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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 24, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> searching forvi the first revote of the arab spring, the results are due later today. french president nicolas sarkozy accuses the british prime minister, david cameron, of interfering, saying he's sick of british criticism over the euro. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm geeta guru-murthy. also in this program -- oscar-winning actress emma thompson tells us there is hope for political reform in burma. and the search is on for a shark off the coast of australia which might have killed three people in two months.
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>> emergency workers are trying to rescue people trapped beneath the rubble after an earthquake hit turkey. it's thought hundreds of people could still be under the debris. more than 200 people have been killed, and over 1,000 injured. dozens of aftershocks have been felt in van in the east of turkey after the earthquake of 7.2 struck yesterday. >> it's a race against time. rescuers here are cutting through layers of concrete and steel. at last they reach this man, incredibly, still alive, still able to move his arms. they question him and he shakes his head. gently they pull him out, one lucky survivor in a sea of devastation. it was the multi-story buildings which became so
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deadly, dozens collapsed likes packs of cards. people had to fend for themselves for hours before rescue teams reached this remote area. >> we were trapped under debris with my brother. i was pulled out, but he is still trapped there. the situation is really bad. many of our friends and relatives are still trapped under the rubble. we haven't heard from any of them. >> the turk irk prime minister traveled to visit the injured in hospitals. this is a kurdish region. mr. erdogan will be accusely aware of accusations the government has been slow to react. there's been at least one massive aftershock and terror of damage buildings has driven thousands out into the cold, sleeping where they can. tents, blankets and heaters have at last begun to arrive. eastern turkey is prone to earthquakes. there will be many questions over why so many new buildings collapsed, but for now, the focus is on the people buried here and trying to get them out. in the middle of so much tragedy, there are the
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miracles. here, rescue teams find a toddler. he's alive. emily buchanan, bbc news. >> incredible stories. distressing stories, of course, so many of them. i spoke to the head of the international relations department at the turkish red cross, and he told me how they're trying to help the victims. >> this focuses on the social services products while search and rescue activities are ongoing in the field by the government.
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this shatter more people in horror, so we are trying to provide comfort for the people. >> that was the turkish red cross. now, results from tunisia's election social security due out within hours. officials say the response from voters exceeded all expectations. they're electing a new assemble which will will rewrite the country's constitution and appoint an interim president. our correspondent is following developments from the capital, tunis. >> the results are eagerly awaited by tunisians, who have just finished taking part in their first-ever real election. the results are trickling in so far and suggest that the conservative religious party, ennahda, which wants to unite the country's main religion with the state is beth placed and will have the most seats in the assembly, which will draft a new constitution and choose
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an interim president. but for many, the main achievement is already passed. they voted, freely. we've heard from tunisian national radio that correspondents around the country, that even a 100-year-old woman made her way to one polling station in the south, and many people cried as they cast their votes for the first time, choosing from a ballot paper with over 110 parties when, for decades, there's been a one-party state in tunisia. >> still pretty huge task facing whoever does emerge as the front-runner. >> that's right. and a sense in tunisia that the real work is yet to come. very grounded expectations really from democracy, but a sense that what has now happened cannot be put back. in that, the accounting was so transparent, even journalists go in and watch the newly trained volunteers in the process of counting well into the night. they had pizza delivered in a
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polling station that i was at, a sense that any government, which now will try to have that process happen in secret, away from international service, would have something to hide and that tunisians wouldn't accept it, so a first step for democracy and a sense that they can't go backwards. >> now, the french president, nicolas sarkozy, has accused david cameron of interfering, saying he's sick of the u.k. criticizing europe over how to handle the debt crisis. two men disagreed about who should be allowed to take part in final discussions of the e.u. summit in brussels on wednesday. mr. cameron insisted that all the e.u. leaders should be allowed to be there, while mr. sarkozy argued only the countries that use the euro should be present. but all 27 member states will now be represented. the issues which remain unresolved handle greece's mountain of debt and the size and the nature of the whole bailout fund for the eurozone.
