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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  November 11, 2010 7:00am-7:30am EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> a new beginning for iraq. eight months of deadlock are over. >> thank god last night we made a big achievement. they agreed on the free talk policy. >> welcome. and i am jonathan harcharles. barack obama walks into a storm of accusations of the g-20 summit on the global economy. going green to stay cool. why these could help with
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climate change. it is 7:00 in washington and 3:00 in baghdad where iraq's deadlock is over. eight months after inconclusive elections, it is being called a new national partnership. the new prime minister will stay on the job. >> after eight months of political deadlock and torturous negotiations, iraqis now know they have a new government. the smooth running of the administration is not guaranteed, but today's news does mark an important step forward. >> yesterday and at the very last minute, representatives be hit with the highest degree of
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responsibility and decided to take part in the government and parliamentary section. we did not hear a single disagreement over them from the issues we discussed. everybody is an agreement. at least i have not heard any dissenting voices so far. >> the elections in march were inconclusive. they left the national group with 91 seats. the persius state headed by the incumbent prime minister came in second. -- theate state headed by the incumbent prime minister came in second. there has also been a discreet proxy struggle going on involving regional and international powers. the iranians are thought to have persuaded the radical s to support him.
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although the relations are said to be somewhat ambivalent. in a wave of anti-christian bombings this week killed six people and many more have died in recent bomb attacks in areas across central and southern iraq. security will remain the key challenge as iraq the moves towards political stability. >> let's take a look at other headlines around the world today. president obama is the target for a lot of enter. he is in the south korea for the g-20 summit. he is facing accusations that america is deliverly devaluing the dollar to boost economic recovery. it is one of many toxic of that trade wars and protectionism. -- one of many talks of trade
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wars and protectionism. >> we have not had the real heart of the leaders talked yet. i am just outside the summit. and this has been a day for one- to-one meetings. they are all now at the working dinners. among the meetings we found most striking woras the meeting between mr. obama and hu jintao. they seem to be at the very heart of the matter. so with the latest on what the day has been like, here is our correspondent. >> everybody who is anybody is here. the question is, will this latest round of g-20 leader toxic lead to any kind of a meaningful agreement?
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the memorial ceremony for the united nations troops who lost their lives here 60 years ago was a reminder of old, cold war divisions of the past, a stark contrast with the business of this summit, proposed to be all about overcoming divisions. the risk we face is that there is a wave of protectionism. countries that putting a trade barriers -- at start putting up trade barriers in using currencies as a weapon. that would be bad for britain and bad for the world, and i will fight it very hard. i will fight it very hard. >> among as the demonstrators gathered outside, there is concern the reality will be very different, this is a summit marked by squabbling and self- interest. it is not just the chinese that stand accused of manipulating their currencies, the americans are also in the dark for printing backed notes to weaken
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the dollar and boost their economy, of course, no one admits their actions are harming others. and >> the most important thing united states can do is for the world economy is to grow, because we continue to be the world's largest market and a huge engine for all other countries to grow. >> optimus will point to the value of dialogue its soft, as well as progress on technical issues, toughening up regulation of the banking system, for example, and reform at the imf. a breakthrough on the currency dispute seems unlikely. the sense of financial crisis is less acute, and there is a worried that the leaders gathered here are beginning to put their own national interest, once again, ahead of the health of the world economy, and that is not used well for the fragile economy.
