tv Good Morning America Weekend Edition ABC November 26, 2016 7:00am-8:00am EST
good morning, america. breaking overnight, fidel castro who ruled the country for nearly half a century dead at age 90. his brother, the current leader, making the announcement. [ speaking a foreign language ] >> with the news spreading the reaction from florida's little havana overnight. the raucous scenes, celebrations in the streets. and the hopes for friends and relatives still in the country. >> i hope the cuban people from freedom tomorrow. >> his time in power. >> i am not afraid to say i am a communist. >> facing off against ten presidents, the bay of pigs and the cuban missile crisis
of nuclear war. >> translator: yes, we were very close to the nuclear war, extremely close. >> and the look ahead. what it could mean for the country and its people. to u.s. businesses and tourism, team coverage on this breaking story right now. good morning, and we're dedicating much of this show to the breaking news, the death of fidel castro. >> we want to you look at the contrasting scenes overnight. right there o miami, you can see jubilation, members of the cuban community, many of them exiles who fled castro's repressive regime celebrating in the streets. meantime, in havana, the cuban capital, the streets quiet and empty. >> fidel castro was a towering figure in both a physical and a historical sense and a controversial one in pretty much every sense. he tried to create romance around his revolution with his signature look and his sweeping
people have fled by the thousands on rickety and overloaded boats. >> castro a persistent thorn in the side of the united states. a man who helped bring the world to the precipice of nuclear confrontation during the cuban missile crisis. his death comes at a very delicate moment, president obama has recently moved to normalize relations with cuba, however, incoming president donald trump has threatened to overturn those actions. >> we have team coverage this morning with our reporters and analysts standing by but start he here's jim avila in jim, good morning to you. >> reporter: good morning, dan. the cigar chomping bearded firebrand who once gave a seven-hour speech is silenced this morning. fidel castro survived multiple assassination attempts by the u.s. government but went quietly overnight after nearly a decade of failing health. fidel's brother president raul castro announcing the death of his older brother on state television ending the bruise
revolutionary mantra. castro remained skeptical of the u.s. right up to his death. defiantly commenting after president obama's historic visit that cuba will never forget what the bay of pigs invasion and does not need america. >> translator: i am a communist, a marxist, socialist communist. i am not afraid to say i am a communist. >> reporter: fidel castro was born in 1926 out of wedlock to a wealthy cuban land own a then studied law. his two passions were baseball, he was very good at it and politics. he became an activist for the poor and working class. in 1956 after being expelled by cuba's american supporter dictator fulgencio batista, castro returned secretly with his brother raul to wage a guerrilla wore seizing power in 1959. >> the road to havana paved with
castro. >> reporter: in 1961, president john f. kennedy just elected approved the cia trained invasion force of 1300 cuban exiles who went ashore at the bay of pigs. castro demolished them. a huge propaganda victory. in 1962, american spy planes discovered castro had let the soviets put nuclear missiles in cuba. >> translator: yes, we were very close to the nuclear war, >> reporter: ultimately the soviets removed the missiles. even castro's critics praise his advances in health care and in education. but the inefficiency of cuba's soviet-style economy produced dissent. in 1980, more than 125,000 cubans many so expelled, many allowed to just leave braved rough seas and dehydration to come to the united states in the boat lift. in the early 1990s.
