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tv   Global 3000  WHUT  October 25, 2013 8:30am-9:00am EDT

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>> because of the park, you have to at least give the correlation financial aid. if we hunt, we might end up in prison. people will die. our children will no longer be able to attend a school. >> the population lives from the rain forest. out here, there is no paid work. hardly anybody earns any money. >> according to the discussions we have had, since the park's creation the numbers of wild animals, gorillas, chimpanzees, and elephants have increased. the damage to fields has put people's survival at risk. that is why they expect compensation, so there villages can survive. >> communal forest areas offer some relief. in cameroon, they are located around the borders of the
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protected area. here, village communities can fell trees under certain restrictions and sell the timber . in contrast, professional coaching still poses a huge problem in the forest. gamekeepers can do little. they are not well enough equipped, so success is a rarity. >> we stormed the scam. unfortunately, the poachers already fled. we found weapons, traps, and ivory. they are heavily armed. we have military training, but no weapons of our own. >> six months ago, one of them was shot dead by poachers. >> these are the arms we confiscated. they have guns and we do not. but we are trying to keep them in check anyway. >> germany alone has allocated
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about dirty million euros to protect this unique -- 30 million euros to protect this unique habitat. because preservation of the congo basin is decisive in the fight against global warming. further up river, the struggle continues. the government of the central african republic was recently toppled in a coup. since then, chaos has rained. despite that, the tri-national wildlife protection troops still try to carry out their work in the parks. for christian ndadet, the project leader from the central african republic, it has been a bitter experience. >> in terms of what we have seen in the conservation area, the attacks were well organized. in early may, poachers, probably
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from sudan, invaded the clearing. the material damage was great, especially the infrastructure. but animals were affected as well. 30 elephants were shot dead. >> since 2012, the entire conservation area has been a unesco world heritage site. it is an important, if partial victory, ensuring the chances at least part of the congo's green lungs of the world will beaved from total explication. >> we need this region to ensure our own survival, what what happens to other creatures when the planet heats up? depending on what study you read, up to one third of all species will be affected. the race to adapt or extinct -- or go extinct is artie underway.
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>> the polar bear is the quintessential symbol of climate change. its habitat is melting. but global warming also affects other animal species all over the world. every added degree of temperature has its consequences. what effect does climate change have on animals? with global warming, the vegetation in large areas of the earth changes. with it, the food animals live on. take the koala. its habitat is eucalyptus forest. but too much carbon dioxide changes the competition of the leaves, making them toxic to koalas and threatening the highly specialized marsupials with extinction. other species can react to climate change by fleeing. researchers have calculated that on average species move nearly
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17 kilometers towards the north and south poles or climbed about 11 meters higher in mountains every 10 years. searching for cooler places to live. that is three times faster than previously thought. they look for new habitats that are as similar as possible to their old ones. storks are more often going to the northeast to nest. these birds find their food in moist earth and wetland areas in western and central europe are shrinking. a few species benefit from climate change. the bark beetle, for instance. with rising temperatures, it spread ever further, damaging trees and entire forest. that in turn destroys the habitat of other animals. in general, the more adaptable a species, the greater its chances of survival. but some species react more sensitively to change than others. the intergovernmental panel on
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climate change predicts that one in three species will die out if global warming continues. >> malnutrition affects around 2 billion people around the world. this figure is so high, partly because our bodies need more than just pain calories. often a lack of vitamins and minerals harms even those who have enough food on their plates. in laos, one in three people arm on the worst. the u.n. children's agency offers advice to parents and emergency supplements. these small sachets of powder are something between high-power food and medicine. often a first step to recovery. >> an arm with a 12 centimeter circumference. that is too little. children under five years of age are getting a checkup. a one-year-old is among them. like a third of children in
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laos, he suffers from no nutrition. his aunt has brought him here. his mother works on a coffee plantation. 80% of meals in laos consist of rice. it is rich in calories but poor in nutrients and vitamins, which are essential for a balanced diet. >> parents do not feed their children properly because they do not know anything about nutrition. when the children become ill, they are surprised. that is why it is important to check children in rural areas for new malnutrition. >> eating nothing but rice everyday has dire consequences for the children's physical and mental development. that is why a health program has been instituted focusing on education and prevention. the european union and unicef have invested 1.2 million euros in local health centers. most are in southeastern laos,
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where the need is greatest. >> in severe cases of acute no nutrition we dispense ready to use therapeutic food, which we get from unicef. after two weeks we see if the child's weight has improved or not. >> these nutrients in powder form are highly concentrated and especially effective with small children. each package contains the recommended daily amounts of 15 vitamins and minerals to reduce anemia and iron deficiency, both symptoms of non-nutrition -- malnutrition. campaigns in village schools teach mothers how they can better nourish the children. education and health go hand in hand here. after the checkup, he and his aunt return to their village.