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>> this is exactly where all of those g-20 leaders will be arriving for their talks around that table on friday. it is really going to be a particular challenge moment. you can imagine what the security is like around this venue. there is police everywhere. a few are lucky enough to -- if you are lucky enough to work in this part of seoul, 11 advised to stay away from your desk. >> what happens when they do not have unity? >> for the organizers, relieve the pressure is on. they have been working on the summit for such a long time. when the workers given the talks, it looked like a prayer of location -- premier location
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for international talks. there is still plenty of scope for agreement. they are really denying the fact that this will end up and a watered-down communique. they are focusing on the developing world and how best to regulate banks in a coordinated way right across the deep as 20 countries. >> thank you. the number of people killed by the cholera epidemic has reached 640. there is a real risk of epidemics crossing the border into dominican republic. there is a two-minute silence being observed by to honor all f those killed in the first world war. inature may provide an answer to
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dealing with climate change. crops could help to cool the climate. the study says that crops were shinier leaves might reflect more heat back into space. that is a series of ideas on how to reduce global temperatures should they run out of control. >> down in a greenhouse in bristol, a special experiment is under way. here the researchers are growing different varieties of wheat. create bigger shinier leaves for the crops, and we could reduce global temperatures they said. >> the idea we have is that crops occupied a large proportion of the globe, and if you could make them slightly more shiny, they could reflect an increased amount of incoming solar light that might provide a
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proportion of the cooling you would need to mitigate some of the global warming. >> their testing that theory by testing believes to see how truly reflective they are. what you can see behind me is the scientists using a machine. they are putting in believes that the researchers here at the university of bristol have been growing to test the amount of light that reflects. hopefully using selective breeding techniques, and they hope to increase the amount of light they can reflect by about 20%. this is just one idea on how we can engineer our idea out of disaster should temperatures soar in sea levels rise. some have suggested we put mirrors in space to reflect light away from the earth. others have devised ships that shoot salt water into the atmosphere to achieve the same effects. and some of the science behind these ideas have been meeting in
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london. one senior delegate said none of these plants should distract us from the issue. >> none of them is a magic bullet for the problem of climate change. everyone who is look at this seriously realizes the top priority is to reduce carbon emissions. some of these techniques may be useful eventually to help us moderate climate change, since reducing emissions is difficult. they're not the solution on their own. >> we already provide on crops for much. they provide food intake carbon dioxide out of the air. -- and take carbon dioxide out of the air. >> still to come, harrison ford in his latest film role.
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>> more than 2 million people are beginning to make their way to a saudi arabia to perform that annual pilgrim past. this year authorities certainly not taking any chances. >> millions of people descend upon mecca for a journey of a lifetime. with the different nationalities and ethnicities all in one place comes the threat of diseases and injuries. this has always been a major issue was so many people gathered in a limited space, infection spread quite easily. last year's world wide swine scare was an unprecedented threat to one of the most anticipated events on the muslim calendar. this year the season is off to a smooth start.
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health ministers are better prepared. these ambulances are prepared to be deployed at the location where the pilgrims gathered to performed rituals. >> what ever casualties and injuries that take place in the field, we are fully prepared to deal with all by this qualified team on the field and by the qualified team operating in the hospital's. >> last year swine flu was the main concern for the authorities. this year in extra precautionary measures have been put in place to make sure emergencies are dealt with anywhere across met death, and to prevent disease from spreading across grounds. this year they feel there are better prepared. the real test is when the season begins in the program start coming through the doors. -- and the pilgrims start coming
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through the doors. and our main story so far ts hour, iraq's political party has reached an agreement on forming an election eight months after the political elections. trade imbalances and currency manipulation dominate the talks in the do-20 summit. -- in the g-20 summit. in a moment, the psychology of austerity. >> rose royce -- rolls royce is a big focus today. it continues to be under pressure because the safety regulator issued an emergency order. they work order to conduct
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further tests. the city authority also said an oil fire may have led to the blowout. that is the first official mentioned as that of a cause. the boss of the emirates airline has criticized the handling. emirates was -- has the biggest fleet, but does not actually even use their rol rolls royce engine. professor, welcome to the program. how significant is what i was just saying. we know that have come under criticism since last week for their lack of communication, but when you of an airline that does not even use the engine, how significant is that? >> very significant. not only in terms of other airlines are in the process of
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deciding when they purchase which engine, particularly because of their relationship. it is clearly a problem if airlines do not even use the engines and began to send out very negative comments. >> absolutely. you talk about negative news. recently we have had a lot of negative news on a british company, bp. now rolsls royce. this does not bode well for the british companies. ." it >> it does not. competitors will grab on to any piece of bad news, whether it is
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truly merit or not and try to use that when it comes to trying to sell the products. or they try to disparaged offerings at competitor products. there is an element of economic nationalism. in the case of bp, one can debate, but certainly there is the fact it was a british company and got a lot of chrises system -- got a lot of criticism. in the case of rolls royce there is concern the same thing will happen. and we have a classic case of two who big companies fighting it out for world markets. >> thank you very much for joining us. we much appreciate your time. let's get a quick look at the markets. mostly around the world we're seeing markets high year. higher commodity prices.
