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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 13, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> significant radiation levels from the fukushima nuclear plant detected more than 200 kilometers away in tokyo. one of gaddafi's sons is captured as fighting for sirte goes on. blackberry's jam goes into a fourth day as its failure to deliver internet and emails leaves millions furious. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm david eades. also coming up in this program -- manchester city's carlos testify he is backing training. his future of the club still uncertain. and grass national happiness on the rise in bhutan as the king marries his bride.
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>> hello. significant levels of radiation have been detected in parts of the japanese capital, tokyo. this is more than 200 kilometers from the fukushima fuke lawyer nuclear power station. levels in one area around tokyo just below the threshold which requires evacuation. it's reported levels in one ward of the city are higher than in some parts of the exclusion zone around the nuclear plant itself. well, our correspondent, roland buerk, is in tokyo. some extraordinary findings, roland. >> certainly is something that has surprised experts. radiation is very unpredictable. it's all about the weather and the topography and where it's pushed back. but for a hot spot to be found so far away from the fukushima power station is surprising. what we're talking about here is literally a small area along the foot of a fence by a
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footpath in one ward. now, it wouldn't have been discovered at all were it not for the general fear about radiation there is here in japan. geiger counters are a very popular item to buy now in japan. people were checking near a kindergarten, near a nursery school, when they found these raised levels, about 2.7 an hour. they called in the local officials, who confirmed those readings, tries to hose it down and found that the readings have risen a bit. it's just blocked off with cones. it's not a danger to people to walk past, but they are encouraging children going to school to use a different route and to avoid that footpath by that hot spot. >> are we talking about a accepts of crisis growing -- a sense of crisis growing again around tokyo? >> i think that would be overstating it. this is a surprising hot spot. another have been found, and there are reports of a third. we're talking about very small areas. one potential explanation could be where rain has washed off
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from a roof, so dust particles in the air have gathered. but what it does do is add to the general concern in japan, a general fear about contamination, scares about beef, about tap water, even about green tea. when you go into a supermarket now, there are labels on lots of the food telling you where the ingredients come from. some people are trying to avoid food from the affected region. so, as that general sense of concern that is going on as this nuclear crisis continues. >> roland, thanks very much for that. roland buerk in tokyo. celebrations among libya's interim government supporters as transitional national council representatives have announced that they have captured one of colonel gaddafi's sons. it's worth pointing out we don't have firm, independent confirmation of his capture, but he's allegedly been picked up in sirte, and he was very much a key figure in the regime of his father. he served as national security advisor, and the authorities
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are suggesting that he has now been taken to benghazi. as for sirte, fighting is pretty intense as pro-gaddafi forces do seem determined to fight to the very last. our correspondent, wyrie davies is in sirte, and he gave us details about the alleged capture. >> the reports we're getting, and you're quite right to say they are not yet confirmed, is he was trying to leave the city with his family when he was stopped at a check point outside the city. that is a way we have seen many pro-gaddafi fighters trying to leave, but mutassim was allegedly stopped with his family yesterday. he was then taken, we think, to misrata, and then we believe on to benghazi. he is a prized asset for the transitional government. he was one of gaddafi's sons, of course. he is reported to have been leading the fighting here in sirte itself. he was quite an accomplished military man of his own
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standings, and his captor is also and his capture is also another sign that this city is almost in rebel hands. we think 90% of the city has been taken by forces from the transitional government. but there's still pretty intense shelling and firing from a pocket about a kilometer or two in the city where those pro-gaddafi fighters are still holding out. a few this capture proves to be correct, i suppose it is another sort of stab in the heart of those supporters who are trying to hold out, isn't it? >> indeed. we don't know exactly who the fighters are. there are a lot of people being captured, being paid by the gaddafi regime or forced by the gaddafi regime to fight. of course, there are professional military fighters who are very adept. we know several people on the new government side were shot yesterday by snipers. we followed some tanks and some heavy artillery right into the
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front line yesterday, and the fighting there is intense. one thing that struck me about the city this morning, having a quick drive around, is that it is in pieces. virtually every building has been shelled. that is clearly the way that the interim government here, the only way they're going to take the city is by bombarding it to bits, because, of course, these defenders are not going to give it up easily, even though there may be only 10% of the city left to take. it's impossible to say how soon that could be, nearly by the end of the day, maybe tomorrow. >> wyrie davies, very difficult to pin down a time frame, hasn't it? libya's interim authorities are also under pressure to investigate allegations being made by amnesty international, allegations that captured soldiers suspected of supporting colonel gaddafi are being for toured. our correspondent is going to bring us a special report from tripoli a little bit later in the bulletin. hope you'll stay with us for that. some other stories from around the world, the navigation officer of the cargo ship at the center of new zealand's
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worst maritime environmental zears has been charged with endangering lives. the same charge has already been leveled at the ship's captain. oil has been washing ashore on popular tourist beaches there since the ship hit a reef a week ago. liberia is to release the first official results of its presidential election in the coming hours. unofficial results indicate a very close contest with the incumbent just ahead of the main rival. if no one wins an outright majority, there will be a second round between the two leading candidates, and that will take place early next month. the chinese artist ai wei wei has been named the most powerful person in art by an influential magazine. the designer of his bird's nest stadium is an outspoken critic of china's political system. he was actually jailed earlier in the year for alleged economic crimes. "art review" said his high-profile activism made him the inevitable choice.
