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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  October 21, 2013 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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and those roma families came from bulgaria and romania. this is the first case that's been known where a child ends up and lives for years in a roma family. >> the charity now looking after maria says she's doing well. she urgently want to find her parents. already they've had over 8,000 inquiries. emily buchanan, bbc news. >> and i'm joined from athens by our web cam by the international communications officer for the smile of the child charity. and thank you very much, by the way, for being with us here on "g.m.t." yours is a charity looking after maria. could you give us an update on her condition? >> maria's currently in the hospital with social workers and the personal at the hospital and the psychologist next to here. she's very happy. according to the information we get, she's playing with toys
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and playing with people, and we're waiting for the completion of the medical examination and then maria will be transferred to one of the homes of the smile of the child. >> and presumably maria is just too young to be able to assist the authorities or your charity in any way herself. >> yes, and what we tried to do now is maria to be -- we tried to safeguard that maria is at peace and calm, so we talked to the experts, and the psychologists of the police and our organization to decide when is the right moment to ask questions. now, i gather you've had something like 10,000 calls when you put out a request for information about maria. it's going to be quite a job for you just to sort through these, to work out which ones are spures, which ones are
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really. >> yes, it's a very difficult procedure. of course, at times we have been operating for years a national help line for children d also around the european hotline for children. that means that we have the capacity and the expertise to deal. of course it's a case without precedent, so in terms of numbers of calls and emails we're receiving and trying to do the best in order to give all the information to those who the police oppose. >> now, i'm not sure if you've heard a report just now, but obviously the people in our report were suggesting this is part of a bigger problem. in the first case, what about the other children that were found with maria? obviously this couple were not the parents or accused of not being the parents of other children too. >> we're still waiting for
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information of police authorities who are investigating this, in order to see what has happened and how the children of this family, how they belong to these parents. so we're still waiting for more information from the authorities to see what's going on there. >> obviously your job in your charity is to look after maria and children like her, but what is your view on the bigger problem that we've just been hearing in our report? how does one deal with this? >> this story is incredible. there's tremendous interest from different parts of the world. and this really shows that there is a huge problem of missing children, of child trafficking, and how this story really give call to the
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amilies of missing children. what we see is there is a problem, a phenomenon that needs to be dealt with, and that's how now this story of little maria brings this to the fore. >> ok, thank you very much for your time here on g.g.m.t." thank you. >> some other stories now, there are reports of an explosion on a bus in the southern russian city of volgograd. the news agency says four people have been killed and seven injured. an emergency situation ministry official in moscow confirms an explosion occurred but has no details. the cause of the blast was not immediately known. there are fears it could having an attack by islamist militants in the north. the european court of human rights says it's unable to rule on whether russia carried out an adequate investigation into the massacre which claimed the lives of 22,000 polish
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prisoners during the second world war. the court says it can't rule on the case because russia only signed up for the european convention of human rights in 1998, eight years after it began the investigation. a german bishop who's been criticized is due to meet the pope in rome today. he's been labeled a bishop of bling and has faced calls to resifpblee he's been accused of lying about the cost of his official residency in limbberg along with the first-class flight to india to visit. mexico has strongly condemned alleged spying by the united states after the publication of new allegations by the fugitive analyst, edward snowden. the german magazine said that leaked documents showed that former president fell hee calderon's emails were hacked by the u.s.a. security agency while he was in office. mexico has urged president bama to investigate.
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in china, wide spread disruption. dozens of fleets have been cancelled and several roads were closed as vibblet was reduced to just 50 meters, and a number of schools have also been closed due to poor air quality. hundreds of families in australia have already lost their homes in huge bush fires sweeping across the state of new south wales. but firefighters and weather forecasters say there could be worse to come. the aerial pictures showed the extent of the devastation. helicopters have been dumping water on the fires for days now. the fires cover a huge area of new south wales, and to reach the outskirts of sydney, australia's biggest city, of course. the area around the blue mountains is the worst affected , where two or possibly even three separate buyers could join to form one huge fire.
