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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  December 2, 2011 7:00am-7:30am EST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global
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expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> fiscal union or bust. germany and france closer to a far reaching political deal to save the euro. german chancellor angela merkel and french president nicolas sarkozy talk of a new european treaty to impose strict control over national budgets. >> strong powers of intervention, at least for the eurozone. >> welcome to gmt. also in the program -- standing together for burmese democracy. aung san suu kyi said she is cautious but hopeful after talks
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with hillary clinton. the u.n. human rights chief calls for the syrian government to please pube put before crimil courts. it is midday in london, 7:00 a.m. in washington, and 1:00 p.m. in berlin, where german chancellor angela merkel told the german parliament today that only strict new rules in forcing fiscal discipline can rebuild trust in the eurozone. she said there is no quick fix and it is a process that will take years. merkel and french president nicolas sarkozy are coming up with a joint plan for significant changes to the eu treaty, which governs the eurozone. in a moment, we will go to berlin and begin our coverage with this report. >> the latest message is that it is really time to think big on the euro crisis. another summit loans. the key figure says the
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eurozone -- she warned the crisis will be a long haul. >> [speaking foreign language] >> there are no easy fast solutions. the apparent one last push. >> the resolution of the euro crisis will take years. >> french president nicolas sarkozy delivered his own somber message. he said the french and germans need to agree on the eu treaty. >> [speaking foreign language] >> france is fighting with your money for a new treaty. more discipline, more solidarity. >> the eurozone storm is threatening to batter the
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vulnerable french economy and sarkozy's hopes every election next april. david cameron. in paris, he pressed for action. the prime minister is one of the leaders most concerned about the potential fallout for his own country from the eurozone's troubles, but is also anxious not to be marginalized by any new proposals. on monday, the eurozone big two will have the latest get together. the focus right now is on a crisis calendar that will lead to brussels, again, at the end of last week, and the latest crunch eu summit. >> a lot more to do before that summit. we can go live now to paris and berlin to join steve evans in
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berlin. the most important words today have come from german chancellor angela merkel. is it seem like she is now convinced that she can push through a significant eu change to get this fiscal union? >> she is certainly talking that way, but you're absolutely right. you don't do these things overnight. she is not talking about a big, blockbuster negotiation for the full european union. she's talking about tweaking treaties within the eurozone. you think of the shanghai agreement, which is in agreement about who can cross borders. it was negotiated over the years, but relatively painless. she wants the same kind of treaty. the question really is, everybody thinks that nell is the time when the eurozone is -- that now is the time when the eurozone is either safe or
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shattered. these treaties will take a long time. what is going on? her language and the substance even does not seem to have changed very much. >> the immediate urgency in this situation. the markets are looking for some sort of certainty about the future. hugh, do you believe they are of one mind and do you believe there will be an announcement of a joint plan on monday? >> i do not think we can say that. we have been in this situation before when they have said they are coordinating. these two speeches were clearly coordinated. there's a certain degree of common ground, of course, but what is still missing is the details. what kind of tree are we talking about? the germans want a very limited change. french president nicolas sarkozy was talking about rethinking the
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european union. that was not in this language at all. what kind of budgetary discipline will be enforced and how? the french art sort of painting that they expect the germans to do something with the european central bank -- the french are sort of hinting that they expect the germans to do something to help the european central bank. there's nothing spelled out from germany to confirm that. we have been given a sort of outline, but we have not seen any substance yet at all. until that comes, i think the markets will remain skeptical. >> we just got the very latest pictures of david cameron in paris. he is visiting mr sarkozy today. i'm wondering if you believe either in france or in the european union if there's any
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interest in listening to mr. cam ranh? eron? does their voices count at all in paris? >> not really when it comes to discussing this plan with german chancellor angela merkel, which has occupied all their attention. they did have a very public row, as you know, a few weeks ago. all of the venom boiled over and sarkozy told david cameron to either get in or get out. i do not think it was personal. i think they are acting out the roles that have been trusted on hem from their countries' positions. from what i understand, david cameron is coming in more to listen than to the rest in any
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new debate or discussion. >> a final thought from you, steve. europeans are ruling out the idea that germany would ever sanctioned a quick fix solution, either based on using the european central bank as the lender of last resort, or a quicker version 2 euro bonds -- quick reversion to euro bonds. >> german chancellor angela merkel talks tough. watch the deficits. watch this spending. then a nudge to the european central bank being a little easier with its money. that may be happening. certainly, the new head of the european central bank was implying that. that may be why the markets are