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it was meant to be the ultimate in happy endings, but it's been a year today since the last of 33 miners was rescued from a mine after 69 days underground. you remember the celebrations. many of those miners reportedly suffering from ongoing psychological and medical problems as a result. just imagine losing access to your emails and the internet for four days. imagine owning a blackberry. the makers of the smart phone saying it's working round the clock now to try and return the service to normal after all those days of disruption. the backlog of emails, of course, further affecting the internet and messaging services. research in motion is the company that makes the phones. it says the problems have been fixed and it has vowed to deliver all those messages affected, but warned it may take until later on thursday on the u.s. east coast for the backlog to clear. let's have some more on that. honestly, it's just a disaster.
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>> it's a p.r. disaster for a company where it's battling with apple's iphone. 70 million people worldwide use the blackberry. we're not sure exactly how many people have been affected by this, but it's across the world. even now it reached the united states. now, blackberry has said there is, of course, a big improvement in their service, but the fact is their reputation has been damaged. the most important thing to remember here is they just have customers like and you me. they have customers who work within the financial sector, within the corporate sector where the real money is. they get their blackberry phones, and their staff hasn't been able to do business deals. >> you can't afford to wait, that's the point. >> in today's society, you're expected to respond to that email straight away, instantly. if you can't respond to that, then it's difficult. it makes business very difficult. the blackberry really has suffered because of this. >> it's a real challenge. i think you've got some words on china. >> yeah, some trade figures from china, a slowdown in both
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imports and exports for china. let's just reflect a slowdown in economic, the global economy, weakening global economy. on the plus side for china, it does give it a bit of ammunition in the whole argument with the u.s. over the devaluation of its yuan. we'll have more on this story later on. >> thanks very much indeed. eight people dead, one critically wounded. that's the toll of the latest shooting atrocity in the united states. now, this one happened at a hair salon in southern california. police have arrested a man. they seized a number of weapons as well. peter bowes has this from los angeles. >> another american town shattered by the horror of a mass shooting. seal beach, a sleepy seaside resort to the south of los angeles. it is shortly after lunchtime when gunshots were reported at a busy hairdressing shop. officers arrived to a scene of carnage, bodies everywhere.
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eyewitnesses say a gunman opened fire, apparently shooting at random. the suspect was arrested after someone near the hair salon said they saw a man leaving in a car. he was taken into custody about half a mile away. the man told officers he had several weapons with him. the police say they believe the alleged gunman acted alone. it's left this normally quiet community in a state of deep shock. >> seal beach is a small, safe community. we don't experience these things ever. it's been a long time since we had something -- we don't very often have homicides, especially anything of this magnitude. >> the owner of the hair salon is among the dead. there are some reports from eyewitnesses that suggest the gunman was targeting his ex-wife, but the police say they're still trying to establish a possible motive. peter bowes, bbc news, los angeles. >> ok, kathy is here now.