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john denny son is there -- john done he son is here. >> they're back burning, basically fighting fire with fire, by burning off vegetation and controlled fires so that if a really big fire torp get here, they won't have so much fuel to burn. what they're particularly worried about is some of the bigger blazes around here possibly merging into one sort of superfire. today wee had very, very hot conditions in the high 30's, but we haven't had any serious wind. that is expected to change come wednesday and possibly thursday, and then the conditions could get really dangerous, because they're worried about some of the fire can jump over these containment lines and possibly spread much, much further. most of the firefighters you speak to here are saying that they haven't seen fires as bad as this in decades, if ever. it does seem it's far from over. >> john donneson covering the horrendous fires in new south wales.
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stay with us on "bbc world news." still to come -- bracing for battles. thousands gather to reenact the fight that ended napoleon's dominance of europe and marked a turning point in the continent's history. >> police in cairo are hunting for gunmen who shot dead an 8-year-old girl and three others at a coptic christian church on sunday. the girl was among the congregation attding a weding when it was deliberated targeted by two men on a motor bike. >> masked gunmen fired indiscriminately as people left the church on sunday night. they'd been at a wedding. eyewitnesses say a motor bike and a car approached the car outside the coptic church in cairo. the car stops, then gunmen on the motorcycle opened fire. amongst the dead, an 8-year-old girl, according to the interior ministry. >> here at the church, we hard
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a very loud sound, as if something was collapsing. within seconds, one of our friends arrived, who said hurry up, there's gunfire in front of the church. we came running out. i found a woman seated in a chair with lots of bullet wounds covered in blood. it was a very difficult sight. many other people had fallen around her, including a child. >> this is one of the oldest, dating back to about 50 a.d.n. egypt, christians make up at least 10% of the population. it's estimated that the cop particular christian population could be anywhere between six million and 11 million people a. cording to some reports, there have been more than 50 attacks on christian churches since the start of the military crackdown. the head of the coptic church appeared when it was announced that president morsi had been removed. the army's vote had egypt's best interest at heart. since then, he's received death
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threats and several christians have been killed. sips the military crackdown, hundreds have died in&thousands have been arrested. now the government has its way, protests like these could soon be outlawed with demonstrators facing heavy fines or even jails. >> the former u.s. federal reserve chairman, alan greenspan, has talked about america's debt ceiling showdown, saying he's not seen another situation in washington where compromise between democrats and republicans seemed so far away. mr. greenspan was the most powerful figure in u.s. economic policy when he ran the country's central bank between 1987 and 2006. now, he retired in january 2006 after the second longest tenure in that position. after leaving the fed, he formed an economic consulting firm and now works as a private
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advisor. the bbc's evan davis began by asking dr. greenspan what he made of recent events in washington. >> i actually agree with a goodly part of what american people in wholly disagreeing with their tactics, largely because that in a democratic society, you have to have certain financed mental things in common or you cannot obviously live together. in the united states, it's largely an agreement on our bill of rights very particularly freedom of speech, freedom of press, everyone agrees with that. and there is no dispute, and indeed, arguments with respect to that issue are principles which cannot be an brow gaited. but everything beyond that has to be compromised and negotiated.