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our eurozone correspondent says he's been making his feelings clear. >> he's been on a roll. he had a massive argument with angela merkel last week, and this week it was the turn of david cameron to feel the force of his tongue. he says britain doesn't want to be in the euro, he's made that very clear, but now, in his words, you want to interfere with our meeting, that's enough, he said, according to minutes of last night's meeting. david cameron's argument is -- and it was supported. it's not just britain, but supported by other countries in the euro, significant countries in europe, like sweden and poland, saying, if you're making decisions when the 17 eurozone countries are gathered together, which have profound economic consequences for the whole of the european union, then there has to be a meeting of all 27 e.u. member states as well. it's not surprising they're arguing about these things because there's huge political risk involved. there's enormous amount of money involved.
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they've been arguing over this for many months, and the stress is telling. >> angela merkel, who we can see here in our screen, and nicolas sarkozy, another meeting by them on wednesday. is it going to be sorted out by them? >> i think they will come up with something on late wednesday, i'm hoping, but probably early on thursday morning in the middle of the night, i suspect. simply because they've delayed and delayed. yesterday's summit was originally scheduled for a week earlier. it was delayed. before yesterday's summit even took place, they announced they would be meeting against on wednesday. i think market expectations will judge them pretty poorly if they don't come up with an agreement then. the biggest difficulty, i think, is how to expand the firepower of the eurozone. i think there are two potential scenarios playing out. one is sort of an insurance fund, to guarantee some of the losses on risky eurozone bonds.
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the other is to set up a separate fund into which outsiders would pay money, potentially countries like china and brazil, potentially the international monetary fund as well. those two, though, both have their own risks and both have different opponents for different reasons. >> chris morris there. just picking up on that, first of all, on the sarkozy-cameron split, it matters in a sense, because it goes to the larger fact that this crisis affects everybody. >> absolutely. david cameron saying here the issue is not that it affects the eurozone members themselves, but the whole of europe, and indeed, the wider world. so this is a real concern. david cameron very keen to point out that he will want to protect british interests. so if there is any change, there's also discussion about changing the treaty, about how will this have worked. he's saying actually there will be a vote on this, and they want to be very keen to protect british interests. both sides trying to downplay the significance of this, but also it shows that there are real risks between how to tackle this problem.
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we've also heard, of course, about the differences between france and germany, about how they want to come up with a solution to the eurozone crisis. both looking at different ways of funding the bailout fund for europe. they both want different ways of proposing that it's simply a guarantee to back up the shares and the investments that investors have in eurozone countries. others, on the other hand, saying this should be providing the cash to bail out these funds, but they're still concerned about where this money actually comes from. >> and by wednesday, if we don't have something absolutely clear-cut in place, what would happen? >> i think it is fair to say that this is the last attempt that eurozone ministers have to deal with this problem. we've also heard that they punished back this final summit to wednesday. that was designed to stop a big slump in shares today because there were worries nothing would be agreed over the weekend, and that would lead to a sharp fallout today. all eyes will be on whether the
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markets pick up again. >> no pressure then. thanks very much. floodwaters in thailand are continuing to wreak havoc in parts of the country and creeping further into the capital, bangkok. at least five major industrial zones north of the capital have already been swamped, and authorities are facing a race against time to pump water toward the sea and try and protect the business area. cristina fernandez de kirchner is heading for re-election as president of ar general too a, a year after the death of her husband. she's given a victory speech after partial results indicated she has won a second term in office. thousands of her supporters have been celebrate -- celebrating in the streets. police have arrested a man for setting fire to dozens of luxury cars. the unemployed man admitted carrying out arson on tax on 27 vehicles because of social envy. 470 cars have been set on fire in berlin this year, most of
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them mercedes or b.m.w.'s. football envy, i suspected, for manchester. >> english premier league footballers, and yes, a rather sensational. we saw man united beat them 6-1 by manchester city, so they're near neighbors, the clubs trying to take over this mantel. and a demolition of manchester united just does not happen. united had a slight problem on getting a man set off at the beginning of the second half. united then just -- well, didn't really fall apart, kept scoring, and it was quite incredible watching the match. so six again with another two of the goals to make it six. but that's the first time since