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sorry seems to be the hardest word, not applying to you, but carlos tevez and roberto, they both want an apology from each other. >> yes, and i'm not sure which one might get it in the end. this is carlos tevez, the manager of manchester city, said he refused to play in the match, a big game of big importance. tevez says it was all a big misunderstanding, and he was very ready to play in that match, but he did you not actually go out on to the pitch. after that happened, the two-week suspension with no pay for carlos tevez, who's on a rather large salary. we're now waiting to hear what happens in terms of him coming back for training. >> he should be there by now. >> we're waiting to see him arrive at manchester for this training session. it's his first day back at work, but as yet, he has not appeared. training starts probably in around 45 minutes' time. >> all sorts of rumors floating around. he's going to be bumped off to play with the second level. he's demanding the apology. >> it is a mess.
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they have this elite development training squad, which is where he might be made to go train there, effectively for 18 and 19-year-olds, so he might have to train with them, which obviously he's not going to like, having been a captain and the most expensive player they have. but manchester has announced a disciplinary hearing. tevez is saying he will fight it all the way. clearly we don't know what's going to happen. there's a chance manchester city could get rid of him then. >> interesting stuff. thank you very much for that. you're watching "bbc world news." we've got a lot more still to come, including this -- the people who actually don't exist anymore. the costs of one village's stand against the chinese authority. tens of thousands of people have been rallying in bolivia's main stow show their support for the president ahead of elections which will take place on sunday. at the moment, he's got the lowest approval rating since
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coming to power six years ago. those poll results being seen as something of a vote of confidence. >> the festive atmosphere could have been mistaken for a party. there are thousands of government supporters parading through the streets. they threw firecrackers and blew up dynamite and scattered in a sea of bolivian flag to listen to their president. >> sisters and brothers, we are once again united here to keep on pushing for a deep transformation like we did with our new constitution. >> but not all rallied out of their own will. government employees complained that their process had forced them to attend. >> his government is enjoying low popularity levels, and it's just days before judicial
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elections. >> there is growing discontent in bolivia that mr. morales has not delivered on his promises and resentment following police repression last month against protesters who oppose the construction of a highway through an indigenous territory and national park. the protesters have been marching for almost two months and plan to arrive next week to ask the president to scrap the construction project of the road altogether, saying it will harm the environment. but mr. morales is adamant that the road is needed to bring development to poor communities. amid the controversy, bolivians will vote on sunday to elect the country's top judges m. say they will use the polls to voice their disapproval of the president. >> you're watching "bbc world news." let me bring you the headlines this hour. tests show significant
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radiation levels from the fukushima nuclear plant have spread as far as tokyo. conflicting reports from libya's interim government that a son of muammar gaddafi, mutassim, has been captured in sirte and taken to benghazi. we'll stay in the country for the moment, libya. amnesty international says it has found evidence that captured soldiers, along with other people in libya who are suspected of supporting colonel gaddafi, are being tortured. the organization is warning that if abuse is allowed to continue like that, it will stay in the human rights record of the country's new government. the bbc's caroline hawley sent us this report from tripoli. >> this is a village in the western mountains. it supported muammar gaddafi and harbored its fighters, and it paid the price. not a shop or house left untouched. none of its inhabitants yet allowed to return. in a nearby town, young men
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showed up. they fear arrests, all too scared to appear on camera. in tripoli, we met a young man burnt with cigarettes on simple suspicion that he supported the ousted leader. i'm want a soldier, he told us, i had nothing to do with this war, but i'd rather die than live with this kind of fear. amnesty international says there's been wide spread abuse of detainees captured by armed militiamen, jailed and not yet under the control of the new ministry here. this is one of the biggest jails in the capital, but in libya's continuing political vacuum, it's been run like much of the country, entirely by volunteers. the man in charge is working without a salary, determined to clean things up, prevent
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further abuse. he allowed us to meet some of the thousand prisoners being held in the jail. one man showed us where he'd been given electric shock to his arm, and all the detainees complained they were being held without legal process. >> every people here, like 1% maybe is guilty, and others not guilty. >> the country's acting minister of justice has promised to investigate the allegations of abuse. >> what i can assure you is that these things are not organized. maybe they're the actions of individuals, no more than that. >> we've been told there have been deaths in custody and amnesty international says that if abuses continue, they'll stain the human rights record of the new libya. caroline hawley, bbc news, tripoli. >> to china now, where the rush