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copper has climbed to a record. oil prices have hit a fresh two- year high. up over $88 per barrel. platinum also up for the first time in three days. and plenty more later on. >> paris, madrid, athens, and london. the latest austerity measures to tackle huge the deficits. this is aftermath of the most recent outpouring in the british capital were students stormed the governor parr's conservative party. can this be seen as a wider problem with the austerity cuts? joining us is a business psychologist. britain is the last place you'd expect this sort of thing. what does this say about the british psychology at work? >> the first is the psychology
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of loss. this means when we lose something, we value it twice as badly. so we're dealing with losing things, and that hurts a lot. -- feeling we're losing things, and that hurts a lot. their trust has been broken. they are angry and they had to voice that you. -- that view. >> what is interesting as well as the fact that the cuts have not even started yet. these are early days after the announcement. >> the parlous has. -- the powerless has. if i work for the government or am in the public sector, i do not quite know how to respond. it may be the best thing that happens in my life, but at the moment it does not feel like that. >> let's go back to the late
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1970's when britain was in a similar position. and we have the economic slowdown of the 1970's. britain said austerity and austerity. after a couple of years of that, people were tired of britain. >> i think the challenge for governments is to get involved in changing the psychology of help people feel about. that is not being addressed. universities are measured and evaluated by the number of people like it into new jobs when they graduate. why not do the same for government departments? therefore there will look at the problem differently. whether than sing austerity is that, say actually this is a new chance a new opportunity and it is what i make of it. >> it is hard to change from pessimism to optimism. and >> you can change it and change it quite fundamentally.
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we worked with an organization that turned around 40% by giving them to think about how they can change it to their advantage. and to help people think completely differently. actually i always wanted to a chef, and now have a few weeks or months to trained. at the moment, the fiscal debate is how many job losses and the consequence of that, not about what to do to change the mindset of those that are most affected. >> fascinating. thank you. the man who played indiana jones is used to demanding challenging roles. in his film, harrison ford is a breakfast television presenter -. >> i still have challenges,
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unfortunately for you. >> to say he is grumpy is to put it mildly. he does not want the job at daybreak, which definitely needs to improve its ratings. >> pudu think the public would rather hear from last? someone who has won every broadcast award on the face of the planets or the former miss [inaudible] >> how does the newsman you look platelet at television news? -- you play look at television news? >> he looks down on it. he is really only in morning news because his contract was run out. he has been pushed off anchor desk for a younger man. if he turns down the job that
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offer him, the money goes away. it is this agreed that propels them into morning television. -- it is the greed that propels him into morning television. >> you're here for tehe money. >> that is correct. >> what is the conflict with the executive producer? >> her job is to corral him into doing what she needs to have done. she is a young ambitious person without most experience. he is an old experienced person without much ambition. >> the british director makes it clear this is not a clear view of american television. >> i discovered there are lots
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of good things about popular morning tv shows, and if you think about it, but we find so odd about them is only like reading a newspaper. in the newspaper you do not question that on the left-hand there will be a serious piece about nicaragua, and on the right there will be a piece about how to stuff the turkey. >> to be fair, the world of breakfast television terms more of a backdrop -- asserts more of a backdrop to a comedy and romantic twist. >> welcome to the daybreak family, mike. thank you. >> thank you, everyone. goodbye. >> goodbye. >> goodbye.
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>> how many is that? >> 3 each. >> it is nothing at all like that. that is almost set for this edition. the reminder of our top story, the iraq political parties have reached an agreement eight months after the inconclusive general election. this is the scene at the iraqi parliament. coming up next on bbc world news america, marr frier will be here and look at what is going on with honoring the fallen today. there will be social critics special coverage of veterans day in the united states. -- there will be special coverage of veterans day in the united states. that is all for the moment. stay with us right here on abc world news. there is plenty more still to come.
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