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>> the doctor gave me health tips for my nephew. he told me he is not harsh -- malnourished. now he will be treated and checked again in two weeks. the doctor also told me that a poor diet will damage his health. >> she has learned a lot about nutrition. the daily portion of rice is now accompanied by important nutrients. >> in addition to the powder, i will start adding meat, vegetables, and fruit to his meals so they are more nourishing and he gets well again. >> it is an ambitious plan. about 70% of laotians live on less than two dollars a day.
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for most of them, rice will remain the most important component of their diet. >> people living in the favelas of rio de janeiro have few illusions about life. in the past, it was mostly the drug cartels who terrorized them. and to those and nine, -- 2009, they have been taking a hit in a government clampdown to make the city safer tourists. the -- brazil hosts the 2014 world cup and the olympics only two years later. the favelas are now controlled by special police units. many inhabitants say they are still living in fear, now of the police. when one of the most respected members of their community was arrested and never seen again, the people of rocinha had enough. many from neighboring favelas joining them, wondering to know, where is amarildo de souza? >> these people are furious at the government and police, who
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arrested amarildo. since then, he disappeared without a trace. "where is amarildo" is printed on their t-shirts, and "we demand justice." it is amarildo's relatives who have taken to the street in despair. his sister calls the passersby. >> these atrocities have to stop. there is only one being who has the life -- right to take our lives. that is god. not the police. >> with campaigns like this, she is risking her own life in the middle of rio de janeiro. the city is apparent to host the soccer world cup and is now considered safer tourists and well-to-do citizens. but not for the poor. in the favela of rocinha. that is where we meet amarildo's
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sister again. rocinha is her home, a slum district that has been in the hands of drug gangs for decades. now the government regained control over rocinha. there are several police stations and a few hundred officers who are meant to keep the peace. in reality, they are intimidating many residents. >> before this happens to my brother, he had already threatened and intimidated lots of people. >> who is she talking about? >> the policeman. he gave himself the nickname monkey face. >> monkey face is feared throughout the entire favela. he is said to have threatened her brother with death, kicked in-house stores, and beaten up residence. maria eunice takes us to the house her brother lived in in till he was arrested.
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an appalling stench greets us. there is no working sewer system here. no waste collection. this is where the poorest of the poor live, people like amarildo, people who no longer have any rights. his home is a room 15 meters square. it is scarcely imaginable that amarildo lived here with his wife and six children. the stove used to be here on the wall, next to the toilet. after amarildo disappeared, the police spread rumors he was a drug dealer. what a drug dealer's home look like this? although he was a bricklayer, amarildo had to go fishing to feed his family.
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since his disappearance, his wife and children have moved out of the one-room shack, fearing monkey face or another police officer might take them away by force. the area is dangerous. maria eunice shows us what holes from shootouts between the police and drug gangs. fear rules in this district. once fear of the drug mafia. now of the police. most people refuse to speak with us about amarildo, but one boy dares to. >> i saw amarildo come home from fishing. he sat down on the stairs and began to clean the fish. then he put the fish over there. then the police came and arrested amarildo and said they were taking him in for questioning. we wanted to run after him. the police said, if you keep following us we will kill you.