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1930 that six goals have gone in. >> and they're delighted. >> well, everyone is waiting to hear that interview. >> it was a horrible defeat, but men were suicidal but kept attacking. >> it was a set formula, a plan of action or see what happens? >> well, we expect an impact. there will be a response there. >> some people will be delighted to see manchester yupet have their feet on the ground. >> yes. i wouldn't put it past them to come back a lot stronger after
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that. it was the top of the premier league, >> >> thanks very much indeed. you're watching "bbc world news." we meet the russian children wrongly swapped at birth, only to discover the mistake 12 years later. in switzerland, right-wing people's people party have failed to make predicted gains in parliamentary elections. the party has confidently expected to get at least 30% of the vote and to increase its number of parliamentary seats. instead, it lost votes and seats. >> the election was dominated by one image. the message from the right-wing swiss people party clear. immigration in switzerland is out of control. with a foreign population of almost 25%, many swiss are
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worried their country is becoming too crowded. but the campaign by the people's party suggesting foreigners are taking swiss jobs and committing more crimes, didn't bring in the hoped-for votes. switzerland's unemployment level, at less than 3%, is among the lowest in europe. the swiss know that many of their businesses and their health service depend on foreign workers. and so, voters denied the people's party the breakthrough its leaders had hoped for, turning instead to the greens and to a new center right party. the people's party remains the largest in parliament with fewer votes and seats than in elections four years ago. it's hoped that negotiating more power in switzerland's coalition government are greatly reduced, and it's calls for strict limits on immigration are likely to be quietly ignored for the time
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being, at least. >> 10 days of mourning have been announced after the death of pakistan's former first lady , bnusrat bhutto. she was the widow of ali bhutto, who founded the ruling people's pakistan party. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines for you now -- the search for survivors continues in eastern turkey after an earthquake kills more than 200 people. and the first election results are expected later today in tunisia of the first free vote of the arab spring. burma was, until last year, run by a military which treated any sign of opposition brutally, stamping on any stirrings of democracy. but last year's elections led to the swearing-in of a hybrid,
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civilian-led administration. now it seems there are some stirrings suggesting things could change. groups like the charity action believe that burma might be at a tipping point. the actress emma thompson has just been to burma as an ambassador for the charity, and earlier she told me why there is reason to hope for political reform in burma. >> i was very lucky, even though i was only there for a week, we spoke to an incredibly wide variety of people from grass roots activists, young people who have grown up with the military dictatorship, after all, to ex-political prisoners who are the people with the most reason to suspect that this is just window dressing and not the real thing, to government officials who are reformist in their views and on some city herself. so we had a very wide range of people. the message we were getting is the same, which is the president is genuine in his desire to move this reform forward. and while it's going to be a very difficult process and must
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be a gradual process, it's a real space that has been made. >> we've got some pictures of your visit. can you talk us through them at all? >> this is at the women's meeting discussing domestic violence, which is not largely talked about. it's a deeply patriotic country so hidden that people aren't almost aware of it, that this lady who clapped, we were talking to them about the things that they could do to avoid domestic violence in the future. these are two young women who are young activists called fellows. they come from their own community, and they work within the community using all kinds of skills that they've learned with action aid to bring often ethnic groups who are in conflict naturally together. they build bridges. they educate, and work within the community. they're embedded there for one
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to two years. the most extraordinary things is they had struggled all their lives of women doing their work. this was not a good thing to do. >> your son is with you. just tell us about that. why did you take him and what was it like for both of you to meet such an ironic anything >> it was overwhelming for both of us, because you represent, i think, not just -- not just ironic, but she embodies for me a model of power that is very real and very useful for the 21st century, because there's nothing self-interested in it. she really is invested in the people, and in particular in the young people, so much so that she invited tindy, who is working in liberia, to come and help her with some of the young people who've been involved in conflict in myanmar. she's incredibly open and very responsive to the right kind of