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compromise is not a pejorative term. in fact, it's implicit in the way a democratic society functions. and what has been happening in the united states is the proportion of undiscussable issues, issues that cannot be discussed for compromise, but a proportion of that issues are rising. i don't know where the issue is where it has a very fundamental debilitating effect on a society, but there is such a level, and when you get there, you run into very serious trouble. >> let's move on to the eurozone, which has had a very torrid few years t. seems to have stabilized. suddenly it always seemed as though the europeans couldn't get their act together, and now it's the americans who can't get their act together. are you convinced the eurozone crisis is over? >> i've been around a long time
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and watching the issue of individual countries trying to merge into single occurrences. nd it is very difficult to do. and the reason essentially is most of the people who riously think about this say what europe needs is consolidation politically, and i think that's really more. he reason i say that is that we observe very readily before the onset of the euro in january 1999 and subsequently that the issue of what people do is very financed mentally related to culture. and the culture of greece is not the same. it's the culture of germany, and to fuse them into a single
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unit is extremely difficult. the only way you can do it is by political unity. >> dr. greenspan there talking to evan davis. with me is our police presenter. doesn't sound at all hopeful about the budget crisis in washington, does he? >> absolutely want. but i mean, there has been a debt ceiling agreement t. takes america through to the beginning of next year, but what dr. greenspan said was that a repeat of the debt crisis is perfectly conceivable. he also has, you know, said that he's affiliated to or agrees with or sympathizes with the aims of the tea party. republicans have pushed things to this level. but he's also disagreed wholly with their tactics, and they even call those tactics undemocratic, and he's actually underlined the fact that what's been happening in america, although we're seeing some sort of androw news now, could end up jeopardizing the american economy and as a consequence also the u.s. dollar. interesting comments there from dr. greenspan on the current
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debt shutdown. >> i don't know if you saw in my destruction, this mean has a very impressive c.v., but there are lots of people who say he presided over that credit boom that led to the financial crisis that we're still living with. >> interesting, isn't it, because he came into the federal reserve in 1987 just in time to save the economy from the brink of this stock market crash that year. he also then presided over the new federal reserve during the september 11 crisis, before that the 1990 boom times. i think he was called the oracle or the maestro. that was his nickname. but he has been criticized for a couple of policies that people have said could have caused the did not crisis. number one was keeping interest rates so low. what that did was encourage americans, everyday ordinary americans to borrow, even though their job prospects weren't as good as they thought. so another thing that people could stretch for were the derivatives market. when he came in as federal reserve chairman, the driff
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actives markets didn't exist, and they boomed into aed 500 trillion industry. your savings your contracts and ongs and these are derivatives that derive from aspects that basically traded by stock market traders. it's a very risky area, and it's one of the areas that have been blamed for the stock market crisis. in fact, warren buffett, one of the most listened to names in the industry, called derivatives financial weapons of mass destruction, so he's been blamed in part for what happened there. >> all right, miriam, thanks very much. thank you. and germany, thousands of people have taken part in the 200th anniversary of what's considered to be one of the world's greatest battles. the reenactment of the battle of the nations was also watched by thousands, evidence that its historical significance hasn't been for gont. originally fought in the autumn of 1813, it signaled the end of napoleon's dominance over europe. steve evans reports. >> it had all the hallmarks of
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the real thing, except the fear and the death. the mock battle opened with a line of french troops. bayonets raised, marching towards villages in period costumes. middle-aged men of the 21st century reenacted the slaughter of young men of the 19th century in their tens of thousands. there were cavalry parties, musketted flashed, cannonned boomed. lines of french troops engaged their enemy on this field, where exactly 200 years ago nearly 100,000 men were slaughtered. the biggest battle before the first world war. the battle of nations as it came to be called was remembered, watched by 30,000 spectators buying tickets of 15 euros each. it was a spectacle, a tourist attraction. sunday warriors held guns with
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long bay onthes which seemed more like a danger to hemselves than to the enemy. some church leaders had expressed their anxiety that a bloody slaughter would be remembered as a carnival. all the same, a big turning point in european history was marked. this was where napoleon tasted defeat. he retreated and was captured and imprisoned. but he escaped and had to be stopped again. two years later, at waterloo by the british. steven evans, bbc news, germany. app now, he was a man this went into the cold. 50 years ago, eric became the bbc's first resident moscow correspondent after the communist authorities will eased censorship. our current moscow correspondent looks back at the life and adventures of a cold war correspondent.