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rising. >> thank you very much for joining us on gmt from "bbc world news." . let's take a look at some of the other stories making headlines around the world. protest democracy leader aung san suu kyi has expressed cautious hope that democracy will come to burma. her words came after a second meeting with u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton. this report -- >> two of the world's most influential women embrace as aung san suu kyi ushers hillary clinton into rome. a prisoner here for so many years. her garden is now packed with journalists. >> democracy is the goal. that has been the goal from the very beginning. we know it has been a long,
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difficult path. >> before we decide what steps to take, we have to find out what our greatest needs are. two of the greatest needs in this country are rule of law and [inaudible] >> earlier, clinton met the regime that suppress people here for decades. the first visit by an american secretary of state to burma for more than half a century. [applause] the government took her to rangun. hundreds of activists are still in prison. the military is still firmly in control. america hopes this will change. >> the government of thailand says it is planning to issue a passport to the exiled former
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prime minister. he lives in dubai after being convicted of corruption and stripped of his passport. the current government, led by his sister, says the passport will be issued as a new year's gift. the u.s. military has handed over control of its former headquarters in iraq to the baghdad authorities. camp victory was set up on the outskirts of the iraqi capital on a former country club built by some as sayihussein. transparency international has cut its ties with fifa. the group had been advising fifa on its response to a series of bribery and corruption scandals, but expressed dismay that two of the key recommendations had been ignored. fifa has declined to comment. more than 50 children were killed by state forces in syria last month. that's according to an investigator appointed by the
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united nations. an emergency session of the organization's human rights council in geneva also heard that more than 300 children have been killed in the country since march. the meeting follows the publication of the u.n. report which accused syrian forces of crimes against humanity. the report has been condemned by the syrian ambassador to the un, who says it was biased. for more on this, we are joined from geneva. i know we had some very strong words at the opening session of the council. was there any feeling that something can happen as a result of this? >> i think the many member states of the human rights council who joined together are sincerely hoping that something will happen. you have to remember that the human rights council itself cannot impose action to a cannot order sanctions. it can recommend action.
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it is recommending very strongly to the u.n. general assembly and to the security council that it is high time. it is almost too late for action. she called for action back in august. russia and china are on the security council. they are resisting, again, in geneva. apart from them, there's a great deal of unity that has given the gravity of the allegations in that report that action really does need to be taken. >> to be clear about the mechanisms that might lead to a referral to the international criminal court, what has to happen next? >> the context of the u.n. investigation authorized by the human rights council are being discussed here. we expect that will then be referred to the u.n. general assembly and the u.n. security council. it would be for the security council to bring in the
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international criminal court. that would be the most likely scenario. again, we have those permanent members permanentveto power -- permanent members with veto power, so that might be a stumbling block. there are very credible allegations of crimes against humanity in the report. as you said in the introduction, over 300 children apparently killed since the start of the violence. >> they are very graphic descriptions. thank you very much for joining us from geneva. the international criminal courts chief prosecutor has requested a -- he is wanted for alleged crimes against humanity in darfur in 2003 and 2004. icc has already issued an arrest warrant for the president of sudan. the republican presidential
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hopeful in the west, herman cain, has admitted given money to a woman who says they had eight affair. he said he repeatedly held to the woman, ginger white, with bills and expenses, but he denies having sex with her. she says she now wants the truth to be known. >> our relationship was on and off for the last 13 years or 14 years. this was not a consistent love affair that went on every day for the last 14 years. he is correct when he made that statement. when i entered into this inappropriate relationship with mr. cain, i was single. i was not married. he has been married throughout the entire relationship. it was a very casual affair that he flew me -- i went on
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several trips with herman. one trip was the mike tyson- holyfield fight in las vegas. >> still to come on gmt -- a glimmer of hope for job-seekers in america, but it is still a long road ahead. a rebel libyan soldiers shot during the battles of tripoli has been talking about his treatment in the uk he had his lower right leg is amputated after doctors in london decided it could not be saved. he's one of 50 libyans the british government agreed to treat at the cost of the libyan authorities. >> he did not come to britain expecting to lose a foot, but now he is coming to terms with his new prosthetic. he was shot three times the day tripoli fell to anti-gaddafi forces.
