tv BBC World News PBS November 23, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EST
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>> bahrain braces itself for an official report on the protests there. it is expected to be highly critical of the government. further clashes erupt around tahrir square in the egyptian capital of cairo. the police fire volleys of tear gas while protesters throw stones and make-shift fire bombs. the international criminal court prosecutor says the son of colonel gaddafi can be tried in libya as long as the country's judicial system is up to scratch. welcome to "bbc world news" with me, peter dobbie. also, more on the appeal launched by two former pakistani cricketers jailed for fixing in the test match against england. and the dream machine hopes it will help nasa in its mission to mars.
>> to bahrain, where an official report is due on the protests earlier this year. there has been a number of reports criticizing the heavy-handed response to uprisings across the region. this one is different. it was commissioned by the authorities. it's expected to be highly critical of them, confirming that wide spread violations of human rights took place. rupert wingfield-hayes now from bahrain. >> in the poor neighborhoods of bahrain, they're not waiting for today's human rights report. instead, they show how they feel about bahrain's king by walking on pictures of his face. the anger is not confined to young men. they're protesting the killing of this 15-year-old shia boy by police last friday. to them, he is the latest martyr in their battle for equality in this sunni-run
country. as they reach the edge of the village, the inevitable confrontation with the police begin. for the young men, this has now become a routine. the young men have tried to get out of this neighborhood, but it's blocked by police at the end of the road. now police are firing tear gas into this shia neighborhood. here come more. choking and spitting, their eyes burning, the mass surge through the back alleys. we manage to take refuge in a mosque. the battle continues outside. the elders here told us it's up to the king to now stop this. >> the results, do you something and finish the problem, but it will not stosm >> the business toward the kick in the shia community stems from the violent crushing of
pro-democracy protests here in february and march. more than 40 people were killed, over 1,000 arrested, and hundreds claim to have later been for toured. even the government now admits it went too far. >> we are in a very polarized society. now, what we need to do is, in order to move forward, we need to find out the truth. i think that a report will tell us exactly what happened. and only then can we use this as a road map to bridge the divide between all communities here in the country. >> today's human rights report could open the road to reconciliation, but if it doesn't, there will almost certainly be more violence and more death here. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news, in bahrain. >> we'll be live in bahrain for you a little later here on "bbc world news." we'll get a live update from rupert just in a few minutes. it is looking increasingly likely that saif gaddafi will be tried inside libya for alleged crimes committed during the country's uprising. the son of the former leader is
also wanted by the international criminal court. the chief prosecutor has said that gaddafi, who was captured on saturday, can be tried inside libya if the trial conforms to their standards. he was speaking in tripoli alongside the new libyan justice minister, and reiterated the national system will take priority. >> it establishes a new government, and they have the right to prosecute saif, and according to our rules, it's the national system. if they conduct the proceedings, the court will not intervene. so we are discussing the moralities of that. they have to conform to the judges of the court that they have mitigation here and that's why they will conduct it here. it's also because they are
doing other mitt gation, not just about the same crime that we need. they also will use this to sequence this cooperation and then form this to the judges after proper deliberation. >> that was the international criminal court chief prosecutor talking in the last hour, within the past 45 minutes, actually, in tripoli. now, let's just show you the latest live pictures out of tahrir square in cairo. further clashes have erupted today between security forces and protesters in the egyptian capital. interesting and significant, perhaps, when there is trouble, it's not so much centered in the middle behalf you're looking at, it's on the roads that emmit naught out from tahrir square in cairo. riot police firing tear gas while protesters were throwing stones and make-shift fire bombs. the protesters say the promise of a faster transition to civilian rule by egypt's ruling military is not sufficient. there was use of rubber bullets
on saturday and on sunday. there was also one report that a bbc correspondent that was talking about live fire having been used in one particular instance. these images being replicated across other cities and towns up and down the country as well, particularly, maybe significantly as well, in alexandria as well. we'll get a live update from our our colleague, lyse doucet, a little later here on "bbc world news." do stay with us for that. more top stories this hour -- a village in southern china, thousands are looking at the return of their land. the protest in china's economic power house has spread rapidly over the past two months. officials say land grab disputes are on the rise in other parts of the country as well. south korea has been marking the first anniversary of the north korean attack.