aid and trade leading to widespread shortages in rations. in 2006, just before intestinal surgery he gave up power temporarily to his younger brother raul. he never took the reins again, made it official in 2008. then suddenly in the summer of 2010 he began displaying his indomitable drive again in public. giving tv interviews, laying flowers at the tomb of the fallen. exhorting the communist youth and addressing the parliament. after nearly five decades in power, filled with revolution, defiance and strife, castro did live to see the cuban flag raised at the u.s. embassy in 2015 and an influx of american tourists, sports teams and rock concerts. the memorial will be what you might expect for a man who changed cuban history and dominated the island for more than 50 years. he'll be cremated today so the body will not be lying in state,
in havana where the crowds will be asked to sign a loyalty to the revolution oath and then his ashes will tour the island before burial in his hometown of santiago de cuba. >> a week from tomorrow. jim, thank you for your reporting and cuba has been a consistent source of national security concerns for the u.s. from the missile crisis to elian gonzalez and our prison in guantanamo bay. >> more on the impact of his death on american policy going forward let's go to washington and abc's martha, good morning to you. >> good morning, dan and paula. for a generation of americans the threat from cuba was real and frightening. a tiny country just off our shores, 90 miles with a powerful ally. from military disasters to near nuclear war, the 50-year feud with a fidel castro-led cuba was marked by tension and tragedy. the country's alignment with the
international relations with the u.s. during the cold war and the two nations newfound resentment escalated quickly. >> the purposes of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the western hemisphere. >> reporter: while his allies agreed to remove their missile, castro's animosity towards the u.s. survived. in 1999, the custody battle over elian gonzalez playing out as castro demanded the little boy's his mother had drowned while escaping with him to the u.s. armed u.s. agents forcibly removing the boy from his miami relatives, returning him to his father in cuba. and there is guantanamo bay, the naval base leased by the u.s. from the castro regime since 1959. after the controversial practice of housing terror suspects, castro repeatedly denounced the
dirty work. ten american presidents tried to isolate castro and hoped for his demise. then in 2013, this defining moment, president obama shaking hands with president raul castro at nelson mandela's funeral paving the way for renewed diplomatic relations. >> this is not merely symbolic, with this change we will be able to substantially increase our contacts with the cuban presidents meeting again as obama calls for the 53-year-old embargo to finally be lifted. and as for guantanamo bay naval base the lease of those 45 square acres does not seem in any danger. it can only be dissolved by mutual agreement. dan and paula. >> martha, stand by. we want to ask you a few questions. as you reported, president obama recently restored diplomatic relations with cuba but his successor, president-elect donald trump has promised to
at a rally in miami in september. >> we will cancel obama's one-sided cuban deal made by executive order. if we do not get the deal we want and the deal that people living in cuba and here deserve. including protecting religious and political freedom. >> all right, for more on this we want to bring back in martha and abc's chief white house correspondent jon karl i washington bureau and first and foremost, jon, what impact do you think castro's death is going to have on this fluid situation? >> well, he was such a symbol of the cuban revolution and such a symbol of tension between cuba and the united states that even though he has effectively been out of power for ten years it could well have some impact on how congress looks at this. the big change that president obama wants to u.s./cuba policy
congress ultimately with castro gone, with fidel castro gone, there may be some lessening of the on opposition but fidel castro has not been in power for a long time. >> what are you hearing and what's your sense of where things go from here given that we've got a new president coming in and congress that will be thoroughly controlled by the republicans, a congress with whom he can work? >> reporter: well, i think first of all you'll probably see donald trump s to study this to see what's going to happen to see how he'll make any changes in what president obama has done. but this is an opportunity in a way for president-elect trump to take a second look at what's going on there, i mean, fidel castro was such an iconic figure. he really defined what cuba is as jon pointed out, he has been out of power for quite a long time and his brother has said he
president-elect trump will really want to look towards, who is next? what comes after 2018? who are the younger people who might take over and possibly a more progressive movement. >> martha and jon, is there a sense and start with you, martha, is there a sense that raul is quite different from his brother and might be able now to have more latitude in his relations with the united states now that his older brother is gone? >> reporter: my sense is tt without fidel castro, so i think there is not a great deal of change with him and i think certainly fidel castro even though he was out of power had a lot of influence on his brother. >> you know, i would say, dan, on the actual policy coming from the united states, donald trump did promise as you played the sound, did promise to undo what president obama had done on cuba. but at various points during the campaign he said that he favored
continued diplomatic relations so trump has been kind of all over the map on this at least during the course of the campaign. and he is correct that much of what president obama's done can be undone right away with another executive order undoing president obama's executive orders, but i don't get the sense that undoing all of that would be a top priority for president trump. i agree with martha this is a perfect opportunity for him to say we are going to look at the how things have changed and go from there. >> ever the negotiator, keeping his options open. >> trump specifically asking for the freeing of those political prisoners. we'll get more into the human rights crisis in cuba but martha and jon, thanks for your insight. when the news broke of castro's death overnight miami's little havana erupted in celebration. >> the streets filling with people cheering the news and glenna milberg from our abc station wplg joins us right now.
