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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 25, 2013 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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internationals. >> some are donating blood for the injured. the mood here is pensive. >> we have not been able to get answers. >> this is a global problem. it's not just the kenyan problem. we have to remain vigilant. >> i feel like something is still missing. the only question we have is what can move people to do such an act. >> there are fundamental questions to be answered here. happened to the hostages. why did it take so long to end the siege? in the meantime another funeral for a boy and his grandmother.
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the investigations move slowly forward. >> still a lot of grief and questions in kenya. ago with short time the director of the african center of the atlantic council. us.k you for joining as we start to know better what happened inside the mall, the details are gruesome of how al- shabaab almost carried out what seem to be religious. t-tests. -- religious purity tests. are you surprised by how they conducted these tests? i'm not surprised. i suspected they were becoming more militant. a surprise as the great degree of operational and tactical sophistication the just the acquired in last 18 months since it
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splintered between those just interested in fighting in who hadand those had more -- those who had more of an agenda. there was careful planning carried out in a sophisticated manner, and their brutality itself is not surprising. -- al-shabaab had come under criticism for its targeting of muslims in somalia, and almost as a response, these religious test to determine who it was they were going to execute in the first moments of he brutal assault. all of it could have been anticipated in the general thrust. >> the fact air were allegedly ,mericans and briton involved how worried should western nations be about that?
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nations should be especially concerned. ,f all the various affiliate al-shabaab is the only group which shows pipelines into the west, which brought recruits, pipelines that set material support. there have been numerous law enforcement investigations, convictions of individuals for assisting. >> aren't i right that they don't have an anti-western bent in the way some of the arab al qaeda groups do? shabaab hasonally al- not, but in more recent years augmented byment foreign fighters and trainers has been shifting the group.
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they have marginalized and in some cases eliminated those in the group. they have a hard-line extremist element within an already violent organization. >> thank you. at least 300 people in pakistan have been killed by a powerful earthquake that shook the southwest. entire villages were flattened. it is an area so remote it is difficult to get to the victims. were shaken to ruins within seconds. hundreds of people died. survivors camped in the open, and local hospitals cap patients outside for fear of -- cap patients outside for fear of aftershocks. this was 7.7 on the richter
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scale. collapsed when the earthquake struck. i was in a room and my children in another room. now i don't know where my wife and children are. if they are alive or dead, i don't know where they are. >> the epicenter was in pakistan's largest and emptiest providence -- province. flocked to see it, a rare but not unknown phenomenon. the island will quickly erode. seismologist suggest that could happen within months. army drafted troops to help with the rescue. officials are appealing for more tenants, medicines, and food.
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local hospitals have been scale ised, and the emerging. >> pakistan is suffering from a natural disaster. the fbi has released chilling surveillance video of the gun man. aaron alexis killed before he was shot down by police. >> aaron alexis drove into the naval yard and went into these are the surveillance videos. down the corridor. he went on to chill 12 people and wounded four others before he was shot dead by police.
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>> alexis held a delusional believe he was being controlled or influenced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic waves. the left side of the receiver is believed to reference these electromagnetic waves. work, not whats you all say, and end the torment. they discovered some communications written by him. >> there are some indicators alexis was repaired to die during the attack and that he accepted death as an inevitable consequence of his actions. >> this was taken moments before he murdered 12 people and wounded four others.
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the fbi has discovered why he killed. >> still to come, these children may have escaped serious, but now they are working the fields to support their families. you may have thought a handbag only has limited uses, but in hong kong, the high value of newgner items has given a role. it is collateral for securing loans. >> here in hong kong, fashionistas are brandishing a new type of collateral, designer handbags that can cost the equivalent of an annual salary. he works in the property , which has slowed
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considerably over the last year. he is given a check for about $13,000. i wide-eyed -- why don't bring them to traditional pawnshops? those don't give you a grace. -- a grace period. he owns this as well as another business that sells them out right. >> it may cost tens of thousands of dollars. quick cashide to our clients. >> good money for wealthy people who run into financial problems. >> if you don't raise the funds in time, you could just returned you lost it. you could turn your back and say, i left my gold ring on the
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free.and you are home it is that sneaky discretion pawnshops give people. simplypawn shop will keep the bat with no records. well-suited for a city at the intersection of fashion and ancient finance. this week children across lebanon returned to school after their summer break, but where can the 400,000 syrian children who fled fighting in their homeland find a place to study? there are sadly not enough desks in lebanon for them. are so poors they the children have to earn money. our chief international correspondent has sent us this report.
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>> just after dawn, it's time to go. but these children aren't ordering a school bus. a truck is taking them to the field to work. they are not dressed for it. they are far too young. it's no life for a child. now these young refugees are doing the jobs of adult laborers. they cost much less. children are harvesting crops on lebanese farms. grapes, potatoes. man keeps them in line and keeps a share of the wages. it's hard work. a 13-year-old tells me his hands hurt, but he has to do it to
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support his family. is from a local charity trying to help refugees. what have you seen in the field? >> they are working between four hours and six hours. >> the children have no choice? >> no. work. >>y choice is to charities like his ensure children get some education, even if it is just formal classes. it keeps them from calling -- falling too far behind. nothing is as it should be. fields, going to makeshift classes, but it's an impossible task to get all the
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children into the lebanese school system, but here at least they are safe. they have escaped the war, and that is something. there are six children in this tent, and two cousins arrived last night. it's better here, so is the 10- year-old. there are no bombs, but it pains the mother to send her children to the fields. feel like my heart is being ripped out, but what can i do? don't work, we cannot live. even those tasked with protecting children are struggling to find answers to a problem that is getting worse. the numbers are large because the families are destitute, and they need the money, but it's up
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to us to find a solution. solutionsre no easy to end child labor or a punishing war, but serious future is being destroyed hereto. -- here, too. of the is the face syrian conflict, all those children who have lost their work to had to flee and support their families. while the crisis is on the agenda, there are also plenty of high-powered meetings at the clinton global initiative. former president bill clinton along with his wife and daughter chelsea are trying to draw attention to the causes of their foundation. we sat down with chelsea clinton to hear about her role. on the working
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foundation programs. why is this issue so important? >> if we look here at the 20th century, the leading causes of death or pneumonia, severe dehydration, tuberculosis, and malaria. here we overcame those challenges largely through public health. while we wait for those interventions in the developing world, i think there is an imperative to provide vaccines motherstreatments so don't have to worry about their children, so they can go to school and be citizens. own careerued your for a while. what made you want to become more involved?