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so we did not go any farther. and amarildo has not been seen since then. >> we asked maria eunice to take us to the police station. it is hard for her. to this day she has received no explanation as to why her brother was interrogated, and what happened to him afterwards. does she have any hope at all her brother is still alive? >> no. none at all. >> when we arrive at the police station, she does not even look at the building. her pain at the wall of silence is too great. the police also refused to speak to us. >> they killed my brother. that is for sure. >> there is no evidence of that. how could there be when even the corpse is missing and investigations did not start
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until weeks later, after protests and pressure from the media? the upp, the so-called police pacification units in the favelas, answer to the military police, a relic of the military dictatorship. it is a state within a state. maria eunice, --monkey face, the alleged culprit, is neither under detention nor suspended from service. he is just working in another favela. the bereaved can find no peace of mind. monkey face hopes to find her brother in a nearby woodland area. she thought the henchmen might have taken him there secretly, but she did not find him. >> i raised my younger brother. it is as if somebody had torn out a piece of my heart. he is like a lost son. >> she is tormented by questions. why?
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why amarildo? and when will they come for me? >> so many people have already disappeared in rocinha, and the relatives of the disappeared are all frightened. they are threatened by the police, just like my family. >> be time to keep simon to seems to have passed in brazil, but the new era in which poor people also have rights is still a long way off. >> from rio, we had to an island in the mediterranean. giovanni blachetti lives on the island of alicudi, which is basically nothing but a volcano sticking out of the sea. we asked him what his -- our globalized world looks like from his perspective. >> my name is giovanni blachetti lorenzo. i live on the island of alicudi
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in the province of messina. alicudi is part of the aeolian archipelago. i am 60 years old. alicudi is different from the other islands. there are no cars, so to transport goods you have to use donkeys or your own muscles. i am here on alicudi and cannot just do nothing. i own a large house. and i rent out part of it to tourists.
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to me, globalization means the internet, knowledge, and speed. a lot of speed. do you want to know the secret of life? the secret of happiness is to do everything you do with commitment. to do it as well as you can, with all you have to give. my favorite food is squid, finely chopped and marinated in lemon juice, oil, and chiles. a truly great -- dish.
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to live 200 years. [laughter] i do not find the soul of alicudi where the tourists go swimming. i find it in the northern part of the island. that is where you can climb the cliffs and there is nothing but the animals that live there. that is where i find the soul of alicudi. >> we certainly just got a glimpse of that. that is all for this week. thanks for watching, and as always you can find plenty more on our website. do not forget to tune in again in seven days time. until then, bye bye.
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>> on this program, we continue our conversation with nirupama , the ambassador from the republic of india to the united states, and also served as the ambassador from india to china, peru, bolivia, and sri lanka. >> winning comes to islam in india, the definition that is long gave to itself in our subcontinent -- our subcontinent was one of intolerant -- of tolerance and inclusion. look at the sufi tradition, if you are aware --
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>> yes. and the beliefs, that was worn in india. the reason was you had islam and hinduism coexisting with each other and each drawing from each .ther >> and it worked. >> it worked, absolutely. >> let's talk a little bit about policy in broad scopes. we have talked a little bit about its relationship with the united states. how about its neighbors? how does india get along with china, with russia? >> india gets along with all of is essentially founded on the fact that we need peace along our borders. we need stability in our region.
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forgreatness and potential india, for its economy to grow, really rests on the fact that we need peace, we need relationships with our neighbors that are reasonable, rational, that seek to resolve problems and that istiation why with china, we have had conflict. you are aware that we had conflict in 1962. but over the years, if you look at the relationship that we had with china in the last two decades at least, there has been a management of tensions, there has been institutionalization of constitute -- confidence building measures, there has been leadership level contact, and growth and trade and business ties. and with russia, we have a time- tested relationship. it is a relationship that continues to be strong and vibrant. .> it is closer than i thought
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>> it has always been a close relationship. leveldefined by close leadership contact. and the russian people -- and i think there are lessons to be .earned from this the russiansave a true philosophy of indian culture and philosophy. in fact, the study of india and -- the study of culture in russia rests on the philosophy of india if you go to st. petersburg. >> what do you think the russians are seeing in the indian culture that intrigues them? >> i think it is the philosopher of india, a very -- ancient country, a great civilization. they are fascinated by the history of russia. and the history -- the history of india. and the history of russia involves the influence and rule in central asia also. and there have been very close
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links between central asia and india. founded iempire was babar. -- by we have these close relationships with these countries. and the indian film industry has been a object of great fascination for ordinary russians. as it is for ordinary chinese, let me add that too. >> is that the bali would? >> that is essentially a term we have used in the last two decades, but we have 100 years of indian films. >> it was not all flash and dance and romance. >> soon after independence, if you look at what came out after independence