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he was armed with a hunting rifle. one bullet exploded in his lower right leg, shattering his bones. the surgeon said amputation was the best option. >> he had a severe injury, and lost quite a lot of soft tissues all the way down to the ankle joint. it was clear he had a deep infection. you could see the status of the wound and you could smell the bacteria. >> he had his lower right leg removed the very day gaddafi was captured and killed. his therapist says he is now making good progress. >> since the surgery, he can probably see now that he is making progress. that will probably return to a fully independent life. >> the patient remains
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philosophical. >> [speaking foreign language] >> when i left home, i was expecting -- this is the fate and destiny from god. >> bbc news, west london. >> this is gmt from "bbc world news." i am stephen sackur. german chancellor angela merkel calls for greater fiscal unity in the eurozone, but she warns finding a solution to the crisis could take years. aung san suu kyi said she is confident in reform for her country after talks with hillary clinton. we have heard plenty about the eurozone already, but now the rest of the business news. >> the focus of global markets is likely to shift away from the eurozone for a moment on to the
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u.s. jobs figures are released later. official non-farm payrolls could show the u.s. stepping up hiring in november. estimates are around 120,000 new jobs. america's fastest jobs market has got a long way to go. >> the graphic designer is the new phase of the u.s. worker. he has a home office in works temporary jobs, although he would like something full-time. >> it would be great if a temporary job turned into a full time. they will call you for one week and that turns into maybe two or three, or you go to finish something on a friday, and they will ask if you can come back monday. in the last couple of years, half the new jobs in america have been temporary positions. those jobs today are not turning into a long-term employment. >> in the u.s., we have always
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been known for a very flexible labor market that bounces back quickly after recession. we have actually seen the opposite in this recession and recovery. the labor market is now improving extremely slowing and it's very patchy. >> american employers have always been able to hire and fire at will, but they are now really holding back. >> the flexibility of american workers used to make the american economy dynamic. that is less and less the case, as americans find it more difficult to move, and those temporary jobs become ever more permanent. there has been a steady decline in americans relocating for work, only made worse by today's dismal housing market. lisa hart explains that it's not just about housing for her. >> if i were to move to another
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city, i would have to have a car. with that comes insurance, gas, regular maintenance, and that's a huge expense. >> it means the u.s. economy is looking a little bit more like europe. that is not good news for job seekers here. >> the european car industry faces a year of stagnation in 2012 according to the boss at fiat. he was speaking at the conference in brussels, where the world's biggest car companies are discussing the impact of the debt crisis on their business. carmakers a political decision about revising the troubled economy in the eu is creating another financial crisis, and that is eroding consumer confidence. >> we are looking at a situation where we have to cut production. we have to make this up on the growth, innovation, and the industry hold.
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we are unfortunately afraid that we are moving back to where we were in 2008 and 2009. >> the european markets are looking very strong. the markets are up 1.5%. if they stay this way, they will enjoy their biggest one week gain since 2008. back to you. >> thank you very much. a study on attitudes to immigration and the uk has come out with a very surprising finding. london and scotland, areas with the widely different experiences of immigration, are united in having a less negative view of incomers then the rest of the uk. 69% said they wanted immigration reduced. it seems the official definitions of immigration do not match those of the people surveyed. 62% are more likely to think about asylum seekers when talking about immigrants.
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only 29% think about students, despite the fact that students are the most numerous in revenge group coming into britain. robert is the business editor @ "economist." first, the basic question. what do you think drives popular attitudes towards immigration? i am not just thinking of the uk, but across the world. where do people get their opinions from? >> a lot of it comes from the media. there's a popular idea out there. it is powerful in recessions, like the bad times we're having at the moment, that migrants come here and they take other people's jobs or drive down wages. there's pretty much no evidence that this happens, except occasionally. by and large, migrants in this country pay far more in taxes. they actually subsidized benefits for everyone else in the country.
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they don't take jobs from the locals. they tend to add jobs by bringing skills or, for example, someone who comes to work for a nanny so a college-educated woman can go out and worked. >> figures suggest that attitudes towards immigrants in the uk are becoming more negative over time. >> i don't think you are seeing a big movement in that direction, but generally, people get more antsy about these things when they are worried about their own jobs. it's much easier to blame it on foreigners coming here than it is to say incredibly complicated movements in the financial markets or the advance of technology, which makes some jobs unnecessary. >> here is the conundrum i pointed to earlier. why is it that in london, which is obviously very diverse, and in scotland, which is more homogenous, there's a similar trend there? >> i think that's very difficult
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to explain. people in london are positive about immigration because they see so much of the benefits that come from it. many of the industry's that operate in london would find it very hard to get people with the right skills if they could not have newcomers coming in. scotland is a tougher one. i do not know. i have to guess it might have to do with the very long tradition in scotland of sending more immigrants overseas. parts of america, the scottish pride is still incredibly powerful and parts of virginia and west virginia and kentucky. the scottish tradition is very strong. >> fascinating stuff. take all for joining us on gmt from "bbc world news." german chancellor angela merkel told the german parliament today that only strict new rules enforcing fiscal discipline could rebuild trust in the eurozone.
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that's all from this edition of gmt. thank you for watching. >> ma s >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank ha financngl restth to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" wasre ged enescebytes t kleanlos.
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