four people died when the north shelled the civilian-populated area, the first such attack since the korean war in the early 1950's. south korea is also holding a military exercise reenacting the incident to test the country's defenses. plans by the australian government to place the new supertax on the country's mining sector have been narrowly aplufede by the lower house of parliament. it comes after 18 months of bitter debate over that issue. a thai court has sentenced the 61-year-old man to 20 years in prison for sending text messages deemed insulting to the monarchy. the man was found guilty of sending four messages by mobile telephone to an official working for the then-prime minister abhisit vejjajiva at the height of huge anti-government protests last year. earlier i spoke to our correspondent in bangkok, rachel harvey. >> well, it's very difficult to know the details, peter, because we're not allowed into court. these cases are held in camera,
so it's very difficult to get the precise details. under the terms of the law itself, i wouldn't in any case be able to tell you what the content of those allegedly offensive text messages were. we do know that these incidents took place in may last year, so right at the culmination of those anti-government political protests, at the time that they were beginning to turn violent. the political context was particularly volatile. this individual was followed under various nicknames, we're told, online. he's been in a prison, but he wasn't able to turn up in court himself today because of the floods which have so badly affected thailand. although the water is receding, there are still parts under water. he wasn't able to get from the prison to court. he had so watch his fate decided by a video conference link. >> even by standards of thailand, this is perceived as being rather harsh. >> well, under the two laws under which he was prosecuted,
the potential penalties are very severe. the law which seeks to protect the monarchy, the ultimate sanction for that can be 15 years in prison for each alleged offense. now, in this particular case, he was accused of sending four text messages, and each of those text messages was considered as a separate offense. he was then found guilty and charged with a five-year prison sentence for each offense. that's how we get to the 20 years. each count of five years times four is 20 years. he does have lead to appeal, but he has to make that decision within the next 30 days. >> rachel harvey in bangkok. we're talking about buying euro bonds, spreading the debt. >> exactly. we're going to get, in brussels today, this proposal by a man who's going to later see euro bond proposals on the table. they're also changing the name. they're going to call them stability bonds.
go figure. but look, just to remind everybody, the whole idea about this is we are often talking about spain going to the money markets, italy going to the money markets. and the interest rate, you know, we talk about the yield, the interest rate they have to pay is rising and rising. what these governments are doing, they're selling their debt, selling bonds. what what they do is scrub these individual bonds and put them all under one umbrella, 17 members, all responsible for this eurobond, this stability bond. but let mel at the you, germany is adamant. it doesn't want any of these particular bonds at the moment. far be it for me to say, but maybe there's a valid point. germany is worried even if you start talking about the bonds, it takes pressure off peripheral nations to continue on the hard path that they're on, cutting the budget deficit. and if they introduce this particular one-member bond, then take the pressure off them and they think, well, we've got a backstop, and the backstop would be germany. let's not kid ourselves. they would probably have to cough up the balance if
anything hit the fan. >> ok. euro stability, moving on to the eurozone shrinking. we're talking about p.m.i. >> very property index. the head of the european central bank says this is the first gauge or the central gauge on his dashboard. he watches these numbers, and let me tell you, manufacturing in germany and france is down. we've got real problems, service sector, it continues to shrink. all of this pointing to economic contraction with g.d.p. numbers, and many fearing that we will see parts of europe, the eurozone slip back into recession. but look, i'm going to have a lot more on both these subjects and the rest of the business news on the "bbc world news" in about 15 or so minutes. >> see you then. nasa has unveiled its latest mission to search for signs of life on the red planet. the mars rover spacecraft is due to take off on saturday and will take the better part of a year to reach its destination. >> for centuries, people have