morning. from what we call little havana and where i'm standing on southwest 8th street this is sort of the -- been the de facto area where people through the decades have come to protest and rally all things cuba. today, this morning for the past five or six hours it has been the scene of a huge celebration. and so many people around the country are going to look and say, well, isn't that so disrespectful celebrating a human being dying? and i'm here to sort what the celebration is about today is possibly the beginning of freedom for cuba and that freedom is such a central theme, it's a very diverse community, but very unified in coming from a place where they were not free to vote for an elected leader. many of the people who are in the older generation who had come here in the '60s had family members murdered. politically persecuted.
for decades. many of the later arrivals, some in the '80s on the marielle boat lift and came in rafts, crossing the straits of florida. so many thought that this day would never come in their lifetimes because as we've heard, fidel castro had grown to be such a mythic figure, such an icon of the revolution, but this community now has a period at the end ready to move on to another chapter in what has been a really difficult life for so many people who have actually helped miami become what it is today. dan, paula. >> so much hope there in little havana, glenna milberg, thank you very much for your reporting this morning. we appreciate it. in 1977, abc's barbara walters traveled to cuba for a five-hour, five-hour interview with fidel castro. >> it was fascinating and years
interviewed him for primetime live. here are some excerexcerpts. >> the newspaper, radio, television, motion pictures. no dissent or opposition is allowed in the public media. >> translator: we do not have your same conceptions. our concept of freedom of the press is not yours. i have nothing to hide. if you ask us if a paper could appear here against socialism i could say honestly, no, it cannot appear. it would not be allowed. the government nor the people. >> why? >> translator: in that sense, we do not interest the freedom of the press that you possess in the u.s. >> do you think politically that
the embargo and resume relations with cuba as long as fidel castro is in power? if >> translator: if i were the obstacles i would be willing to give up not only my positions and responsibilities but my life. what i would never do is negotiate the revolution, the revolution is not negotiable, socialism is not negotiable. sovereignty and the independence negotiable. that i would never negotiate. >> does it seem crazy that american presidents, every four years allow the american people just to vote them out of power, that they put their entire power at risk every four years? >> translator: i think four years is too short for any program that you want to undertake. in eight years you can do a bit
we have a trough sliding down into northern ohio. it will stir up some rain and mixing mixing with them wet snow. already reports of a as a warm up a few more degrees any snow should change over the scattered light rain and drizzle during the afternoon. upper 30s to near 40. hour by hour we will hover in the lower 40s during the afternoon. cloudy entries. have a great day. -- and drizzly. have a great today. y spent an extraordinary amount of time in
llamas. your parents fled cuba, tom. i want to start with you. this is very personal. your parents fled but there's also this almost danger of row month sizing the revolution and what become 401(k) was. >> yeah, that is so true. i can't remember a time when i didn't know the name fidel castro. i've known that name as long -- since i've been alive and something that's been part of my life and my family's life. they 234re9 cuba as you mentioned as political exiles and there is this tendency when world leaders to die this romanticism but fidel castro is someone who was a tyrant, a killer, a liar and really never realized how fortunate i was to be born in this country until i did a story that took me to the florida straits and i was embedded with the coast guard and they were intercepting cuban rafters and cuban go fast boats smuggling in cuban citizens and i got to see firsthand what it looked like on those boat, dozens of families, babies in diapers and best
of the night not knowing what would happen than to live in cuba. cuba at a distance may look beautiful and mysterious and look no taggic but up close it is cracked. it is faded and the people are hungry and that should be the legacy of fidel castro. >> there are no questions, no question that there are horrors ongoing horrors in cuba right now and, of course, for decades that you just referenced but, ron, you know, you covered -- you were in our miami bureau for years at abc news cuba. there are also arguments one can make on behalf of the castro regime. >> well, the literacy rate in cuba is one of the highest i believe in the world. the infant mortality rate i believe is as low or maybe lower than it is in this country. but as tom was saying, you know, i've been there in the late '90s and earlier this year and people live in fear there of even saying the name castro out loud. they live in fear of their neighbors informing on them. they have these committees for
one another. there have been economic gains in recent years, more people are making money. some free enterprise but it's a very repressed place and very poor country. you get away from the tourist areas, it is grinding poverty. the infrastructure is in terrible shape. will take decades and decades for that improve. >> on ron's point the literacy rate is amazing but you're told what to read. you can't read whatever you want. they also talk about the world class doctors in world health and i can remember night after night with my family stuffing envelopes, greeting cards with medicines and kool-aid just they could have calories. and that's what i remember. >> that is incredibly powerful to hear your firsthand testimony. tom llamas. thank you very much. ron claiborne, as well.
