the u.s. and the rest of the world has learned about the iranian nuclear program has been thanks to cooperative operations with german intelligence. this is a particularly difficult one for them to take. >> my sense from the white house is that while american diplomats may have shrugged off the french outrage earlier this week, they are more concerned about upsetting angela merkel like this. >> that's right.
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in france's case, there has been a lot of spying on the united states, particularly on industrial targets. i was traveling with president french and we were in a hotel. the secret service slipped under everyone's door, be careful about leaving your cell phones or computers around. france is in a different category. in the case of germany, there's been discussions about whether germany should have the same kind of deal that the united states has with britain and australia and new zealand and canada, which is an agreement that they don't spy on each other and they work cooperatively. >> what are the possible repercussions of this? angela merkel saying this has risked the trust of germany. >> it has, but a decade ago, so did the revelation of the echelon plan.
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the relationships will recover, as they will never be quite much trust. the idea of a german chancellor holding up her cell phone and announcing she has upgraded to an encrypted model raises questions. why do you need to do that, and why hasn't she had an encrypted cell phone for some number of years? >> the u.s. defense has always been that everyone else is doing it, but this is a question of scale. >> it is a question of scale. extraordinarily good at this and can do it in places and ways we have not believed before. >> thank you for coming in. today authorities may have taken one step closer in finding the true parents of maria, the blonde girl found living with a couple in greece. police have questioned a ball gary and couple who have come forward and are carrying out dna bulgarian couple who
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have come forward and are carrying out dna tests. >> could they be the missing link? they claim the little girl increase could be theirs. -- in greece could be theirs. one of their daughters seems certain. she is askedmaria, by a journalist. yes, she is my sister. the mother is post the same question. i don't know if she's mine. because i could not care for her. some of the children bear a striking resemblance to little maria, found in a roman community in central greece last week. she is still in the care of a charity. reports say the couple gave birth to a girl herein greece in
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2009 in a city close to where maria was found last week. it said that they sold the child before returning to bulgaria. there have been previous allegations of the sales of babies. they have been charged with abduction. they remain in custody, awaiting trial. the dna results will be known in the coming hours. as the wait goes on to solve the mystery of maria. mark lowen, bbc news, athens. >> a story that seems to get sadder and stranger every day. a u.s. defense official says that two american sailors have been kidnapped by pirates in the gulf of guinea. the mariners were on board the u.s. oil supply ship see retriever when the pirates attacked. they are the ship fast captain and chief engineer. -- ship's captain and chief
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engineer. have been october, we running a special series on the challenges faced by women in the 21st century. it will culminate in a full day of discussion at the bbc headquarters in london on friday. tonight we focus on the epidemic of sexual violence in egypt. according to a recent united nations study, nine out of 10 egyptian women may have experienced sexual harassment. since the overthrow of mubarak in 2011, assaults have increased or medically. there is -- dramatically. there is still little hope of justice. handing out the taser's, volunteers get ready to patrol the streets of cairo. >> if you resist, says mohammed, we know how we're going to deal with him.
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we join his group, called harass the harassers. these fallen tears say they are on the streets patrolling because they have no choice. -- volunteers say they are on the streets patrolling because they have no choice. the police are looking the other way. they say they are ready for violence if necessary. minutes later, they surround an alleged attacker and restrain him and a headlock. guilty or innocent, he is publicly humiliated. i am a harasser is stenciled on his back. but most of the worst attacks have happened under cover of darkness, during political protests. this was june 30. two terrified women were rescued here.
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activists say there were 46 mob assaults that night. >> these were pictures taken from the demonstration. rescuee was no one to the freelance journalist when she was taking pictures last january. >> all of a sudden am i saw myself -- i saw myself in a huge circle of men who were attacking every inch of my body. i thought i was going to die. i thought i was going to die, because they were very aggressive. at a certain point, i fainted because one of them was trying to strangle me with a scarf that was around my neck. is there, and it is encouraging all the molesters to go because they can get along with it. >> when molesters may feel encouraged by ultraconservative --rics
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this tv channel has now been shut down. are ready to blame the victims. the police are presenting a more concerned face, parading officers from a new unit set up to tackle violence against women. with next to no prosecution, victims fear this is a token gesture. bbc news, cairo. the challenges and violence faced by women in egypt. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come, a striking picture. monarchs.d future the royal family has published official photographs. the authorities in portugal have reopened their investigation into the disappearance of madeleine mccann, who went
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missing more than six years ago. police say they have new lines of inquiry. tom borge reports from portugal. portuguesers ago, police announced they had done all they possibly could to find her. the case was officially closed. tonight, they are back on board. detectives say they review events. the reopening of the investigation means there are new leads, new paths which were not exploited. now the judicial police will undertake a new inquiry. >> i couldn't make it out. >> the recent reconstruction on "crimewatch" had led to more than 3000 calls from the public. several have given a name to the
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photos of a man british police have identified as a potential suspect. it has been made clear that the two forces will work together and share all the information they gather. >> i think we have gotten very good collaborations between the portuguese police. i hope it will enable a resolution of this terrible thing that happened to the mccann family. statement, they welcomed the decision to reopen the inquiry. we hope this will finally lead to her being found, and to the discovery of whoever is responsible for this crime. more than six years after she went missing, the efforts to find out what happened to this little girl appear more extensive now than when she first disappeared. >> it is hard to think of
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something more modern than social media. tweets, texts, vines. they are so now. or are they? what if the romans had a constant handle on connectedness? a new book argues that social networks have been going strong for the past 2000 years. i spoke to the author about what he unearthed. tom, we all like to think that social media is a hot new thing. you are suggesting it is as old as the hills. >> i think it goes back at least 2000 years to the time of the romans. that he and his friends and other members of the roman elite were exchanging news and views and passing books and speeches around, recommending things to each other. it all looks very familiar. it is a social media system. >> but they did not have ipads and iphones, did they? >> probably not.