wondered about life on mars. now nasa is launching its largest, more expensive mars rover mission ever to try to find the answer. nicknamed curiosity, the new rover has cost over $2 billion to design and build. it's as big as a car and nearly double the size of its predecessors. it will be embarking on one of nasa's most complex missions. after entering mars' atmosphere, the spacecraft will deploy a parachute to slow it down. then it will hover just above surface before slowly lowering the rover. just before it lands, wheels will be deployed, which will allow it to cover large distances. the rover will spend nearly two years on mars. it's armed with drills, lasers, and a whole range of scientific instruments to analyze rocks and soil on mars. scientists are hoping the mission will tell them whether mars has or ever had what it takes to nurture some form of
life. >> there's going to be a challenge in recognizing it. even if it ends up being just like life as we know it here, and then there's the whole question of what if it is isn't life like we know it on earth, it uses different materials, it forms different structures. that's also going to be a challenge. >> but just getting to mars is a difficult journey. there have been many failures. russia's latest mars probe remains stuck in orbit around earth after its failed launch two weeks ago. if all goes well, the roer will reach mars next august and hopefully help to reveal the secrets that lie beneath the surface of the red planet. >> now we're going to talk about football. >> we're talking about manchester city, who spent an absolute fortune since it was taken over by the abu dhabi royal family, the better part of a billion dollars in the last three years. they're playing superbly in the english premier league. in europe, where they really
want to make a mark, their first season in europe not going too well. they lost yesterday, and quite a feisty game, and this means they are on the verge of being knocked out of the championships league, which will be before them. so this is pablo zabaleta, their defender. >> we need to try to keep strong as a team. we know that we did the best as possible to try to win this game or try to get some points. sometime you get points, but tonight it was another case. >> mr. djokovic, world number one. >> yeah, had probably one of the best seasons we can remember in tennis, winning all but one of the majors. this was him being presented with a trophy, an a.t.p. trophy, tend of season world championships being held here in london. he just had a wonderful year, that 41-match winning streak. didn't win the french, but he won every other major. he's also an amazingly popular
player, so he was taking in the applause. >> ok, francis, thank you. francis back with sports today, he will be back with sports today a little bit later. you're watching "bbc world news." still to come -- we'll have a live update for you from bahrain when we come back. we'll also have a live yurp date on this story, more on yemen's president saleh, in saudi arabia amid reports he may sign a dole to step down. this week, we've been featuring winners of the peck awards which pay tribute to freelance camera operators who risk their lives to bring us pictures from the world's most dangerous places. there was a film on a friend to establish the first independent satellite tv station in libya.
>> it's very important to me, because it's close to home. it's where i was born. and it touched a very close place in my heart. >> abdullah follows the story of mohammed, who, as the revolution unfolds, turns from care-free young man to internet activist. he's working on setting up the first independent libyan satellite channel to get news out to the world. he and abdullah become close friends. >> what i saw was how he represented the libyan youth in general from the aspirations to want more for the country.
he had a lot of charisma and a lot of energy. >> it's growing every day. >> but mohammed was shot dead as he was out filming. >> it's devastating. when i found out that he died, i just remember, one, i couldn't believe it. and then, to be gone, and his wife was pregnant at that time, it definitely took something out of me, i think. you know, it made me look at things a lot differently, because it represented the whole libyan revolution. it wasn't just his story, but his story embodied the whole population because of the young people that died that had so much to offer that were bright, that there was potential. and here, it was being destroyed, you know, and taken away. >> no one knows exactly how many libyans were taken away
during the six-month conflict to oust muammar gaddafi, but abdullah lost both a friend and relative in what was a costly war. >> researchers are warning that taking slightly too many paracetamol per day, day after day, can lead to a fatal overdose. specialists at edinburgh university say they've seen more than 150 cases of what they're calling staggered overdose at one of the city's hospitals. march on that story and all our top stories on the website, bbc.com/news. we have live coverage of what's going on in egypt, straight to cairo, to my colleague, lyse doucet. lyse, over to you. apologies for that. l he yse and her team are working in challenging conditions. let's just show you the latest coming to us out of tahrir square.