coverage of the breaking news, the death of fidel castro including a report from cuba on what it's like there right now. we'll talk to experts about what this could mean for the country's future as well. ron is going to expound on his travels to cuba, what he found during his recent visit and how it's being affected by the explosion of tourism. stay with us, we're right back. "good morning america" brought to you by ihop. eat up every moment.
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welcome back to our coverage of the death of fidel castro dead overnight at the age of 90. >> they are celebrating on the streets of miami but different in cuba. that's where hannah berkeley to the news that fidel castro has passed away at the age of 906789 the news came in many forms late last night, many cuban youth were out on the streets socializing as they do any weekend night. the news came via phone calls, many family members from abroad calling telling them the news. they could hear partying going on in miami, but the streets of havana looked very different. there's a much more solemn mood,
spoke to who actually remember the pre-castro days of cuba and fought for the cuban revolution say that they have fidel and the revolution to thank for everything that they have. they'll actually be able to pay homage to the former president in one of the iconic centers of the city at the plaza of the revolution then a few days later his cremated remains will be brought to santiago de cuba where they will be buried along jose martin. paula. >> hannah berkley reporting from havana. joining us from phone is ileana ros-lehtinen, the first cuban-american member of the house of representatives. good morning to you. thank you for joining us. >> well, good morning. thank you so much. this was a day we've been waiting for a long time. >> i want to talk to you specifically about the human rights crisis, ileana. people can be locked up for speaking their minds. the government still controls most of the media. according to the latest state department report, there are 60
should that factor into u.s. relations going forward. >> oh, it should factor in very heavily and i know that there are fidel apologists around the world who say, oh, he's an iconic figure and he was just an old man but this is a man who -- i was born in cuba. had to flee with my family when i was only 8 years old. and people were fleeing cuba then in 1960 and they're fleeing cuba now, not because because he was a ruthless dictator and he's had an opportunity to now allow his brother raul to slide into power, but the question of human rights under fidel or raul are just as bleak. they imprison people for speaking their minds. there's no free press. there's no show like your show in cuba. everything is state sponsored. state sponsored newspapers, state sponsored media. and human rights dissidents are
the very peaceful group called -- [ speaking a foreign language ] the ladies in white, they dress in white and march peacefully to the catholic church every sunday and with holding up a photo of their loved ones who have been or are in jail for political reasons and for that they're beaten up and thrown in jail sometimes for two day, sometimes for one hour, sometimes for weeks and months at a time. so human rights are still terrible. picture, a bleak picture of exactly the reality of what's going on in cuba to this day and ileana, i know this is a very personal story for you. we do want yto thank you for joining us. >> let's bring in alex castellanos from our washington, d.c. bureau. alex was born in cuba. came to the u.s. shortly after castro took power.