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input. but if it's the wrong kind of input, she's very clear she doesn't want the country to rush into unsuitable relationships with unscrupulous big business. >> emma thompson talking to me earlier about her trip to the charity, action aid, to burma. now, it's killed three people in the last two months, and the hunt is on for a great white shark off the coast of western australia. duncan kennedy reports. >> george was a 32-year-old man from texas who had been living in the area. but his passion for diving these exquisite waters this weekend cost him his life, the victim of a shark attack. the attack happened just 500 meters from the beach. it was over in a few seconds. the authorities have issued a rare catch or kill order to try to find the shark. sharks like the great white are
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species that can't normally be tracked down. but so serious with these triple fatal attacks being taken, the government here says it must act. >> within an hour of this, the minister issued the order to allow them to try to catch or destroy that shark. >> shark conservationists say the government is overreacting, especially as it's impossible to tell which shark carried out the attack. but with three deaths in two months, almost triple the average annual rate for the whole country, the view here is that, for now, public safety has to be put above the protection. dunn condition den de, bbc news, sydney. >> at least 13 people have been wound in addition grenade attack in nairobi. it comes just a few days after the u.s. embassy in kenya warned of an imminent terrorist attack in prominent facilities in areas popular with tourists. our correspondent, will ross,
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is in nairobi to tell us more about the attacks. >> police say a grenade was thrown into this small down towne bar in the middle of the night. there were perhaps 20 or 30 customers in the bar at the time, and the injured have received engineers that they're being treated in the hospital. the police at the moment say the investigation is on, they're not ruling out any possibility of who carried out the attack. they are saying there are al-shabab sympathizers in nairobi, but they're also say it was a business rival or another kind of dispute. worth remembering we had a couple of grenade attacks last year which killed several people. at the time, the world al-shabab was spoken quite a lot, but the police never drew any conclusions on who carried out those attacks and could never confirm whether they were al-shabab attacks. >> will ross in nairobi. russian police are investigating a maternity hospital after it emerged two babies had been mixed up at
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birth 12 years ago. the two families involved have already launched a civil case against the hospital. steve rosenberg reports. >> family photos normally bring back happy memories, but for this woman, the past has turned into a nightmare. she's discovered that her 12-year-old daughter irina, the girl she thought she'd given birth to, is not her child. >> my ex-husband refused to pay maintenance. i took him to court because he was irina's father. with the d.n.a. test, the results were a total surprise. not only did my husband have no biological link to irina, neither do i. >> police believe 12 years ago there had been a terrible mixup at the local maternity hospital, that two babies had been given the wrong name tags and the wrong parents.
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>> at first, i thought it was a joke. i couldn't stop crying. my whole world had turned upside-down. >> if julia had been given the wrong baby, then where was her real daughter? she was desperate to find out. so she went to the police, and they began a search for her biological child. within weeks, they'd found her, living just a few miles away in this house. anya had been brought up a devout muslim. she thought her father was this man. when the police talked to him about the mistake at the maternity hospital, he didn't want to believe it. >> then the detective showed me a photo of the other girl, the one they said was my real daughter. when i saw her face, it was like seeing myself. >> the two families are getting to know each other, but after a lifetime of apart, it's not
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easy. >> i tried to show motherly love, but she doesn't accept it. when your own daughter looks at you like a stranger, that's so painful. >> the girls say they don't want to swap parents. they're just happy to have found each other. >> we were a bit shy at first, irina says, but we're now the best of friends. they were born 15 minutes apart. now the truth about what happened in the hospital has brought them together. steve rosenberg, bbc news, russia. >> incredible story. you can watch much more of the news at more on our top story, the number of people confirmed dead after the powerful earthquake in eastern turkey has wizen to more than 239, the latest figures we're getting. over 1,000 people injured,
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almost 1,000 buildings have clappingsed. rescue work is continuing through today. i'm geeta guru-murthy. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. lets use energy more efficiently. lets go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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