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to develop has been huge. it's meant that thousands of farmers have been moved off their land year in, year out. it's all to make way for new roads, new buildings, new reservoirs. one village has chosen to take a stand against the authorities, doesn't want to go, but it's a decision that has cost the villages their identities, as martin patience reports from blue dragon village in northern china. >> you can't find this place on any map. as far as the authorities are concerned, it doesn't exist. but the men of blue dragon village are taking in their autumn harvest. they were forced off their ancestral lands to make way for a reservoir. more than 200 homes lie submerged beneath this stretch of water. ville villagers say they received little or no compensation from authorities and have been left to fend for themselves. it's a story that you hear time
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and time again across china, farmers swept off their land in the rush to develop. but instead of simply leaving, this man and his neighbors chose to build a new village, but they were punished for this act of defiance. like everyone else here, he has no official papers needed for social services. >> we are very anxious. without proper i.d. to do anything, it's very difficult. >> there's no running water in the village. in contrast, the reservoir built on their lands provides fresh drinking water for the nearby city. millions of people are flooding into china's cities in search of jobs and better lives. but development is struggling to keep pace and the costs of
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urbanization are being felt in the countryside. this is the village's latest arrival, but she has no birth certificate. like her brothers officially, she doesn't even exist. without papers, a mother worries her baby has a bleak future. >> it's difficult for my kids to go to school and later find a job. there's nothing we can do. we hope it can be resolved sometime in the future. >> at night, the villagers use solar polar after their electricity was cut by the authorities. this farmer says he can't survive in the city. instead, his family must rely upon themselves, spending another night with strangers in their own land.
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martin patience, bbc news, blue dragon village, northern china. >> here's an interesting one. the carmaker ford has revealed that aging populations are now having a significant influence on the way it designs new cars. auto development is traditionally a very close the guarded secret, but our correspondent has been allowed to visit ford's top-secret test facility somewhere in belgium. >> deep in a belgian forest, hidden away from prying eyes, ford is testing cars that can see things we drivers cannot. from the outside, this looks like an ordinary family car, but is the technology on the inside making it special? i've got the keys. now, this car is equiped with a kind of wi-fi technology which constantly monitors both the car's sensors and its position on the road. so, it can broadcast that information for a radius of
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about a quarter mile, and it can simultaneously receive that information from other cars about what's happening on the road around it. so if, for example, you were approaching a busy junction and there was a car approaching the same junction at speeds that you can't see, this car could see it, and it could warn you in time for you to stop. what's driving this innovation is partly the fact that we're all living longer. >> when we think about that, we know that there are physician yo logical changes that will come with aging. we talk about reduced response time, impaired vision, limited range of motion. and if we can have our designers and our engineers start thinking about how that will affect the way an individual interacts with a vehicle, they can start to design around that. >> ford's rivals are all developing their own car-to-car communication, like b.m.w. with its connected drive system. but the mighty carmakers aren't the only ones trying to shape the future.
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these oxford scientists are using lasers to map the landscape around a car and spot any hazards. they also assume that eventually all cars will be able to share information and help you act on it. >> as long as we're killing people and getting tired and drag them off the road, then there's room for improvement. for sure, cars should be better and i'm absolutely convinced they will be. if all that technology is giving you palpitations, ford thinks it has technology for that. this driver's seat is equiped with sensors that can measure your heart rate. so, as you drive off, the machine here kicks in, you can see my heart rate there. and if it detects that you're having major cardiac problems, it can potentially stop the car and call you an ambulance. richard lister, bbc news, belgium. >> intriguing stuff. just want to bring you pictures coming from rome. this is the parliament in italy where silvio berlusconi -- that's not him, of course -- he
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just lost a fairly routine parliamentary vote, and he has decided that he will call a confidence vote for friday. we're expected that announcement to come any moment now. asked if he would win that vote, mr. berlusconi replied, "of course." but once again, a vote about to come up later in the week. a rather different picture for you now. take from you one side of the world to the other, to the himalayan nation of bhutan in all its splendor. the country of 700,000 people, that's all, and until fairly recent times, we haven't known that much about it, but this is the wedding of the king. he's marrying a 21-year-old daughter of an airline pilot. here we can see him just enjoying the chalice of ambrose i can't to symbolize eternal life, and he is seen as a much more approachable, open figure
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reflecting the changing attitude of bhutan to the modern world. the land of gross national happiness. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. lets use energy more efficiently. lets go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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