whose family fled cuba years ago. alex, let me start with you. you have a story, a very powerful story of being in school as a child under a newly empowered fidel castro. what was that like? >> well, that's one of the reasons my parents left cuba, took us out of cuba to the united states. i -- when fidel castro took over, i would bring home from the brave cuban soldier bayonetting the cowardly american soldier brainwashing the kids and one day at school the teacher said pray to god for ice cream. and we closed our eyes, no ice cream and then the teacher says, well, let's ask fidel for ice cream, and, yay, we got ice cream. at first the castro regime tried to undermine the church before they decided it was easier to co-opt it but that's the story
and 60 years of socialism and communism and failure. >> alex, you told us your parents got you out of cuba in 1961. you left with $11 and two suitcases. do you think after this death overnight of fidel castro that things will change on the ground in the country of your birth? >> i am hopeful but i'm not optimistic. you know, raul castro basically has been in since 2008 officially and cuba is a military ole goply won by the generals. raul castro is the head of the military. and all business in cuba runs through a thing called giess, which is a conglomerate owned by the military itself and 60% to 80% of cuban economic activity goes through this military owned
think if both castros left, you would still see a cuba very much like egypt run, controlled by the military. >> and, tom, you were mentioning earlier during the commercial break i know that this is somewhat of an emotional day for you for so many cuban-americans but you said that you and your family have been waiting for this day. now that it's here how do you reconcile those emotions. >> almost every new year's eve havana or next year in cuba is what you celebrate. it's a time for reflection. a time to remember all of our relative that is came over like my grandparents who never got to see their country again but who never fully unpacked their briefcases because they thought there would be a day where they could go back. as far as cuba changing, 75, more than 75% of cubans right now have no leader other than fidel castro or raul castro. they don't know what democracy looks like for any change to happen it's going to have to happen with the cuban people.
overnight change, tom llamas, that image of your grandparents never fully unpacking is indelible. thank you very much. both to tom llamas and alex castellanos for your input. we appreciate it. we do want to acknowledge however that there are other headlines on this saturday morning and for that as always we bring in ron claiborne. good morning, sir. >> hey there, dan, paula, tom, good morning, everyone. we begin with donald trump's latest picks for his-staff. the president-elect choosing two washington insiders to fill key positions. donald worked on campaign finance election laws and k.t. mcfarland was named deputy national security adviser. wisconsin election officials will recount by hand that state's presidential vote which donald trump won by less than 1%. green party nominee presidential nominee jill stein filed for the recount friday. she has raised more than $5 million to pay for that recount and another in michigan and pennsylvania. some election experts doubt,
overturn trump's electoral college victory. finally online shopping powered a surge in black friday sales this year. several major retailers reporting a big jump in website traffic but in-store sales were up only slightly. it expects total holiday sales to reach -- rise to -- by nearly 4%. over to robert marciano with the weather and good news for skiers the next seven days include some rain and warmer temperatures. 47 degrees for sunday.
with sunshine. monday late they rain. sixty-one on tuesday and more rain likely. as michigan. >> before michigan's quarterback broke his clavicle but i did >> i gave you a chance to get out of it. >> yeah. >> we'll be back with more of our continuing coverage, the death of fidel castro keep it here on "gma." ? happy holidays from crayola. so when do i start? um, shouldn't it be "spokes-crayon?" can somebody turn on the a/c? i'm melting here. ?air marker spraayer!!!? chemistry, baby! so i just hold this part and spraaaaaay...
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we are back with more on the death of fidel castro. >> joined by philip brenner from washington. a professor at american university and an expert on latin america. professor, thanks for joining us. we're hearing so many perspectives of castro on this show. how do you think he'll go down in history. >> that's an important question because i think americans are getting a wrong picture about fidel castro the rest of the
world leaders that this generation will know and americans should understand why that is. >> why is it in your view? because we've been hearing from people throughout the show who say he was a tyrant, violent and led his people to sort of countless miseries. >> well, in fact, you heard something about the achievements in cuba. the most important achievement probably was that he gave cubans a sense of that was true for about 20% of cubans before the revolution. there was no democracy that they ever experienced in cuba. they had corrupt governments before that did very little for the majority of the people. the vast majority of cubans benefited from the cuban revolution and other countries around the world, poor countries, looked to cuba in that way as a leader for what they could do for their people, bringing literacy and health
what you think is going to happen now for people in cuba after fidel castro has died? >> fidel castro really has not been involved very much in anything day-to-day or even in the large policy directions for the last at least five years. so i don't think there will be much change. i've gotten messages from friends in cuba who tell me that there is great sadness as if the father of the country has died. >> philip brenner, professor at american university, we appreciate y thank you very much. and coming up here on "gma," we continue with our coverage of fidel castro's death. and a look at the flood of tourists hitting cuba. could it change everything? keep it right here. family road trip! fun! check engine. not fun! but, you've got hum. that's like driving with this guy. all you do is press this, and in plain english, ?coolant?, you'll know what's wrong. if you do need a mechanic, just press this. ?thank you for calling hum.?