we will try and re-establish contact with them, if we can. this is day five of the violent protests. at least four people have been been killed over the weekend as that popular uprising continues, not just in egypt, but also in cities as diverse as alexandria as well. there have been calls for the military-run interim administration to step down. the chances of that, according to jon leyne, our correspondent in cairo, particularly in relation to one individual within the military regime, the military interim administration, virtually zero. we'll keep an eye on those developments for you and get you right up to date with lyse doucet, if we can, before the end of this half-hour. let's get more on what's going on in bahrain as well. our correspondent, rupert wingfield hayes following that. we're expecting this report. what are the chances that it could be pretty incendiary? >> peter, i think everybody is
expecting this report to be fairly critical of the bahraini government, of the way that it behaved during and after the crack down on protests here in february and march. but the devil is in the details. what people here are waiting to see is in the wording of the report, whether it says that torture was used in a wide spread and systematic fashion by the authorities when they arrested hundreds of people and interrogated them during the period where torture was used systematically. it's really the word systematic that people are waiting to hear, particularly in the shia community, the shia majority community here, which most of the people were from the shia community. if the report is highly critical and the words systematic abuse is used, it may help to play indicate the shia community.
if it's not used, then i think we could find there will be more protests and more violence here. but even if the report is very critical, i think we're then going to have to see what the government does, what the king and says what actions are taken by the bahraini government to actually act upon the recommendations where the people are going to be punished and how senior the people in the government are that are going to be held responsible for these human rights abuses. >> this is a government report, rupert. are the people of bahrain saying that that is at least in itself a step in the right direction? >> yes, i think there's an acknowledgment, there's a feeling, even in the shia community, that this is a good thing, that this is an independent commission, these are very eminent people who are on this commission of inquiry from all over the world, including one from britain. they are very experienced in the field of human rights. this is a real report.
this is a credible report. it is expected to be critical. so i think everybody here is just waiting to see what it says and what the king's response will be. there is undoubtedly cynicism in large part of the shia community who say it won't make much difference, but even the opposition parties, the main on the part of pigs party has said to us we want to see what's said and we want to see what's done and we are ready, just in hope that this will change things here. >> thanks very much. the president of yemen, abdullah saleh, has arrived in saudi arabia to sign a deal which is expected to see him relinquish power to his deputies. the move comes after months of violent protests. it's part of an initiative by the gulf cooperation council aimed at ending the conflict. saleh, who ruled yemen for 33 years, has previously backed out of signing the deal three times. it's called the most dangerous job in the world, and it requires nerves of steel. bomb disposal experts put themselves in harm's way every
day to disarm improvised explosive devices or i.e.d.'s in afghanistan. the devices are responsible for four or every five deaths in helmand province. british forces believe they may have caught a taliban bomb maker behind the deaths of at least one of the deaths of the bomb disposal experts. our defense correspondent now. >> it's called the long walk, the lonely, dangerous journey of the bomb disposal expert. the captain says it's much more than just a drill. he has to disarm the dummy device safely to get his license to operate in the u.k. he's learning to make the decisions between life and death. >> you just got to try to keep calm and make it safe as soon as possible. this is how we do, and we do training at troop level. from there, we'll develop and
eventually hopefully pass the course and go to afghanistan. >> this is what a bomb disposal expert would wear in the u.k. the reality is it weighs 80 pounds, and it's severely restrictive in movement. in the heat of helmand, working in limited time and space, often under fire, they can't afford to wear such protection. in afghanistan, it is just the operator against the roadside bomb. only the best will be selected to go on to afghanistan as high-threat operators. it's been called the most dangerous job in the world. the improvised explosive devices already claim the lives of more than half a dozen operators. but their work is still seen as essential with violation intelligence. there's a reason they're putting their lives on the line to do this safely. >> we are facing bombs, and we are having a difference in the
attack. therefore, taking bombers off the streets effectively. the staff sergeant was killed last year in afghanistan, and as a result, the evidence collected from the device that killed him, a face has been matched, and someone is now answering to that crime. >> they're now identifying the tell-tale signatures of the bomb makers themselves. and the skills of the army's bomb disposal team are in demand back home. they'll be on standby for next year's olympics. in northern ireland, they're still being called out hundreds of times each year. it's the high-risk job, but with the potential of huge rewards, helping break the chains of any terrorist network. jonathan beale, bbc news,. >> two pakistani cricketers who were jailed for their roles in a spot fixing scam are appealing against their sentences today. salman butts and mom mad were found guilty this month over a conspiracy to do no balls in a
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