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>> this meeting of the central committee here in moscow -- >> it was the bbc's russian revolution. >> the soviet communist party. >> 50 years ago, eric became the bbc's first resident moscow. the soviet union had relaxed censorship, and he was allowed behind the iron curtain. >> in the middle ages -- >> air i can once said that he felt sheer exhilaration when he arrived here, but reporting from russia in 1963, that was challenging to say the least. back then, foreign correspondents weren't allowed to travel more than a few kilometers out of moscow without special permission. they had very little choice in where they could live, and getting to know ordinary russians was incredibly difficult with the k.g.b. breathing down your neck. coverage wasn't all cold war. >> i'm no expert in the technical points here, so i brought my wife along, and we're going to be watching the show together. what strikes you about it most? >> the moscow model house
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seemed to have produced some pretty well designed and functional clothes, but extremely well designed, and some expert men's clothes. >> in bright sunshine, moscow -- >> at the microphone, eric was always calm and cool, sometimes very calm. >> it's not that the west hasn't tried to -- >> off camera, though, his life in moscow was as thrilling as a novel. and one of the many adventures he had took place right here. this is the residence of the british ambassador in moscow. it used to be the british embassy building, and this is where he came one morning after he landed a giant scoop. he had managed to track down the former british intelligence officer turned soviet spy, who defected to the ussr. the two men spent six hours drinking together the night before. now he decides not to file his story to london, not yet anyway. he comes here, he scribbles down on a piece of paper, i've
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just met kim, thought you might like to know about it, and he spirited away to speak to the ambassador. a couple of days later, he's at home walking across the courtyard of his apartment block here when suddenly someone hands hem a note. it's from the british ambassador about kim. london advises break off contact. moscow correspondents are still chasing spies, like anna chapman. after all, espionage didn't end when the cold war did. but when i read eric's memoirs, what struck me most is what hasn't changed here in 50 years. it's still at times incredibly hard to deal with officialdom, and many russian officials still seem deeply suspicious of western journalists as we try to do our job, reporting on russia. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. >> interesting stuff. coming up in the next half an
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hour on "g.m. it the" -- the plight of migrants. we'll have a special report on those prepared to risk their lives to make a dangerous junior a cross the mediterranean, desperately seeking a new beginning. we'll be speaking to an expert and talking to him about those factors that push people away from the home countries. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years. nd union bank.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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hello and welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. workers at japan's crippled nuclear plant have a new worry. they're monitoring groundwater in a well on the fukushima daiichi site and say they've detected a sharp rise in radioactivity. on friday, workers measured 790,000 becquerels per liter of tritium, more than ten times the government's safety limit. a day earlier they detected
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400,000 becquerels per liter of otheheradioactive substances. workers dug the well to monitor groundwater near storage tanks. 300 tons of water had leaked from one of those tanks in august. officials with tokyo electric say the well is some distance from the coast, and they say the radioactive substances there are not seeping into the ocean. more fishermen are plying the waters off the coast of fukushima. crews in the north of the prefecture have been hauling in catches for more than a year after the nuclear accident kept them onshore. now those in the south are dropping their nets and lines once more. nhk world's michio kijima reports. >> reporter: the fishermen were up and getting ready before daybreak. 13 trawlers head out from the port city of iwaki on the southern coast of fukushima prefecture.
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they're working under a cloud of uncertainty. the operator of the crippled fukushima daiichi plant has been struggling to stop water tainted with radiation from seeping into the pacific ocean. >> translator: we are 30% hopeful and 70% worried about the contaminated water. we'll do our best, but we're anxious about what consumers will think. >> reporter: the waters off fukushima support all manner of marine life, but fishermen stopped hauling in catches in 2011 after the crisis began at fukushima daiichi. the facility is roughly in the middle of the prefecture's coastline. fishing has resumed around this area in the south. back in 2011, the current was moving south. diation levels and marine life off iwaki were higher than those seen off northern areas. so fishermen started trawl
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catches in the north. their hauls had been checked for radiation and have been sent to market. this pub in tokyo is now serving octopus from the north. >> translator: it must be safe to eat since it's on sale at tokyo's fish market. >> reporter: members of a fishermen's cooperative in northern fukushima say they haven't priced their products lower. they say shipments have been small. so they can't be sure how their catches are being received. fishermen in southern fukushima are anxious to get their products to market soon. they returned to iwaki's ports shortly before noon with about 1.3 tons of seafood, including octopus and horse crab. samples tested negative for
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radiation. the haul will be sent around the prefecture on saturday. fishermen here caught more than 100 species of marine life before the nuclear accident. they now focus on only 18 and only go out once a week. still, they're trying to stay upbeat. >> translator: we'll take up the challenge and show the tenacity of the fishermen who have lived through the storms of life. >> reporter: the fishermen hope the results of radiation tests will help them widen their nets and resume their work without restrictions in the not-so-distant future. michio kijima, nhk world. more rescue workers are headed to the scene of a disaster on an island south of