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>> i tried very hard to be not like my parents. i think many children can emphasize -- empathize with that. no one wants to grow with some sort of predestination. as much as i loved working for it, i cared about the things my parents cared about, and i wanted to make a maximum workrence and using their for what i really cared about. for example, fighting diarrhea. >> you have been to myanmar. what change would make a difference? >> better sanitation. a magic wand, i could ensure there was clean water and s in every pipe country everywhere.
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that would be my wish. inthere is lots of traffic manhattan. as the global initiative draws to a close, what do you hope it will achieve? >> getting the right partners together to solve the right challenges, and what we hope every year is that organizations aroundch other conversations we have heard people are interested in, whether it is to prevent the oceans from warming further. people find each other and make a collective movement to make an impact. you have obviously had a
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high-profile life. your parents are politicians. unapologetically biased towards my parents and incredibly proud of both of them, and i have no doubt my mom will make the right choice for her. i don't have a crystal ball, but i know would ever she chooses to do will be the highest use. >> chelsea clinton is unapologetically biased in favor of her parents. there is a diamond ring for sale in switzerland. it is close to 60 carats. this is described as the most valuable ever to go under the hammer, but the cost is not for the faint hearted or even the poor.
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>> geneva's jewelry sales always attract attention, but this diamond is stealing the show. nothing like it has ever been seen before. >> diamonds come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. there are yellow diamonds, even blue diamonds, but think areonds like this one incredibly rare, so where i'm not even allowed to touch it. >> it's so big. very special. it's a huge pink diamond. largest ever known, which makes it off the scale. going to buy it? it is valued at at least $60
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million, and there is speculation it will be bought not as a piece of jewelry but as an investor, which is sellers say would be rather a shame, because diamonds, especially pink ones, ought to be worn. several spare million to spend, that is one way to spend it. i will not be at that auction. we want to report on a stunning result at the america's cup. an unbelievable comeback to snatch victory for team new zealand. they finished much further apart. at one point the usa has been .own 8-1 it then went on to win eight straight games in a row. it was only the third time in team fought a the
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deciding race after seven straight races. it was watched by a huge crowd. celebrations are still going strong. the movie deal is apparently in the works. thanks so much for watching. to turn in -- do tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank.and united. >> my customers can shop around.
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it can also work that way with health care. options andent estimates. that helps me and my guys make informed decisions. andn't like that thing definitely not with our health. that's health in numbers. united. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: after 21 hours, ted cruz stopped talking and the
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senate voted unanimously to move forward with a bill to fund the government. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, the first detailed look at what premiums will cost under the federal health insurance exchanges starting next week. >> ifill: and we close with one poet looking back at the life of another. kwame dawes remembers his uncle, a renowned writer and diplomat from ghana, among those killed in the terror attack in kenya. kofi belong to that generation of african poets and writers that emerged in the late '50s and early '60s who saw a a vista of independence and a new vision of africa. >> woodruff: those are just some of the stories we're covering on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:
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>> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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>> ifill: our lead story tonight: a bill to fund government operations beyond the end of the month cleared its first procedural hurdle today. it was a rare unanimous vote. "newshour" congressional correspondent kwame holman begins our coverage. >> on this vote, the yays are 100, the nays are zero, three- fifths of the senators duly chosen and sworn having voted in the affirmative, the motion is agreed to. >> reporter: that outcome-- without a single dissenting vote-- came after texas republican ted cruz and others strongly dissented, for more than 21 hours. they warned fellow republicans to insist that any bill that funds the government, also de-funds the president's health care law. >> i don't think you're entitled to vote with harry reid and the democrats, give harry reid and the democrats the ability to fund obamacare and then go to your constituents and say, "i agree with defunding obamacare." you don't get it both ways. >> reporter: the talkathon split republican ranks. on the one hand, florida's marco rubio defended cruz's tactics. >> if nothing else, i think people across this country know
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more about this law and its impacts than they did a day ago. if nothing else, the people in this country are now increasingly aware of all the implications of this law on their lives, on their hopes and on their families. >> reporter: a number of other republicans took issue with cruz-- in particular, his comparing the current fight to events preceding world war two. >> if you go to the 1940s, nazi germany. look, we saw in britain, neville chamberlain, who told the british people, accept the nazis. yes, they'll dominate the continent of europe, but that not our problem. and in america there were voices that listened to that. i suspect those same pundits who say it can't be done, if it would have been in the 1940s, we would have been listening to them. >> reporter: that drew a forceful rebuke today from arizona's john mccain. >> i resoundingly reject that allegation. that allegation in my view does a great disservice, a great disservice for those brave americans who stood up and said


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