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. welcome back as we continue our coverage of the breaking news, the death of fidel castro at age 90. >> cuba is opening its doors to more and more tourists these days drawn by its history and sense of nostalgia. one of them was ron claiborne who recently visited. what did you see. >> on assignment just for the record but for a long time the u.s. and cuba have had a strained relationship, the economic embargo which is still on broken off diplomatic relations, refugee crises but in the last year, that's begun to change and dramatically. one of those can now travel to cuba a lot more easily. it began with last year's restoration of diplomatic relations between cuba and the united states. the u.s. embassy in havana opened shortly afterward. american tourism in cuba forever transformed. >> the progress that we marked today is yet nother demonstratioe to be imprisoned by the past. when something isn't working, we can and will change. >> reporter: in may of this year a carnival cruise liner docked in havana.
and in august, the first direct commercial flight traveling between the two countries since 1962. americans now flooding the island and filling up hotels with record bookings. on my trip to cuba this past may, i ran into several american tourists. >> now it's here. the americans are here. the tourism is here. >> reporter: an influx of visitors bringing much needed income to their tourist industry, a big difference from my first visit 20 years ago. ago and at that time this area old havana was pretty much in disrepair. i came back a second time two years later and this area was being restored and now 19 years after my first visit to havana, old havana has been pretty much restored to its centuries old splendor. when president obama visited havana earlier this year, he was the first sitting president to visit cuba since 1928. major league baseball holding a
and that same month rock legends, the rolling stones strutting in front of a huge crude many of whom used to have to listen to their favorite rock bands behind closed doors. >> historical thing. >> reporter: that's a lot of change in one year for a country once frozen in time for more than half a century. and mostly forgotten by american travelers until now. and just one point that you still -- americans cannot just get on a plane ando cultural tour so the tourism, it's picking up but it's not open. you can't just fly there. >> looks like you're walking into a time capsule. >> in many ways, yeah, absolutely. >> we'll be right back, everyone. ? ?
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december 4th after days of public mourning and a tour of his ashes throughout the country. >> we'll keep you up to date all day long on abc news and abcnews.com and want to thank you for joining us. see you right back here tomorrow morning. some snowfall southern geauga county and all the way into southern cuyahoga county, strongsville, north royalton
could accumulate a half an inch to an inch rather quickly. roadways are going to be wet here in the short term through mid morning. so keep an eye on that. 37 med gena, wooster, millersburg, 37 ravenna it mansfield. 40 in cleveland, 49 akron, 38 for canton and dover new philly. i want to show you the hour by hour here. if you're planning your day, some of you are going to hit the road and travel, others are going to go shopping, right? notice it's lake effect rain morning to late morning i'm thinking we transition to all scattered light rain and even some sprinkles around the region, sprinkles and drizzle with temps hovering generally in the low 40s. we may hold on to some lake effect rain in the snow belt's geauga county and ashtabula counties throughout the afternoon and then things gradually fading out through the evening hours. your hour by hour, let's show it to you, 7:00 a.m.
42 within a degree or two of that number for the high temps today all across the area. and then slowly falling temps overnight. but here's the trend. you notice we finally begin to see dryer air move in and some clearing coming our way, especially after midnight. so once again rain/snow mix during the morning hours with some afternoon sprinkles. we'll go with a high of 42 degrees. now, as far as your overnight goes, 33, clearing and cold. tomorrow should
and now at 8:00, we are following breaking news, cuba's long-time revolutionary leader is dead this morning. we look back life of rebellion. plus the search for a hit- and-run driver who left a 10- year-old boy right in the street. how that child is doing and how police say you can help. and we are just hours away from make-or-break moment for ohio state. the buckeyes facing off against rival michigan making the college football playoffs. back to the breaking news from the live desk, fidel castro dead at 90. it is triggers both mourning