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they had wax tablets, which were the shame -- same shape and size as an iphone. i would scratch a message on it and have a carrier take it across rome, and the recipient would scratch their answer and send it back again. this is one of the samples i found in history where we have what looks like a very familiar social media ecosystem, even though there are not any digital networks. you don't need the internet to do social media. you cite the example of martin luther, and how quickly he managed to get his theses spreading around all of europe. is @martinluther the newest twitter account? see one are things you the internet that say, 95 crazy reasons why -- in luther's case, it was 95 reasons why the catholic church has got it wrong
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on indulgences. he wrote it down in latin, put it up on the church door. people started copying it and sending it to his friends. printers get a hold of it, and it starts to spread even further. within four weeks, everyone in europe is talking about it. the result is the reformation. you could say it was an early example of social media .evolution it is very easy to assume the reason the revolutions happen both then and now is because of the social media. what the social media systems allow you to do is, they allow you to work out that lots of other people, if you're unhappy with the status quo, feel the way you do. some spark sets things moving, suddenly everyone is out on the streets and you can spread the message were quickly. that is what happened with luther, and what we saw happening in the arab spring.
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it is what modern media scholars call synchronization of opinion. it happens in a similar way, even though we are talking about two periods that are 500 years apart. >> the book is "writing on the wall." thank you very much. as the in-house photographer for he capturedords, aretha franklin and bob dylan. his images are collected in a new book. talks was about how he made the most of his backstage pass. >> a lot of what is in the book is stuff you would never see. it is rehearsals. frames of what look iconic, bow or just people hanging around and being musicians. i collaborated on a book of man who was ay a
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wonderful photographer. photographertaff for columbia records from the early 1950's through the 1980's. what they gave him access to was everyone who recorded for columbia at the time. you see by contrast how much rock stars have their guard up now. to he could get bob dylan step out. in hisshooting bob dylan apartment and did not like it. the sun was going down outside. he rushed bob dylan and his girlfriend outdoors. dylan put on a light jacket. you can see that dylan was freezing by the end of this casual session.
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aretha franklin was one of the many people signed to columbia records. they were trying everything. just standards, gospel. she had to go to atlantic records and make her great records with someone else, but he caught this beautiful, .stonishing young woman you see both a young woman, and an artist unfolding before your eyes. photographs of glenn gould are fascinating. he basically withdrew from public view. he stopped giving concerts. he decided the recording studio was where he would perfect his music.
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he must have just gotten him to be a co-conspirator in pictures, rather than someone who was hammer shy. -- camera shy. when you look at this work, you see the history of american music. it's not polaroid, it's not snapshots, it's not the random shots that you or i would get. he was just a guy doing his job, and he did it so well. an extraordinary set of photographs of american music. there are a few more pictures we wanted to share with you. the british royal family published the official photographs taken after yesterday's christening of prince george. the picture of the queen with three future monarchs. her son, her grandson, and her great grandson. it is the first image of its kind since the days of queen victoria. windsor nst, and a
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scale -- dynasty, on a scale we have not seen before. the official photographs were taken shortly after george's baptism yesterday at the chapel royal in st. james's palace. here is the family group. the immediate members of the two families. on one side, the windsors. on the other side, the middletons. the most eye-catching picture is this one of george with his arms in the air and his parents at their most relaxed. from all of them, a sense of relief that the formalities are over. but is this one, the four monarchs, which continually be said to have historic significance. willing for the queen, who
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have a sense of who will follow her so far into the future, and tangible proof of the continuity that a system of hereditary monarchy offers. the only other comparable photograph was taken more than a century ago. it showed another long-lived queen, victoria, with the future kings edward the seventh, george the fifth and edward the eighth. catherine was hosting a charity event tonight, answering questions about the prospective george the seventh. willtury from now, history be able to judge the achievements of all those in the pictures from the oldest to the youngest. bbc news. >> amazing historic photographs. prince george will take us well into the next century. i won't be there to see it. maybe none of us will. if nothing changes, he will be the king of great britain. that photograph is on the front
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pages of all the british papers on friday morning. carry on watching "bbc world news." i'm kathy k. thanks so much for watching. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our
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relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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